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48 Review.-Bowles's Days Departed.--Shaksperiana. (Jan.

The last he describes in its Calvi- Making it but a hollow tinkling sound, nistic effect of making

That stirs not the foul heart!" “God's own light

Leaving the Second Part, which is

almost wholly devoted to exposure of Sit, like a night mare,”

the unphilosophical fallacy which and embittering life with

now misleads many, we come with “ Death! reprobation ! woe! eternal woe!” sincere pleasure to the Third Canto,

which abounds in sweet sentiment and merely because fathers and inothers per

descriptive elegance. We are, howmit their children to join in the amusement of dancing *, of which in their

ever, obliged to leave it on account of

the next extract. How full it is of youth they have taken part, without

poetical grandeur we need not say. one evil thought or feeling-and play,

“ THE VISION OF THE DELUGE! HARKthemselves, at a harmless rubber, a far

A TRUMP! more innocent amusement, says Mr.

It was the Trump of the ARCHANGEL! Stern Bowles, than the “ game afier tea, of

He stands, while the awak’ning thunder rolls playing at the Bible." P. 110.

Beneath his feet! Stern, and alone, be stands « None loves the Gospel more Upon Imaus' height! The message brought by mercy to mankind

" No voice is heard Fall'n-lost-the message of redeeming love ;

Of revelry or blasphemy so high! None more disdains the long, cold homily,

HE SOUNDS AGAIN HIS TRUMPET ; and the Dron'd over sleeping pews:-But he who

clouds tears

Come deep’ning o'er the world !Faith from her heav'nly sisterhood, denies

Why art thou pale ? The Gospel, and turns traitor to the cause

A strange and fearful stillness is on earth, He has engag'd to plead. None ever priz'd

As if the shadow of th’ ALMIGHTY, pass'd The consolations, and the glorious hopes,

O'er the abodes of man, and hush'd, at once, And purest spirit of that Gospel, more!

The song, the shout, the cries of violence, But save, oh! save me, from the tract-mad

The groan of the oppress'd, and the Jeep

curse Who trots to every Bible-club, and prates

Of Blasphemy, who scowls upon the clouds, Of this awakening Minister, and that,

And mocks the louder thunder! Whom she • sat under.'

Hark! A Voice" Piety is still,

Perish!'--the thunder rocks more loudAnd meek, and unintrusive. Yet the Priest,

the Earth

[West, Who thinks the ALMIGHTY frowus upon his

Answers from North to South, from East to throne,

*Perish!' The fountains of the mighty Jeep Because two pair of harmless Dowagers,

Are broken up—the rushing rains descend, Whose life has pass'd without a stain, beguile

Like night, deep night, while momentary seen, A quiet hour with cards ;—who deems that

Through blacker clouds, on his pale phantomhell

horse, Burns fiercer for a Saraband :—that Thou

Death, a gigantic skeleton, rides on, Tuou, my sweet SHAKSPEARE-THOU, whose

Rejoicing, where the millions of mankindtouch awakes

(Seen as the lightning-shafts glare from his The inmost heart of virtuous Sympathy

hand) Thou, oh! divinest poet, at whose voice

Welter beneath the shadow of his horse ! Sad Pity weeps, or guilty Terror drops

Now, dismally, through all her caverns, The blood-stain'd dagger from his palsied

Hell hand,

Sends forth a horrid laugh, that dies away, That Thou art pander to the criminal !

And then a loud voice answers— VICTORY! The sullen Puritan, who preaches this,

VICTORY, TO THE RIDER AND HIS HORSE ! Moves—more than ev'n the Bible-trotting

VICTORY, TO THE RIDER AND his Horse'." Miss, My pity, my aversion, and my scoro." Shaksperiana. Catalogue of all the Books, "CRY ALOUD...speak in thunder to the Pamphlets, &c. relating to Shakspeare,

To which are suljoined, an Account of the That sleeps in sin !...Call Conscience up early Quarto Editions of the great DraLike a stern spectre, whose dim finger points malist's Plays and Poems, the Prices at To dark misdeeds of yore!—Thou Hypocrite

which many Copies have sold in public Trample in dust thy mask, por cry, · Faith, Sales; together with a List of the leading

and esteemed Editions of Shakspeare's

collected Works. 8vo. Pp. 69. * It was the licentious character of the THIS most useful and well-digested Eastern Dance, at which the old Fathers little manual opens with an amusing were so horror struck. P. 110.

account of the various impostures con




49 nected with the works, portraits, or tiful line engraving, by Sharpe,-supfame of Shakspeare. We shall ab- posititious, by one Holder, a picture stract this account for the entertain cleaner, &c. ment of our readers.

4. Dr. Hardies's picture-The por1. The Mulberry-tree. As many trait of a dancing-inaster altered into a toys and baubles have been made out Shakspeare, by Zincke, a very clever of the real tree as would have required picture cleaner and repairer. a whole forest. P. 7.

5. Mr. Winstanley of Liverpool's 2. Ireland's fabrications. The first portrait, another fabrication by Zincke. attempt was a rude pen and ink draw 6. Mr. Hamilton's portrait-another ing, copied from Droeshout's print an. Zincke. Dexed io the folio edition of Shaks. 7. The Hon. Ħ. T. Liddell's porpeare's works, accompanied with an trait -a manufacture by Holder, of culograph letter by the Bard, in Chat. whom see No. 3, above. tertonian spelling, and the strongest 8. The Shakspeare fumily. An alinternal evidence of fabrication. Ire- terarion, by Zincke, of a picture conland next hought at a broker's a draw. taining the portraits of a whole une ing of an old Dutchman on one side of kuown family, purchased of a picturethe paper, and of a youth on the other, dealer. “Zincke transmogrified every intended allegorically 10 represent a physiognomy from those of the papa miserly old man and his expensive heir. and mamma to the last of the progeny This picture Ireland altered in the fol. into so many Shakspeares." P.xx. lowing manner: on one side of the 9. The Bellows picture. This is the old Dutchınan he introduced a pair of most curious deception of all the con. scales, and in the corner of the youth juring and legerdemain on this lucraful figure, placed Shakspeare's arms, tive speculation. It is described 10 " but with the transverse spear placed have been a curious original portrait in a contrary direction to that pre- (a bust), with the legend mentioning scribed by heraldry," subjoined villes Shakspeare by name, carved in old of several plays of ihe Bard in red cha English of the time, on an antique sacters, and altered the physiognomy oaken frame; the said oaken frame beas much as possible into the reatures ing one half of the exterior of an imof the poet, as represented in Droe mense pair of bellows, formerly benoui's engraving. This pretended longing to Queen Elizabeth. The le. portrait wonderfully confirmed the gend (not undeserving of a creditable forgeries of various prose and poetic repute, as to the plausibility of its exeeffusious, of a mortgage deed, of ano- curion,) is as follows: ther portrait on vellum, &c. &c.

" Whome have we here The result of these frauds was that

Stucke onne the bellowes, the old Dutchman was believed to be That prynce of goode fellowes, an intended representative of Shylock, Willie Shakspere.” and the youth of Shakspeare in the “ Oh! curste untowarde lucke, character of Bassanio; and at the de To be thus mcanlie stucke. Poins.' mise of Mr. Samuel Ireland, all the “ Naye, rather glorious lotte, fabrications were sold for the sum of

To hymine assigned three hundred pounds.

Who, lyke th' Almightie, rides Of the moral turpitude, the essen

The wynges oth' wynde.

Pystolle." tial roguery of character, which alone could perpetrale swindling like this, To give greater eclat to the picture, we leave men of principle to deter- or to prevent doubt or dispute likely to mine.

ensue at home, the picture was sent to We now come to portraits of Shak Paris, and it certainly presented a very speare.

feasible portrait of Shakspeare; but 1. Mr. Slace's pictures, engraved by the following unfortunate consequences Cooper,--spurious.

ensued. The oaken frame was disco2. Mr. Cosway's mezzotinto, dissi. vered to be mahogany. Pretended aumilar to Droeshout's print, or anythorities were then given for the cou). other supposed likeness.

temporary use of that wood. Another 3. Mr. Dunford's picture, of which niisfortune was, that in Droeshout's there are two eogravings, one a mez head of Shakspeare, the Poet has an zotinto, by Turner; the other, a beau- unusually losty and capacious bald Gext. Mag. January, 1829.



[Jani « Now in this bellows performance, it that both the miniature and bellowswas obvious that there had been much re- portrait were originally fabrications by painting on that part of the picture; and, Zincke. in consequence, when presented to the gen. 9. There are several other fabrica. tleman, who had stated himself desirous of

'. tions. possessing it, he remarked that prior to pur

10. The Felton portrait, engraved by chasing it, he should wish to have the fore

Cochran, is believed to have been an head cleared of such repaint :—that stipulation, however, pot being complied with, it authentic original; as is also was understood between the parties that if 11. A miniature, the property of upon cleaning any imposition became appa

Charles Auriol, esq. rent, the purchase was to be null and void.” After this statement of the pictures, -p. xxv.

follows an account of translations of In consequence, the picture was

Shakspeare into foreign languages. placed in the hands of M. Ribet of

These translated plays, it seems, partiParis, a very eminent picture-cleaner

cularly in the Gerinan and Spanish,

have lost none of their powerful draand repairer. The purchaser

matic effect. “ Two days after speeded on the wings of It further appears that the surface of anxious expectancy, to ascertain the result the walls of the chamber wherein of M. Ribet's operations, when he was

Shakspeare was born (though merely shocked by being told that instead of Shak

whitewash laid on about twenty years speare, his portrait was not even that of a

back), are covered by the names of male, but the representation of an old woman. In short, on applying the fatal cot

visitors, among which are Moore and ton, dipped in the ingredient necessary to

Scott, the poets; Kemble, Kean, the clear off the repaint and dirt, away had va

King (when Regent), Duke of Clanished the broad, high, procreative front of rence, at least half of the two Houses Avon's Bard; the brown mustaches and ex- of Parliament, and distinguished fopanded ruff having given place, like magic, reigners, as Lucien Bonaparte, and the to a cap decorated with blue ribbons, and a Austrian and Russian princes. About lip unadorned by whiskers, while a kerchief one thousand persons per annum gebecame apparent, modestly overspreading nerally visit his tomb. the matronly bosom."—p. xxvii.

This truly valuable tract concludes The purchaser immediately resolved with a price catalogue of all the books, on returning the old woman to the pamphlets, &c. relating to Shakspeare. vendor, in London, and redemanding To write eulogies on Shakspeare his money. But in the interval, the would be only to hold candles to the said vendor conceiving that the pre sun; and therefore we conclude with vious imposition had not been de- sincere thanks to the author for his tected, sent to the purchasers a flou. pleasing and important pamphlet, and rishing letter, stating that he had ano the expression of our doubts whether ther Shakspeare portrait, a miniature! any portrait can be deemed genuine, a gem ! to be disposed of at the low except that of the tomb. And what, price of only 1250 francs, (more than allowing it far greater merit than it 50l. sterling,) for prompt payment. probably possesses, can that be?-A Of course, the fish did not bite again; corpselike cast. The eye and face of and the contest was seuiled by the such a man as Shakspeare, when lit vendor agreeing to take the picture up by the intense blaze of a soul like back, provided it was once more al. his, must have had an expression not tered from an old woman to a Shak- to be transferred to marble or canvas; speare. M. Ribet undertook this lask; and it may be almost positively af. and so exceeded the first attempi firmed, that the contradictory features “ That it was absolutely impossible of Tragedy and Comedy must have for a considerable time to perceive been shown physiognomically, by lithat any repainting had taken place." neaments utterly inexplicable, though Through this success, the renovated harmoniously blended. picture was sold to Talma the tragedian ; after his death, resold by auction for 3100 francs, or 1301. ster

The Results of Two Experiments in Teaching

the Latin Language, &c. By the Rev. ling, and transported to London by the

W. Stevens, Maidstone. 8vo. Pp. 24. purchaser, who conceives himself possessed of the only authentic likeness of WE are not of opinion that, in Shakspeare. It is to be remembered technical language, construing forms 1929.) Review.-Stevens on the Latin Language. the chief part of education in the pri- tence first, requiring it to be read by the vate schools, as composition does in pupils once, twice, and sometimes oftener, those which are public; nor do we when there was difficulty in the construcbelieve that the great advantages of

tion, or many words occurred that were classical education can be acquired by

entirely new; but the number of repetitions construing. Goldsmith has objected

of each sentence was gradually diminished, to the use of translations by boys, be

till they could translate, with the occasional

assistance only of the teacher; and after a cause the trouble of looking out in the

short time they had acquired so much faDictionary, causes them to exert their

cility in the translation of their authors that memories in the retention of the

the previous teaching became unnecessary. meanings, and certain we are that, From this time to the end, they prepared when Dictionary and Grammar-work with ease two closely printed duodecimo become unnecessary, progress is rapid. pages daily. At the conclusion of Nepos But without composition, especially they were in possession of a very consideraversification, because the measure re ble store of words, and acquaintance with quires boys to have a stock of syno

Latin construction; and the manner in nyms, the language is very imperfectly

which they inmediately translated Cæsar, learned; and we are sure that boys

shewed the advantage of the method of

study which they had pursued, and the exmerely educated by construing, do not

cellence of the last author as a preparative and cannot equal the boys educated at

for those that followed; for they were now the great public schools. The system

thrown more upon their own energies; they mentioned by Mr. Stevens carries with

had no longer any strictly literal translations it, however, a very plausible recom to assist them ; what they failed to carry mendation with regard to boys who away with them on the first reading, they hare only time to acquire a partial and had no other help to supply them with than limited knowledge of Greek and Latin, their dictionary and grammar; and yet after i. e, an ability of understanding a the first five or six lessons, in which the Latin author. 'We think that a fair same plan was adopted as in the commencecase is made out, sufficient for vindica- ment of the preceding author, they could tion of the Hamiltonian aystem, to a of themselves, without a previous reading, certain extent, and with regard to the

without a translation of any kind, with no pupils described. It is evidently a sug

other help than their dictionary and gramgestion derived from Blair and Lan

mar, prepare at first two, then three, and

latterly, at their own request, four pages of caster's methods; and long before its

Dymock's Cæsar daily. If, however, they public annunciation, the Eclogues of

met with a passage of unusual difficulty, Virgil were published with a free they were encouraged to ask assistance of translation, to give boys an idea of the their teacher, rather than be allowed to exmeaning of the original, and not with- haust their patience and their energies upon out success, because, if a sentence what it was not probable they would dismakes sense, it is rightly construed ;. cover without help. But it did not freand, the leg being given, the only quently happen that their own ingenuity and study is how to draw on the boot to it.

knowledge of words did not enable them Ay, however, many of our readers do

ors do readily to determine the sense of their aunot know what is the Hamiltonian

thor with accuracy. The following instance,

proving that the general fear that a Hamilsystem, we shall explain it by the fol

tonian pupil's knowledge of a language will lowing extracts. It is to be remem- be superficial, and that he will be acquainted bered that the substance of the system

with the significations of words only, so far consists in construing by literal tran as he recollects the drift of the subjects, is lation and parsing.

withont foundation, may probably be as saDr. Morell of Brighton says, tisfactory as it is novel in children of their

« By combining the use of exact literal age and standing in the language. When translation with the study of the grammar they had translated the greater part of and the practice of parsing, from the age of sar, they were asked how long a time they bine to eleven, so much may be acquired required to translate a page of a part they both in Latin and Greek, as will make the had never before seen. The answer of the future progress easy and certain.”—Pp. 7, 8.

elder brother was that he could read it geMr. Stevens's account of his success

nerally as fast as he could English. The with interlinear translations, and other

younger, as though he felt himself unable

adequately to express the little time and Hamiltonisms, is as follows.

labour it cost him, replied that he did not "The sentences of Nepos being longer and require more than “half a minute." None more involved, the teacher, at the com- will suppose it probable that either of the mencement with it, bimself reads each sen- answers would be strictly correct, yet they


Review.- Foreign Review, No. IV.

[Jan. both shew that the children felt themselves state-nevertheless an apprentice is not masters of their author. The reality of a master; and Russia is at present only their progress was frequently put to the test the former. in a variety of ways; and the fluency and The second article is an excellent even freedom with wbich both classes, when

exposé of the subtle stralagems of at this point of advancement, would give au

those political sappers and miners the English version of passages of considerable

Jesuits; fellows that blow up fortresses length without taking up the Latin in the usual manner of construing, though called

called without gunpowder. Among us such upon unexpectedly; the precision with

things are prevented. After the battle which, at ihe instant, they would render

The instant, they would render of Navarin, a Chaplain of one of the oblique cases, or derived tenses, in an en ships which had suffered most severely, tirely new connexion; the familjur acquaint- asked the Captain whether he should ance they manifested with the peculiarities read the burial-service over some deof Latin construction and phraseology, in ceased men; “ No, I'd rather you did the ease with which they would translate, poi, it may disspirit the men, and we off-hand, passages they had never before

may have to contend with the forts seen, and in the rapidity with which the eye before we leave the harbour.” There would pass over from the nominative case to

are those who would accuse the comits verb), although it lay the distance of several lines, have often given me indescribable

manding officer of religious indifference, pleasure.” Pp. 9-12.

but as, independent of the public ser

vice, one victory prevents more batiles, It is the greatest known hardship in

and defeat is aitended with more loss tuition, to introduce boys from the

of life than conquest, the Captain grammar to construing, and incipient

was actuated by wise and proper mocomposition. If the statement of Mr.

tives. All associations, political or reStevens be not too biglily coloured,

ligious, have domination for that obon purpose to recommend his own

ject, and Jesuits, onder another ap.

i school, the hardship no longer exists.

S. pellation, are not extinct. The followAll we know is, that adults have

ing extract is edifying: acquired the sense of a Latin author

" The domination of the Jesuits in Gervery quickly, without any such me

many, Naples, and Italy, in the 17th centhod :-simply, by a few words antici.

tury, was founded on the system of associapating the meaning of the whole tions. A remarkable act of the Genoese passaga.

republic in 1604 is evidence on the subject;

it had been ascertained that the Jesuits had The Foreign Review, No. IV.

formed societies with codes and resolutions AN army without drummers and opposed to the ordinances of the state, and trumpeters is a good assimilation of in which the members took oaths to vote literature without reviews. Intellect at the elections of the magistracy, oply for may march, but if it does so in silence,

those of their association." nobody, except stray passengers and

“ Brotherhoods of the same kind crowded residents on the line of road, will

France at the same period; even Louis XIV.

seems to have been a member. The Jesuits know any thing about it. How iniela

having thus obtained possession of the civil lect marches ai home, viz. on recruil.

portion of the comnunity, next addressed ing service for projectors and inno.

themselves to the masters of the army. It vaiors in politics and religion, though was ascertained in 1716, that they were init is of enormous benefii in the Arts triguing among the troops ; and that they and Sciences, we easily discover, from had made in every regiment a certain number the newspapers and periodicals; but of proselytes, to whom they prescribed parhow the said intellect marches in ticular rules. Those rules consisted chiefly foreign countries, we should never in repeating every day prayers according to know, unless for the useful aid of forms, dictated by the Jesuits, and by which journals like this before us.

the soldiers supplicated for the preservation The first article in the present num

of religion, and the state, which they were ber is Russian Literature. To us it

taught to believe to be in great danger,

Among these soldiers, too, the Jesuits made appears imitative only—the Poetry

selections of the more docile, and formed wiihout imagination, and the History

them into a brotherhood, of without Archæology and Philosophy.

the sacred

heart of Jesus ;' those were admitted only Pegasus is of course a inere hack, and under particular vows of fidelity, which con. History a tobacco-smoking proser. The sisted in promising to defend to death the Critics have warınly praised it, and bull unigenitus, the papal rights, and the every kind seeling is due to an infant late king's will.

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