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. The Committee had intended to promote an editiou of the Scriptures in the languages of Esthomia and Livonia, but the execution of this design has been retarded by unavoidable impediments; which is much to be regretted, as the state of the poor in those provinces, with respect to religious kuowledge, and the means of acquiring it, seeins truly deplorable.. The poverty of the lower classes is extreine; the Bible, from its price and scarcity, is unattainable by them; not one family in a hundred possesses a copy; and there are Fourt Hu ND RED THous AND *AM1111s in Esthonia and Livonia absolutely without a Bible. Under these circumstances, the Committee have recommended the fortuation of a Livonian Bible Society. And they have determained to transmit the sum of 600l. for the purpose of printing 10,000 Testanents in the Livonian and Esthonian dialects. The assistance furnished to “the Evangelical Society” at Stockholm, for enabling them to print the Swedish Scriptures on standing types, has had the most beneficial influence. The Stockholm Society proceeds with the greatest zeal and activity: it has already printed three editions of the Swedish Testament, to the amount of 10,600 copics; a fourth edition is in the press; the printing of 5,000 copies of the whole Bible is considerably advanced; and the demands for the Swedish Scriptures are greater than can be satisfied, and are daily increasing. The Committee have the pleasure to announce, that the New Testament in the language of Lapland is nearly completed. . The printing of the lcelandic Bible has been retarded by unforeseen impediments: but the Committee have reason to believe that this work has either been actually commenced, or will be very speedily undertaken. . The printing of the Turkish Testament at JKarass, in August last, had advanced as far as to the end of the Acts of the Aposties. In India, the various translations are all proceeding with great spirit and energy; and in the course of a few years, there will be editions of the Scriptures in many oriental languages. Among these, the Taluul, Malay, Sanscrit, Bengalee, Orissa, Seek, Hindoostanee, Mahratta, are already printed, or in the press. . The Arabic, Persian, Telinga, Malayaliu, Burman, Caruatica, and several other dialects, to be hereaster enumerated, together with the Chinese, are prepating; and the printing of some of them is begun. The establishment of a Bibliotheca Bi*lica, at Calcutta, consisting of a Bible repo#tory, together with a library for the use of *anslators, under the auspices of the British •'m Rust. Osseav. No. 116.
and Foreign Bible Society, we have formerly noticed. The repository is intended to contain Bibles and Testaments in all languages both European and Asiatic, to be disposed of by sale at moderate prices. The port of Calcutta is the annual resort of multitudes from all quarters, for the purposes of trade; “soine of almost every nation under heaven.” To many of these, a copy of the Scriptures may prove an invaluable treasure, and by these means copies may be introduced into their respective countries. The library is to consist of the original Scriptures, lexicons, grammars, works on biblical criticism, and, in general, all such books as tend to facilitate and persect the labours of translators. This institution has received general encouragement in India. Four thousand volumes of the Scriptures, or parts of then, in English, Portuguese, Arabic, Persian, Hindoostanee, Sanscrit, Mahratta, Orissa, Bengalee, and Chinese, are now on sale there. A liberal subscription has been raised for that branch of it which is intended for the use of translators; and it has received many useful and valuable books in presents from individuals. Its plan has also received the unanimous approbation of the several chaplains under the Presidency of Fort William, and a promise of cordial co-operation on their parts. We omit the account of the supply of Tamul Scriptures afforded to the Christians at Tanjore, by means of a subscription raised at Calcutta, having formerly inserted it. As a supply of the Tamul Scriptures could not be obtained in India, adequate to the demand for them, the Committee have procured and dispatched, on account of the Society, a printing press and a fount of Tamul types, with a considerable supply of paper, for printing the Scriptures in that dialect. Dr. Leyden has submitted to the Corresponding Committee of Calcutta proposals for procuring versions of the Scriptures in the following languages: the Siamese, Macassar, Bugis, Afghan, Rakheng, Maldivian, and Jagatai; coinprehending the colloquial dialects in use from the eastern boundary of Bengal to the islands of Borneo and Celebes inclusive. The expense of translating the sour Gospels into each of these dialects, is estimated at about 800 rupees ; and the Corresponding Committee have agreed to pay the sum of 200 rupees on receiving a copy of each Gospel in any of them. This engagement has been fulfilled with respect to four of the proposed versions; that of the Gospel of St. Matthew having been completed ing” Afghan and the Maldivian, ex3
cepting the two last chapters, together with versions of the Gospel of St. Mark, in the Bugis and Macassar. As a considerable part of the expense of printing the Scriptures in India arises from the dearness of paper, the Committee have sent large supplies of paper to those parts of India where it will be required; and, among others, to Bombay, for printing the New Testament in the Malayalim. This work is considerably advanced, (a printed copy of the Gospel of St. Matthew having been laid before the Committee,) and the completion of it is anxiously expected by the members of the ancient Syrian church. It may be mentioned, as a singular and not uninteresting circumstance, that a native of India, a Hindoo, has subscribed 100 rupees to the funds of the Society, and has addressed a letter to the Committee, acquainting them with it. In addition to the 5000l granted for the disbursements of the preceding five years in translating and printing the Scriptures in India, the Committee have voted 2000l annually for the three successive years. The Hon. Sir Alexander Johnston, chief justice of Ceylon, h is undertaken the charge of a large supply of English, Dutch, and Portuguese Bibles and Testaments for the use of that island, together with a supply of paper for the purpose of printing 1000 cepies of the New Testament in the Cingalese language. In America, the zeal excited for the diffusion of the Holy Scriptures continues to operate with increasing energy. Ten new Bible Societies, in addition to the six mentioned in the last Report, have been established within the United States. There are therefore Bible Societies now in no fewer than eleven of the states. All these associations may be considered as emanations from the British and Foreign Bible Society: of which the greater number have been assisted from its funds. It is gratifying to contemplate the beneficial effects which may be expected from the aggregate zeal and efforts of so many societies in the new continent, directed to one object—the circulation of the Bible. A Bible Society having been formed at Truro, for the eastern part of Nova Scotia, the Committee have presented it with 250 Bibles, and 1000 New Testaments, The editions of the New Testament in modern Greek with the ancient in parallel columns; in Irish; and in Manks; have been printed, and are now in circulation. The Bishop of Sodor and Mann having *commended to his clergy to ascertain the want of the Scriptures in their parishes, and *no having been made, 1326 copies of the
Manks Testament, with some English Bibles and Testaments, charged at reduced prices, have been sent to the bishop, for the use o the inhabitants. A large supply of the modern Greek Tes. taments has been sent to the Mediterranean, and of the Irish Testaments to Ireland. The price of the latter has been fixed at a rate particularly low, with a view to encourage the greater circulation. A stereotype edition of the French Bible is nearly completed; a similar edition of the Italian Testament is in progress; a large inpression of the Dutch Bible is in the press; and the printing of 5000 German Testaments has advanced to the Acts of the Apostles. The Committee have concluded to print an Ethiopic version of the Book of Psalms, for the use of the natives of Abyssinia; and they are endeavouring to procure a version of one of the Gospels in that language, with a view to the same object. The following Auxiliary Bible Societies have been added since the last general meeting, viz. The Swansea, the Bishop of St. David's, president; the Uttoxeter, A. Rhudde, Esq. president; the Bishop-Wearmouth, Sunderland, &c. the Rev. Dr. Grey, president; the Neath, Lord Vernon, president; the West Lothian, the Rev. John Brown, president; the Rotherham; the Uxbridge, Lord Gambier, president; the Cornwall, Wiscount Falmouth, president; the Weymouth, Sir James Pulteney, Bart. M. P. president; the Liverpool, the Earl of Derby, president; the Huddersfield; the Montrose, Andrew Tham. Esq. provost, president; the Dumfries-shire. the Duke of Buccleugh, president; the Baccup; the Knutsford; the Bury; the warrinetou, the Rev. R. A. Rawstone, rector, dent: in all, seventeen. The Committee, finding it requisite to establish some general principles for stopplying auxiliary societies with Bibles suo Testaments, and being desirous of hulding out to such societies the greatest possible cncouragement, have arranged a plan for these purposes, which has been approved and adopted by many auxiliary Bible societies; and they recommend it to the sttention of such other societies as have not yet become acquainted with it. Copies of the Scriptures, either in whic:or in part, and in various languages, exclusively of those mentioned in the sorres part of the Report, have been sent abroad follows: to Upper Canada; to New York to Quebec, Nova Scotia, and Labrador; to the West Indies and Newfoundland; r. Sierra Leone and the Rio Pongas; to tieCape of Good Hope; to Senegal and Gore
to Alsace; to Germany, for the Roman Catholics; to Lisbon; to Messina and PaTermo, in Sicily; to Malta; to Guernsey and Alderney; to the Morea; to the island of Ceylon; and to Port Jackson, in New South Wales. At home: to the Female Penitentiary at Plymouth; to the London Female Penitentiary; to the prisoners of war at the several depôts, and particularly to those who have returned to France in the cartels; to poor Danes; to Falmouth, for the crews of the post-office packets; to the poor miners in Cornwall; to the poor in hospitals at Bath; to various workhouses, gaols, and parishes; to the Hibernian Societies in London and Dublin; to poor Germans at Hull; to various military and naval stations, for sale at reduced prices to the soldiers and sailors. The total distributed under these heads, may be estimated at not less than 4,000 Bibles and 20,000 Testaments; and an order has been sent to Stockholm for the purchase of 1,000 Swedish and Finnish Testaments for the use of the Swedish seamen in the British service. The prisoners of war have expressed the liveliest gratitude for the Bibles and Testaments distributed to them. The warmest acknowledgments have been received from various ministers among the Hottentots, for the Dutch Scriptures, which could not otherwise have been procured; accompanied by information, that several of the Hottentots can read very well, and are sensible of the obligations thus conferred upon them. The Portuguese Testaments, sent to Lisbon, have been circulated with great rapidity there, and are represented as held in high estination by persons of all ranks. The same success has attended the distribution of Italian Testaments at Malta and Messina, and different other places in the Mediterranean. At Messina, it was at first opposed, on the ground of some objections to the translation. These objections were referred by a meeting, at which the bishop presided, to the exaimination of several of the most learned among the clergy; and the result was so favourable, that the bishop not only permitted the Italian Testaments to be retained by those who had received them, but allowed the further distribution of them. Some copies have been sent from Malta to Trepolezza, a town in the Morea, and have been cordially accepted. Of the disposition of the Roman Catholics to receive the Scriptures, other instances might be quoted. They have been gratefully received by the priests of that persuasion in South America, aud by many Roman Catholics in Germany,
Switzerland, and France. The Gospel of St. John, published in the Esquimaux language, for the inhabitants of Labrador, has reached its destination, and has proved a most acceptable present. The Committee have also received the most gratifying testimonies of the beneficial effects among the negroes in Barbadoes, Autigua, and St. Kitt's, from the copies of the Scriptures furnished by the Society. Their correspondent states, that many of the negroes steal time from their rest to learn to read, that they may be able to read the Scriptures; while others, who have acquired this talent, spend many an hour in the night, in exercising themselves in reading (to use the simple language of the relater) “the most blessed of all books.” The grants made to Ireland have also been gratefully acknowledged. And it appears that the demand for the Scriptures throughout that part of the United Kingdom keeps an almost equal pace with the increasing circulation of them. The next topic for report, is the augmentation which the funds of the Society have received from donations, congregational collections, and legacies, since the last general meeting; the enumeration of which, in the Appendix, will shew the continuance of that zeal and liberality from which the institution derives its efficacy and support. The donations from the auxiliary Bible Societies, since the last Report, amount to upwards of 9,000l. of which Bristol has given 1,814.; Liverpool, 1,800l. ; Cornwall, 915.; Uxbridge, 400l. ; Leicester, 400t.; Edinburgh, 800, 5 &c. &c. &c. Since the close of the former accounts, the sum of 1,382l. has been remitted from the presbyteries and dissenting congregations in the synod of Glasgow and Ayr, of which 800l. 12s. 4d. is the second annual collection from the Presbytery of Glasgow. In consequence of a recommendation from the Synod of Aberdeen to make collections in the churches within its bounds, the sum of 305l. has been collected and remitted. From the Presbytery of Stirling, and from that of Annan, contributions have also been received. The funds of the Society have also been augmented by other congregational collections in England, Wales, and Scotland, and by various miscellaneous contributions. The legacies, during the year, have amounted to near 1,000l. On a general review of the Society's transactions during the last year, the Committee cougratulate its members on the increase of its influence and efficacy. “This prosperity is, under God, to be attributed to the simplicity of its object, and the fidelity with which that object has been pursued, both at home and abroad.” “As the sphere of the Society's operations has expanded, its resources have been proportionably angmented: numerous societies, animated with the same spirit, have annually arisen, the ornament and the support of the parent stock; and hence the British and Foreign Bible Society has been enabled to advance so largely towards the attainment of its object—the diffusion of the records of eternal life over the habitable globe.” “In opposition to infidelity, it proclaims the public belief of thousands in the truth of revelation; implying, at the same time, a sense of obligation, on the part of its members, to a practical observance of those holy precepts which revelation inculcates.” “It exhibits an example of Christian concord, honourable to the character and auspicious to the interests of religion. It shews, how ‘the unity of the Spirit may be held in the bond of peace.' It is also a medium of intercourse among Christians dispersed all over the world; concentrating their affections, and combining their exertions to promote the glory of God, and the salvation of their fellow-creatures. Nor is it a consideration of small importance, that it has a tendency to conciliate the esteem and respect of foreign nations, for the religious principles and benevolent disposition of the British character. It has awakened the public attention, at home and abroad, in a degree hitherto unknown, to the spiritual wants of their Christian brethren; and has excited an equally ardent zeal to relieve them.” “It was justly said of the divines who first translated the Scriptures into English, * These, with Jacob,' rolled away the stone from the Well of Life; and of the British and Foreign Bible Society it may truly be affirmed, that it has opened chamels, by which the waters of this living spring have not only flowed to numbers who thirsted for them within the United Kingdom, but have been conveyed to the barren and parched *oils of the remotest regions.” “The members of the British and Foreign Bible Society may contemplate, with heartfelt satisfaction, what it has already accomplished, and look *ward with cheering hope to its future *nd more enlarged employment. The field of operation which lies before us is vast; and – when considered as including the **er-ceasing wants of Christians both at ** abroad, and extending to countries *** idolatry and supersition prevail* Justly be deemed unlimited. This con
sideration should suggest the daty of accompanying our strenuous exertions with our earnest prayers—that the disposition and means to satisfy the increasing claims on the Society may never fail; that the light of Divine Truth, which we are conveying to the eyes of our fellow-creatures, may shine into their hearts; and that both those who dispense and those who receive the Holy Scriptures through the medium of this insk tution, may find them “the power of God unto their salvation.’” Bibles and Testaments issued by the British and Foreign Bible Society, from the 17th of February, 1810, to the 25th of March, 1811, inclusive:
sussex aux I Liary an BLE society.
A meeting was held at Lewes on the 8th inst. for the purpose of establishing an Ausiliary Bible Society for Sussex, T. R. Kemp, Esq. M. P. in the chair, at which it was resolved unanimously that such a society should be instituted. Rules were at the same time adopted, in almost all respects conforms.shlete those of the parent society. Mr. Kemp was chosen president, Mr. Dicken treasurer, and the Rev. John Sargent, the Rev. James Capper, the Rev. Henry Palmer. Mr. W. Martin, and Mr. John Glaisyer. joint secretaries. The following distinguish-ed persons, with many others, have signs. fied to the president their approbation of this institution, and their intention of sup‘porting it; viz. the Duke of Dorset, the Duchess of Dorset, the Earl of Abergsvenny. the Earl of Ashburnham, the Earl ef Arron. Dowager Countess of Chichester, Lady s. Cavendish, Wiscount St. Asaph, Viscos st Hampden; Lord Whitworth; the Rev. Lera Aston; The Speaker of the House of Ceemons; Sir Cecil Bishop. Bart.; and the Rev. Sir H. Poole, Bart.
A BRRD frn Auxtti Ary erers sociery. At a numerous and respectable meeting on
the town-hall of Aberdeen, on the sist ot
June last, the Lord Provost in the chair, a Bible Society was farmed on rules similar to those of the British and Foreign Bible Society; the Marquis of Huntley president; the Rev. Dr. Ross, the Rev. L. Glass, and Professor Bentley, secretaries. Amoug the vice-presidents, we noticed the Lord Provost of Aberdeen, James Ferguson, Esq. M, P, and the Rev. Principal Browu.
MIssion soci ETY to AFRICA AND THE " - E.A.ST. The following is an Abstract of the Report of the Committee of this Society read on the 4th of June last, and since printed. The Committee are happy to congratulate the Society on the flourishing state of the schools at Bashia in the Rio Pongas, on the western coast of Africa, and on the prospects of ultimate good which these schools open. In a letter dated Dec. 24, 1810, Mr. Renner, one of the missionaries, thus writes. ... “At this time brother Butscher has thirty boys' in his house, who of course occupy his time. In the old house we live, with twenty female children. By these children my wife finds her full employment: they go neatly dressed, wearing frocks and gowns, which they have to make in their sewing hours, and also the boys' shirts. But whatever trouble she has with these rough and raw children—for such they are when they come to us—it gives her pleasure to do them some good: and good is done to them. She is much respected and beloved by the children." The applications to the missionaries for the institution of schools in other places have been numerous and urgent, and it is hoped, when an accession of missionaries arrive, that much may be doue in this way. “From a variety of causes little success can be expected with the adults, particularly on the coast, where the slave trade has ruined the morals and debased all the feelings of men. Mtis with the children, that we must expect to da good, and when we see tribes of ...these little ones waiting for instruction, we cannot but trust that God will accept and crowu our work of faith, and labour of love, and patience of hope, in our Lord Jesus Christ." The Committee have determined, therefore, to support these schools to the utmost of their ower, “Labourers are wanting for, this harvest, and mouey is wanting to support those labourers. May the Holy Spirit shed a larger measure of his influence on the Church, and excite more mnivorsal and unwearied endeavours to hasten Christ's kingdom "
In addition to the schools established at Freetown, which were mentioned in the last Report, Mr. Nylander and his wife had opened one in the evenings, which was attended by twenty-five young women, from sixteen to twenty years of age; but the death of his wife has obliged him to relinquish this undertaking. There seems scarcely a suitable person in the colony to supply Mrs. N.'s place as school-nistress; nor dogs the salary allowed by government seem adequate to the support of such a person; but if a well-qualified young woulan would offer herself to this important work, the Commitr tee would gladly contribute toward her establishment and support in the colony. Mr. Nylander acknowledges with grati. tude a donatiou of Bibles and Testaments from the Bible Society. The 500l. granted by this society in tavour of the translations of the Scriptures carrying on in the East, the Corresponding Comiuittee at Calcutta have undertaken to appropriate in such manner as . shall, in their judgment, best pronuole the objects of tire society. The Arabic language being the medium through which Africa has received soue of the benefits of civilization, and it hav. ing been proposed to print at Calcutta a large and cheap edition of the Holy Scriptures in Arabic, the Correspondiug Comunittee conceive the bouuty of the Society unay be most beneficially applied in aid of this object. The Committee have received from the Corresponding Columittee a proposal respecting the most probable means of giving circulation to the Holy Scriptures, when traus. lated into the oriental languages. They propose to print an edition of the Shanscrit New Testament on large and fine paper, for the purpose of being presented to the Rajahs and Zemeendars throughout Hinduostan; and to prefix a notification of the versions undertaken in the various dia. lects of India dependent on the Shanscrit. In like manner, they propose that an edition of the New Testament in Arabic be printed and presented to the Mahometan Princes and Sirdars throughout the East, with a notification of the versions made into the vurnacular languages dependent on the Arabic. This will be a means of making the translations well known, and of exciting attention to the Christian Scriptures. The Mahometans, they state, have every where appointed readers of the Koran, who read aloud the book from beginning to end. The Hindoos have Poranees, who perform the same office in reading their shaters; and no offence has been given or