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pressed into the few days which gave a royal chancellor to one of our universities, it was thought expedient by, at least, two reverend gentlemen to vary and assist the
entertainment by the exhibition' of a kind of auto da fé of the
Calvinists; and if it were the intention of the appointed preachers to stimulate the heretics to a recantation, and thus preserve them from their fate, it was certainly not in a way of conciliation. But whatever were the state and feelings of those , unhappy men, we really consider them as an object of envy, compared with those of their triumphant and merciless accusers; and hardly a more sensible mortification could have been inflicted upon us, than, with the Right Reverend author of the Refutation, to be condemned, in such an assembly, to hear our own panegyric from such mouths, and for such a service". We shall just observe, that we have this evidence of not being deceived in our estimate of the unfairness of the present publication, that we can at once perceive the fairness of another prelate of the same views, and writing on the same subject; we mean Bishop Burnet, in his ExPosition of the XVIIth Article. We conclude with an extract, which appears to us peculiarly perti. nent and impressive, from the author of a Collection of Prayers, known and approved by all, the Rev. Benjamin Jenks. In the small volume which has been quoted by us already, on “Submission to the Righteousness of God,” in the address to the reader, pp. xii. xiii., ed. 1803, that holy man writes“I must confess, that when I first set out for a preacher, I did appear (after the then mode of a prevailing party) a stickler for Pelagius: and * We trust that one, if not both the sermons delivered on this occasion, will be published, with a preface and notes by Dr. Parr, if not better employed.
what I wanted in skill, I made up in bitter zeal against all that asserted and advanced the faith, which
then I was for running down, and
that, not only as empty of truth, but full of absurdity. Ånd though I saw Scriptures, and articles, and homilies, all standing in my way ; yet, being newly come from the fountain of learning, and observing which way the stream ran there, and under what extreme odium was every thing that appeared Calvinistical, (though never so much the
express doctrine of the Church of England); and knowing what great names I then had to credit and
strengthen my cause; and proud also of some arguments, wherewith I thought myself able to defend it: thus I drove on for a while, in my new province, till it pleased the
gracious God, (who knew what need I had to be humbled), in the Inidst of perfect health, and all the favour of men, and prosperity of the
world, to throw me down under great and sore troubles of mind, and doubting of my state, and dread of his wrath : where for a long time I lay, refusing to be comforted; yet all that time, not intermitting the work of my place, but was rather more concerned and sedulous in it, and (I thought) more assisted and
fitted for it, than ever before. And
in that school of sharp discipline
did I learn of my heavenly teacher the doctrine of faith, which ever since I have made conscience to
maintain with all my strength.
And as I dare not (upon any temp
tation whatsoever) offer to oppose it myself; so it touches me in the
most sensible part, to hear any contempt signified against it by others; for there I take the old man to be up,
se defendendo, and I cannot but look
upon the Pelagian sentiment (in the
point I oppose) as the very dictate of corrupt nature, and every unconverted man more or less to be leavened with it.”
* The Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, and List of New Publications, are deferred for want of room.
In our last number, we inserted an abstract of the Seventh Report of this Society. We now proceed to lay before our readers some interesting extracts from the Appendix to that Report. Our first set of extracts will have respect to America, and will shew the good effects produced in that country by the example and aid of the British and Foreign Bible Society. The address of the New Jersey Bible Society distinctly recognizes that institution as having given the first impetus to TransAtlanic zeal. “To many in this country it is well known, that, some years since, there was established a society in London, styled "The British and Foreign Bible Society.' That society embraces, and, from its origin, has been, and still is, generously countenanced by men of different religious denominations, and of the first rank and fortune in that kingdom. “The history of the exertions and success of that Society, and a deep conviction of the importance of such an institution in this country, prompted numbers of the pious and benevolent of various religious denominations in the city of Philadelphia; so that, within the last year, a Bible Society has been established in that city, for the purpose of procuring cheapeditions of the Bible, and of the New Testament separately, and of distributing them gratis among the poorer classes of the people. “While such were the exertions making, for the best interests of the poor, near to our own borders, and such the impressions awakened in more distant parts, a number of ministers of the Gospel, with several other gentlemen, having seen the address and first Report of the Philadelphia Society, and feeling deeply anxious to co-operate in furthering so important and benevolent a design, issued proposals for forming a Bible Society in this state, to act in concert with that of Philadelphia, and to be styled “The New Jersey Bible Society.” “The objects which this Society have in view correspond entirely with those of the Society in Philadelphia. They wish it may be said, and it shall be their endeavour that it may be truly said, not only that, “To the poor the Gospel is preached; but that
the Holy Scriptures are put into the hands of every poor family throughout the state, in which there is a single person capable of reading them. Should public benevolence put it in their power to diffuse more extensively the precious benefit, it is their earnest wish to co-operate with other similar institutions in meeting the calls for the word of God from more distant parts.” The Committee of the Charleston Bible Society observe, “It is about six years since the attention of the Christian world was first summoned to those novel, important, and interesting institutions, called Bible Societies.—In the year 1804, a number of Christians of dif. ferent denominations and classes, associated themselves together in England, and formed a Society, which they called “The British and Foreign Bible Society. Its object was as its name imports, to promote a general diffusion of the Scriptures. “The timid friends of this Society thought they saw in the catholic spirit which it breathed the seed of its destruction, and the enemies of the Christian faith were reody to declare that it could not survive its hifancy. Experience has shewn that these fears, and these hopes, were unfounded The Society has, in the increase of its members and usefulness, outstripped the exo pectations of its most sanguine friends. The seed which piety and benevolence scoed has grown a vigorous tree; and under thro culture, nurtured by candour and real, ho scattered her leaves for the healing of the nations in every quarter of the globe." In recommending their newly formed Society to the attention of their fellow-citizens, the Committee produce some arguments in its favour which are so universally appscable, that, notwithstanding all that has been written on the subject, we are tempted to quote them. “This Society is a very suitable expressics of thankfulness for the Bible; and therefore promises to call down on us and our country the choicest blessings of its Author. “It is calculated to bring back the attertion of Christians wandering aster the froers of literature, the airy speculations of science, the mysteries of art, the subderico of theology, the vagaries of entiresiasm. * the follies of superstition, to the Bible. Fo calls upon them to abandon controvernorfruitless of moral good; and to apply them
selves to deeds which more unequivocally evidence their love to God, love to man, and anxiety to arrive at that heaven which they are professedly seeking. It is calculated to increase among Christians the influence of the true spirit of their religion, a spirit of love, free as air, warm as the sun. It promuises, by promoting intercourse and cordiality between Christians of different denousinations, to produce a friendly exposition of each other's views, and thereby to weaken the prejudices cherished among them. “Some of the prejudices of the unbeliever will naturally be removed by this Suciety. It will shew him, that Christians attach not a nominal but a real value to the Sacred Writings. It will answer his sarcasm, * What do ye more than others?’ It will prove to him that Christians can live in unity; that their love to mankind, though it may not be clamorous, is real; and, what he especially affects to disbelieve, that the disferent sects of Christianity are not different religions; that they agree in acknowledging the same scriptures as the standard of faith and practice; in chemishing the same zeal for God, the same attachinent to Chiist, the same charity to man, the same disposition to do unto others as they would that others should do unto them, and the same anxiety to save their souls, and promote their etermal interests by Gospel means—for ‘a cup of cold water given in the name of a disciple shall not lose its reward; and “he that turneth many to righteousness, shall shime as the stars for ever and ever.’” The Bible Society of Maine, in New Eng. land, refer in the same manner to the astonishing success of the British and Foreign Bible Society as having awakened the zeal of Christians in all parts of America, p. 37. The Georgia Bible Society, in an oliicial communication to the British Society, thus expresses itself: “Who, except the Omniscient, can estiunate the benefits resulting from your excellent institution ? While the good that has directly flowed from it is immense, it has also been the means of exciting Christians in all parts of the world to form similar Societies, which regard it as their parent. From this distant land the blessings of thousauds, who were ready to perish, but who were enlightened by the Scriptures, distributed according to the plan first proposed by you, shall descend upon your heads; and long after we are dead, the names of the sounders and promoters of your benevolent society shall be repeated with affectionate gratitude by our descendants. “la reading your Annual Reports, our Cukust. Osseaw. No. 117.
eyes have often been filled with tears, and our souls have been lifted up with thankfulness to Him, who inspired the plan of an institution so simple, so liberal, and so benevolent; the advantages of which are so obvious, although they were so long unaccountably overlooked by the Christian world. Not contented with admiring, we resolved to imitate; and the “Georgia Bible Society’ has commenced under auspices so favourable. as to authorise us to believe, that, in a short time, there will scarcely be found a family in the state unprovided with the word of Ged. “There are two circumstances which particularly call for such an institution in Georgia. By the exertions of several denominations of Christians, an attention to religion has been excited in various parts of the state, which, a few years since, were noted only for their profligacy and immorality; and Bibles are there eagerly sought for, where lately they were despised. We wish also to extend the consolations of the Gospel to the Blacks amoug us. The attention that has been paid to their religious instruction has been richly rewarded. In every part of the state there are many of them who profess the religion of Jesus, and live in conformity with its precepts. To the different churches in this city alone, there belong no less than sirteen hundred and ninety-four communicants, who are people of colour. Many of these, it is true, reside on the adjoining plantations, but attend as often as possible on the Sabbath, and generally whenever the Lord's Supper is administered. To these no present could be more acceptable than the Gospel of Jesus.” We are also told, by the Massachusetts Bible Society, that they look “ to the British and Foreign Bible Society as the Parent Institution, and are particularly interested in its magnificent exertions.” p. 64. The New-York Bible Society speaks of itself as “an Auxiliary to the Parent Association” in Great Britain, “that unrivalled institution, which contemplates the universal diffusion of the Holy Scriptures, until there shall be no speech nor language where their voice is not heard." p. 85. It is impossible to read these extracts, and to consider at the same time the hostile position in which Great Britain; and America unhappily stood for a long time to each other, as well as the jarring and discordant temper of the two Governmeuts at the present moment, without sighing for the wider prevalence of those benign principles and feelings which have given birth to such an affecting co operation in the great work of enlightening the * Who can tell what effect 4.
the formation of these very societies in America may have had in abating the violence of national animosity, and calming the angry passions of men; and that, dark and lowering as is the political sky in this quarter, it may not have been prevented from bursting in showers of blood by the silent but powerful influence of such associations 2 Before we quit the Western Continent, we must advert to the lèeports of some of the -American societies. The Committee of the Philadelphia Bible Society report, that, - “Since the last meeting of the Society there have been distributed 1514 English Bibles, 387 English New Testaments, 54 German Bibles, 196 German New Testaments, 45 French New Testaments, 1 Welsh Iłible, and 1 Gaelic Bible. “Fifty onglish Bibles, and fifty English , New Testaments, were taken out to the Island of St. Croix by Mr. Francis Markoe, one of the managers. These he distributed partly in person; and on leaving the island, committed the remainder to the Minister of the Episcopal church, to the Society of the Unitas Fratrum, and to some other friends, who were kind enough to co-operate with this society in carrying the light of the Scriptures into the abodes of darkness. The *ttention which the society had paid to the necessities of these islanders, excited strong emotions of surprise and gratitude among them, and called forth a spirit of liberality in favour of our institution. General Harcourt, Lieutenant-Governor of the island, became a member of this society, by a life subscription of fifty dollars; Dr. Edward Stephens, by a life subscription of fifty dollars; Mr. Peter Markoe, by a life subscription of fifty dollars; Mr. Isaac Dubois, Coklector of the Customs, by a life subscription of sixty-four dollars; Mr. John Brown, by a donation of six do lars, and the usual annual subscription of two dollars. There is reason to hope that the Bibles sent to this island will unaterially assist the exertions of those who are there labouring to diffuse the Gospel of the Lord our Saviour.” . The managers of the New-York Bible Society state, that “they have discovered, by the inquiries which they have instituted, that great numbers in the city, and in the frontier settlements, are destitute of Bibles.” “These wants have been in part relieved by the distribution of near two thousand copies of the sacred volume. The Managers have not, however, confined the bounty of the Society within the limits of the state of New-York. They have cast it upon the ocean, by donations of Bibles to mariners. They have extended it to the western limits of this continent, by sending Bibles to a
settlement forming at the mouth of Columbia River; and to the East Indies, by a donation of a thousand dollars, to aid in the translation of the Bible into the several languages of Asia.”
(To be continued.)
MIssion soci Fry Te Ayr IcA & Fis E. EA six(Continued from p. 530.) The Committee next advert to New Zealand. The settlers, Wm. Hall and his wife, and John King, intended for this place, arrived with the Rev. Samuel Marsdeu at Port Jackson on the 27th of February, 1810. Mr. Marsden, in a letter dated May 3, 1810, informs the society : “On our arrival at Port Jackson, I found the merchants here had formed a deternination to make a settlement at New Zealand, in order to procure hemp, &c. which that island produces. The people were appointed, who were to form the settlement; and every other necessary preparation made, and the ship ready to sail under the sanction of the government: when, at the moment, a vessel arrived from New Zealand, bringing information that a ship called the Boyd, which had sailed from Port Jackson for timber to carry to India, had been burnt by the natives, and the ship's crew murdered, with the exception of eight persons. This was very alarming news; and deterred, for the present, the merchants from their intention of forming a settlement on New Zealand. “Duaterra is much distressed for what has happened at New Zealand. I believe it will be found that we have treated the New Zealanders with the greatest injustice. It is much to be lamented that Englishmen should be such savages as they often are, when among poor heathens, whom they imagiue they have in their power. “ No doubt but various reports will be spread in England against the New Zealanders—but it should be remembered, that they have none to tell their story, or to represent the injuries which they have suffered from European cruelty. “ In consequence of what has taken place, your settlers, William Hall, his wife, and John King, will remain here at present. Duaterra is very much attached to the missionaries—he promises to go over to New Zealand and see what state his country is in, and to return again for them to Port Jackson; and to bring six of his own people with him to live with me, to learn our trades. It will be of great service to the missionaries to remain here for some time, as they will acquire much knowledge which may be of use to them hereafter. As the nuissionaries will be very little expense, if any, to the so
ciety while they remain at this place, it will be better for them to continue where they are, till a good understanding is established again between us and the New Zealanders. In the mean time they will find no difficulty in labouring for their support in this settlement. They will also benefit this colony by their Christian lives and conversation while they remain, though not actually engaged in the work of the mission. “ I believe that the heathen nations around us will be enlightened from this colony, and the glory of the Lord will shine upon those, who are now sitting in darkness and in the shadow of death.” In a subsequent letter, Mr. Marsden resumes the subject. “This morning a person called upon me, who had just returned from New Zealand, in a vessel called the Brothers, belonging to this port. The New Zealauders behaved to them in the kindest manner, and supplied the vessel with every necessary in their power. They gave them a bag of potatoes for a single nail, and afforded them every assistance. Ten of the sailors belonging to the Brothers took one of the boats and went on shore—and began to destroy the growing crop of potatoes. The natives remonstrated with them; when the sailors murdered one of the native muen in the most barbarous manner, and behaved with the greatest cruelty to many of the others. Notwithstanding this act of wanton crucity, the antives did no injury to the vessel or any of the sailors; but were satisfied with the captain assuring them, that he would complain to our Governor, and have them punished. “I believe the loss of the Boyd, and the murder of her crew, were in retaliation for acts of cruelty and fraud, which had previously been committed by some Europeans. The acts of fraud and cruelty committed at New Zealand by Europeans are undoubtedly very great". “I do not think it prudent for the Missionaries to proceed at present. Duaterra is making great progress both in knowledge and agriculture—he works every day at one kind of labour or another, and will now do as much work in a given time as most men in the colony, and as well. I intend that he shall get a perfect knowledge of the culture and management of flax, as well as of different grain, vegetables, and pulse. He assures me, that, on his return to New Zealand, he will begin to cultivate his lands as we do, and will send over some of his people
* Is not this a subject for the criminal judicature of the country : Ought not the Solicitor of the Admiralty to inquire into it
for instruction, to live with me. He is very anxious for Mr. King to go with him, to make a Sunduy, and to instruct his people—I be-, lieve something will be dome for these poor heathens, as soon as the vices of our own people will allow it. “I have three New Zealanders now living with me, two of whom are sons of chiefs. One of them was at New Zealand when the affair of the Boyd took place. The captain of the Boyd, according to this man's statement, took four New Zealanders from Port Jackson; one of whom was the son of a chief of that part of the island to which, the Boyd went for spars. He states, that the captain flogged all the four New Zealanders, on the passage from Port Jackson. When they arrived, the son of the chief complained to his father of the cruelties that had been exercised on him and his companions. The old chief, and one of his sous, named Tipphoollee, determined immediately on revenging the injuries that had been done to his son and subjects, by taking the ship and murdering all the crew: which they effected. -“Our friend Tippahee was no way concerned in this business, from the best accounts we can obtain. The Boyd did not put in at any part of his dominions. He happened to arrive with a cargo of fish, (which he owed to the chief of that part where the Boyd was taken) just at the time that the business had taken place. Five men had run up into the rigging, to save themselves. Tippahee called them down, and told them to come into his canoe and he would save them: the sailors got into his canoe : Tippahee carried them immediately on shore, but was followed by the euraged party, overpowered, and all the men murdered. Tippahee did all he could to save our countrymen; but was afterwards shot through the neck, and many of his subjects killed by parties landed from the whalers, and the whole of his island on which his houses stood destroyed. He is since dead. His son, who was in England at the time I was in London, died from disease niue days previous to the arrival of the Boyd. “It is generally believed here, that the whole that has happened to the Boyd has been owing to the conduct of the Europeans themselves. I have conversed with many who have been at New Zealand, some before and some since the affair of the Boyd; but they all concur in one opinion, that we are the aggressors. I am still persuaded that Divine Goodness has some gra. cious intentions toward this noble race of human beings. “I have o; two acres of flax, which 4 I 2