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38 Review.-Hodgson's History of Northumberland. [Jan. seats of the clothing trade, the assess- can a generous and enlightened progeny inent is only froni 3s. 10 5s. But in look with indifference upon those charters of the County of Middleser, it is THREE their rights, liberty, and property, which POUNDS THIRTEEN SHILLINGS AND their ancestors had sealed with their blood, TEN Pence, though in the County of or emblazoned with the glory of great or use

i Surrey, one arm of the London and

ful deeds ? A conqueror, who wishes to begin Westininster coat, it is only elevex

a new era in a country, by dividing its property

among his adherents, naturally enough deSHILLINGS AND TEN PENCE. That

sires to destroy all evidences of the achieveliving is just as cleap in St. George's

inents and possessions of the people he has Fields as in the City and West end, is

vanquished. A remarkable event of this certain; but if, taking the Surrey ratio, kind occurred in China about 2000 years the proportion on the Northeru Bank since, when Chi-Hoang-ti, for the purpose of the Thames is not more dense in of obliterating every trace of the feudal gothe proportion of nearly seven to one, vernment that preceded his dynasty, dethere is great mismanagement in the stroyed all its books and writings, excepting two corpulent sisters, London and such as related to law and medicine, and put Westiniuster, which imperiously re to death great numbers of learned men, lest quires parliamentary attention.

they should relate from memory any portion . Here we inust end. We are ac

of the genuine memoirs or established suquainted with the husbandry of cer.

perstitions of their country. Something tain of the counties mentioned, and

similar to this may always be expected to have been surprised at their accuracy.

happen, where neglect or misnianagement

permits popular discontent to ripen into Our authors have excrcised an undue

hatred, and to bring on a revolution : in the partiality towards the agricultural sys. heat of revenge the actors in a new order of iein, and we think, on the subject of things, naturally seek security for thememigration, ihat when the population selves, their power, and property, not merely is obliged to fasten, as in Ireland, upon from those whom they had removed from small patches of land for support, then their offices and estates, but from their des does the clock strike the hour for emi scendants, by the destruction of such regration ; but, upon the whole, the cords and papers as might assist the conwork abounds with lessons of pru. quered party in the recovery of their rights, dence, and precedents of improvement.

in the event of a successful re-action. Prynne asserts, that in several periods of the

unsettled state of our country, “the preA History of Northumberland, in Three vailing king's parties embezzled and sup

Parts. By John Hodgson, Clerk, Vicar pressed such parliamentary records and proof Whelpington, &c. Part III. vol. ii. ceedings as made most against their interest, Containing Ancient Records and Historical power, and prerogative :" and Ayloffe to Papers. 410. pp. 435.

this quotation adds, that “it cannot be

doubted that in those times the like fate WE do not like to sce old friends befel many other of our national muniwith new faces, and such would be ments;" that “ damps, mildew, and vermia county histories without records. They have, from ciine to time, deprived us of many are certainly dull; but what then antient and valuable records.” Dugdale, in

they are the bones, muscles, and his Baronagc,* cites the Scottish Rolls for blood of local history. Topography the 34th year of Edward the First, which without record is an estate without records, as well as similar documents for the earth. But there are important moral preceding and succeeding year of the same and political consequences attached to reign, were not existing when that copious such useful collections, consequences

source of historical evidence was printed by well exhibited by Mr. Hodgson, who

government in 1814. It is the multiplica

tion of copies of the authentic histories of is a writer of depth, in the following

countries and places, and especially of useful passages.

records and papers, which tends to avert “ Anxiety for the preservation, and a these effects of wars, revolutions, and nego deep sense of the value, of public and family lect. It is this process that keeps the most jauniments, are feelings that spring out of antient writings in perennial youth. It loyalty and attention to self-preservation, preserves the remembrance of such arts and and are characteristic of the high-minded ineasures as have been found to be useful and patriotic people who live upon estates and good, suitable to the climate in which which have descended to them from remote they have rooted and thriven, and to the ancestry-have been the reward of valour, or people by whom they have been adopted. It wisdoin, or industry, and which especially keeps truth before men's eyes, and consehave been kept unspotted by dishonourable and enthralling incumbrances. How, indeed,

. Vol. i. p. 525.

1929.] Reviếw.-Fisher's Antiquities of Bedfordshire. 39 quently gives a relish for histories that are for this purpose, called “the marchfounded on facts, in preference to works of dyke of old mencon.”-. 174. imagination, fables, and romance. lo pre- A rivulet or brook' was another vents the spread of visionary theories, by boundary.-p. 176. encouraging us to protect and defend the laws under which our predecessors have long

A hanging stone was a limitlived happily, rather than ventúre upon such

" To the hanging stone which ys the rash and vain experiments in legislation, as

stion. ad boundes and mere betweene the easte and usually end in democratical risings and poli

middle marches of England."-p. 178. tical ruin. Records,' indeed, • are the We might think that this was a treasuries and cooservatories of our laws, and rocking-stone; but Stonehenge (Saxum the standard to which we must resort for the pendulum) was the denomination of resolving and ascertaining all constitutional Stone-henge (see Lye), and we think points ; they are the testimonies of our le that the “hanging stone" merely imgislation and of all juridical and judicial pro- plied a stone upon an acclivity, in the ceedings, and the perpetual evidence of

of same sense as we now use the term cvery man's rights, privileges, and liberties.' . • The same fertile mine likewise offers us a'

;" hanging wood.” rich vein of materials for improving and il

(To be continued.) lustrating our English topography,' and for rendering our local history and antiquities of Monumental Remains and Antiquities in the essential and public use.'*'"

County of Bedford. By Thomas Fisher. In Preface, p. v. Mr. Hodgson sug. This is a very curious antiquarian gests the following improvement con- work, consisting of thirty-seven drawcerning deeds.

ings upon stone, executed by Mr.Fisher, “ From the very large and inconvenient and only filly copies of each have be size of most modero deeds, and the great printed at the lithographic press of D. difficulty in keeping them in order and from J. Redman. injury, I cannot here omit this suggestion Mr. Fisher was one of the first enthat some statutory enactment, inaking every couragers of lithography, or, as he sort of conveyance of property illegal, unless termed it, polyautography, in this it were plainly written upon parchment or

country; and to him we are obliged paper of the foolscap or some other specified

for a curious memoir of Philip H. size, and the several sheets of each deed

André, the first introducer of the art in were inlaid, might be of considerable ivdividual and national advantage. Title-deeds

this country, which appeared in our would then be easily accessible to the parties

volume LXXVIII. p. 193. they belonged to; and if every deed was

Mr. Fisher has distinguished himpaged, and the contents of each clause in self also by a vigourous opposition to the dexed at its end, it would be reudered still illiberal Act unjustly designated for the more intelligible and useful. On this plan, encouragement of literature. His apdeeds would be all of one size; and might peal to the legislature on this subject be protected with covers, according to their has been laid before the public. owner's fancy: series of them belonging to

This Act, it appears, has been the the same estate miglit be bound into vo

sole cause of stopping in their prolumes; and copies of the whole much more

gress two very curious works begun by conveniently made for the purpose of com

Mr. Fisher, and the completion of mon reference."

which has long been the wish of many In p. 171 is a copy of an ancient

a collector of antiquarian publications. survey, (33 H. VIII.) relative to the

We allude to “ The Ancient, Allego. niarches between England and Scot

rical, Historical, and Legendary Paintland, which appears to us very illus- ings at Stratford upon Avon," and trative of ancient inanners and customs, « The Collections for Bedfordshire.” as far as concerns boundaries, castles, But on this subject Mr. Fisher shall &c.

e speak for himself: Drawings and plans were made of

« The progress of these works was intercastles and towns, and sent up to Go

rupted by that very singular measure of Parvernment.-p. 172.

liamentary encouragement, the Copyright Roads were made around the boun Act. By that Act the Curators of eleven daries of towns, for the convenience of privileged libraries acquired a legal right to peroin bulating them.-P. 172.

demand, without remuneration, eleven copies The use of Wansdike as a boundary, of any and of every book which might thereis proved by the existence of a ditch After be published in Great Britain, with

letter-press; a right which, so long as it * Ayloffe's Calenders, &c. Introd. iv. and v. exists, will operate on the publications above ( 40 . "ReviÉW.-Sweet's Hortus Britannicus.[Jan. referred to, and on all similar projected It certainly is the most complete and works, however intrinsically valuable or useful catalogue that has yet appeared, praiseworthy, as a discouragement.

as in one line it gives the systematic « But it is hoped that the impolicy of this ‘and English names, where described, enactment will soon be obvious to all impartial

of what country it is native, the year persons, and to the Legislature in particular. introduced. the months when in It is now known that the Copyright Act has,

Aower, whether hardy or tender, its on the one hand, failed to secure to the fa

duration, and reference to the books voured parties much of that benefit which they had desired so inconsiderately, and la

in which it is figured ; and where any boured to obtain so strenuously; while, on names have been lately changed, a the other hand, if it has not altogether ba- synonym is given in italics to show nished elegant and expensive literature from what it is changed from. It also conthis country, it has at least turned the scale tains nearly double the number of very much in favour of foreign nations, plants contained in any other catalogue where the act of publication entails upon that we have seen, so that, on the an author no such penalties and loss of pro- whole, we believe it could not have perty as the Copyright Act imposes. A been more complete. In our opinion. comparison of the productions of the British

ritish the arrangement according to the napress, in almost every department of science,

ce, tural system is for preferable to that of

i with those of the presses of the coutinent of

an artificial one, particularly for cultivaEurope, during the last ten years, will verify

s tors, and on this account the present the observation. “ Such being the state of facts, may it

work should be in the hands of all not be reason

d. That at no verigardeners and cultivators of plants, and distant period, the subject will be again the references to the figures will also brought under the consideration of Parlia- render it very useful to the botanist. iment; and that, when the impolicy of the The author's previous works, viz. law shall have been made apparent by a re- the Hortus Suburbanus Londinensis ; ference to the actual result of ten years' ex- the Hothouse and Greenhouse Manual perience of its operation, this oppressive Cultivator; Geraniaceæ; Cistiniæ ; statute will be repealed, and freedom be again and the British Flower-garden; have restored to the literature and science of been deservedly admired and appreGreat Britain ?"

ciated, and have acquired for the author In this wish we most cordially join the most extended reputation both at From our experience in trade we are home and on the continent of Europe, aware of many valuable and extensive and happy should we feel if our tardy works, rather than incur so heavy a notice of his labours should be the penalty, having been either given up means of stimulating him to still greater altogether, or published without the exertions. necessary explanatory letter-press, thusevading the penalty of the law.

The Sympathizing High-priest. Three Ser

mons, preached in the parish church of St.

Mary, Aldermary. By the Rev. H. B. Hortus Britannicus; or a Catalogue of Plants

Wilson, D.D. F.S.A. Rector. 8vo. pp.44. cultivated in the Gardens of Great Britain, arranged in Natural Orders; with the

WE do not like such odd expresaddition of the Linnean Classes and Or

sions as the thickness of our Saviour's ders to which they belong, &c. By R. sweats (p. 8) during his agony ; but Sweet, F.L.S. 8vo. p. 1, Ridgway.

many divines do not think literary

character of any moment in the composeful work must have occa- sition of sermons. sioned the author great application of

These before us are directed against labour in arranging all the genera and Unitarianism in

a Unitarianism in one view, and in coinspecies according to their natural affi.

memoration of the public virtues of nities, a plan which we believe has

the late Archbishop Sutton in another. never been before introduced into any

A pious and benevolent spirit seems to -general catalogue of plants. It ap

animate the three discourses, and we pears to be by far the most useful me

highly respect the author for his amiaihod for the cultivator, as it brings

ble and excellent intentions. We agree together the plants that are the nearest with him in his opinion, that related ; and we observe, in the same "Many of the dissensions which unhapline with the generic name, the addition pily divide and distract mankind on the also of the Linnæan class and order to subject of religion, are to be traced to an which it belongs.

anxiety to divest it of all mystery."-p.i.

an

1929.) Review.-Neele's Literary Remains.

41 The Literary Remains of the late Henry except poetry. But this neglect he

Neele, Author of the Romance of His redeemed by subsequent application, tory," 'c. &c. consisting of Lectures on His profession was that of an attorney, English Poetry, Tales, and other Miscel- in which character he may be consiLaneous Pieces, in prose and verse, 8vo. dered rather as a machine than a man pp. 343.

His voluntary pursuits were decidedly LET us imagine that we are walk intellectual ; but we are inclined to jog amidst grand forest scenery, and think that they were much assisted by that our attention is caught by a fine his professional studies. We allude to majestic rock, at the foot of which is a the singular clearness and precision of “ íons salientis aquæ,” beautifully pelo his manner of thinking and writing, lueid. We gaze on it with delight, -a manner which is equal to the best for seeing is like feeling. The plea of the classics. In his excellent Lecsure of viewing an interesting object tures on Poetry, he not only rivals is only a delicate and fine sentiment. Blair, but he animates the subject While we are thus gazing, the water with the nicest and most accurate disbecomes dim from some invisible criminations of character; he exhibits cause. It is next agitated; the per- perfect atoms as it were in a microturbation increases to boiling. We scope, and displays their distinct feaare astonished. On a sudden it sinks tures and organization ; and, not only wholly into the ground, and not a this, but to keep attention awake, he trace of it appears. Such is the history sets dry narrative to the finest music of the genius, writings, and prema of elegant humour and delicious senti. ture death of Henry Neele. Genius ment. Neele felt when it was ne. was the rock; his ideas flowing from cessary to shun tædium, an important it were pre-eminently lucid, and often caution in all vivå voce oratory; and surpassingly beautiful; not an opacity he knew that diamonds in the mine or cloudiness is, we think, to be seen were only heaps of earth, till they were in one of his gems; but, like Horace's polished and set. Johnson's celebrated “ Fons Blandusiæ, splendidior vitro," preface to Shakspeare is a grand set of which the poet says, “ Fies nobi- speech, made in honour of the Bard; lium tu quoque fontium,” just as he but it is evident that here, as in all was known and appreciated, and be. Johuson's writings, it is himsell, not ginning to shine above the lesser stars the subject, who is exhibited, -the of the literary hemisphere, Insanity performer, not the play. In the disseized him, and held himn fast, while section of Shakspeare, on the conDeath assassinated him. Let us not be trary, Neele coniented himself with uncharitable, for a levis insania cha. being the operative anatomist; and racterizes all poets whatever ; and not with what consummate skill. he has only does Democritus exclude “sanos illustrated the great master of the hu. Helicone poetas," and Cicero quote man character, Shakspeare, may apPlato as saying that the true poetical pear from the following extract: character cannot exist, “sine inflam

« Of Shakspeare's comic female characmatione animorum, et sine quodam af.

ters, it will be sufficient to adduce two, fato quasi furoris," but the unfortu

Rosalind and Beatrice. What a fascinating nate subject will not endure restraint

creature is the first! what an admirable íron prudence, his bias is insupera compound of wit, gaiety, and good humour! ble.

blended at the same time with deep and “Nasciscetur enim pretium nomenque strong passion, with courage and resolupoetze

[quam tion, with upshaken affection to her father, Si tribus Anticyris caput insanabile nun and constant and fervent love for Orlando. Tonsori Sicino commiserit."

How extraordinary and romantic is this cba

racter, if we contemplate it in the abstract ; Neele, though he became an excel

yet how beautiful and true to Nature, if we lent French scholar, never displayed at examine it in all its details. Beatrice is a school any application, or even talent character of a very different stamp from Rofor Greek, Latin, or study of any sort, salind, although resembling her in some

particulars. She has all her wit; but, it * On s'exerce à voir comme à sentir, ou must be confessed, without her good huplutôt, une vue exquise n'est qu'un seuti mour. Her arrows are not merely piercing, ment delicat et fin. ROUSSEAU. See our but poisoned. Rosalind's is cheerful railauthor, p. 345.

lery ; Bentrice's satirical bitterness. RosaGENT. MAG. January, 1829.

42
Review.–Neele's Literary Remains.

[Jan. lind is not only afraid to strike, but unwil such striking instances of comic and ling to wound. Beatrice is at least' care- tragic powers united in the same wind. less of the effect of her wit, if she can but His humour and wit are of the brightfind an opportunity to utter it. But Shak- est and keenest character; but then his speare has no heartless character in his pathos is tremendous, and his descripdrumas ; he has no mere • intellectual gla

tive powers are of the highest order. diators,' as Dr. Johnson has well styled the

P. 8. actors in the witty scenes of Congreve. Beatrice has strong and easily excited feel

Spenser.-Spenser's hero is always ings. Love is called into action by the

honour, truth, valour, courtesy; but it stratagem of the garden scene ; and rage,

is not inan. His heroine is meekness, indignation, and revenge, by the slanders chastity, constancy, beauty ; but it is cast upon her cousin. We have heard the not woman. His landscapes are ferti. character called inconsistent; but what is lity, magnificence, verdure, splendour; human nature but a tissue of inconsisten- but they are not nature. His pictures cies ? or rather are not our hopes, fears, have no relief; they are all light, or affections, and passions, linked together by all shadow; they are all wonder, but a thread so fine, that only the gifted eye of no truth. P. 52: such a poet as Shakspeare can discover it?

Ossian, Milton.—The grand characThe changes of purpose and passion, as de

teristic of Ossian is pathos, of Milton veloped by him, in the mind of Beatrice,

: sublimity. P. 74. are any thing but inconsistencies; abrupt and surprising they certainly are, but they

Challerton.-His poems bear internal are accounted for bv motives of extraordi- evidence of their being the productions nary weight, and feelings of singular susceptibility." pp. 91, 92,

but still of a boy. There are no traces

of experience, of long observation, of We have not room for his diversi- a knowledge of human nature, nor infied picture gallery of Shakspeare's deed of acquirements of any sort. What Clowns, a subject which he has treated

he has left behind him is full of gewith the adınirable portraiture of a pius; but full of inequalities and faults. Hogarth. The top of the climax of P. 26. buffoon character is Falstaff; but Neele

Vanbrugh, Swift.-Such writers as has not touched upon him, and we are

Vanbrugh and Swift do not use the sorry for it. Nonsense is wine when vices and follies of mankind for the we are disposed to conviviality; and

purpose of instruction or amusement; even Commonwealth puritans, who

but standing aloof from humanity, like enacted that tailors should not sit the Mephistophiles of Goethe, and cross-legged, through abhorrence of

make its weaknesses and its crimes the popery (see p. 19), relaxed their grim objects of their fiend - like derision. features, we doubt not, when thc prat- Po 150. tling pin-basket sat upon their knees. Shenstone, Phillips, Hammond. But, if Neele has omitted Falstaff, he Made up of artificial affectation, their has finger-pointed Touchstone to our shepherds and shepherdesses are only notice, as the first of all clowns, past, ladies and gentlemen in masquerade, present, or to come. He is indeed the

le is indeed the

sitrine

sitting upon green hillocks, with pasbest-tempered, pleasantest philosophi- toral crooks in their hands, and talkcal abstract clown ever known; in ing about love and Arcadia. P. 167. fact, the Shakspeare himself of the

Young.--His genius is only seen 10 motley tribe, -the Clown in the

advantage amidst charnel houses and Twelith Night is a wag, a Mercurio

sepulchres. It seems as if, like the in low life; the Clown in Lear is a

pictures of the camera obscura, it could worthy affectionate dependent, laugh

not be exhibited, but in an apparatus ing only professionally; the rest are of dark ness. His muse is a mummy; bumkins, or pedants, or coxcombs, or his Apollo a sexton ; his Parnassus a braggadocios, but all of thein natural church-yard. He drinks from the ri. characters, only stage-drest up to make ver Styx instead of Hippocrene, and a show.

mistakes the pale horse in the RevelaWe shall now leave Shakspeare, to tions for Pegasus. The consequences give Neele's characters of certain first- is that, as far as a very large portion of rate poets.

his volume is concerned, it may be Chaucer.-Chaucer's versatility was very good divinity, but it is not poetry. most extraordinary. No English poet, P. 180. Shakspeare alone excepted, exhibits Thomson. The first of our descrip

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