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that God will be pleased with incessant supplication,” p. 163. Now to say nothing of the prayers of the Church of England, which are none of the shortest, but which Dr. Bidlake seems here to condemn in the mass without mercy, as a substitute, not for the performance, but for the negligence of duty; how will he reconcile the above positions to the apostolic injunctions, “pray without ceasing,” “continue in prayer,” “praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit,&c.?” What will he make of our Lord's parable spoken to this end, “that men ought always to pray and not to faint * What of our Lord's example, “who went into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God?” What of Anna, who “ served God with fastings and prayers night and day :" What of a thousand other passages of Scripture, all tending to the same point? We doubt not that many of the young men who heard this lecture
delivered, would feel much gratified ,
by the kind of countenance which they would consider it as giving to their own neglect of prayer; and the more so, as we have looked in vain for any passage of a contrary tendency to counteract the mischievous effect of that under consideration. Surely it would have been the part of a Christian divine, anxious for the souls of his hearers, to have rather pressed on them the duty of earnest and unceasing prayer, than to have said so much to discredit the practice. We do not mean to attribute an intention of this kind to Dr. Bidlake; but the injury he may do is not on that account lessened. And he ought unquestionably to have been guarded, by his sense of the immense importance of prayer, against the possibility of being understood to depreciate its value. He certainly appears to us, by such observations as these, to have been serving the cause of infidelity, instead of counteracting it. “Blind enthusiasm renounces the offerings of good works as a kind of affront to the Saviour,” p. 167. And
does not Dr. Bidlake? Again, "To place any trust in the practice of our duty to God, and our neighbour, is esteemed not only censurable, but even a sign of condemnation; and the poor wretch, who is thus taught to distrust his good actions, loses his virtue in his new religion,” p. 168. We doubt, however, whether these are Dr. Bidlake's real sentiments, for at p. 172, we find him, with his usual happy inconsistency, arguing that the church “teaches us, in an express article, not to trust in our works.” But if we are mistaken in this judgment of charity, we can only say that his are not the sentiments of the Church of England, or of the Bible. What the articles say, Dr. Bidlake has told us. In addition to this, what says the liturgy, “Grant that in all our troubles we may put our whole trust and conft dence in thy mercy.” “O Lord God, who seest that we put not our trust in any thing that we do, mercifully grant, &c.” “We do not presume to come to this thy table, Q merciful Lord, trusting in our own righteousness, but in thy manifold and great mercies.” And in the service for the visitation of the sick, we have much that is to the same effect: for example, “And forasmuch as he i. his full trust only in thy mercy, &c.” “The Almighty . who is a most strong tower to all them that put their trust in him — make thee to know and jeel that there is none other name under heaven, given to man, in whom, and through whom, thou mayest receive health and salvation, but only in the name of our Lord JesusChrist." Again, we are made to pray in the prayer “for persons troubled in mind or in conscience,” that the troubled person “may neither cast away his confidence in thee, nor place it any where but in thee.” If we turn to
* We recommend the perusal of the whole of this prayer to Dr. Bidiake. He will find from it that many of the features which he ascribes to fanatics, are in truth sineaments of those children of the church whom that compassionate mothercherishes and nourish” with the most assiduous tenderness,
the Scriptures, the passages to the same effect are innumerable. “Trust ye in the Lord for ever.” “He that trusteth in his own heart is a fool.” * Cursed is the man that trusteth in man.” “Blessed is the man who trusteth in the Lord, and whose hope the Lord is.” “Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think anything as of ourselves; but our sufficiency is of God,” See also Philip. iii. 3. 8, 9, and many other parallel passages.
But it is time that we should conclude this review, already too long. We shall not therefore stop to remark on the style of the author; that we shall leave to the judgment of our readers. Our differences with Dr. Bidlake are of a much more serious kind than could arise from any faults of style. They chiefly respect his facts and his reasonings, neither of which appear to be entitled to the praise of correctness. Where he could have obtained many of his facts, we have failed in all our efforts to form even a probable conjecture; though doubtless he himself has his authorities in petto, which we trust that, for his own sake, he will in due time produce. As for his argumentations, we fear that he
must answer for them in person. We cannot believe that any system of logic taught at Oxford, much as some of our brother critics have said respecting the erroneous systems in vogue there, can have so little affinity with all the received maxims of right reasoning as to have produced all the effects we here witness.
Dr. Bidlake has reiterated the ten thousandth time repeated charge against certain persons, that they falsely accuse the orthodor clergy of not preaching the Gospel. But would not Dr. Bidlake have more satisfactorily repelled such an accusation, from himself at least, by giving us a consistent, scriptural, view of that Gospel, its nature and effects, than by any countercharge, however vehement. That there are particular passages in these sermons, worthy of a better association we freely admit; but they serve only to make the contrast with other parts the more glaring. And we greatly fear that while Dr. Bidlake continues thus to write, he must be content to have his claim to be considered as preaching the Gospel questioned by many of the most intelligent Christians in the land.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE, &c. &c.
GREAT BRITAIN. In the press: A Series of Letters to a Friend, on the Evidences, Doctrines, and Duties of the Christian Religion; designed chiefly for young Persons; in 2 vols. 12mo, by Dr. Gregory, of the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich;-A second volume of Sermons by the Rev. Dr. Brichan, and a new edition of the first;-And Lives of John Seldon, Esq. aud Archbishop Usher, in one volume 8vo, with notices of the English literary characters with whom they were connected, by Dr. Aikin. Mr. William Jones, author of an Essay on the Life and Writings of Mr. Abraham Booth, has issued proposals for publishing by subscription, in one large octavo volume, “The History of the Evangelical Churches of Piedmont, commonly called the Waldenses and Albigenses,”
The following is an account of the fees and emoluments taken by the Lord Chancellor in his jurisdiction of Chancellor, as well as from commissions of bankruptcy (exclusive of those which arise to him in his capacity of Speaker of the House of Lords, and which have avcraged, during the last ten years, about 5000l. per annum), since the year 1801, viz.
L. s. d. Apr. 14, 1801, to Apr. 5, 1802 9,926 12 7 Apr. 5, 1802, to — 1803 10,013 811 Apr. 5, 1803, to 1804 10,447 5 6 Apr. 5, 1804, to 1805 10,449 6 4 Apr. 5, 1805, to Feb. 6, 1806 9,390 9 7 Apr. 5, 1807, to Apr. 5, 1808 11,690 17 11 Apr. 5, 1808, to 1809 10,935 2 6 Apr. 5, 1809, to 1810 12,106 10 10 Apr. 5, 1810, to -- 1811 15,532 13 0 vaccination. Since the Report of the National Vaccine Establishinent, of which we gave an account in our Number for June last, p. 389, was published, two cases have occurred of small pox after vaccination, which have excited mucn attention; the one, the case of the third son of the Earl of Grosvenor, who was attended by Sir H. Halford and Sir W. Farquhar; the other that of the son of Sir. H. Martin, Bart. who was attended by Dr. Heberden. Of these cases, the Board have published a detailed account, of which we shall proceed to give the substance. The Hon. Robert Grosvenor had been vaccinated by Dr. Jenner, about ten years ago, and, it is believed, had had a perfect disease. In May last, he was attacked by the confluent small pox, which at first assumed a very unfavourable aspect. Sir H. Halford had never seen an instance of recovery, under so heavy an eruption, attended by such circumstances. The latter stages of the disease, however, were passed through more rapidly than usual; and it is supposed, that both this extraordinary circumstance, and the ultimate recovery of Mr. Grosvenor, were influenced by previous vaccination. During his illness, the other children of the Earl of Grosvenor, who had also been vaccinated, were exposed to the contagion of their brother's disease, and were also inoculated, without effect. Sir H. Martin's son was vaccinated satisfactorily in 1801. In June 1811, he was seized with small pox, which proved to be the distinct kind, in a mild form. Miss Martin and another person, who had been vaccinated, were exposed to the contagion, and were also inoculated without effect. It is remarkable that both these youths were seized with the small pox, when recovering from the hooping cough. The Board give it as their opinion, that Mr. Grosvenor's case was a case of confluent small pox, attended by symptoms which almost invariably terminate fatally. But the swelling of the face and closing of the eyes were slighter than usual; and from the tenth day, when the pustules began to dry, the disease passed with extraordinary rapidity through the period generally thought to be of the greatest hazard; a peculiarity, they add, which those acquainted with the disease know could not have been the effect of any medical treatment. Mr. Martin's disease was the mild form of distinct small pox, also modified by vaccination. Both diseases proceeded in their usual course till they arrived at their height, when they appeared to receive a check, and the recovery was un**ually rapid; a circumstance which they
, the late Mr. Adair.
attribute to the anti-variolous influence of the vaccine process. The Board observe, that they had fort. seen, and in their Report to Parliament, in 1807, had distinctly pointed the possibility of the occurrence of small pox after vaccination. The security derived from it they stated to be as perfect as could be expected from any human discovery. Amongst several hundred thousand cases, the number of failures had been so small as to form no reasonable objection to it, there not being so many failures after vaccination as deaths after inoculation, and in every case of small pox occurring after vaccination, the disease having been the same neither in violence nor duration, but having been remarkably mild, and deprived, as it were, of its usual malignity. The Board go on to remark, that the pectliarities of certain constitutions, with respect to eruptive fevers, forms a curious subject of medical history. Some have had both scarlet fever and measles more than once. Others have been, through hise, exposed to both without effect. Many have resisted small pox in every form for years, and have afterwards become susceptible of it, and some have been twice affected with small pox. Among such variety of constitution" it ought not to appear surprising that wo cination should sometimes fail of securing persons against small pox, since small Po has occurred in Persons who had been Pr" viously inoculated with full effect. Thro well-attested instances of this kind, and another where the natural small pox h" occurred twice, have taken place, singularly enough, in the month of fast June. 1. The Rev. Joshua Rowley, brother to Sir W. Rowley, was inoculated in 1770, by The scar is distinct, and his mother, Lady Rowley, remember” that he had a tolerable sprinkling of sm” pox, and was afterwards repeatedly ex to variolous infection, in their own muro's and elsewhere, without effect. On the * of June, he was seized with an illness, which proved to be a case of full distinct small pox. He was attended, during the cour* of the disease, by Mr. Woodman of Bogno, and Mr. Guy, an eminent surgeon, of Chichester, who has given the account of it. Lady Rowley was examined by Mr. Duo" das, sergeant-surgeon to his Majesty. 2. Miss Booth, of Covent Garden The atre, at five years of age, had been inoc" lated for the small pox, and the surge” who then attended her, Mr. Kennedy, wo satisfied with the regularity of the diseas", and took matter from her with which to inoculate others. On the 20th June, law
being then about eighteen years of age, she was seized with small pox, which proved to be a mild case of the distinct kind. The pustules, however, were numerous. She was attended by Dr. Bree, Mr. Hewson, of James-street, the Director of the Vaccine Establishment, and many members of the Board, none of whom appear to entertain any doubt of the case. 3. John Godwin was born in October 1800. Six weeks after he was born, he had the small pox in the natural way, and in a violent degree. He was attended by Mr. Smith, an apothecary. Some time after this, he was inoculated by his uncle, a medical man, but without effect. No sever or erup. tion followed. In June last, the boy, now eleven years old, was attacked with small pox. Mr. Kerrison, of Burlington-street, attended him, and states the case to have been a clear case of distinct small pox. From this boy he inoculated another, who had the small pox in consequence. The history of the former disease was procured from Mrs. Godwin, No. 6, Stratton Street, Piccadilly: of the second attack, from Mr. Kerrison. 4. Peter Sylverster, No. 10, Cross-street, Carnaby-market, was born in June 1798, and on the 21st Feb. 1799, was inoculated by Mr. King, of New-street, surgeon. The mark in the arm was still conspicuous, and six or seven pits had marked his face. On the 21st June last, he was taken ill, and the disease proved to be the genuine small pox. He was attended by Mr. Moore, the director, several members of the Board, and many other medical gentlemen of the first respectability. But notwithstanding these instances, surely no reasonable parent, previous to the discovery of vaccination, would have refused his child the benefit of inoculation, although from the inoculated small pox one in 300
have usually died. Supposing, therefore, that there is a failure of one in 1000 cases of vaccination, ought not parents, nevertheless, to adhere to the practice, seeing it is never attended with death; and that even if the small pox should follow, in a few instances, it is divested of much of its malignity, No death has occurred from small pox, after vaccination. The Board are of opinion, that the general advantages of vaccination are not discredited by the recent instances of failures, being still more than three times less in number than the deaths by inoculation; while inoculation, as has been shewn, does not give complete security, any more than vaccination. The Board are anxious that the existence of certain peculiarities of the human frame, by which some individuals are rendered by nature, more or less susceptible of eruptive fevers, and of the recurrence of such disor. ders, should be publicly known; for they feel confident that a due consideration of these circumstances, and a just 1eeling of the welfare of the community, will induce the public to prefer a mild disease like Vaccinatiou, which where it fails superseding the Small Pox, yet mitigates its violence, and prevents its fatal consequences, to one whose effects are frequently violent; to one which often occasions deformity and blindness, and, when it is contracted by casual infection, has been supposed to destroy one in six in all that it attacks. And it must not be forgotten, that in a public view this constitutes the great objection to Inoculation of the Small Pox, that by its contagion it disseminates death throughout the enlpire, whilst Vaccination, whatever be the comparative security which it affords to individuals, occasions no subsequent disorder, and has never by the most violent of its opposers been charged with producing an epidemical sickness.
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