Imágenes de páginas

more encouraging than they are now. 1 station, 4 missionaries, 3 female assistant missionWe are not indeed permitted to rejoice aries, and 5 native assistants.) in view of the presence of the Holy

The population of Constantinople and Spirit to convert and sanctify the hearts its suburbs is estimated at upwards of a of men; but the means of that mental il-million, whether we base the estimate lumination, which prepares the way for

upon the public register of houses, or his gracious agency and usually precedes upon the records of the capitation tax. it, were never so rapidly and extensively The four prominent classes among diffused among the Greek people, as

the inhabitants are Turks, Armenians, they have been the past year. Mr. King Greeks, and Jews. The mission is dealone distributed by sale and gratuitous signed to operate more or less upon all ly, during the year 1835, 2,650 copies of of these classes. The work of reform the New Testament and parts of the Old, has been steadily advancing among the in modern Greek, and 25,896 school. | Armenians of Constantinople for three books and religious tracts; and he could

years past. The number who receive have disposed of many more had not his the scriptures as the only and sufficient stock been exhausted. The schools of guide in matters of faith and practice, is Greece, of which there are many, and believed to be considerable already and the number is increasing, depend almost to be increasing daily. What is more, wholly on the presses of different mis there is a precious little company of dissionary societies for their supply of ciples who have devoted themselves to books. Mr. Riggs has prepared a series the love and service of the Lord Jesus, of questions in modern Greek on Gene- and this company also is increasing. sis, which will facilitate the study of that Some of these have been mentioned in a interesting and instructive portion of sa

former Report. Hohannes and Senake. cred history. He has also prepared a

rim continue to be faithful and efficient series of maps in Greek, illustrating the helpers. Among those more recently science of geography, which will be of brought into the kingdom is an intelligreat service to the schools. The ecclesiastical government has is- 1 of a school containing nearly four hun

gent young priest. He has the charge sued a proclamation against the modern dred boys, with a number of assistants. Greek version of the Old Testament from

It is remarkable that so many of the the original Hebrew. The Septuagint is declared to be the only version admissi- blessing of God on the influence of the

cases of hopeful conversion, through the ble in the eastern church. This of course mission, are found among the clergy or does not affect the circulation of the the sons of the clergy. There are three modern version of the New Testament, nor has it in fact prevented the sale of or four priests, four sons of priests, and a

grandson of a priest. many copies of the Pentateuch since that time. It will however make it difficult lished with principal reference to the

The High School or Seminary, estabto introduce the Old Testament into the Armenians, is regarded with much favor schools.

by the people. The Seminary was openMr. King continues his gymnasium,ed on the 27th of October, 1834, with though on a somewhat reduced scale for three scholars, under the direction of Mr. want of funds to sustain it on his original Paspati, a Greek young gentleman eduplan. It is no doubt one of the best, if cated at Anherst college, Mass. The not the very best, of the higher institu- Seminary is in Pera, and is now under tions of learning in Greece.

the general superintendence of HohanThe Greek audience to which Mr.

In March it contained upwards of King regularly preaches on the Sabbath, fifty scholars. The studies pursued, with varies from fifteen to about forty per- the help of eight teachers, are the EngThe school for girls connected with menian and Turkish languages; gram

lish, French, Italian, ancient Greek, Arthe station at Argos, contains upwards of forty pupils, and in the summer of last mar, composition, arithmetic, book-keepyear Mrs. Riggs commenced an infant | ing, geography, astronomy, etc. etc. The

Seminary has been furnished with a valschool of about twenty-five small girls.

uable apparatus, adding greatly to the



attractiveness and value of the educaCONSTANTINOPLE.

tion there acquired. The object of this William Goodell, 11. G. O. Dwight, William G. Seminary is the same with that of the Schautller, and Henry A. Homes, Missionaries; Mrs. similar institutions established by the Goodell, Mrs. Dwight, and Mrs. Schauffer.

Board in connection with other missions: Assistants.-One Greek, tuo Armenians, and two

to raise up natives of the country, whom





the grace of God shall qualify to be will be conformed to the original lanteachers of schools, preachers of the guages. Panayotes has also recently gospel, and efficient laborers in other translated into the Turkish language a departments of usefulness. Of the eight very full geography of the Turkish emteachers, three are decidedly pious. pire, prepared by Mr. Dwight, which it

Besides the Seminary, the mission is hoped will be introduced into the supports a grammar-school of twenty-schools of the Sultan. seven scholars in Constantinople, and a Lancasterian girl's school of forty-six

WESTERN ASIA. pupils in Pera. This latter school is for the Greeks.

Thirty Greek Lancasterian schools are Dow in operation in the city and its vi- SMYRNA.-Daniel Temple and John B. Adger, cinity, the origin of all which may be as

Missionaries; Homan Hallock, Printer; and their cribed to the mission. They are wholly One native helper. in the hands of the Greeks. A year

Sc10.-Samuel R. Houston, Missionary, and wife, ago Mr. Goodell commenced a religious service at the house of a Greek gentle- || Powers, Afissionaries, and their wives.

BROOSA.-Benjamin Schneider and Philander 0. man, to be continued weekly. Mr. Out-Stations.-Demir Tash and Ghemlik. Goodell says the preaching in the Greek

TREBIZOND.-Thomas P. Johnston and William C. churches during the last winter was Jackson, Missionaries, and their wives. quite evangelical, to the surprise and (4 stations, 2 out-stations, 7 missionaries, 1 printer, encourageinent of such of the Greeks as 8 female assistant missionaries, and 1 native assis

tant.) are sighing after a better state of things.

Nor has the spirit of religious inquiry SMYRNA.–Our book manufactory for among the Jews subsided. In spite of the Asia Minor and European missions is prisons and bastinadoes, thoughts about at Smyrna, and during the past year the religion occupy the minds of some of facilities for multiplying books have been them sufficiently to lead them to the greatly increased. most serious and appalling exposures to The books printed at the Smyrna persecution.

press from July, 1835, to July of the In addition to a revised version of the present year, were as follows: Old Testament in Hebrew-Spanish, which was mentioned in the last Report,

Whole No.

Pages. Copies. Pages. Mr. Schuaffler is preparing a lexicon in Hebrew and Hebrew-Spanish. He has


4,000 528,000 Epitome of the Acts,

2,000 120,000 commencing also a series of tracts in

56,000 Hebrew-German. The psalms in He- Peter Parley's Geography,

3,000 324,000 brew-Spanish were printing at a press

Watts's (atechism,

2,000 24,000

Extracts from Old Testa. belonging to an Armenian at Constanti

2,000 nople. On the 25th of December Mr. Scriptural Teacher,

2,000 232,000

2,000 2722,000 Schauffler administered christian baptism Uistory of Greece

Questions on the Pentato a Jew from Germany, who took the teuch,

1 1,000 88,000 name of Hermann Marcussohn. This is Life of David,



Life of Samuel, the Prothe first Jewish convert to whom he has


2,000 48,000 administered baptism.

Armenian Spelling-Book,

21,000 The eight Lancasterian schools which Alphabetarion,

4,000 480,000 were originally established among the

27,000) 2,516,000 Turkish soldiers, with the help of the mission, continue to prosper. They are

The issues from June 12th, 1835, to supported and managed wholly by the July 1st, 1836, were 26,670 copies. The Turks.

whole number of copies of the AlphabeTwo stated weekly meetings in the tarion printed is 39,000. Turkish language, designed particularly Mr. Temple states in a letter dated for the young Armenian and Greek re- March last, that, since the year 1832, formers, to whom this language is ver- seven scripture histories, averaging about nacular, are maintained by the mission. forty pages each, and amounting to

Panayotes, a pious and valued Greek 48,000 copies, have been published in assistant, is employed under Mr. Good- modern Greek, at the expense of the ell's direction, in revising the translation | American Tract Society, and nearly all of the scriptures into Armeno-Turkish. I have been distributed. The whole Bible will soon be in readi- The mission has a school for Greek ness for an edition at the expense of the boys, which contained nearly a hundred American Bible Society. The version scholars in March, and two schools for

Armeno-English Grammar,


60 112 108 12




96 116 136




48 120

giris, which together had one hundred | tect him and any other Americans who and fifty pupils.

should reside at Trebizond.

Mr. and Mrs. Jackson sailed from BosScio.-Although Mr. Houston has ton in the brig Massachusetts, on the 3d been tried by opposition, he has been of December. graciously sustained, and there is reason to believe that the opposition has been MISSION TO SYRIA AND THE HOLY LAND. overruled for more good than evil. He thought it best, however, at the respect- Thomson, and Story Hebard, Missionaries: Mrs. Bird,

BEYROOT – Isaac Bird, Eli Smith, William M. ful but earnest request of the civil au- Mrs. Smith, and Mrs. Thomson. Mrs. Dodge and thorities of the island, to relinquish for a

Miss Rebecca W. Williams, Teachers.

Tannoos El Haddad, Native Catechist. season a small school he had opened for teaching the English language. He had

JERUSALEM.-George B. Whiting and John F. Lan

neau, Missionaries; and Mrs. Whiting. previously established three Lancaste

CYPRC9.-(Connected with the Syrian mission.) rian schools in advantageous positions, Lorenzo W. Pease and James L. Thompson, Missionwhich, though known to be supported aries; and Mrs. Pease. wholly or in part by him, were not mo- On the way to Syria.—Miss Betsey Tilden, Teacher. lested. A well educated and intelligent On the way to Cyprus.—Daniel Ladd, Missionary,

and wife. young physician, a native of Scio, has connected himself with Mr. Houston, sionaries, and 1 native helper.)

(3 stations, 9 missionaries, 9 female assistant misand zealously aids him in his labors, while the mission is obviously gaining in

Messrs. Thompson, Lanneau, and Hethe confidence of the people.

bard reached Beyroot on the 14th of

May. Broosa.—The general state and pros

This accession to the mission furnishes pects of this station are much the same

an associate for Mr. Whiting at Jerusaas they were last year. The Armenian lem, and may perhaps lead also to the school, mentioned in the last Report, was

commencement of a new station. suppressed through the unfriendly in

Mount Lebanon has been subdued by fluence of the vartabed or chief of the the pasha of Egypt without bloodshed.

Almost Armenian priests. Mr. Powers now re

every change in that part of the sides in the Armenian quarter of the world opens the door still wider for miscity, and Mr. Schneider among the sionary efforts

. Lebanon is completely Greeks. The former has many trials open. Missionaries can go where they through the agency of the vårtabed. please. The Druze population, in parMr. Schneider has a bible-class of Greek ticular, have been rendered accessible to scholars, which he conducts in the Turk- the truth. They are frequently seen at ish language. Up to the present year

the chapel of the mission. Mr. Bird there had been 1,162 bibles and testa- preached every Sabbath to a small conments and 1,552 school-books distributed gregation of them, during his residence since the commencement of the station at Aaleih, on Mount Lebanon in the in July, 1834, besides religious tracts.

summer of last year. The people of No regular schools are now kept open Aaleih entreated that a school might be at Broosa by the mission. Five Greek opened in their village, and a similar reboys are studying the English language quest was received from a village in the with Mr. Schneider, and fifteen Greek neighborhood. Mrs. Dodge did in fact girls are attending to the rudiments of collect a very interesting school of girls, female education with Mrs. Schneider.

chiefly Druzes, in Aaleih. The out-station at Demir Tash had a

The following table will exhibit the Lancasterian school of one hundred and state of the schools in July 1835. thirty scholars; and the one at Ghemlik had another similar school of forty pupils.

TREBIZOND.—Mr. Johnston has removed with his family to this station. The difficulties he experienced in secur

Five schools,

Mrs. Smith's school for girls, ing a house on his former visit, suggest- Mrs. Dodge's school for girls on ed the propriety of applying to the Sul- Lebanon,

Greek school, tan for protection. A letter was very Arab school at Tripoli, readily granted by the vizier ensuring to English Arab school study him the possession of his house, and di

English and geography, recting the pasha of the province to pro

1141 175 67

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Mrs. Smith had fifty scholars during, spend much time in prayer. Meanwhile the previous six months. There were his case was made known to an officer upwards of fifty writers in the schools. next in authority to Ibrahim Pasha, who The mission was about commencing two visited Beyroot about that time, and the schools for Druzes on Mount Lebanon. man was at length ordered to go free, on

A seminary or high school was com- il the ground that the Druzes by precedent menced some months since. The course might change their religion and remain of study will embrace, the Arabic lan- | harmless. The result of this decision guage, the English language, geography may be very auspicious among that and astronomy, civil and ecclesiastical people. history with chronology, mathematics, rhetoric, natural and moral philosophy, CYPRUS.-Mr. and Mrs. Ladd sailed composition and translation, the bible from Boston, July 16th, designated to and natural theology, and sacred music. 1 Cyprus, on condition that a salubrious In all these departments, there is a great and otherwise eligible place is found on and in some an entire deficiency of the island for a missionary station. books. The seminary and the press, When Messrs. Thomson and Pease however, with the divine blessing upon explored this island in January, 1835, the the labors of the mission, will gradually prelate at Nicosia had already establishsupply the demand. To the seminary ed a Lancasterian school, containing also, under God, must we look for native about sixty boys, furnished with books assistants to send out among the villages from the mission presses, and was earnest in the mountains and elsewhere.

and apparently sincere in requesting The printing establishment is now them to establish schools throughout the brought before the Committee for en- island. He also expressed his approbalargement. This, and the press of the tion of the plan of a central high school Church Missionary Society at Malta, || for educating teachers. They estimate and the press of the British and Foreign the number of Greek Christians on the Bible Society in London, are the only island at about 70,000, and there does ones employed in printing evangelical or not appear to be any serious obstacle in elementary school-books in Arabic, a the way of distributing the scriptures language spoken probably by more than and diffusing the knowledge of the gosthirty millions of people. At the same pel among them, except the insalubrious time, suitable elementary books can be nature of the climate and the small numfound in none of the departments of ed- ber of missionaries at command. It was ucation, and nearly all are needed at thought, however, that Lapithos, a large once, as well as books of christian doc- village on the northwestern shore, two trine and devotion.

days ride from Larnaca, within and At Jerusalem Mr. Whiting has found around which are about 15,000 souls, much encouragement to distribute books might prove to be a healthy place of resand tracts among the numerous pilgrimsidence. who annually and from all quarters visit Mr. Pease left Beyroot with his family the holy city. The greater part were on the 11th of October, and landed at sold. A little more than a year ago, Larnaca on the 15th. There he found a having succeeded in procuring a teacher, flourishing school of more than fifty he opened a school. At the same time scholars under the direction of Mr. Piea few Moslem girls were sent by their rides, a well-informed Greek gentleman, parents to Mrs. Whiting to be taught to familiar with the English language. read and sew.

A deeply interesting case occurred among the Druzes, in the early part of the present year. The Druzes are by Grant, M. D., Physician; ani their wives.

OORMIAH.- lustin Perkins, Missionary; Asahel profession Mohammedans, and are recognized as such by the laws of the coun

(1 station, 1 miesionary, 1 physician, and 2 female

assistant missionaries.) try, and according to law the penalty is death for renouncing the Moslem faith. The last Report left Mr. Perkins diliA Druze declared himself a convert to gently studying the Syriac language at the christian religion through the labors Tabreez, with the aid of a Nestorian of our brethren at Beyroot, and openly | bishop and priest. Doct. and Mrs. Grant and boldly professed himself a Christian. were then on their way to Persia. He was seized and imprisoned by the About the middle of November, Messrs. governor of Beyroot, but remained firm Perkins and Grant and their families left in the purpose to die rather than deny | Tabreez for Oormiah. They entered the the Lord Jesus. He was observed toll city on the 20th, amid a drenching storm





of rain, which however relieved them, and general favor. Human nature is the from that troublesome crowd of curious same there as every where else. The spectators they would otherwise have spiritual nature and requisitions of the been subjected to. Their coming was gospel, when perceived, will not be every where greeted by the Nestorians pleasing to all; and besides, far more is with cordiality. On entering Galavan anticipated by the people from the mison the 19th, the village of the bishop sion, than can possibly be realized. Yet Mar Yohanna, who had resided with Mr. | that here is an opening for usefulness of Perkins, the bishop and nearly all the extraordinary promise, can be doubted men came out to meet him, with the oft- by no one. repeated cry of "welcome, welcome, welcome.” The bishop accompanied them next day to the city, about thirty miles distant." They found their house situated

James L. Merrick, Missionary. in the most desirable part of the city, and the surrounding country one of the It has been already stated that Mr. most charming in the world.

Merrick accompanied Doct. and Mrs. Oormiah is said to be a favorite place Grant in their journey from Constantinoof residence with the Persian nobility, on ple to Tabreez, and arrived at the latter account of the superior healthfulness of || place on the 15th of October. There he its climate. The fact that Doct. Grant remained through the winter, in the was a physician was highly gratifying to study of the Persian language. In April them, and the Persian governor sent im- he was expecting to visit Oormiah, and mediately to welcome both him and Mr. then to accompany some German misPerkins to the place. Hundreds of pa- | sionaries to Ispahan, which from the tients, of all classes, immediately began | first he has regarded as the central point to throng his house waiting to be healed. of his mission and his home. The Com

Wherever the brethren went, they mittee have sent conditional instructions were cordially saluted by the people, | to a missionary, already in western Asia, priests, and bishops. A school was pro- to join Mr. Merrick in Persia during the jected for educating teachers, to be present season. It still seeins important taught on the Lancasterian plan, in one to find a well educated physician, of of their houses. Board was to be fur- | sound judginent and devoted piety, to nished gratuitously to one scholar from send into this field. each of the thirty principal Nestorian villages in the province, at the expense

SOUTHERN ASIA. of about twenty dollars a year, with the expectation that these scholars would one day become qualified to act as teachers for their native villages. The whole number of Nestorian villages is nearly a

This mission has been contemplated

for some time. It is now in a way to be hundred. The efforts of the niission, however, Committee humbly trust, to the indica

soon attempted, and in obedience, as the are greatly embarrassed for want of a press. They request a press and printer, been designated to this field, and only

tions of Providence. A missionary has with two more clerical laborers, without waits till another of suitable qualificadelay. One clerical missionary has been tions can be obtained to accompany him. obtained, and expects to embark in the The seat of the mission will be at Ajensuing winter.

It is a singular fact that Doct. Grant mere, about three hundred and fifty miles has been obliged to teach a Mohamme- | from the head of the gulf of Cambay, dan school, during a small part of each going by way of Ahmedabad and Oodi

poor. day, in order to quiet the ininds of the Mussulmans, who were disposed to look with jealousy on these new favors conferred upon their despised christian sub

BOMBAY.--Cyrus Stone, Sendol B. Mnnger, and jects, and resentfully inquired, Are we llonry Ballantine, Missionaries; Elijah A. Webster, to be passed by?

W. llubbard, Superintendent of Schools for Buys; and their wives.

Miss Cynthia It is possible that this jealousy of the

Furrar, Superintendent of Female Schools. Mohammedans may yet interpose serious

Sampson, widow of William C. Sampson.

A. F. Fonceca and Suwajeo, Native Assistants. obstacles to the success of the mission. Nor can it be expected that the Nesto- AHMEDNTGGUR.-D. 0. Allen and George W. rians themselves will long continue to

Boggs, la sunur ev; Amos Abbott, Superintendent of

Schools; Mrs. Boggs and Mrs. Abbott. regard the mission with such marked | Vajeeba, Nauve Assistant.




Printer; George


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