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Literature and Arts.

(Jan. Dscebel (the old mau of the mountain), and winding Thames covered with thousands of in the past year a course of medical lectures ships, and vessels of almost all sizes and has been already given in it. lo conjunc- denominations, can hardly fail to excite tion with the study of medicine a course of astonishment even in the inosi callous obinstruction in the French tongue has been server. The river, with six bridges, forins instituted, and, on the whole, great ex- the most conspicuous feature in the extenpectations are entertained with regard to sive view, the ships below London-bridge, this establishment. The number of stu- the Monument, with the thick cluster of dents in the medical school last year was church spires around St. Paul's, the New twenty-five in the first class ; thirty-eight Post Office, Somerset-house, and Westin the second; and eighty-three in the third minster Abbey in the distance, form the class, according to the degree of progress dext objects of attraction; and in the backwhich they had already made. In the ground there is a beautiful, though rather French tongue, thirty-three in the first indistinct, view of Greenwich-hospital, class; twenty-three in the second ; and Shooter's-hill, Harrow-on-the-hill, the furty-five in the thiril.

Surrey hills, with occasioual glimpses of the

Thames nearly as far up as Windsor Castle. THE COLOSSEUM.

The buildings and streets in the immediate This building, which has so long attracted neighbourhood are so distinctly seen, and notice, and excited inquiry, will soon be correctly delineated, that almost every indiopened. The original plan for the building, vidual house and street may be recognized we believe, was simply the construction of at once. The two towers of St. Paul's, a panorama on a grand scale, and the spirited with the roof immediately below the specproprietor justly conceived that he could tator, are given with the utmost correctness. not do better than begin with the capital of The bridges also are excellent, and the his native country, which is not only the scenery in the back-ground, with a few largest in Europe, but exhibits more objects exceptions, deserves great praise. There of vast undertaking and intrinsic value than are a number of curiosities, such as the old any in the world. With this view, during cross of St. Paul's, the Init in which Mr. three or four summers, he had his tent Hornor took the outlines of the panorama, pitched on the summit of St. Paul's, and in the circular space around the staircase desthe serenity of the mornings, and while the tined for the exhibition of works of art, &c. city was yet unobscured by the smoke which, An enchanting effect is produced on the during the day, is poured forth from half a spectator on quitting the gallery and ascendmillion of chimneys, was occupied in cracing ing to the summit of the building, when, the outlines of the city, and the prominent though in a different position, he has a view objects of the country for at least 20 miles of the city in reality, the image of which round. This being completed, it naturally he had seen in the panorama below. occurred that the space around the building The external works are in an unfinished might be laid out in such a manner as to state, but by the end of February will probform an additional attraction to the public, ably be completed and open for the public. and for this purpose he planned a great va- They consist of a variety of departments. riety of buildings and works of different There is at present a conservatory, filled kinds, which are in the course of being with a great variety of foreign and choice completed, and which in a few weeks will plants and shrubs; there is to be an aviary, probably excite more interest than the prin- a library, a reading-room, a refectory, cipal object, the panorama itself. This is grottos, waterfalls, jets d'eau, and, in short, the only part of the undertaking that is almost every sort of amusement or recreafinished, and consequently our remarks tion that can afford gratification, either to must be chiefly confined to it. It extends the studious or the mere killers of time. round the whole of the interior of the build- The work, altogether, is novel and unique in ing, and the canvass on which it is drawn is its kind; and out of England, and, we besaid to be between one and two acres in ex- lieve, even in England, no undertaking, on teut. The spectator is supposed to be such a grand scale, has been attempted by placed in the lantern of St. Paul's, and has one individual. The terms for subscribers a view of London, such as it appears in a are said to be ten guineas for entrance, and very clear day about noon. Those who have ten guineas annually, which allow each subnot seen the original in a fine day, at the scriber to take with him two ladies. For height of 300 feet above the surface of the this sum they have the use of the library earth, will be astonished and delighted with and the reading of all new publications, and the impusing scene which this panorama

have admission, as often as they please, to presents to view. A space of nearly seveu every part of the premises. miles square, covered with houses and shops of every description, churches and spires,

JOURNAL OF THE PROTECTORATE. warehouses, docks, public buildings, pa- A number of manuscript volumes, conlaces, &c., interspersed with the finest taining the Journal of the British House of squares in the world, and traversed by the Commons during the Protectorship of Crom

Antiquarian Researches.

69 well. has been discovered among a mass of for prizes and rewards : nor will certifieates books and manuscripts belonging to a Lite- of attendance at lectures be granted to any rary Society in New York, which for many persons who have not gone through the years had remained undisturbed. This Jour- prescribed course of religious instruction. Bal has heretofore been lost, and no traces

PROGRESS OF ZOOLOGY. of it discovered by the British Historians and Actiquaries. The manuscripts were Dr. Brookes, in his address at the anniprobably taken to America by the regicides, versary meeting of the Zoological Club, who fled thither on the Restoration, with a stated, that its Museum contained 600 view to prevent the attainder of their friends, species of mammalia, 4,000 birds, 1,000 and to conceal the proceedings of the Rump reptiles and fishes, 1,000 testacea and crusParliament.

tacea, and 30,000 insects; and that during King's COLLEGE.

the short period of seven months, the According to the regulations adopted by Gardens and Museum have been visited by the Council of the King's College, a chapel upwards of 130,000 persons. The Vivaof tbe established church is to be built in rium contains upwards of 430 living quadthe College. At prayers in this chapel, all rupeds and birds ; buildings for the accomthe students, resident and non-resident, are modation of animals have been erected, so to be required to attend every morning. disposed as to afford them the opportunity The resideat students are required to attend of enjoying every approximation, consistent the service of the Church of England in this with their captive state, to the habits with chapel on Sundays, and the non-resident which they are endowed by nature—as the students, whenever they are required by bear's pit, the lama-house, beaver-dam, the principal, mast attend there also. Per- kangaroo-hut, aviaries for hawks, for owls, suns properly recommended will be allowed, for small birds, &c. The vast outlay rebowever, under the sanction of the principal, quired for these works, for their preservato attend lectures in any particular course of tion, and for the care and support of the study, but never to such an extent as to animals, has been met this year, to the exinterfere with the education of the students, tent of 10,0001., partly by the admission of or the discipline of the College. Persoas the public, and by the contributions of the so attending will not be recognised as stu- members of tbe Society, who already exdents, nor will they be entitled to contend ceed 1,200 in number.



Jan. 15. H. Hallam, esq. V. P. in the Jan. 9. W. R. Hamilton, esq. in the chair ; Thomas Stapleton, esq. was elected chair ; Decimus Burton, esq., Col. Sir A. Fellow, Dickson, K.C.B., Jobu Hugh Smith Pigott, Mr. Ellis communicated the instructions Esq., Rev, Stephen Hyde Cassan, M.A., to Henry Killegrew, esq., who was sent and William Lynch, esq., of Dublin, were into Scotland in 1572, soon after the news elected Fellows of the Society.

had arrived of the massacre of St. BarthoMr. Ellis, Sec. A. S. exhibited an impres- lomew. In some prefatory observations, sion of the seal which he described as that Mr. Ellis remarked, that Walsingham was of the bailiff of the town of Bruges ; but then the English Ambassador at the court Erroneously, as we are informed by a friend. of Paris; and it was evident from his corOur correspondent says, that an impres- respondence that he was at the time imsion of the same was some time ago pre- pressed with a persuasion that the diabolical sented to him, as from the seal of Bridge- achievement had been “ premeditated and Dorth, is Shropshire, and he believes it to minded long time before," by the party of be the same as is still used by the bailiffs the bouse of Guise. The object of Killeof that town ; which is called Bruges in a grew's mission into Scotland was to accharter of King Joho, aud in one of as recent quaint the Scottish Lords how decidedly a date as the reigo of Charles I. is styled this was the opiniou of the English Queen ; “ Bruges, alias Bruggenorth, alias Bridge- and to assure them of her support, should Dorth.”—Ms. Ellis also contributed a paper any danger induce them to require proof of on the privileges of the precincts of Black her amity. Friars and White Friars, London; intro- Jan. 22. W. R. Hamilton, esq. V. P. in ductory to a curious document, a “ Note” the chair; James Hoffman, esq. was elected of the liberties of the above district, temp. Fellow. Elizabeth, and illustrative of the Alsatia, a A communication was read from Freleading feature in “The Fortunes of Ni- derick Madden, esq. F. S. A. one of the gel," and which was not fivally disfranchised librarians of the British Museum, illustill the passing of an act of Parliament of trating and giving an abstract of a highly the 8 and 9 William and Mary.

curious poem in Norman French, preserved

Antiquarian Researches.-Select Poetry.

[Jan. in the Harleian MSS. No. 918. The au- flourishing port towns in Ireland at that thor is Friar Michael of Kildare, a writer period. Mr. Madden prefaced his extracts whom Ritson has enrolled among the poets by an able survey of the political events of the fifteenth century, whereas he should which had stimulated the inhabitants of be placed at the latter end of the thirteenth New Ross to provide their dwellings with a or beginning of the fourteenth. The pre- sufficient protection; and having appended sent poem has been described in the Harleian to his letter a copy of the original poem, it Catalogue as merely relative to the disputes will probably be printed entire in the Arof two great chieftains named Sir Maurice chæologia. and Sir Walter, by which names are meant Sir Maurice Fitzmaurice, the head of the

Chester ANTIQUITIES. Geraldine faction, and Walter de Burgh, Earl In excavating a deep sewer under the road of Ulster ; but its chief value is in a topo- leading to the intended new bridge at Ches. graphical, or perhaps, more correctly speak- ter, was lately found a Roman stylus of ing, a statistical point of view. It gives a ivory, in an excellent state of preservation, particular account of the vigorous and en- about four inches in length, and about the thusiastic manner in which the walls of thickness of a goose quill. Another stylus the town of New Ross were erected by the was found about forty years ago, in Martin's townsmen in the year 1265; describing the Ash, in that city. It is made of brass, with manner in which the several trades divided an ornamental head : and is now in the the labour, so that each should work at the possession of Mr. John Lowe, goldsmith. foss one day in the week; and concluding Near the spot where the ivory stylus has by saying, that all the ladies of the town now been found (that is in Nuns' garden, contributed their proportion on Sunday. near the castle), the men discovered, also, a Every day's proceedings were commenced piece of red Roman pottery, being the half by a triumphant procession, with banners, of a female face, most beautifully delineated &c. to the scene of the operations: and in relief. Also a small silver coin of Sethe afternoon was generally speut in feasting, verus, in fine preservation ; on the obverse and drinking success to the undertaking of which is a head, inscription, “ Severus Altogether, by his animated descriptious, Pius Aug." On the reverse, a female sitand by furnishing a census of the different ting, with an olive branch in her right crafts, the foet conveys a very interesting hand, on the left a trident, inscription, and valuable view both of the military and “ Restitutor Orbis." commercial importance of one of the most


Ο:δε θέλουσι βίου κατά χείμα
Πλείω ζην έτι ήματ' αηδη
Είην ψυχή αν’ ανθε' αλήτις,
Και θνήσκουσ' ότάφαντα τα καλά.
Sept. 16.

C. K.

E’l' söny foxen iyi xntw,
Ο ρόδα λείρια και τα θαλλει, ,
"Ανθεα αμφιποτωμένη αιεί, ,
Ήδέα καλάτε πάντα κυνούσα
Ουκ αρχήν, ου χρυσόν έπαιτώ,
Ουδε πεσείν δούλους παρα ποσσί: .
'Αλλ' είην ψυχή ένα κήπου,
Ηδεα καλάτε πάντα κυνουσα.
Ραβδον δαίμονος είθ' υφελοίμην
Κείν' αν προσθείμην πτερα καλά,
Παίσανταέρι νιν θερινών φως, ,
Νύκτα ρόδω ενα θέλγει αηδών. .
Δείται πλούτος και δειλάκρος ώρας,
'Αρχη δυστυχίαν σαφα τίκτει:
Ψυχή δ' είην ηερόφοιτος
"Ην κοιμα ρόδω υμνος αηδούς.
Kάν φαίης ταχ’ αλήτιδα ριγούν
Τηνδ' ιλαράν περ ψύχει οπωρας
'Αλλά γάμεινον, απήλθεν οθ' είλη,
Θνήσκειν, πάνθ' ότι κάλ' έμαράνθη.

WHERE o'er the lonely regions of the

Wrapt in a vail of more than midnight gloom,
Oblivion brooding spread her dusky sway,
Whilst age ou age in silence rolled away,
'Mid the wild trophies of Destruction's reign,
Stands the lone city on th' Italian plain.
As when a thundering storm is hush'd to

[deep, That fiercely laslı’d, erewhile, the foaming When from the ocean rolls its cloudy car, And its dark legions cease their furious war, Then on the confines of some distant shore, Where sleep the waves, that wildly raged before,

[tered form, Thro' hovering mists that clothe its shatA wreck appears, the trophy of the storm.



Select Poetry.

11 Thos o'er the scene, where once the lofty Now clothed in mists it hides its glowing tover

[power, light, The swelling dome proclaimed th' abode of And foams unseen upon the distant height; Where now in dust their mouldering stones Now bursting forth its dazzling flame disare spread,

(sullen blazePompeii frowning rears her widowed head; From heaven's dark vault gleams back the A shape'ess pile, a city but in name, Wing'd with fierce rage in dreadful grandeur The tomb of pomp, the sepulchre of fame. Where rose rrajestic fanes, with sculptures It rushes thundering o’er each craggy brow, crown'd,

[low'd ground; And stops not-turns not-till with hollow There mouldering fragments press the hal

sound No suppliantthrong withiu her temple bends, It pours resistless on the trembling ground: Norfragrantincense hence to heaven ascends; Hour of despair ! dark hour of deep dismay! From its deep base the massive altars hurl'd, When plung'd in gloom the fated city lay, And quench'd the flame that round the pil- When Death's dread angel drew with savage lars curl'd.

joy But 'tis not gone—the fingers of decay His flaming sword impatient to destroy. Each graceful remnant have not torn away, See! the distracted wretch in wild despair Still gleams there, hovering round, with Pours to the thundering heavens his faulterfaintest rays

ing prayer ;

[cheek E'en now the glory of departed days : That trembling--quivering lip, that pallid Mark the proud column trembling rear its The secret anguish of his heart bespeak; head,

Anguish unknowo! when struggling thro' Mark at its base its scattered honours spread;

the soul See where the sculptor's hand the marble Waves of conflicting thought tumultuous roll, traced,

[faced, When to his tottering house of mortal clay There beauty lingers-lingers though de- Life clings still closer ere 'tis swept away. Suill borera o'er her once beloved abode, 'Tis all-the fiery streams now nearer roar, Nor leaves the favoured ground that Romans Now from heaven's vault the burning tortrod.

rents pour ;

[capt walls, If here, when twilight dims the light of Crush'd are the swelling domes-the towerday,

And wrapt in darkness, proud Pompeii falls, Some chance direct a stranger's lonely way, 'Tis gone—the thunder's hush'd—from With trembling step he treads the hallow's side to side

[divide, ground,

Thro' heaven's high vault, the rolling clouds With fearful eye surveys the scene around : Spread o'er the plaio the morning's glimmerThat dreary waste—that grandeur of decay

ing light That greatness ruin fails to sweep away: With rising beams dispels the gloom of night. He shriaks appallid, as if his venturous feet Day follows day, and year succeeds to year; Had pierc'd the pallid realms of Death's Fresh verdure clothes the ground, fresh fields retreat :

appear. So drear that calm—that silence, oh! how O'er the lost city blooms th' upheeding flower, deep,

(sleep, And pendant vines the hallow'd spot embower. Here where entomb'd unnumber'd victims New empires rise, new conquerors spread Where linger none to call one spot their own, To seep its blasted power, its glory flown. And other lords submissive realms obey. Awake! dread genius of the slumbering Torn from her height of grandeur and of fame, plaio !

Low in the dust sinks Rome's majestic name. Awake! if here extends thy silent reign ; Another kingdom 's raised, for ever sure, Rise from thy haunt, stern spirit of the clime; No power can shake its base, no time obscure. Unfold the records of forgotten time! Yes, ere Pompeii sank to endless night, 'Tis thine to paint the terrors of that day, From Judah's confines gleamed the dawning That scene unknown, that awful scene dis

light; play.

[gloom Nowo'er the world extends the glorious flame, Lo! round Campania's coasts the gathering Now rise new temples to Jehovah's name; Advancing slowly speaks th' impeuding doom; Now distant tribes with joy their offeriogs Deep roars the thunder's voice, as pillowed bring, high

Anil Israel's Saviour own their God and King. On frowning clouds it traverses the sky; Messiah reigns! the mighty Couqueror reigns, See! through involving mists the lightning's His foes o'ercome, and burst their slavish glare

[there :

chains, Shoots swiftly by, and leaves but darkness The sceptre's his — the crown adorns his brow, Wrapt in the clouds, and mantled in the storm, And prostrate nations at his footstool bow; Vesuvius rears aloft her giant form:

His glorious sway shall spread from shore to It comes—the fiery stream—its foaming tide shore, la gathering volumes slakes the mountain's Till time shall cease, and changes be no more. side,

Jan. 6.

J. S.

their sway,



any which has been adopted in the other An inquiry of some statistical importance parts of Europe. Several of the notes at is now going on in France, the object of the end of the respective books are exceedwhich is to ascertain whether it is most ingly interesting; among others, a notice of expedient for the interests of the country to

the first anatomical and medical work printed encourage the growth of the sugar required at Constantinople, by order of Mahmoud, for home consumption in the colonies be

in 1812; and the biography of the Anibaslonging to France, to obtain it from the

sadors from France resident in the capital of settlements of other states, or promote the

the Ottoman empire from 1535 to 1826. establishments already undertaken for its There is also an elaborate map of Constanmanufacture from the beet root. With this tinople and of the Bosphorus. view a number of experienced persons have

PORTUGAL been called up to Paris, among whom are colonists from Guadaloupe, old settlers in

The Lisbon Gazelle contains an account St. Domingo, traders to the island of Cuba, of the reception of Donna Maria at the refiners, &c., several of whom have already English Court. It styles her the Princess undergone examinations before a commission of Para, the title by which it affirms she was specially appointed by the government. In received, and says that three of the London the progress of the business, a very interest- Jouroals confirm this statement.

A revoing face has been elicited respecting the lution in favour of the young Queen was manufacture of sugar from the beet root, attempted on the 9th January, which failed, and results obtained which could only have owing to the Government having had full inbeen done by experience, and not scientific formation of the proceedings of the conresearches. 'M.'Morel de Vinde, a peer of spirators. France, has made repeated trials on the beet

RUSSIA AND TURKEY. root, and contends that its cultivation will improve French agriculture more than that

The Turks, notwithstanding the severity of any other kind of vegetable. He asserts

of the season, continue to harass the Rusthat the general adoption of this plant would

sians in every possible way. On the night render France in lependent of foreign supplies

of the 8th December Hussein Pacha made of sugar, and that it is, besides, the best

a new attack on the Russian divisions in food for fattening cattle.

Bulgaria, and caused them considerable loss. At a recent sitting of the French Geo- His object appears to be to force General graphical Society, one of the members read Roth to pass the Danube, and leave Varna a report on a work by the late General isolated, in order to facilitate the intended Andreossy, entitled Constantinople and the

attack on the place by the Graod Vizier. Bosphorus, in the years 1812, 1813, 1814, The Russians have altered their plans for and 1816. In the introduction, the author the next campaign. They are to leave the sketches the vicissitudes undergone by the fortresses of the Danube, the entrenchments ancient Byzantini. To the historical des- of Choumla, and the passes of the Balkan cription of Constantinople, succeeds a brief on their left, instead of profiting by the view of the political and private conduct of advantages which the possession of Varna the reigning Sultan Mahmoud II.), to whom presents for an advance in that quarter, and the author pays a tribute of praise for the to push through Servia and Bosnia into the ability and firmness which he has displayed interior of Turkey! The Sultan no sooner since his accession to the throne, accusing heard that the war was likely to take a new him of only one error, the treaty of Bucha- course, than he caused the fortifications of rest, signed on the 28th of May, 1812, the Sophia to be put into a state of defence, and effect of which was to place Turkey in a false ordered a camp of 50,000 men, chiefly caposition with reference to its formidable valry, to be established before that cityadversary Russia. The body of the work At Constantinople itself, fortifications were is divided into three books. The first treats forming of so extensive a nature as to secure of the situation of the Ottoman empire; the the possession of the wells and aqueducts by second is devoted to the canal of Constanti- which the city is supplied with water, and nople, and its neighbourhood. The third to cover a force of 200,000 men, should part of the work consists of an account of the Sultan be compelled, like the last of the the manner in which Constantinople is Constantines, to fight for empire and life supplied with water, both by aqueducts and under the walls of his capital. by subterraneous conduits; and General The Sultan had ordered a firman to be Andréossy considers the system superior to published in all the churches, enjoining

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