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are now growing: as soon as this is ready, it is uny intention to set John King to teach the New Zealanders how to spin line and make rope, as this will apply to their immediate wants. Port Jackson will be the pror place to begin the instruction of these people, both in religion, morals, arts, and commerce. They are very attentive, sober, and willing to learn all they can. I shall be happy to have a school formed for them in this place, where they may be taught every thing that may be of use to them, in their present state: I mean the simple mechanics, agiculture, and the knowledge of the Scriptures. “ Nothing can be effectually done with the natives of the South-Sea Islands, with. out the means of keeping up a constant communication with them from Port Jackson. The missionaries can neither be safe nor comfortable, without this. A communication cannot be maintained without a ship. One vessel, of about one hundred and fifty, or two hundred tons, would visit alt the islatias in these seas, be a protection to the missionaries, and bring such natives to and from Port Jackson, as may from time to time wish to go in her. The produce of the islands, brought to Port Jackson and sold, would pay all expenses. If I had the means within my own power, I would not hesitate one monent on this plan. It is what I have recommended for the last ten years. I wish some of the merchants in London would undertake to fit out a vessel for this service; not on the account of any public society, but on their own private account. This would be doing more toward promoting the instruction of the natives in these seas, than can be otherwise effected by all the money which they may throw into any public purse. We will readily, in this colony, second any plan of this nature, so far as our exertions and means will extend. I can answer for myself and friends here to the amount of fifteen hundred pounds. The missionaries would then be safe in the islands. A liere would be sounething to call forth their industry, and that of the natives: viz. the collecting the natural productions of the islands, and sending them to market. They would be able to supply all their own"wants, independently of the societies to which they belonged. The most friendly intercourse would be kept up between Port Jackson and all the natives of the different islands. The SouthSea whalers would also be safe, when they wanted supplies from New Zealand." The missionaries Wilhelm and Klein continued under the care of Mr. Scott till the inning of September, when they came to
town, in order to acquire some knowledge of the art of printing, and of the new systern of education, preparatory to their sailing for the Rio Pongas. These two missionaries have advanted considerably in the knowledge of the English and Arabic languages. It is the intention of the Committee to print Arabic tracts, and circulate them in Africa. When they go, they will carry out with them a printing press, and a font of Reinan letter. Mr. Thomas Norton still eontinues to prosecute his studies, under the eare of Mr. Scott. Another student, Mr. William Greenwood, has been received by the society, and placed in the seminary. The Committee urge on the clergy a habitual regard to the subject of missions in their ministrations. They would not only assist the funds of the society, by this means, in the most easy and effectual manuer; but they would kindle, with the Divine blessing. a spirit of Christian sympathy and kind regard to the wants of the perishing heathen. which would have a most important influence on the spiritual interests of their own congregations. While, therefore, they return their eordial thanks to those clergymen who have assisted the funds of the society by occasional collections at their churches, they cannot but feel under peculiar obligations to those who have annually called the attention of their congregations to the important subject of the propagation of the Gospel throughout the world. Tile atmount of collections made on such annual occasions may sometimes appear small, compared with less frequent collections at some other places: but such annual collections are in the highest degree useful, not only in a pecuniary view, but as exciting in ministers, and communicating to their hearers, a warrn interest in the conversion of the heathen world. Yr Art I.Y. Mirrori Ne or trit qtrak Ents. The annual meeting of this body took place in May. The Epistle to the Friends in Great Britain, Ireland, and elsewhere, contains much wholesome counsel, which all classes of Christians inay beneficially apply to themselves. In addressing the young, they observe: “It is a signal favour that in various places there are continually fresh proofs of the prevalence of the love of Christ operating on the mind, and producing its genuine and blessed effect of consormity to his likeness. Humility, it is true, and self-denial, must form a part of this likemess; but so doth, also, the real and fruitful love of God, and of our neighbour: and “if we have been planted together in the
likeness of his death, we shall also in the likeness of his resurrection.' Bend, therefore, we beseech you, early—bend in good earnest and cheerfully, under the forming hand of the Lord. “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, yea, the soundation of true knowledge. There is danger in seeking knowledge independently of this; for so, as saith the apostle, “knowledge puffeth up.' But this true knowledge is life eternal, “This,' said our blessed Lord, ‘is life eternal, that they might know thee, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom thou hast sent.' O, the favour, the honour, and the eternal blessed effect, of being taught of the Lord!" Those who are advanced in life, they beseech to pause and ponder the path of their feet. “Is your salvation nearer now than when you believed f" “Fruits of increasing love to God are manifested in a variety of ways; and prebably uot in any one more, clearly, or more acceptably to Hin, than by tokens of regard for the plants of his hand, the youth of his church. It is remarkable, that when our Lord thrice put the question to his zealous disciple, Peter, ‘Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me?' the only consequent injunction was, ‘Feed my lambsfeed my sheep." There are various ways, too, in which this may be effected: by precept, by sympathy, by assistance in their spiritual difficulties; but above all, by steady, uniform, circumspect example. And this, deat friends, you know, canuot be afforded to them, unless you experience fresh supplies of spiritual strength to persevere yourselves in dedication, faithfulness, and the fear of the Lord.” “Many are the duties,” they add, “ineumbent on the followers of Christ, and all require the support of his presence for their due performanve. “Without me,’ they are his own words, “ ye can do nothing’ We feel inclined at this time, ere we close the present salutation of our love, to remind you of that indispensable duty, the acknowledgment of our dependence on his power, by duly assembling at the season appointed for waiting on and worshipping God. Defieiencies, indeed, in this respect do not in the general appear to increase; and we are aware that we often renew our tender exhortation on this subject. Once more, dear friends, let the exhortation go forth. Consider the motives of deficiency, such of you as may be conscious of it, If, as the apostle has declared, the presenting of your bodies be a “reasonable service,' we beseech you to examine into the cause that it is too often intermitted. Is it not, that, in a greater or lesser degree, you may still be “eonformed to this world?" But recollect; this conformity will
still prevent the Christian professor from being transformed by the renewing of the mind; and from proving (as who at the solemn approaching close will not rejoice te have proved ’) “what is the good, and acceptable, and perfect will of God.” We could not help smiling, amidst all this seriousness, to read the following sentence. “The sufferings, reported this year, amountin all to about 12,700l. Ecclesiastical demands form the bulk, and military ones a considerable part.” The payment of tithes, &c. they call sufferings. If so, they are sufferings sell-induced. For why do they buy property which they know to be subject to tithes? Since with their eyes open they have made the purchase, and have had an abatement of the price in consideration of these very tithes, if we did not know the power of prejudice, we should say it was hardly fair or honest to refuse, and even resist, the payment. The demand of tithes, under such eireumstances, is as much the demand of a debt justly due, as a baker's or a bateher's bill would be, JAMAICA, We have had frequent occasion to advert to the persecuting spirit which animates the legislature of this island. A fresh instance was given of it in their last session. Our readers have doubtless heard much of the disputes existing in this islaud, between the Governor and the Assembly. They may not know, however, that these had their origin in an instruction of his Majesty in Council to the Governor, to pass no law which should affect religion, without a clause sus. peuding its operation until his Majesty's pleasure should be known. The Assembly were resolved to submit to no such restric. tion; and they refused to proceed to the granting of supplies, or to any other public business, until the Governor had assented to a bill, restraining the liberty of religious worship, without any such clause as had been prescribed by his Majesty. It still remains for the Governor to explain how it was, that, in the face of a distinct command from his Majesty, he should have given his assent to such an act. The act was passed in last November, and is entitled, “An act to prevent preaching and teaching by persons not duly qualified, and to restrain meetings of a dangerous nature, on pretence of attending such preaching and teaching.” We will give the substance of it. “Whereas it is expedient that some precaution should be taken in permitting persons to preach the Gospel to assemblies of people of colour and negroes; for the purpose of excluding from the exercise of such sacred functions all ignorant and ill-Hesign
ing persons, who, under the pretence of preaching the Gospel, may disseminate principles subversive of the peace and good order
of society".” I. It is hereby enacted, That from and after the passing of this act no person shall preach or teach in or to any meeting or assembly of persons of colour or negroes, unless he shall first qualify himself for that purpose in the supreme court, by taking the oaths of allegiance and supremacy, and by making and subscribing the declaration against popery, &c. and be registered accordingly. II. That no person shall be admitted to take the said oaths, &c. for the above purpose, who shall not appear to the judges of the said court to be a fit and proper person to perform the office of preacher or teacher at a meeting or assembly of persons of colour or negroest. III. That no assembly of persons of colour or negroes, for the purpose of preaching or teaching, shall be holden in any house, or at any place within the said island, but such only as shall be notified to the supreme court, as intended to be used and resorted to for that purpose, and registered accordingly. IV. That every person intending to make application to qualify as aforesaid, shall give notice of such intention in the newspapers of the island, for four successive weeks previous to the meeting of the court; and also that every person intending to give to the supreme court a notification of a house or place meant to be used for preaching and teaching, shall give a like notice of such intention. V. That if any person shall be found preaching or teaching in any meeting or assembly composed wholly or chiefly of persons of colour or negroes, without being qualified, as aforesaid, or if any person so qualified shall be found preaching or teaching in any house or at any place not so notified, &c, such person being of free condition, shall, upon being convicted before two or more justices of the peace of the parish where the offence shall have been committed, forfeit for the first offence the sum of fifty pounds, to be levied by warrant of distress; and is the party convicted should be a stranger, or itinerant person, or shall not have sufficient chattels within the said parish, it shall and may be lawful for the magistrates to enforce payment, by committing
* It is not alleged that any evil actually exists requiring such a remedy as the present. * The obvious effect of this clause will be, Pat no one will be admitted to qualisy.
the offender to the common gaol, there to remain for three months, without bail or mainprize, unless he shall sooner pay the said fifty pounds; and if such person, so convicted, shall at any time again commit the like offence, and be thereof convicted, such of. fender shall, for every such subsequent of fence, incur the penalty of one hundred pounds, to be levied as aforesaid; and on default of sufficient goods, it shall be lawful to commit the party to the common gaol, there to remain without bail or mainprize, for the space of six months, unless he shall sooner pay the penalty VI. That no assembly of persons of colour or negroes, for the purpose of preach. ing or teaching, shall be holden before sunrise, or after sun-set", under the penalty of fifty pounds on every preacher or teacher who shall be present at such meeting, and of ten pounds on every other person whomsoever, attending such meeting, to be levied on conviction before two or more magistrates, by warrant of distress; and if there shall not be goods sufficient, then it shall be lawful to commit the offenders to the common gaol, there to remain without bad or mainprize, if a preacher or teacher, for the space of three months, and if a person attending, for the space of one month, unless the said penalty shall be sooner paid VII. “That the doors of cwery house or place used for preaching or teaching shall be open during such preaching and teaching, and all magistrates, and other persons whomsoever, shall have free ingress and egress; and if any obstruction shall be given to them, or is such preaching shall take place before sunrise or after sun-set; on the same being proved before two magistrates, the certificate granted in respect of such house shall be null and void, and every assembly held in such place, after such proof, shall be unlawful, and the preacher or teacher, or persona attending, shall incur the same penalties as if no certificate had been granted. VIII. That is, on complaint made to the supreme court, and after hearing the parties, and examination of witnesses on oath, on both sides, it shall appear that any person so quelified as asoresaid is a person not fit or proper to perform the functions of a preacher or teacher in such assemblies, or that such person has misconducted himself, or has attempted to disseminate principies subversive of good order, then it shall be lawful for the judges
* This, which may seem a harmless regelation, does in fact exclude all the slavra. from the benefit of religious instruction, ercept on Sundays; as they are always at work between sun-rise and sun-set.
of the said court to declare the qualification of such teacher to be from that time null and void : or if it shall be made appear to such court that any house, registered as aforesaid, is improper for such assembly, or has been used for the purpose of teaching principles subversive of good order, it shall be lawful to declare such registry to be null and void. - IX. That in all cases where the supreme court shall refuse to admit any person to qualify himself for preaching or teaching, or shall refuse to register any house for such meeting, or shall declare null and void any such qualification, or any such registry, it shall be lawful for the party grieved to appeal to the governor and council, who, upon hearing the parties and examination of witmesses on both sides upon oath, in a summary way, shall make such order therein as to them shall seem proper, which order shall be final. X. That on hearing such appeal, the governor and council shall make such order in respect of costs as to them shall seem meet: provided, that in all cases where the decision of the supreme court shall be affirmed, the party who appealed shall pay to the respondent all his costs. XI. That every person who shall attend a meeting for preaching or teaching, in any house not registered, or shall be present at any meeting, whether in a house so registered or otherwise, where a person not quaified shall preach or teach, every such per
son, if of free condition, shall, on being convicted of the said offence before two or more magistrates or justices of the peace, forfeit for the first offence the sum of five pounds, to be levied by warrant of distress; or if there be not sufficient goods, be commit. ted to the common gaol, there to renain, without bail or mainprize, for two months, unless the fine shall be sooner paid; and for every subsequent offence, the offender shall forfeit the sum of ten pounds, to be levied as aloresaid, or shall be committed to the common gaol, there to remain for six months, uuless the fine shall be sooner paid : And if such offender shall be a slave, he or she shall, on conviction before any one or more justice or justices of the peace, be sentenced to receive a public flogging not exceeding thirty-nine lashes; and, for every subsequent offence, shall be committed to hard labour in any workhouse for any space not exceed. ing three months, aud may also be punished with a public flogging not exceeding thirtymine lashes. XII. This act is to continue in force from the 31st of December 1810, until the 31st of December 1811, and no longer".
* Even this circumstance, which seems a trivial one, is most artfully contrived to elude the effects of the King's disallowance of the law. For by the time the disallowance is notified, the law will have expired, and a fresh law will have been enacted.
== VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
The field of politics has of late been unusually barren of incidents. The army of Lord Welliugton, which has received considerable reinforcements, has been again drawn to the northward. His lordship's headquarters were fixed, by the last accounts, dated 31st August, at Fuente Guinaldo, not far from Ciudad Rodrigo, which place he had completely blockaded, with a view, it is said, to induce Marinont to attempt its relief. The French at the same time were in force at Coria, which lies between Alcantara and Placentia. This movement of Lord Wellington is supposed to have had it in view to favour the efforts of the Spaniards in Gallicia and the Asturias, in which quarter they are said to have collected a considerable force. The communication between the British army and Corunna is now open.
On the eastern side of the Peninsula, the fall of Figueras has set at liberty a cousi
derable French force, which will doubtless be actively employed in pursuing the advantages that have been obtained in that quarter. The garrison made a desperate resist-" ance, and it was not till their provisions had been wholly consumed that they thought of abandoming the fortress. They gallantly attempted to cut their way through the French lines; but their design had been betrayed to the enemy, who were accordingly prepared to receive them. After a brave but ineffectual conflict, in which numbers were slaughtered, the remainder were forced to surrender prisoners of war. A Spanish force under General Freyre, a part of the army of Blake, has sustained a defeat at Bacza (between Andujar and Ubeda), and has retreated on Murcia. Bonaparte has of late beca directing his attention to the sea-coast in our immediate vicinity. In the flotilla of Boulogne an unusual degree of activity has of late been observed, and a large naval force.
amounting to about fifteen sail of the line, besides frigates, is now ready for sea in the Scheldt. The mouth of the Scheldt is well watched by a suitable British force. The American Congress has been summoned to meet on the 4th November. The news
papers of that country are filled with the most acrimonious remarks on Mr. Foster, out envoy, who could as yet have done nothing to call forth such violence. We mention it as indicating an unfavourable state of the public mind in that country.
There has been no variation, in the course of the present month, in the accounts of the King's health. We were happy to observe, however, that his Majesty's mind was at times sufficiently calm to engage in religious services; and that one of his chaplains frequently attended for the purpose of reading to him and praying with him. Capt. Bouichier, of the Hawke sloop of war, attacked, uear St. Marcou, a convoy of French vessels consisting of three armed brigs, too luggers, and a number of other vessels. He captured one of the brigs pierced for 16 guns, and three vessels laden with timber, and drove on shore another of the brigs, the two luggers, and 12 sail of other vessels: a brig and nine vessels escaped. Two of our frigates, the Diana, Captain Ferris, and the Semiralnis, Captain Richardson, entered the river Gironde on the 24th of August, where they succeeded so well in passing themselves for Frenchmen, that the Captain of the Port came on board to offer his assistance, and was detained. The effect of this manoeuvre was, that, with only three men wounded, a French national brig of 16 guns and 136 men was burnt, and two
others of smaller force, and five or six loaded .
vessels, were taken. The embarrassment of the Freuch officers cominanding in the Gironde, in communicating this affair to the Emperor, is rather amusing. An affair of a still more gratifying kind has occurred at Boulogne, while Bonaparte himself was present as a spectator. The Naiad frigate, Captain Carteret, having under his
orders three brigs and a cutter, was attacked, on the 21st instant, by seven praams, each carrying twelve 24 pounders and 120 men, and 15 other vessels. The state of the tide prevented Captain Carteret from closing with then on that day. On the next day he sc manoeuvred as to get within pistol-shot of the flotilla. Our ships then opened their fire, which at once threw the enemy into inextricable confusion. The French Admiral's praam was nearly taken, but escaped under the batteries. Another praam, however, commanded by a Commodore of Division. was ran on board by the Naiad, and taken, after a gallant resistance. More would have been taken, but for their proximity to far. midable batteries, under which they were speedily driven. Bonaparte was seen rowing about in a barge during the action.
Our cruisers in the Mediterranean have, as usual, been actively employed. Off Naples, a convoy of 12 gun-boats, to merchantmen, and 36 largo spars, was captured by two of our ships—the Thames, Captain Napier; and the Cephalus, Capt. Cliffordalthough defended by a lower on shore. The marines were landed, and the tower taken, with an officer and 80 men. The whole was effected, and the captured property brought away, in about two hours, with only three or four men wounded.—Several other captures have been made of lessileportance.
The account given in our last number, of the capture of a French frigate by a British sloop of war, on the coast of America, is without soundation.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
1N reviewing Dr. Bidlake's Bampton Lectures, in our last Number, we remarked (p. 512) that we had not before become acquainted with that gentleman, either as a
writer of sermons or a writer of poems.
A Correspondent has kindly pointed out to us
a mistake in this statement, there being a review of a volume of Sermons by Dr. (then Mr.) Bidlake, in our volume for 1809, p. 390. How to account for this oversight we know not, unless we have recourse to that most humiliating but satisfactory solution of the difficulty—the failure of memory, which is incident to age.
We are obliged to C. for his remarks.
T. L.; A N G E La ; and A Dissenti No MIN 1st ER, will find a place.
John W., and B., are under consideration.
In the last Number, p. 487, col. p. 489, col.
2, l. 13, for claims, read deriver. 2; l. 31, for hears, read he was.