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say little more than that it is not by begging, nor by stealing, nor by what they receive from us. He who feeds the ravens when they cry, knows how to feed those who turn to him from the service of dumb idols. The visible means seem to be these : some of the baptized have a house, and a furlong or two of garden; this they cultivare, and sell its productions, with the fruit, perhaps, of a few trees, plantains, cocoanuto, &c. This serves to subsist a family; and, if they are able, they employ a native brother too, and seed him. Others take a few furlongs of ground, agreeing to Pay a part of the produce for rent ; and where a bullock is required to plough the on all spot, it is perhaps hired on condition of delivering a certain portion of corn, &c. to the owner of it, when the crop is ripe.— Others may find a less bigotted, and more good natured neighbour, who being on their own level, and perhaps a former acquaintance, still engages him to labour in his little field, and thus, as you will find in the se. quel, more nearly viewing at leisure his walk and conversation, feels his groundless aversion subside, listens to his artless account of the gospel of Christ, and feels, before he is aware, that he himself has also a soul to be saved!—Thus does the wisdom of God turn the curse into a blessing, bring good out of evil, fill the mouths of his chil. dren with food, and their hearts with joy and gladness. “Some, at first sight, might be ready to ask, Why do you at Serampore leave these poor brethren to struggle with their difficulties? Why not send them fifty or sixty rupees monthly to supply their present necessities, after the example of the churches to the poor saints at Jerusalem in time of distress? or why not employ them as servants al Seranspore; or at least furnish them with a little money to set up a plough, and enable them to rent a piece of land? Such may be assured, that it was neither through want 6f affection, nor of duly weighing their cicumstances. The first we felt so that we could have in parted our very souls to them. But, after the most mature consideration, our knowledge of the Hindoo character, and of the circumstances of the country, convinced us that we could do nothing more than pray for, and encourage them, without doing far more harm to them than good. Had we sent each of them only a rupee per month, such is the indolence of the Hindoo character, that it would have effectually prevented their exerting themtelves; their expectations would have re
ceived a wrong "direction, and must finally have been disappointed. It is possible, that within a few years, a thousand may embrace the Gospel there; but where could we find a thousand rupees monthly to assist them 2 To have encouraged them to come to Serampore for work, could have been done only to a certain extent, which must finally have sowed discontent among those who could not be employed. But besides this, it would have taken them out of their own connexions and place of abode, where it was highly desirable they should remain in the hope of their proving a leaven hid in a portion of meal; and to have set up two or three of them in farming, would have been likely
not only to fill the rest with dissatisfaction.
but to prove a temptation to them. To three or four, therefore, of these brethren who came over to visit us, we explained our motives, laid before them their line of duty, and giving them a rupee each to bear their expenses home, sent them back to Jessore.
“You will perceive with pleasure, in read
ing the accounts from Jessore, in what man-
ner the leaven, small as it was, which found its way thither three or four years ago, has
operated. Punchanun and Fakeerchund, who were then baptized, have been useful to others. , Nor will you remark with less pleasure the recovery of Sadutsah. This poor man, after being baptized at Seram
pore in 1803, went and resided in the Sunderbunds, where, renouncing Christ, he set
up for one who could charm wild beasts,
and got his living by this means' Coming:
however, to see his brother Boodheesah, (who was baptized before him, and who, though he also had long since forsaken
Christ, yet seems still to hover round the
church at Jessore) he felt his heart fail, wept
abundantly, and entreated Carapeit to let
him come and live with him, though he could merely sustain life. Carapeit consented, received him and his wife, employed them to cook, &c. for him. After this he was received into the church, and Carapeit, writing to us, says concerning it, “I dare say you will rejoice with me, for I have found the sheep that was lost!' Wor: thy young man, we do rejoice indeed with thee, and shall rejoice we trust, to all eter. nity Sadutsah's wife is now baptized, and also his mother. His wife seems an excel. lent woman. Twice has she, within this year, pledged a silver ornament, whicli' most women in the country wear, for five rupees, to provide food for native brethren and inquirers who came accidentally many
short of money to feed them for the day. We highly approve of the plan suggested by Carapeit of administering the Lord's supper at four different places, on the four ilord's days in the month. It will probably prove the soundation of four churches instead of one, though it will subject him to a journey on foot of near 200 miles in the month; but it will give him the opportunity of making known the Gospel on the road. We have baptized more than seventy this year, of various natious ; above 30 in Calcutta.” The following anecdote cannot fail to interest our readers. "Sitting at my studies, one Saturday af. ternoon, in a small rooin adjoining the school-tous, which are by the road on the banks of the river, I heard a plaintive voice without (it was in June or July, the rainy season) conversing with one or two of our boatmen, who, by their tone of voice, seeined more inclined to deride than to pity distress. Going out, I founs a poor young woman apparently about 25, who, after going many hundred miles on a pilgri go to Jaggernaub in Orissa, was returning to her own country, but exhausted with fatigue and want, and an incipient fever, had sat down under a small shed (lest open for such purposes, in the outside of the premises) to shelter herself from the rain. Moved with her distress, I called one of our servants,
(whom she could better understand, and
whom she would be more likely to credit than an European stranger) to desire her to remain at the house of one of our native sisters for a few days, at least till slie could recover her strength, and to assure her, that not the least violence should be done to her cast: she should eat what she chose.— The poor creature accepted the offer with thankfulness; aud I desired our native friend to take the utmost care of her, at our expense. In a few days the woman grew quite well, and ate with her kind hostess, as a matter of choice, listening also with much attention to what she heard about the Saviour ! Some time after, she came to Mrs. Marshman, requesting employment, saying that she was now healthy and strong, and did not wish to live without working. Not having domestic employment in the house, (which a Hindoo woman could feel happy in doing)"we gave her papers to stitch, at our friend's house. Some time after, a friend in Calcutta employed her, as a kind of confidential servant to oversee her small family and purchase things in the market, who gives her the most pleasing character
for diligence, good conduct, and integrity. For these eight or nine months, i. e. from about a month alter her coming among us, she has evinced a most earnest concern about the salvation of her soul ; and all our Christiau friends, anong whom she has been conversant, bar testinouy to the reality of her faith in Christ and her love to him, his people, and his word. She is sound at als the means of grace in the Bengalee lan. guage, and all her deportment bespeaks a serious yet cheerful mind'." - -
FRANCE, The following circular letter was sentby Bonaparte to all the bishops of France on the occasion of convoking a general council for deliberating on the state of religion, as men
* We deem it our duty to notice in this place, an article which some misjudging friend of the Baptist Mission has chosen to write, and which the conductors of ths Eclectic Review have, unadvisedly, as we think, chosen to insert in their last number. The article to which we reser, is the Review of Dr. Buchanan's Christian Researches, of this citique we do not lei. tate to say that, with perhaps one exception, we have read no paper in the Eclectic Review, which has the appearance of being more invidiously and unjustly personal, or which indicates more of that sectarian feel. ing, which the conductors of that work have solemnly abjured, and of which the present reviewer endeavours to avoid the me." rited imputation by first dexterously criminating Dr. Buchanan. With all the zeal which the reviewer expresses in favour of missions, we regard his production as calculated to injure that object. For the sake of that great cause, we sincerely wish that he had taken a lesson of forbearance from the object of his cautionary reproof, and that, instead of exhausting his skill in dia. lectics in order to find some ground of pos. sible accusation against Dr. Buchanan, he' had magnanimously preferred the interests of their common Christianity to every inferior and merely party consideration. Will it be believed that in the Eclectic Review, it is made a charge against Dr. Buchanan, that his preference of the Church of England to any other division of the Christian church should be manifest in his writings? But we must deter to another occasion what we have further to say on this topic, as well as the notice which we designed to take of some unjustifiable personalities which this writer has ventured to introduce.
tioned in our last number, p. 397. The letter is dated St. Cloud, 25th April, 1811. “My Lord Bishop of —, the most illustrious and populous churches in the empire are vacant—one of the contracting parties of the Coucordat has rejected it. The conduct adopted in Germany for ten years has almost destroyed episcopacy in that part of the Christian world. There are now but eight bishops; a great number of dioceses are governed by vicars apostolic; the chapters have been disturbed in their right to provide, during the vacancy of the see, for the administration of the diocese. They have plotted dark unanuevres to excite discord and sedition among our subjects. The chapters have rejected the briefs, contrary to their rights and the holy canons.—Yet time is passing away—new bishoprics are vacant every day. If no 'speedy provision be made, episcopacy will be cytinct in France and Italy, as well as in Germany. Wishing to prevent a state of affairs so contrary to the good of religion, the principles of the Gallican church, and the interests of the state, we have resolved to unite on the 10th of next June, in the church of Nôtre Dame, at Paris, all the bishops of France and Italy in a national council.” rtoxi.An CAtholic Bishops A M ERIC A. A letter of the Roman Catholic Bishops of America to their brethren in Ireland, relative to the situation of Pope Pius VII. is said to be publicly circulated in Ireland, and to have excited great interest there. The following cztract from it has been published in
another periodical work. We give it without vouching for its genuineness, “In the mean time, we declare before God, that we will respectsully listen to the admonitions of our holy father, notwithstanding his captivity, and that we will yield a cheerful submission to his directions and ordinances, provided they bear the proper and genuine character of the voice of Peter, and of the real intention and authority of the supreme pontiff. But we shall not think ourselves bound by any briefs, or other documents of any kind, which may be circulated in his name, and under his alleged authority, unless every the least apprehension of his not enjoying full and perfect liberty in deliberating and resolving, shall be removed from our ninds. And should the chief pontiff depart this life (which God forbid should happen in the present perilous state of the church), we, no less than you, venerable brethren, are fully persuaded that God will not be wanting to his church, which though it should, even for a considerable time, be deprived of its chief pastor here on earth, would be exposed to less mischief than if any person, by force or terror, were to place himself in the chair of Peter, and thus the mystical body of Christ were to be torn to pieces by a fatal schism. Hence we are resolved to instruct the flock committed to our care, to acknowledge no person as the true and genuine successor to St. Peter, but him whom the far greater part of the bishops of the whole world, and the whole Catholic. people, in a manner, shall acknowledge as Such.”
FRANCE. Bon APARTE's speech to the Legislative Body, of which we gave some account in our last number, has been followed, as usual, by an exposée from the minister of the interior, in which the brief notices of the Emperor are dilated into minute details. Since the last session, the empire, it is said, has received an addition of sixteeen departments, and four millions of people, yielding a revenue of a hundred millions, and three hundred leagues of coast, with all their maritime means. The mouths of the Rhine, the Meuse, the Scheldt, the Ems, the Weser, and the Elbe, are now all French. France
unites all that France, Germany, and Italy produce for the construction of ships. The union of Rome has given coasts to the empire; and it deprives the popes, who have invariably sacrificed eternal things to temporal ones, of their temporal dominion. It is further expedient, that the bishop of Rome, the head of the church, should not be a stranger, but that he should unite with the love of religion the love of "country. “Besides, it is the only means whereby that proper influence, which the pope ought to possess over spiritual concerns, can be, rendered compatible with the principles of the empire, which cannot suffer any foreign,
bishop to exercise an authority therein".”— * The Emperor is satisfied with the spirit which animates all his clergy.” The establishment of schools, the re-establishment of churches, the construction of cathedrals, all prove the Emperor's interest “in the splendour of religious worship and the prosperity of religion.” Twenty-seven bishopricks are vacant, to which the Pope has refused to institute the persons named by the Emperor. This refusal has nullified the Concordat: it no longer exists. A council of the clergy has been convoked, which “will decide whether France, like Germany, shall be without episcopacy.”—After all this, it is added, “ there exists no disunion between the Emperor and the Pope, as the head of religion, which can cause the least inquietude to the most timorous souls.”— The exposee then proceeds to state a variety of improvements, as they are called, in the course of instruction; one of which is the abolition of private seminaries, and the placing of instruction entirely in the hands of the state. The extraction of sugar from beet, &c. and of indigo from woad, is to render colonial products unnecessary. The public works, ports, roads, canals, &c. are enumerated in pompous detail; and the French are consoled for the loss of all their colonies, by the prospect of having shortly 150 sail of the line to cope with England.— The war in Spain would have been closed but for England, who, departing from her usual policy, came to place herself in the front line; but the result, it is said, must be disgrace and ruin to England. The ruin of her finanical system is also predicted, while that of France will continue to flourish.After some campaigns, Spain shall be subdued, and the English driven out of it. (This is modest.) What are a few years in order to consolidate the great empire? Peace would now be useful only to England. France will be able to make peace with safety, only when she shall have 150 sail of the line; and in spite of obstacles, she shall have them. “Thus the guarantee of our fleet, and that of an English administration founded on principles different from those of the existing cabinet, can alone give peace to the universe."—The exposée con
* We trust that this exposée will be read with the attention it deserves by the Catholics of Ireland, and by those advocates of theirs, who, without imposing any control on the power of the pope, which pope will, in future, be French, would open all the aveuues of power to that body.
cludes thus: “Every thing at present guarantees to us a futurity as happy as full of glory; and that futurity has received an additional pledge in that infant so much desired, who, at last granted to our vows, will perpetuate the most illustrious dynasty; of that infant who, amidst the fetes of which your meeting seems to form a part, receives already, with the great Napoleon, and the august princes whom he has associated to his high destinies, the homage of love and respect from all the nations of the empire.” SPAIN. After the battle of Albuera the siege of Badajoz was resumed under the immediate direction of Lord Wellington himself. It appears to have been carried on with great vigour; and breaches having been effected, two attempts were made to storm the place, both of which failed. In the mean time, the . French determined to make another effort to raise the siege. Soult again advanced in the direction of Badajoz, and was joined, not far from that place, by the force which had been opposed to Lord Wellington in the north of Portugal. He collected at the same time the whole of the French force from Castile and Madrid, what is called their centre army, and all the troops from Andalusia, excepting what were necessary to maintain their position before Cadiz. In consequence of this effort, he so far outnumbered the army under Lord Wellington, although his lordship had drawn down all his forces fron the neighbourhood of Almeida, that it was deemed prudent to raise the siege of Badajoz, and retire behind the Guadiana, where the British army took a very strong position, its right resting on Elvas, and its left on Campo Major. The enemy are stated by Lord Wellington to have risked every thing in all parts of Spain, in order to collect this large army in Estremadura ; with which, it may be supposed, they had hoped, at one decisive blow, to have terminated the campaign. The wary conduct of the British commander has completely frustrated this expectation. He has fallen back to a position where he is almost unassailable, where he has the entire command of his resources, and is in the way of receiving the succours which are daily arriving from En land without the slightest danger of interruption. The French, on the other hand, are said already to have begun to feel the inconvenience of having collected so large an army in a country where no magazines have been formed, and their chief attention is turned to the procuring of the means of subsistence. They have magazines, indeed, at Seville; but the distance between that place and Badajoz is considerable, and the activity of the Spanish guerillas makes the passage hazardous for convoys. . It appears from the latest accounts, that the French had begun to retire ; and it was even said, that Soult had reached Llerena, and that Marmont, with his part of the army, was at Merida. The Spanish partisans, in the mean time, were very active. A
very valuable convoy had been intercepted between Salamanca and Ciudad Rodrigo; and the baggage and private property of King Joseph had also been taken on their return to Spain. King Joseph himself is supposed to have reached Madrid—The strong fortress of Tarragona has at length been carried by the French, after a very obstinate defence.
PAR LIAMENTARY Proceedi NGs.
Parliament was supposed to be on the point of being prorogued, when about the end ot last month a bill was unexpectedly brought forward by Lord Stanhope, in the House of Lords, on the subject of the alleged depreciation of bank notes. Lord King was understood to have issued a notice to his tenantly, that in future he should expect his rents to be paid in gold, or in bank notes, calculated at their depreciated rate as compared with gold. This notice was made the ground of Lord Stanhope's Bill, the object of which was to protect from distress any tenant who should offer bank notes at their nominal value in payment of his rents; and to prevent persons from giving or receiving more than 21s, for a guinea, or less for a bank note than the value it purported to bcar. His Majesty's ministers were at first disposed to throw out the bill; but on finding the conduct of Lord King defended by many members of the opposition, they changed their purpose and supported it. The bill has passed through both Houses, though not without considerable resistance, and has also received the Royal assent. If any proof had been wanting of the depreciation of bank notes, the admitted necessity of framing such a bill as this would take away all doubt en the subject. At the same time, except in what regards the protection of the tenant from the summary process of distress, a provision which seems equitable, the bill appears to be perfectly nugatory. Guineas ass currently in Ireland for 25s. There is a law, indeed, against carrying guineas abroad, but none against carrying them to Ireland. The man who has guineas to sell, and who yet wishes not to violate the law, has only to send them to Ireland, where a X." of from 15 to 20 per cent. awaits them. And what is there in this bill to prevent a stock-broker from selling 100l. 3 per cent. consuls for fifty guineas, which stock the purchaser may sell on the following day for 62.l. in bank notes? The bill, in short, efsects nothing in curing the evil of a depreciated paper currency. Nor is it within the *phere of legislation to apply any remedy
but one, and that is to make the paper exchangeable for its nominal amount in gold. In the existing circumstances of our curren: cy, we admit, that this remedy is one of very difficult application; at the same time we believe it to be the only safe, and the only efficacious remedy. The practicability of it will depend on the previous reduction of the quantity of paper in circulation; and it appears to us that little doubt can be entertained both that the evil arises from an excessive issue, and would be cured by a restriction of that issue. To such of our readers as wish to make themselves acquainted with this subject, we beg to recommend a careful perusal of two pamphlets which have recently been published by Hatchard, con: taining the speeches of Mr. Canning and Mr. li. Thornton on this question. Parliament was prorogued by Columission on the 24th instant. The Commissioners delivered a speech on behalf of the Prince Regent, which adverted, with strong approbation, to the conduct of the war ou the Peninsula, and to some of the measures adopted by Parliament; but avoided all controverwo topics, as the Bank and America. Idoxtrostic in Telligence. . The state of his Majesty's health, we are deeply concerned to state, has been such as to produce the most serious alarm respect. ing the issue of his indisposition. He is still considered to be in a situation of very considerable danger. The twelve Judges, to whom the case of De Yonge, a man who had been convicted at selling guineas for more in bank uotes than their nominal value, have pronounced their judgment upon it; which is, that De Yong, was in fact guilty of no offence against the statute. . Naval INTEllic exce. . The most important circumstances of a naval kind which we have to notice, is the rescounter of an American frigate with a British sloop of war, which was briefly mentioned in our last Number. The statements of ths respective commanders have since been as before the public; and from these it apprano