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Sir Thomas More's House, Chelsea.

497 Sir Thomas More's House, ing her 201. per annum. His daughter CHELSEA.

Roper was imprisoned for keeping her

father's head as a relic, and purposing THERE are few houses in this king

this king to print his books. 1 doin which have excited inore ge

Dr. King, writing in 1717, says, neral interest, or the site of which has that no less than four houses have conbeen more disputed than the residence tended for the honour of Sir Thomas of that distinguished statesman, lawyer, More's residence, viz. 1. Beaufort and scholar, Sir Thomas More. The House : 2. that which was late Sir Wilfollowing particulars are abstracted liam Powell's, then divided into seves from a MS. Supplement to the Life of ral tenements; 3. that which was forSir Thomas More, written by Dr. merly Sir John Danvers's, then the King, one of the Rectors of Chelsea; sile of Danvers-street; and, 4. that of which document Mr. Faulkner (to

which was lately Sir Joseph Alstone's. whom we are indebted for the annex- « Now of all these," says Dr. ed views) has judiciously availed him. King, * “ Beaufort House bids fairest self in his new History of Chelsea. 10 be the place where Sir Thomas

The place (says Dr. King) where More's stood ; for the following reaSir Thoinas More fixed his family was sons :-First, his grandson, Mr. ThoChelsea, in Middlesex, where he lived mas More, who wrote his life, and several years; which place he chose was born in the beginning of Queen for its vicinity to London, for the salu- Elizabeth's reign, and may well be brity of the air, for the pleasantness of supposed to know where the most the situation, and for the incompara

eminent person of his ancestors lived, bly sweet, delightful, and noble river says, that Sir Thomas More's house in Thaines, gently gliding by it; where Chelsea was the same which my Lord he kept always, while he was a great of Lincoln bought of Sir Roberi Cecil. minister, a barge for his conveniency Now it appears pretty plainly that Sir or recreation. At Chelsea he built a Robert Cecil's house was the same house, with gardens, orchards, and all · which is now the Duke of Beaufort's : conveniences about it. At a good dis- forin divers places are these letters, R.C., tance from his mansion house, he and also R. c E. with the date of the erected a pile called the New Building, year, viz. 1597; which letters were which contained a chapel, a library, the initials of his name and his lady's; and a gallery, which he used for devo. and the year 1597 was when he newtion, study, and retirement. He also built or at least new-fronted it. From built a chapel, or chancel, in the pa- the Earl of Lincoln, that house was rish church of Chelsea, which still re- conveyed to Sir Arthur Gorges; from mains, 'having his coat of arms in the him to Lionel Cranfield, Earl of Midglass of the east window thereof. lle dlesex ; from him to King Charles the hired a house for aged people in the First; from the King to the Duke of parish, and was a very charitable and Buckingham ; from bis son, since the liberal person ; and from his example, Restoration, io Plummer, a citizen, his son-in-law Roper, having lived in for debi; from the said Plummer to his family sixteen years, took his pat. the Earl of Bristol ; and from his heirs tern, bestowing yearly in alms to the to the Duke of Beaufort." value of 5001., a vast sum in that age. “ Beaufort House," adds Lysons, But for all these shining virtues and en- " after having stood einply for several dowments he was, by the permission years, was purchased by Sir Hans of God, and the impetuous humour of Sloane, in the year 1738, and was a merciless prince, tried for his life, taken down in 1740. The gate, which and executed as a traitor.

was built by Inigo Jones for the Lord On Sir Thomas's death, all bis lands Treasurer Middlesex, Sir Hans Sloane were seized by the King, by virtue of gave to the Earl of Burlington; who two Acts of Parliament. By the first removed it to his gardens at Chiswick, Act was resumed what the King had The old mansion stood at the northgranted him; viz. Dunkington, Trenk, end of Beaufort-row, extending westford, and Barley Park in Oxfordshire 'ward, at the distance of about 100 By the second Act a settlement was

yards from the water-side.”' frustrated, and his lady turned out of her house at Chelsea, the King allow. • Supplement to Life of Sir T. More.

GINT. MAG. June, 1829.

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dezza ci tee Countess of iwen's feet in leazıb, and was org. Derocze 2, ces acceat house beDaily wainsculed wih cartel . carpette per certe Se Joseph Alston, One of the rooms was pašcied in ii. Wao wa mesed . Biroaet by Charles tation of marble, an appeared to have II. ja 10:2. V Nov Asioa, the beto originais an orairy. Certain wie ons gesien, died bere in curious portraits op pannel, which had 1570; 30ber funeral sermon was ornameated the large rooms, were de presened by Dr. Luteron, who pubstrosed some few years since. Leat. Eteitsoonis a tet, ia 4:0 Sir Ja ing from the premises, towards the seca was in possess.oa of this house King's Road, there is a subterranean in locis, at the time of Hamilton's passage, which has been explored for survey; it afterwards came into the a short distance. It is said, irauit.q. possession of Vr. Tate, acd was occually, to have communicated with a ped as a stained paper manufactory. care or dongeon, stiuared at a consie l a 1813 this venerable aansioa, derabie distance from the house ; but which had adorned the village of pa· for what purpose made, no one now

laces' for several ages, was pulled down, in its vicinity con5uently presumes to and the materials sold picce-meal by a guess.

speculating builder, who had obtained Alston House was for many years possesion; and now not a stone rethe residence of the Shrewsbury fa. mains to show where it once stood. mily. Francis, son and heir of George The annexed view was taken some Earl of Shrewsbury, is mentioned few years previous to its final demoliamong the freeholders in the court tion, when time and dilapidations had, rolls of the manor of Chelsea, 35 Hen. however, destroyed much of its pristine VIII. He died Sept. 21, 1500. form.

George Farl of Shrewsbury, son of the preceding, died Nov. 18, 1590, SPECULATIONS ON LITERARY possessed of a capital messuage in Chel

PLEASURES.-No. XV. sea, which he probably bequeathed to

(Continued from p. 404.) his second wife, Elizabeth, as it ap ohnson was a luminary of the first pears to hare descended to her son U order, who enlightened and adorned Williain, first Earl of Devonshire.- the course of the Eighteenth century ; This Elizabeth, who survived him, but others existed perhaps equally high was much celebrated for her beauty in pretension. And here, in throw. and accomplishments, and still more ing our views generally over the state for her extraordinary fortune in the and aspect of genius in the Eighteenth world. She was four times a credit century, it may possibly be allowed us able and happy wife, and rose by every to glance at another luminary, who, husband to greater wealth and higher during the same epoch, enlightened honours; and, afier all, lived seven- the British possessions in the New teen years a widow in absolute power World. and plenty. She built three of the Born on the Western Continent, most elegant seats that were ever raised Dr. Franklin may yet be almost said by one hand in the same county to have been matured on our own soil, Chatsworth, Hardwick, and Oldcoates; as at one period of his life he lived all tronsmitted entire to the first Duke much in England, and, it is reasonable of Devonshire. The Couniess died in to imagine, profited much from the 1607, aged eighty-seven. She be- privileges of a literary nature he here

1829.] Speculations on Literary Pleasures-Johnson and Franklin. 499 enjoyed. And if in our process of emancipation and independence of his speculative analysis we view him as own country, against the folly, cuan integral portion of British genius, pidity, and wickedness, which sought nurtured and matured, to a certain ex io blow up the flames of war, and pertent, on these soils, much exception, petuate rancour and hatred amongst perhaps, will not hence be taken. Great Britain and her colonies. The

It has often been made a question, may, like a second Hampden, be said which most fulfils the end of his being to have made a noble stand in the the contemplative philosopher or the cause of freedom and of patriotism. active benefactor of mankind. Hie- The eyes of all Europe were intently rocles, the commentator on Pythago- fixed upon the imporiant issue of this ras, a sage well qualified to form a contest; and if, by the wisdom of his estimate, observes that practical philo. councils, and the skill of his negociasophy is the mother of virtue, and con- tions, as a diplomatist, universal sufteinplative virtue is the mother of frage has awarded to him the honour truth. Without entering on this par. and the humanity of endeavouring, ticular examination, it may be observe though in vain, to avert what, in the ed generally, that no two contemporary history of nations, must ever be depreindividuals ever rose to higher and cated as its worst calamity;-his apomore distinguished eminence than theosis will ever he woven by the wise that which marked the characters of and the good. But if it is not only Johnson and Franklin in their several in the hearts and the admiring gaze of departments; but each pursued a dif- millions of his own countrymen, but ferent walk to fame; and as in the in the matured estimation of all mancharacter of one who would rear his kind, that this extraordinary man must slender testimonial to the worth of continue to hold a foremost place, Dr. literary pursuits and their attendant Franklin, perhaps, will occupy a still pleasures, I may not perhaps inappro. higher niche in the temple of Fame priately bestow a glance on these seve- amongst posterity, on account of his ral walks. “For my part," says that philosophical writings. child of pathos and philosophy, St. “The eulogy of Des Cartes,' says Pierre, " I who am not a Newton, ain his celebrated commentator M. Thodetermined not to quit the banks of my mas, “whose devotion to his hero we rivulet; I will remain in my humble excuse, while reading him, should be valley engaged in collecting herbs and pronounced at the foot of Newton's flowers,-happy if I am able to form statue, or rather Newton himself with them soine garlands to decorate should be the panegyrist." Franklin the vestibule of the rustic temple which must be also said to inerit his eulogy my feeble hands have presumed to from the most distinguished philosorear to the majesty of Nature.” The phers of the Nineteenth century, inpresent speculations, like those of St. asmuch as bis hints in practical and Pierre, are rather a tribute offered at speculative philosophy, no less than the foot of Parnassus, than a bold Aight his maxions in political economy, enfrom its top; and for the rest, the two gaged the notice of all the professors celebrated individuals here spoken of in Europe who had any pretensions are still perhaps unhacknied subjects. to high eminence. Of an acute and

Johnson and Franklin, then, are original mind, all his thinking and his names to which, all will ever admit, efforts were directed to such an enattaches genius of a giant growth. largement of experimental philosophy Strangers to each other in ihe commu- as shouid increase man's POSITIVE nications of social intercourse, they knowledge, and consequently his were equally removed froin each other power. A memorable example to in their views and speculations on lite. ihose who, like Kant and some others, rature, and in their scientific pursuils. are fond of mystifying truth in clouds Of opposite political creeds, they of of their own creation, his aim was course, in their sentiments connected rather to draw light from profundity with the government of nations, and than to throw around it the vapours of in many points bearing on man's so- darkness. His philosophy was not of cial happiness, materially differed. the ambiguous kind, his sagacity and Franklin may be termed, above most penetration were constantly exeried to others, the benefactor of mankind. smooth the ascent, rather iban render Labouring with gigantic efforts for the it more difficult and forbidding, and

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