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the hands of the French, not without the strongest suspicion of treachery on the part of the Commandant of that fortress. Lord Wellington had informed him, that Massena had begun his retreat, and that he should speedily be succoured. He no sooner received the intelligence, than he commu, nicated it to the French Commander, affecting, however, to disbelieve it; and two days afterwards he surrendered the place, although he had a garrison numerically equal to the besieging army, and was well supplied with provisions and ammunition. Marshal Beresford was advanciug towards Badajoz, with a force of about 20,000 men, when he received information of this disgraceful event. He continued his march, however, and on the 25th of March caume in contact with the enemy at Campo Mayor. A pertial action ensued, in which the enemy being defeated, with the loss of about 600 men, were pursued to the very gates of Badajoz. A considerable supply of provisions was found in Campo Mayor. Albuquerque was also abandoned. When the last accounts heft Portugal, Marshal Beresford was preparing to dislodge the French fron Badajoz and Olivenza. The whole amount of their force in that quarter was estimated at 12,000 men. Thus have the French been driven from every point of the Portugueze frontier, almost at the same moment, and they do not now occupy a single foot of ground in that kingdom. This deliverance, so gratifying to the feelings of every Englishman, and so glorious to Lord Wellington and the allied army (for the Portugueze have had their full share in the splendour of this achievement) has been effected with remarkably little loss; with less probably, upon the whole, than was incurred by the single battle of Barrosa. The issue of the campaign, as far as it has hitherto proceeded, must also have produced a powerful impression in favour of the cause we have espoused, not merely in consequence of the effectual aid we have rendered to our alles, and the valour we have shewn in their detence, but on account of the humanity with which, not only the rich and aftiuent, but the meanest soldier in our armies, has endeavoured to repair the misery and devastown occasioned by the atrocities of the Fruch. The whole English army, officers and men, are said to have contibuted a week's pay to the relief of the Portugueze; a *pply of salt fish has been sent to them by government; 100,000l. has been voted by Polanient; and a subscription has been open* in London which may possibly produce *arly as unuch more. . . . ... •
The successes which have been obtained in Portugal will, of course, produce immediate effects on the state of Spain ; and the probability seems to be, that the siege of Cadiz will be raised ; and that the French forces will either be concentrated in the heart of the kingdom, or drawn towards the North. Now, that we have once more to do with Spain on a large scale, we begin to fear, that we shall again feel the effect of that want of organization in their armies, which has been the source of so many disasters. The Portugueze army. organized by a British general, and led by British officers, has proved itself fully equal to cope with the French in the open field. The capabilities of the Spaniards are not inferior to those of the Portugueze; and doubtless, if their prejudices would permit a similar arrangement, we should soon see a force formed, which, under Providence, would enable them to assert their independence. At present their efforts are feeble and desultory, conducted without skill and concert; and the consequence is, that though they are not subdued, they are over-run. If. Lord Wellington is again to fight the battles of Spain, as appears now likely to be the case, we trust that he will be armed with the same unlimited power which he possessed in Portugal. Without this, we hardly think that he would be justified in again exposing his gallant army to the hazards arising from the languor and vaciliation of Spanish councils, and the dubious tactics and arbitrary movements of Spanish generals. We intended to have said much on the peculiar merits of Lord Wellington, in the conduct of the operations which have been entrusted to him; and on the claims he has, under Providence, on the gratitude of his country, and of the whole civilized world: hut our limits oblige us to defer the subject.
The oppressions of Bonaparte are said to have rouzed a spirit of revolt among the Dutch. We are disposed at present not to attach much credit to these reports, though possibly there may have existed some partial tumults. Such a movement would clearly be premalure,
An attack was made on the Isle of Anholt on the 27th of March, by a Danish force, consisting of a number of gun-boats, in which were embarked from 3,000 to 4,000 men. The garrison, under Governor Maurice, consisted of 350 marines. The enemy *ffected their landing, and a desperate conflict ensued, in which, although the Danes conducted themselves with remarkable bravery and steadiness, marching up to the very mouths of our cannon, they were finally and completely repulsed, after a close combat of four hours and a half, with the loss of three pieces of eannen, and 500 prisoners; a number greater by 130 than the garrison amounted to. The Danish commander was killed, and the second in command wounded. Our loss was two killed and thirty wounded. Two Danish gun-boats and two transports were captured by our vessels of war in their retreat. The Danish account of this affair has been published, and it does not differ from our own. This circumstance reflects
credit on our official accounts generally; for certainly there appeared at first something like exaggeration in the details which were published of this affair; and yet, having to do with a brave and honourable nation, who are above the meanness of deceit, we find the facts, which appeared so extraordinary, fully confirmed by the official statements of thc Dames themselves. A proclamation has been issued by the King of Sweden, appointing Bernadotte to act as Regent during the continuance of the illness under which he states himself to inbour. The Regent is restricted from creating any noblemen or knights; and his appointments to offices of state are to be considered as only temporary.
Parliamentary Proceedin G8. I. The thanks of both Houses of Parliament have been voted to General Graham, and the officers and men who served under lim, at the battle of Larrosa II. The bill for granting six millions of Exchequer Bills for the relief of the merchants and manufacturers, has passed into a law, and is now in operation. We beg to refer our readers to the remarks we ventured to make on this subject in our last number, page 202. In confirmation of the views which we then expressed, we have now to state, that the sums granted by the commissioners have not amounted to half a million. III. Notice has been given to the Directors of the East India Company, by the House of Commons, that the Company's charter will expire in the year 1814. iV. The Chancellor of the Exchequer has stated, that the produce of the consolidated fund, during the last year, had amounted to 41,341,000l. being only 100,000l. less than the greatest year ever known, and 1,353,000l. more than he had calculated upon in the budget of last year. The proceeds of old naval stores were stated to bave been, in the last year, 427,000l. v. The report of the Queen's Council, on the state of the King's health, has been laid before Parliament. It states, that the indisposition of his Majesty “does still so far exist, that his Majesty is not yet restored to such a state of health as to be capable of resuming the personal exercise of his royal authority; but that his Majesty appears to have made material progress towards recovery, and that all his Majesty's physicians continue to express their expectations of such recovery.” WI. The report of the Bullion Columittee,
of which we gave a full account in our volume for last year, is about to be brought under discussion. The following are the resolutions which Mr. Horner, the chairman of that committee, has announced his intention of submitting to Parliament. The first six resolutions are in substance,— that gold and silver are the ouly legal tender for payments above 12d. and gold the only legal tender for payments above 25l.;—that the pound of standard silver, containing 11 oz. 2 dwts, of fine silver and 18 dwts. of alloy, is coined into 62 shillings; and the pound of standard gold, containing 11 oz. of pure gold aud 1 oz. of alloy, is coined into 44; guineas; —that payments may be legally made in silver, of sums beyond 25l., provided it be taken according to its value by weight, at the rate of 5s. 3d. per ox.;-and that no guinea is a legal tender which does not weigh 5 dwts. 8 gro.—The remaining resolutions we insert verbatim. 7. That under these laws (which constitute the established policy of this realm, in regard to money), no contract or undertaking for the payment of any mouey, stipulated to be paid in pounds sterling, or in good and lawful money of Great Britain, can be legally satisfied and discharged, in gold coin, unless the coin tendered shall weigh in the proportion of 20-21 parts of 5 dwts. 8 gos. of standard gold for each pound sterling, specified in the said contract; nor in silver coin, for a sun exceeding 35l. unless such coin shall weigh in the proportion of 20-62 parts of a poun i roy of standurd silver for each pound sterling specified in the contract. 8. That the promissory notes of the Bunk of England are stipulations to pay on demand, the sum in pounds sterling, re spectively specified in each of the said notes
9. That when it was enacted by the anthority of Parliament, that the payment of the promissory notes of the Bank of England in cash, should for a time be suspended, it was not the intention of Parliament that any alteration whatsoever should take place in the value of such promissory 110tes. 10. That it appears, that the actual value of the promissory notes of the Bank of Englaud (measuring such value by weight of standard gold and silver as aforesaid) has been, for a considerable period of time, aud still is, considerably less than what is established by the laws of the realm to be the legal tender in payment of any money contract or stipulation. 11. That the fall which has thus taken place in the value of the promissory notes of the Bank of England, and in that of the country Bank paper which is exchangeable for it, has been occasioned by too abundant issue of paper currency, both by the Bank of England, and by the country banks; and that this excess has originated from the want of that check and controul ou the issues of the Bank of England, which existed before the suspension of cash payments. 12. That it appears that the exchanges with foreign parts have, for a considerable period of time, been unfavourable to this country in an extraordinary degree. 13. That although the adverse circumstances of our trade, together with the large amount of our military expendilure abroad, may have contributed to tender our exchanges with the continent of Europe unfavourable; yet the extraordinary degree in which the exchanges have been depressed for so long a period, has been in * geat measure occasioned by the depredation which has taken place in the relative value of the currency of this country, * compared with the money of foreign Countries. 14. That during the continuance of the *pension of cash payments, it is the duty of the directors of the Bank of England to
advert to the state of the foreign exchanges as well as to the price of bullion, with a view to regulate the amount of their issues. 15. That the only certain and adequate security to be provided against an excess of paper currency, and for maintaining the relative value of the circulating medium of the realm, is the legal convertibility upon demand, of all paper currency into lawful coin of the realm. 16. That in order to revert gradually to this security, and to enforce meanwhile a due limitation of the paper of the Bank of England, as well as of the other bank paper of the country, it is expedient te amend the act which suspends the cash payments of the Bank, by altering the time, till which the suspensiou shall continue, from six months after the ratification of a definitive treaty of peace, to that of two years from the present time.
The election of chancellor for the univer. versity of Cambridge, in the room of the Duke of Grafton, took place on the 26th of March. The candidates were his Royal Highness the Duke of Gloucester, and the Duke of Rutland. The contest closed at 12 o'clock at night, when the numbers were:
For the Duke of Gloucester ---- 470 the Duke of Rutland - - - - - - 356
Majority for the Duke of Gloucester 114
Lord Palmerstone has been elected member of Parliament for the University by nearly the same majority. The unsuccess. ful candidate was Mr. Smyth. Lieut. Gen. Sir G. Nugent is appointed Commander in Chief in ludia, and Meinber of Council at Fort Williana. Major Gen. Hodgson is appointed Governor of the island of Curacoa. Charles Maxwell, Esq. is appointed Governot of Sierra Leone. A French frigate, the Amazon, has been destroyed on the coast of France by the Amelia, Captain Irby.
work, of instructing their infant offspring; perhaps to warn and to prepare some of them for a stroke similar to that under which I am now suffering.
The beloved child who has been just removed from us, was from his infancy re. markable for his health, sprightliness, and intelligence; and from the age of six months, till his last fatal illness, was a source of almost unmixed delight to his fond parents. The beauty and strength of his mind and body seemed to increase in exact proportion, till he had completed his fourth year; from which period I date a considerable advance in his intellectual faculties, which daily rendered him a more intelligent and interesting coupanion. The progress he had made in reading was so great, that he could at all times amuse himself with a book; and it was evident that he was never satisfied with reading any thing which he did not in some measure couprehend. His sensible remarks and questions were a source of constant pleasure to us, and ol delightful hope. He had learnt, with peculiar facility and cheerfulness, nearly the whole of Dr. Watts's beautiful IIymns for Children, and the two first of his Catechisons; which he used to repeat with an ease and understanding far beyond his years. But how shall I paint the opening - accs of his disposition, which continually surprised and delighted us, and which en leared him to us in so indescribable a manuel : Alas! we were not aware how much too foildly we loved him, nor how apt we were to indulge a secret pride, as if we had made him what he was. But, indeed, I know not any thing which could have been desired to increase his loveliness, except that he was, no doubt, capable of knowing and loving God more; had we more diligently instructed him, and more earnestly besought for him the influ ence of divine grace. I bless God, however, that before, and particularly during his last illness, he gave many tokens, that our instructions had not been in vain, and that his heart was not unimpressed by that heavenly influence. Of these I shall give a few specimens, when I have mentioned two or three particulars relative to his disposition and temper. To his great strength and vivacity of spirits was united a remarkable docility; so that during the last year and a half of his short life, we had very rarely occasion to correct him. And he had so firm a conviction of our love for him at all times, that he was easily persuaded to relinquish any pleasure which we assured him was net good for him, or to do any thing, however disagreeable, which we assured him
was needful. Of this disposition he gave a most striking and continued proof by the ' manner in which he took his medicines twice or three times a day during more than two months, always replying, when told that they were to do him good, “Yes, mamma, I know they are:" or when he was told how gladly she would take them for him, “Yes, dear mamma, I know you would.” Oh! could we more perfectly have imitated him in this disposition towards our all-wise and tender Parent, we should not have found it so hard to drink the bitter cup he put into our hands, During his long illness, his patience was so exemplary, affecting, and extraordinary, that we often found it difficult to suppress our tears. Under his daily increasing weakness, during twenty-two days in which he was confined to his bed; when, in addition to all his medicines, he was repeatedly bled with leeches, and blistered, and was latterly obliged to submit to other disagreeable external applications, besides suffering much, sometimes very acute pain; not one of those who attended him ever heard him utter a fretful or impatient word. He seemed at the same time to derive real pleasure when we often reminded him that God loved patient, good children, and that we thanked God for having made him so patient. Surely, this gentle, submissive temper, was the work. of the blessed Spirit of God. It was remarkable too, that in so long an illness (particularly after the time in which he seemed to be recovering, and had begun to take pleasure in going out, and in playing with his little brother again, to whom he was always uncom. monly gentle and kino), he never expressed any regret at his confinement, or wish to recover and resume his former amusements. A letter which he dictated to his uncle B. ... was striking in this view: After desiring his aunt M. to say, he hoped he was well, he added, but “I am worse.” Then recollecting himself, he said, “but sometimes I am hetter—when was I most better, aunt –“M. When you were able to go out and play in the field.”—H. “Theu say, once I was able to go out, and walk, and ride in a little chaise, and play at cricket, but now I cannot.”—But he added not a word expressive of any desire to be able to return to these pleasures. His gratitude for every thing that was done for him was very observable, particularly to his dear aunt M , whose tenderness to him, during the whole of his long confinement, can never be effaced from our memory. One day it so struck him,"that he told her she should be called “Aunt kind.” It is a great pleasure to us to reflect, that as long as he was able to amuse himself at all, the things which most constantly pleased him, were his books, particularly his hymns, in which he always took peculiar delight, having never learned them as a task, so much as a pleasing employment. He was well acquainted with the Scripture history, having read a good abridgment of it quite through twice: the very last lesson he read was the account of the crucifixion and death of our blessed Saviour—in whoun, I fully believe, he had more real faith and trust than he was able to express. Of this, as well as of his generally pious disposition, I shall proceed to give a few short, but as I think, satisfactory proofs. They occurred in little conversations which took place between our beloved child, and two or three of his nearest relatives. I give the following, as nearly as possible, in the very words which
Let it only be remembered that the child of whom what precedes and follows is here
recorded, was not quite five years and a
half old. Yet let no one despise the simplicity of his remarks and declarations. “The eternal God does not disdain to hear an infant sing;" and even out of the mouths of babes and sucklings can perfect his praise. The conversations to which I refer were of this kind:—M. “Does little H. know who gives him medicine to make him well, while many children are ill a long time for want of it?"—h. “Yes, aunt M. God sends it me, and he gives me a kind aunt too.”—M. “Do you love God for being so good to you?"— H. “Yes, indeed I do.”—M. “Do you think you should like to be with him **—H. “Yes, I should, aunt M.”—M. “Dear little H. will you ketme say my prayers now "(his kind attendant slept in the same room with him.)— H. “Yes, I like you to say your prayers."— M. "I ought to do it, dear, for God is very kind to me.”—H. “Yes, I know you ought, and I love you to read your chapter too.” Our dear boy was accustomed to dictate *one of his hymns to those who were with him. requesting them to write or print them in Roman capitals—sometimes when well *nough he did this himself, and called what
**thus written by himself or others, his ser- .
*-When his aunt was one day writing for him Dr. Watts's hymn, beginning, “Blest be the wisdom and the power, The justice and the grace, Which join'd in counsel to restore, And save our ruin'd race!” A. he was repeating the former verses, he * in a mournful tone, “there is something so affecting coming”—not remembering the hymn, his aunt said, “what is it, Christ, Oessov. No. 112.