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53

1829.)

Review.- Foreign Review, No. IV, « This discovery deeply embarrassed the extraneous power—but by the popularity of Governmeot, as some Bishops were involved its iostitutions and laws, in the administrain it; and the difficulty was to extricate tion of which all the citizens take part initself without at once a religious and mili- discriminately; enlivening the performance tary explosion. It dissembled for a while, of their duties by singing, dancing, and and was silent, whilst it sought the means public entertainments. These diversions of extinction. But ic was compelled tv ac- form a constituent part of all meetings, contive measures by the extraordinary circum- voked either for public or private interests ; stance of furty soldiers of the regiment of and, in the enjoyment of thein, all mingle Bretagne presenting a paper to their Co- with the most perfect and cordial equality. lopel, requiring that they should be allowed As each solemnity or meeting has its partithe necessary facilities for obeying their cular song, dance, or other joyous ceremony, statutes; those statutes were enquired into, which has always been executed in the same and it was found by them that the affiliated manner from time immemorial; and as the troops in all their garrison towns, and even couplets, the form of the dances, and the on their march, were directed to form par- ceremonies, allude to some glorious recollecticular assemblages, that they had peculiar cion, or laudable usage, preservative of perchapels, and that they formed in combina- sonal bravery, propriety, and the kindness tioo chrough the army, a distinct corps, of mutual intercourse ; these diversions are united by a common bond, the whole being intimately connected with the popular instivoder Jesait orders. The remarkable agita tutions and customs, and the preservation of tion of the entire military body of France, the one is necessarily combined with that of at the same time confirmed this discovery. the other." P. 335. It was now ascertained that the whole army bad been practised upon; wherever there

Mr. Slaney (M.P.) shows us, from ras a Jesuit house, the connexion was

the example of other countries, that obvious, aud where there was not, the as- persecution of rural exercises and amusesemblage of those military associates who ments, connected with muscular exerRoquestionably night be turned into military. tion, music, and dancing, is a probable revolvers at the command of the'r spiritual cause why a tendency to intoxication Captains, gave evidence of a great conspiracy, is so prevalent among the poorer classes. against which all allegiance to King, aud

“ In Tuscany,” he says, • I have seen obedience to officers, inust in the time of

above five hundred of the middle and trial be as dust in the scale." Pp. 311, 312.

poorer ranks assembled at a great rural III. The Chronicles of Germany. festival, where the revels were kept up This article alludes lo publications si.

to a late hour; yet of all these, only milar to our Federa, those of the Re- one appeared the least intoxicated. cord Commission, et id genus rebus.

The same observation must have ocIV. Ancient Guipuzcoan dances. curred to every traveller with respect Guipuzcoa is a province of Spain, and to the meetings of the southern French ihe author of the work before us, an peasantry." (Rural Expenditure, p. 25.) author who can hardly write his name,

In truih, inebriation is incompatible or speak any other language than his with amusements, in which fathers, provincial dialect,' is a man after the mothers, husbands, wives, girls, and late Jobu Brand's own heart, one who children participate. shows us that ancient popular customs

V. The Works of Oelenschlager. He and amusements may be intimately

is, in our ideas, only an intermediate connected with pational happiness and poet. well-being. Now Mr. Bowles says VI. Raspail-on the cellular Tissue (“ Days Departed,” p. 105), 10 make -an elaborate experimental disquisiinnocent things appear criminal, is the tion, which may lead to important surest step to make criminal things ap

medical results. pear innocent.

VII. DumasMilitary History of

Frunce, from 1799 to 1814. - We “ The general class of peasants, distinct agree with the Reviewer, that we are from the aristocracy, and composed of la • too chary' of this sort of books. bnurers, artisans, mariners, &c. forms the VIII. The Works of Ugo Foscolo. sidews of the small Basque province, go

A man of considerable talents, but ex. verned in virtue of its particular laws and privileges, by a political constitution, which

aggerated. inakes its subjects the most free aud happy

Ix. Allerbornthe Island of the people in Spain, and perhaps in all Europe.

Blest. More poetry; of good, but not Their admirable social existence is support

of the first rank. ed-pot by a parade of strength, nor by the X. The Life of Heyne. A most inats of policy, nor by the protection of any teresting article. There are people (not

54
RÉVIEW.- Foreign Review, No. IV.

[Jan. criminal) whose situation may be bet- they are identical or very similar in the lanter, but cannot be worse. Heyne was guage of any particular nation, he thence one of these ; but by patience and per concludes that from this nation it has reseverance arrived at very enviable emi.

ceived its civilization, religion, &c. It is nence and prosperity. Superanda om

in this manner, and no otherwise, that nis fortuna ferendo est.

passing from one fact to another, one may XI. Ehrenberg's Travels in North

without fear of being led astray, fill up the Africa. At Minutoli (supposed the

voids in the history of nations, and go back

to remoter times than the most ancient traMinocaminos of Ptolemæus), Dr.

ditions could safely conduct us to." Pp. Ehrenberg “heard a noise, and

101, 122. soon after discovered a great rolling ball. He expected to find a hedge In application of these rules to our hog or tortoise, but it was only a own country, the Critic observes, that ball formed of the excrement of the rivers, hills, and forests have generally horse. Bebind it was a great black retained their Celtic names, as the nuScarabæus, which was pushing on the merous Avons, from Awon, a flow of ball with his hind legs. The ball, water; and Esk, Usk, Ouse, Isis (lwo from its rolling in the sand, became of that name existing), from the Cellic soon so large, that from the juxta-posi Usque, water, a term also retained in tion, the Scarabæus appeared most in. Whiskey and Usquebaugh, literally significant in size. It is well-known, water, and the water of life;' and in that the Egyptians believed the Scara Tanner's ooze, and the verb ooze. bæus to come forth from the excre Arden, and many others, are applied ment of a bull, which being hidden to bills and woods. Towns and villages twenty-eight days under ground, was have alınost all Anglo-Saxon names. supposed to produce the xardapos with. We are therefore “justified in conclud. out the interference of a fernale. Hence ing from these etymological facts, that the Scarabæus became a symbol of va. though the primitive population of rious import." P. 468.

this country was Celtic, yet that the Mehemed Ali (rather of Ibrahim secondary population was Anglo-Saxon; Pacha, the Greek expeditionist) has and that from this last source the prebeen deemed a sort of Peter the Great, sent language and population of Eng. as to Egypt. A native, however, said land are derived; and this is what his" that he gave with one hand, and tory informs us." took with two" (p. 467). So much

It is from hence observable, that for Turkish patriotism.

the benefit of etymology, if it be used XII. Classification of Languages. according to the above rules, Aray be This is a valuable paper; and ine fol- considerable ; but the following exlowing rules for etymologizing are ex- ceptions must also be regarded. ceedingly useful.

" Where a few words not of the first - Does a philologist (observes M. Balbi) necessity, nor of a very primitive structure, wish to ascertain the consanguinity of one are found to correspond in two languages, nation with another: he examines their re- we should set it down to chance; we should spective vocabularies, and if he finds that be inclined to do the same in the case of such words as express the principal parts of one or two words of the first necessity and the human body, the first degrees of rela- of primitive structure corresponding, while tionship, the stars, the principal phænomena the rest did not: for instance, if the word of nature, and the first names of numbers for father corresponded, but the word for are identical, he may safely infer that these mother did not; if, of the five or six lowest two nations spring from a common origin; numerals, one or two corresponded, but the whereas, if they are entirely different, his others did not ; if the verbal word did not conclusion ought to be, that the two nations correspond, either by being regular in one spring from two different sources. Does he language, and not regular in the other; or wish to ascertain from what people a parti- if, irregular in both, by the irregularities cular nation received its civilization? he differing; or if the pronouns did not correexamines the words of its vocabulary for spond, by being irregular. But when the domestic animals, metals, the most useful reverse of all these circumstances is the fruits and plants, its agricultural instru case, nouns of the first necessity to a consiments; those which express duties, the rites, derable number, very similar, the verb of &c. of religion; those which appertain to existence similar in itself, and in its irregulegislation, common literature, and the larities ; the pronouns similar, and the lower sciences; these he compares with corre- numbers similar; we must draw the consponding terms in other languages, and if clusion of admitting an Indo-European fa.

1929.) Review.-Beckington's Journal.

55 mily of languages, and consequently of na- ing Plymouth to be on or about 200 tioes." P. 500.

miles from Windsor, his journeying, The Reviewer then says, that it is inclusive of stoppages and excursions highly probable from language, tradic out of the road, was on the average tion, and history, that the migration of only nine miles a day. His route was the Gothic tribes was from Asia; and from Windsor to Henley-Henley to that, at some very remote period, the Sutton-from Sutton to Abingdon, to ancestors of those who now speak "Jinner with the Lord Abbot, where dialects of the Sanskrit, the Greek, and was the Bishop of Salisbury,”-back the Gothic, formed one nation, and to Sutton to supper,--there two days, spoke a common language.

-thence to Bedwin, “ where” it seems “the King was,”—at Bedwin two days,

—thence to Devizes, supping and sleepA Journal ly one of the Suite of Thomas ing at the Mayor's,- from Devizes io

Beckington, afterwards Bishop of Bath Beckington to dinner, “ whither the end Wells, during an Embassy to nego- Lord de Hungerford sent two flagong ciate a Marriage between Henry VI. and of wine in “ bouiles," - to supper at a Daughter of the Count of Armagnac, Wells, the next day at Wells, dining A.D. MDCCCXLII. With Notes and with a Mr. J. Bernard,--drinking in Illustrations, by Nicholas Harris Nicolas, the afternoon with the chanter, and inEs. Barrister at Law. 8vo. pp. 128. stallation in the choir for his prebend,

MR. NICOLAS observes, that ma- supper at Glastonbury with the Abterials for a History of the reign of bot, who lent his Lordship a horse, Henry the Sixth, are (apparently] dinner there. Sleeping at Taunton, scanly; but that in reality there is no there two days,--sleeping on the third peucily of documents, though they are at Tiverton,-the next day dining at inaccessible, from being locked up in the castle of the Earl of Devon,-after Record offices. The knowledge of this dinner at one of his manors called sterility of intelligence during the Comb-Martin,-then drinking on the abore period has induced him to pub- road of Exeter, and there supping and lish this Journal, which he found in sleeping,-at Exeter, dining with the the Ashmolean Museum. The cir. Dean one day, the next with the cumstance to which it refers is this. Chancellor, the third at the inn, where

In 1442 Henry the Sixth attained a buck was sent from Tiverton to his the age of twenty-one, and it was then Lordship,-dining successively afterthought furing that he should marry wards with various private persons, prudently, to the interest of his sub- latterly with Sir Richard Hillier, “sujects and his dominions. The Counts pervisore*,” to dinner, and J. Wadof Armagnac and Charles the Seventh ham, Sheriff of Devon, to supper, of France having quarrelled, an als the day after to breakfast with Sir Phi. liance with the foriner was deemed lip Courtenay at Powderham, to din, eligible, for the protection of Guienne; ner with the Bishop of Exeter at Chudbut Charles having got scent of the bus leigh, to supper at Ashburton,-the siness, invaded Guienne, and made the next and last day to dinner at PlymCount and his family prisoners. The ton, and supper at Plymouth, “at the result was, that the nuptial treaty was house of Thomas Hill an innkeeper." annulled.

Such being the simple story, we refer "Now it is remarkable, that not one our readers to the work itself, for the of these places was in the ancient din diplomatic and biographical matters ; reci line of road from Windsor 10 Ply, and shall notice those curious things mouth; that line was Windsor, Bagwhich are generally expected to be shot, Hartlerow, Basingstoke, Ando. found in ancient manuscripts.

ver, Salisbury, Shaftesbury, Sherborne, It is well known thai noblemen, Crookborne, Chard, Honiton, Exeter. eminent genilemen, and public func. (See Hopton's Concordancie of Yeares, tionaries, were expected to show hos. p. 209.) pitality to persons travelling upon the T hus it may appear how our ancesKing's business. It appears that the tors travelled out of the road for the Bishop started for Plymouih from sake of hospitality, and want of accomWindsor on the 5ih of June, did not modation at inus. . reach Plymouth will the 27th, nor sail * A steward, receiver of rents, &c. See from thence till the 10th of July. Tak- Ducange, v. supervidere. Rev.

pp. 1-4.

56
Review.-Beckington's Journal.

[Jan. It appears that the King had not this occasion to write in Latin, a tongue faonly his choice of any one of the miliar to us both." Count's daughters, but liberty to dis- This may explain the cause why Lapose of the others; and the ambassador tin letters are so numerous. had orders,

There was a functionary called a " At his first commyng thidder in al doctor, whether a medical man or not, haste possible, that ye do portraie the iij we cannot tell, viz. “the doctor of the doughters in their kertelles simple, and their Archbishop of Bourdeaux." P. 53. visages, lyk as ye see their stature and their A portrait painter for the ladies (of beautte, and color of skyone, and their coun which besore) was brought from Euge tenaunces, with al mager of features, and land. He is called “ operator scieuthat one be delivered in al haste with the tificus." P. 62. said portratur to bring it unto the Kinge, Rocamonde

Rosamond's Bower, modern bouand he l'appointè and signe which hym do

doirs or dressing-rooms, meet with lyketh ; and therupon to sende you word

some elucidation, as to the decorahow ye shal be governed." P. 10.

tions *, in the following passage: The superstition of crooked sixpences

« The paraphernalia or female ornaments, is not yet forgotten. During the voyage (on which by the way the ship was

commonly called • le chambre.'” P.62. followed by a most importunate shark, A pastoral staff was used for a diswho would not be repelled vill he had guise, or a mediuin of conveying secret been thrice struck with a harping iron,) letters. The portrait painier carried a calm ensued, whereupon

oue with him, and answers were sent " To obtain a wind, my Lord Secretary,

with the same accompaniment. Pp. 62, with a devout and bumble heart pledged

74, 78. and bent silver to the most blessed and glo

The portrait was made upon canvas. rious Virgin Mary of Eton; the rest in the P. 74. ship at his bidding then did the same, and The name of the artist was Hans (a then they chaunted the antiphonale • Sancte Christian name), so that he was proMaria.' 'When it was ended the wind veer- bably a Dutchman or Flening, resi. ed to the north, and blew steadily from that dent in England. point until they entered the Garonne." P.11. Among the new year's gifts made to

An amusing account of manners and the Bishop, “ the lady of the inn customs on shipboard may be seen in

[whence perhaps our land-lady) gave Joinville, Erasmus's Colloquies, &c.

Temog fixed in a rod of corey, with a

lielle Cook in the middle.” Mr. Nico· The Archbishop of Bourdeaux,

las ingeniously presumes, p. 119, that making a good and a right sturing collacion in his cathedral churche,

it means a lemon and a sprig of laurel, redde and declared [the King's) letters

with a thio sweetmeat called libellus. translated openly in the pulpitte before

The conjecture is happy, for at the

present day in Herefordshire, on new al the pouple.” P. 16.

year's day, a present is made of a sprig A secrei letter was sent to the King

12 or laurel, decorated with apples copper by the medium of an "old pilgrim.”

gilt, in lieu of oranges. The con"It was written in three lines on vellum, forinity is obvious. It is supposed to the whole length of the skin, and was sewed be a relic of the Druidical hagmena. up in the border of his garment.” P. 25.

See Fosbroke's Ross, p. 70. Of this custom of sending letters by It was formerly the custom for a pilgrims, see“ British Monachism." feel of merchant vessels to appoint one

Turtle-doves were, it seems, edibles. among them for an Admiral, and to P. 28.

pay obedience as such to that ship's The guillotin is known to have de commander. Pp. 85, 105. rived its name from the inventor. In Oysters were eaten as a lunch. pp. 28, 29, we find a Mons. Guillau.

« In the morning their Lordships landed

in them line, to whom his Lordship, the Re- with

with their servants, and went to the church gent, sent some new wine, called “le of Crowdon, where they heard masses. Afmust.”

terward my Lord ate oysters in Crowdon.The Chancellor of the Count of Ar. To dinner in the ship, Mr. Tregorau, the magnac, says (p. 39),

Admiral [the merchant Admiral], and the “ From my inability to speak, and espe

other masters of ships with his Lordship." cially to write correctly in French, a fact

P. 85. whieh you well know, I have determined vat * Plate and furniture are specified in p. 110.

1829.) Review.-Bishop of London's Sermon.

57 In p. 90 we meet with “poll' cap' be vices, and we admit that offences pen,' given by the parish of Bedwin will ensue. But we were tulored in to the embassador and suite. Mr. Nin our early years at the Universities in colas, after justly noticing that pull' Lord Kaimes, Millar, Ferguson, &c. cap' signified pullets, capons, thinks and thence have formed an opinion, pen' an error for rin. (Gloss. 123.) We that philosophical modes of preventing have our doubts. Pen' might be rab crime, are valuable adjuncts to the probits, but we do not speak positively, cesses of prevention of it. We think, and refer Mr. Nicolas io the passages that farmers should not suffer their serquoted in Ducange, v. Penellum. vanis to sit up all hours of the night,

Mr. Nicolas has edited this MS. in courting, while they the master and his wouled satisfactory manner. It is mistress are in bed; we think that a valuable addition io our historical manufacturers should separate ihe two fascicoli.

sexes in their employments, and should

not patronize parents who neglect the The Christian's duty towards Criminals; a

moral conduci of their children ; and Sermon, preached in St. Philip's Chapel,

that they should warmly support the Regent Sireel, for the benefit of the Society

educational institutions of the estafor the improvement of Prison Discipline, blished clergy, because they are resand for the Reformation of Juvenile of - ponsible men, and forced to act in fenders, on Sunday, June 22, 1828. By support of the political good of the Charles James Bloomfield, D, D. Lord state, and by the modes devised by the Bishop of London. 410. Pp. 20.

educated and enlightened. HIS Lordship lakes it as a postulate,

We have spoken thus because we that the penal laws

think that the excellent object of the

learned Prelate's sermon, “viz, the re“ have looked more to prevent the increase

formation of juvenile offenders,” may of crime by a salutary terror, than to di

be most usefully enlarged. Unfortu. minish its actual amount by reforming the

nately this is an age, not of principles, offender himself." P.11.

but of theories ; not of philosophical To this postulate no denial can be and incontrovertible consequences, of opposed; but it implies a duly upon so actions, but of projects, for he is an extensive a scale that it cannot be exe empiric who maintains that man can cuted but by parents themselves. No be civilized without education, both by Society's sunds can be equal to the ex- precept and example. It was proved, pence; but, as it appears from the re- by experiment, that the children of the ports of the Warwick County Asylum Loudon charity schools could not be for the reformation of juvenile offenders, reformed, if they were permitied to rethat there were out of nearly two hun side with their parents. The reform dred offenders (we think) only six who should therefore have begun with the were born of respectable parents, the latter, who should have been doubly rest being illegitimates, or orphans, or impressed with a sense of their duties, children neglected by worthless parents, both in a worldly and religious form. we presume, that to the respectability Let the children be deterred by witof the parents is owing the virtuous dis- nessing the consequent misery of their tinction. The gross neglect of farmers vicious parents, especially through inand manufacturers to the morals of the Auencing the mothers; whose interests poor children under their care, the in- and affections are both deeply engaged fuence of luxury among the poor and in the preservation of morality. We its consequent pauperism, and notions have ventured these remarks because of religion which recommend faith we studied at the University inveswithout works, and of course destroy tigations of the history of man by our all its reforming influence; these, in old moral writers, who reasoned from our opinions, are great causes of the the effects of circumstances, and in the evils deprecated. We know that a very fulness of our affection for them have inportant thing is required to the im- thonght that the most probable step provement of Society, viz. the instilla- towards improvement is adaptation of tion of good principles, and a suspen means to ends. However, this is not sion of all patronage to parents who the doctrine of the present day. Eudo not bring up their children properly. piricism is suslicient per se. Wherever there are passions there will Archbishop Secker says, “ Think GENT. Mag. January, 1829.

what man would be if he entered into

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