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taken by either. In the same manner, the Christian Scriptures might be read publicly without incurring the smallest opposition The Mahonetans rank our Scriptures among the “Heavenly Books,” and the Hindoos are disposed to tolerate every religion. It will be easy for the chaplains, and others, to employ and superintend several public readers at each station; and the expense will be inconsiderable. Eight or ten rupees per month will be a sufficient salary for the reader; and a small open shed, erected in the neighbourhood of the public market-places, raised about one cubit from the ground, and costing not more than twenty or thirty rupees, will be all the equipment necessary for the accommodation of the reader. The reader may be furnished with copies of the Scriptures for sale, or for distribution gratis, according to the discretion of the Superimtendent, who will receive regular supplies from the Bible Depository at Calcutta. This proposal having been laid before the Corresponding Committee of the British and Foreign Bible Society at Calcutta, on the 9th of June, 1810, five hundred copies of the Shanscrit New Testament, and five hundred copies of the Arabic, were ordered for the purposes therein mentioned. The Committee, after maturely considering the subject, recommend that a sum of 250 per annum beapplied, under the direc. tion of the Corresponding Committee at Calcutta, for the purpose of establishing readers of the Scriptures in the East according to the proposal. A larger sum might have been granted to this object, had the state of the Society's funds admitted of it. (To be continued.)
A fift ICAN AN d Asiatic society. Substance of the last Annual Report.
With respect to the religious instruction of the Africans, the Committee have to state, that the public lecture to the Africans, &c. supplied by various ministers, is still carried on. Considering them, however, as partakers of the same depravity of nature with others, and reflecting on the peculiarity of their circumstances, though the Committee cannot speak of crouded auditories, their attendance, on the whole, has been respectable and encouraging. What is of infinitely greater moment, they have every reason to believe that it has, in some cases, been followed with the happiest effects. This has been manifest, with respect to many of them, not only in the general circumspection of their conduct, but in the support Religion has afforded them in seasons of deep affliction, and in the exemplary patience and resignation
they have discovered under it. Through the influence of the Gospel, some of them have not only gloried in tribulation, but triumphed in death. The Committee feel particularly anxious to increase and extend the means of religious knowledge, and by every consistent method to arrest the attention of this sable race to the things which belong to their peace. With this view, they wish to establish a public lecture to the Africans at the east end of the town, to be conducted by ministers of the Established Church; and some steps have been taken towards the attainment of this object. The Committee have employed their utmost exertions, with a view to the education of the rising race of Africans and Asiatics; and these exertions, though their success has not equalled their wishes, have not been in vain. Not a few, who would have otherwise, in all probability, remained in the grossest ignorance, have, at different times, received an education, which has tended to qualify them for useful stations in society, and enabled them to read that sacred book, which is able to make them wise unto salvation, through faith which is in Christ Jesus. Attached to the institution is a benefit fund. Its object is to induce, on the part of the Africans and Asiatics, a habit of economy and foresight. Out of this fund a considerable number have already received assistance; and thus in the hour of affliction, which would otherwise have been aggravated by pecuniary embarrassment, and painful anxiety about the means of subsistence, they have enjoyed, as a matter of right, regular support, and friendly attention. Feneral expenses too have been defrayed, to a considerable amount. Of these advantages, the Committee are happy to observe, the Africans become more and more sensible. Of this there needs no other proof than the constant increase of subscribing members. Upwards of fifty have joined the society since the last annual meeting; making in all, from its institution. three hundred and sixteen. The Committee, affected with the forfern condition of persons of colour out of employment, have opened two houses as Registers *, in hopes that some persons might be induced, from motives of humanity, to apply to them for servants. Few such applications. however, have been made. To whatever cause it is to be attributed, the fact is indisputable, that these strangers, helpless ==
* No. 421, Oxford Street, and No. eS, SJames's Street.
they are, find much greater difficulty in obtaining situations than most others. And there is too much ground to believe, that mere prejudice against their colour operates in at least increasing the difficulty. The Committee, therefore, recommend it to gentlemen, to use their exertions to procure situations for them, and to encourage their friends to apply for servants to the Society's registers, where applications may be lodged free of expense. The calls for pecuniary relief have greatly multiplied. Last year, the cases of distress relieved amounted to 160; but since the last annual meeting, no fewer than 236 cases of extreme wretchedness have been relieved. The misery of many of the applicants it is impossible for those who have not witnessed it to imagine. The Committee only wish that the members of the Society had occasionally the opportunity of seeing the miserable objects that come before them, and the hovels of wretchedness in which others are found. The sight alone would be sufficient to inflatne their benevolence, and animate their exertions. What the Committee have done, however, is not by any means all they wish to do. They are anxious to extend the sphere of their benevolence, and, did their finances permit, to give stability to the institution, by some plan commensurate with the wants and miseries of the natives of Africa and Asia in this metropolis. In former Reports, the erection or purchase of a house, as an asylum for the aged pensioners of the Society, was suggested. And should this continue to appear an object desirable and important, the Committee flatter themselves
that the liberality of a British public will not be wanting to the attainment of it. The president of this society is Lord Barham; the treasurer, Mr. Niven, 15, Kingstreet, Soho; and the secretary, the Rev. G. Greig, 25, North Street, Red-Lion Square. ISLE OF MAN. A daily and Sunday charity school has been instituted in the town of Douglas in this island, the design of which is to afford instruction to children who are excluded by poverty from the advantages of education in any other channel; to rescue them from igmorance, vice, and infamy ; to instil into their minds early principles of inorality and religion, and thus to promote the best interests of society. It is conducted on that improved plan, of which the discoveries of Dr. Bell and Mr. Lancaster form the basis; and a building is in forwardness, capable of accommodating five hundred childreu. The scholars are instructed in reading, writing, and arithmetic, and their proficiency is said to be almost incredible; and the greater part have their memories stored with large portions of Scripture. The improvement in their morals and manners is said to be very apparent. Before the institution of the school, many of the boys were exceedingly profigate; but in this respect a great change has taken place. A female school has also lately been opened on the same plan, in which the girls are instructed in reading, writing, sewing, and knitting. Those who may be disposed to aid either the huilding or the general design, may apply to the Rev. T. Howard, Douglas; the Rev. T. Hill, Liverpool; F. and H. C. Christian, 10, Strand; or J. Christian, Wigmore Street, London.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
CONTINENTAL INTELLIGENCE. The fall of Tarragona, and the dreadful exceases committed by the French on carrying that fortress, appear to have produced great depression among the Spaniards; which has of course been increased by the failure of an expedition, for the purpose of surprising Seville, on which General Blake was detached by Lord Wellington; and by the appearance of Soult before Cadiz, with reinforcements for the besieging army. Strong suspicions were entertained, that an understanding existed between the French and a party within the walls of that city, on whose co-operation they relied in the event of attempting an assault. The pecuniary distresses of the government,
which are supposed to have greatly cramped their military exertions, are stated to have been relieved by a large supply of specie from Vera Cruz. But we fear that nothing will be efficacious for retrieving their affairs, and recovering their country from French spoliation, unless they will consent to place the military resources of the state, as was done in Portugal, at the absolute disposal of the British General. -When Soult, and the army under his command, retired from Badajoz, the British army went into cantonments, in order to escape the effects of the violent heats of July. The main part of the French army is said to have adopted the same measure of precaution. The latest accounts intimate
that the war is likely to be removed again to the north of Portugal. Valencia and Monserrat, we are sorry to add, have fallen into the enemy's hands, after a very feeble resistance. The horrors inflict‘ed on Tarragona appear to have struck a damp into the Spaniards, instead of rousing them to fresh exertions. In the northern parts of Spain, measures of the most dreadful severity have been adopted, by the French general, for repressing what he calls the insurgents. Any person who holds the slightest correspondence with them is to be put to death. Any inhabitant who quits his dwelling for cight days, without a passport, will be considered as a brigand, his property sequestered, and his father, mother, brothers, sisters, children, at d nephews, put under arrest, and made responsible, in their property and persons, for all acts committed by any of the insurgents. If an inhabitant is carried off from his home, three of the nearest relatives of any brigand are to be seized as hostages; and if such inhabitant should be put to death, they all are to be shot. Strong hopes continue to be entertained of an accommodation between this country and Russia, although we do not think that
there are before the public any facts to justify this expectation.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. We are left very much in the dark as to the course which the negotiation with Ame. rica has taken since the arrival of Mr. Foster in that country. It is supposed that the American Government will remove one inpediment to an amicable arrangeusent, by disavowing the conduct of Commodore Rodgers. In the mean time, the feuds which have taken place anong some of their states. men, particularly Mr. Madison, the presi. dent, and Mr. Smith, the ex-secretary, have led to discoveries which do not place the in partiality of the American Government towards the belligerents in a favourable point of view. They shew a strong disposition to irritate and provoke Great Britain, and a desire no less strong to soothe and cocciń. ate France, notwithstanding the fiagrant ach of injustice and robbery of which that power had been guilty. It seems now to be admitted, that Bonaparte has not so abrogated his Berlin and Milan decrees, as to have justified tire wet of the President, in parting an end to the non-intercourse law as it it. spected Trance.
- on ava 1, 1xtrillie Exce. In the Mediterranean, our cruisers have, as usual, been actively and successfully employed in interrupting all attempts of the enemy to convey supplies from one place to another. A French thirty-two gun frigate, the Entreprenacte, has been captured on the coast of America, by a British sloop of war, the Atalanta, after a severe action of two hours and a half, in which the loss of the enemy, in killed and wounded, amounted to thirty, and our loss to one killed and four wounded. Dom Estic INTELLIGENCE. The accounts of the state of the King's health, during the present month, have been very distressing. He appears to have been a severe sufferer both in mind and body; and it is said that his strength has been greatly reduced by his sufferings. There is, we are sorry to say, no great hope now entertained of his ultimate recovery. In our number for March, p. 201, we adverted to the illegal attempts made by the Catholics to institute a kind of convention in Dublin, under the pretext of petitioning Parliament for a repeal of all restrictions and
Por “Answers to Correspondents,” see the second Page
and if it be found that the
disabilities, and to the measures taken by Government to check these proceedings. These uneasures do not appear to have produced the desired effect. On the contrary, the election of delegates continues to he carried on in defiance of the Act of Farhament, and of the Royal Proclamation calling on magistrates to enforce it. The Govern. ment has, therefore, proceeded to the arrest of various individuals, who have taken forward part in these illegal transactions, and they have been held to bail, with the view of being brought te trial under the act which prohibits such elections or delegations. The affair will, of course, go before a jury; ct is insufficient to its object, Parliament will probably adopt some new and more efficacious provisions. In consequence of these occurrences, Ireland, it is to be feared, is in a somewhat severish state. It would obviously, however, be most dangerous to permit a Catholic Convention to beeppointed, and to hold its sittings in Dublin; and we cannot but think the Government justified
in availing themselves of the powers whichu
law has given them to prevent so undesir-tie
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of the Blue cos.
E- Ex- * No. 117.] SEPTEMBER, 1811. [No. 9. Vol. X. RELIGIOUS COMMUNICATIONS. . . . .
For the Christian Observer.
SoMe Accou Not of . The Life AND chart Acter of The Rev. GeoRGE hehnett,
(Concluded from p. 474)
HE account of Mr. Herbert, in the last number, was brought down to the day of his induction into the living of Bemerton. On the same evening, he observed to a friend, “I now look back on my aspiring thoughts, and think myself more happy than if I had attained what I so ambitiously thirsted after, I can now view, the court with an impartial eye, and see that it is made up of fraud and fallacy, and such empty, imaginary, painted pleasures, as do not satisfy when they are enjoyed: but in God, and his service, is a fulness of all joy and pleasure, and no satiety.” He added, that he should use all his endeavours to bring every one connected with him to a love and reliance on God; and above all, that he should study to live well himself,
a holy life being the most power
ful eloquence a clergyman can employ to persuade others to love and reverence God; trusting that God, by his grace, would give him “ghostly strength,” to bring his desires and resolutions to good effect; and that thus his example might win others to give glory to Jesus his Master. “His will l will always observe, and obey, and do; and always call him Jesus my Master; and I will always contemn my birth, or any title or dignity that can be conferred upon me, when I shall compare them with my title of being a priest, and serving at the altar of Jesus my Master.” CHR1st. Observ. No. 1 17.
To his wife, he said, “You are now a minister's wife, and must now so far forget, your father's house as not to claim a precedence of any of your parishioners; for you are to know, that a priest’s wife can challenge no precedence nor place, but that which she purchases by her humility.” She assured him, that this “ was no vexing news to her, and that he should see her observe it with a cheerful willingness.” Having repaired the chancel, and, at his own cost, nearly re-built the parsonage house, which had been rmitted to fall into decay, he xed himself, at Bemerton. His first sermon was from these words, “Keep thy heart with all diligence;” and in it he gave his parishioners many excellent rules for maintaining a good conscience both towards God and man. The texts of all his future sermons (which were not many, as he died in three or four years after his induction were taken from the Gospel for the day; and he not only always explained the collect of the day, and shewed its connection with the Gospel or Epistle that had been read,but took occasion to state the grounds
of every other part of the Liturgy.
that so it might appear to be what it really is, a reasonable, and therefore an acceptable service. I will give one or two examples of his method of proceeding in this respect.
* As for the hymns and lauds appointed to be daily repeated or sung after the first and second lessons are read, he informed them that it was most reasonable, after they had heard the will and goodness of God declared, to rise up and express their gratitude to God for
these his mercies to them, and to all mankind, and to say with the blessed Virgin, “Our souls do magnify the Lord, and our spirits have re
techising every Sunday in the afternoon. The catechising took place after the second lesson, and from the pulpit, and never exceeded half
joiced in God our Saviour.” And that , an hour: and he was always happy
it was no less their duty to rejoice with Simeon in his song, and say with him, for our eyes have seen 'thy salvation;’ that salvation which was but prophesied of till his time "And as he broke out into expressions of joy in seeing it, so ought we, who daily see it, daily to rejoice and offer up our sacrifices of praise to God for
for we have seen.
in having, on these occasions, a full and an attentive congregation. Mr. Herbert's constant practice
this mercy; a service which is now congregation, he not only brought the constant employment of that his own household, but most of his
blessed Virgin, and Simeon, and all those blessed saints that are pos
sessed of heaven.” "
parishioners, and many gentlemen of the neighbourhood, to adopt the same practice, and regularly to
“He informed them also, when unite with him in these exercises. . . it was that the priest did pray only Nay, even the lower classes in his
for the congregation. as " The Lord be with you; and they for him— "And with thy spirit; and then they join together in the following collects. And he assured them, that when there is mutual love, and joint prayers thus offered up for each other, then the holy angels look down from heaven, and are ready to carry such charitable desires to God; and that he is ready to receive them; and that a Christian congregation calling thus upon God, with one heart, and one voice, and in one reverend and humble posture, look as beautifully as Jerusalem that is at peace with itself. He instructed them also, why the prayer of our Lord was prayed often in every full service of the church, namely, at the conclusion of the several parts of that service; not only because it was composed, and commanded by our Jesus that made it, but as a perfect pattern for our less perfect forms of prayer, and therefore fittest to sum up and conclude all our imperfect petitions *.” Mr. Herbert was constant in ca
* Dr. Wordsworth has a note on this pas*age, which contains some curious information.--Latimer, in his sermons, gives, as his reason for the frequent use of the Lord's
arish, so loved and revered him,
hat they would set their plough rest, when Mr. Herbert's saints bel? rung to prayers, that they might offer their devotions to God with him, and carry back his blessing with them to their labour: so powerful was his example in persuad
Prayer, the great ignorance of the people“Therefore, that all that cannot saw it mov learn, I use before the sermon and atteries, it. Wherefore, now I beseech you, let as say it together: Our Father, &c." Calvia always concluded his prayer before or after sermon, with repeating not only the Lord's Prayer, but the Creed, conceiving it right. as Beza tells us, to have these often in the ears of the people. “ It is no wonder you are thonght a legal preacher." (says Mr. Clark in a letter to Dr. Dod. dridge) “when you have the Ten Commandments painted on the walls of your chapel; besides you have a clerk, it seems, so inpertinent as to say Amen with an audible voice. O that such a ray of Popery should ever be tolerated in a congregation of Protestant Dissenters! And to conclude all,—you the minister conclude all with a form called the Lord's Prayer.”—And Mr. Clark proceed. to relate, that two members of a congregation which wished to have Dr. Doddridge for its minister, having gone over to his chapel to hear him preach, were so disappoisted and offended by all this, that they thrught it needless to say any thing to him of the purpose of their visit.