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wards obtaining it being “submission of the understanding to the word of God. A man must become “as a little child' in the presence of his heavenly Father, believing implicitly his declaration that a heavenly influence is necessary to change the heart, and praying earnestly for that influence. And if he be earnest in his supplication, his prayer will be heard.” A note, inserted at the end of the sermon, so nearly expresses our own sentiments on the vain and fruitless controversial janglings which have disturbed the church during the last twelve or fifteen years, that we shall give it entire, happy in the opportunity of exhibiting so full and unequivocal a confirmation of our own views, by one who has shewn himself to be a master in Israel. “It is not to be wondered at, that some Persons of liberal education should have ouch imperfect notions of Christian doctine; for they derive their divinity (if it may be called such) from the works of men, as if it were some human science, and not from the Bible. They take their system from some two or three authors known in their particular society, in favour of whom they have had an early prepossession; and merely refer to Scripture (if they ever refer to it at all) for the quotations which support their system. In this way a man may become a Papist, a Socinian, a Calvinist, or an Arminian. But in this way, he will hardly become a Christian, and “an heir of eternal life.’ Let us remember the words of our Lord on this subject; “Search the Scriptures, for in them ye have eternal life.” He who, being qualified by Providence to read, does not search the Scriptures, is not worthy of the Scriptures, and will not be likely to find out the religion which they teach. The opinions of authors of this description (whose very language shews that they have not 'searched the Scriptures') are not worthy of notice. Our Saviour has, again, cautioned us against following implicitly the opinions of men of any attainments, or calling any man master; saying, “One is your Master, even Christ. Call no man your father, upon the earth.”—Mat. xxiii. 9. To this reverence for “names upon the earth, are to be ascribed chiefly those contests about doctrines and modes of worship, in which men sometimes wear away their lives, quoting each
other, and ‘ calling many men masters.” Hence also proceeds the hatred to names of an opposite opinion. One man writes a , book to prove that he is not a Calvinist, or that his church or sect is not Calvinistic; another, that he is not an Arminian, or that his church is not Arminian; and neither of them, it may be, proves that he is a Christian. But he thinks that he has done somewhat, if he has taken his rank in the human scale;—and having assumed this, he too often slumbers quietly in his place to the end of life. Whereas he ought to have known, that one week's labour in preaching the word of life' to his flock, is more characteristic of a shepherd of the sheep, than a whole year dedicated to such volumes; in composing which, moreover, conscience too often bears witness that we are anxious and laborious architects of our own fame, and are building up ourselves, instead of the church. * “To the same source also is to be ascribed an opinion very common among superficial theologians, namely,–that every man, as well as themselves, must necessarily rank himself under some standard, and ‘call some man master;'—than which there cannot be a sentiment inore unsounded. The intelligent Christian (like Paul the apostle) acknowledges no name but that of Christ. Those ministers of Christ who are chiefly instrumental in promotiag his spiritual kingdom at this day, would be ashamed of the imputation, that they had taken their theology from any man. No: they have it “not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ."—Gal. i. 1.; and to this high extraction of their doctrine they owe their success in preaching it to the people; a success which is wondered at by some, and unaccountable by them on any principles which compose their system. “But this propensity to render the religion of Christ a human system is so general, that almost every man at this day, whose labours are useful in the church, is supposed to adhere to the tenets of some “master, and most generally, of Calvin or Arminius. Nothing can so fully prove our assertion, ‘that in this age, as in that of the apostle, many persons of liberal education know little of what is passing in the church of Christ' (which is confined to no particular communion), than such a supposition. Calvin and Arminius! Is it not an insult to men of intelligence and learning, humbly receiving the revelation of God, to suppose, that instead of drawing pure water from the fountain-head, they should drink from such shallow and turbid streams! Calvin and Armi.
nius! These might possibly have been very respectable men in their day (the former, indeed, has shewn in his works more classical learning, profound knowledge of the Scriptures, splendid eloquenee, and exalted powers of mind, than are to be found in the anited works of the principal polemical di
vines of the present day); but to compare the creed of Calvin or Arminius with the life-giving doctrine of Christ, as illustrated by his “chosen vessel" Paul the apostle, would be to compare (if things so dissimilar may be brought together) a hedge-stake to ‘Aaron's rod that budded.’” pp. 35,36.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE, &c. &c. -
In the press: Northern Antiquities, or Tracts designed to illustrate the early History, Poetry, and Romance of the Nations of the North of Europe, in royal 4to.;—Description of a new invented Instrument for illustrating on rational and scientific Principles the Structure and Theory of the Hebrew Language, by the Rev. Robert Uvedall;An Introduction to Historical, Physical, and Political Geography, in 1 vol. 8vo., by Mr. T. Myers, M.A. of the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich;-Elements of the History of Revolutionary Europe, in 1 vol. 8vo. by Mr. W. Tucker;--The Life of Lord Chancellor Somers, by Mr. Maddock;-Omniana, by R. Southey, Esq.; also an Edition in 12mo. of his Curse of Kehama;-in 3 vols. 4to. Mr. Smeaton's Reports, Estimates, &c. on Canals, Harbours, &c.;-and, A Second Edition of Observations on some important Points in Divinity, chiefly those in Controversy between the Arminians and Calvinists, extracted from an Author of the Seventeenth Century, by Ely Bates, Esq., with Remarks by the Editor.
The Life, Character, and Remains of the late Rev. Richard Cecil have been just printed in one volume; which contains the Introductory Matter to the First Volume of Cecil's Works (lately printed in 4 vols), and the whole of the fourth volume.
The Rev. Josiah Pratt has just published, in 5 vols. 8vo., the Select Works of Bishop Hall: containing the Contemplations, with his Practical and Devotional Works; being the most interesting and useful parts of his writings. The Life and Portrait of the Author accompany this edition, with Glossaries, and a copious Index to the five voHumes.
The university of Oxford is about to excite great literary interest at home and abroad, *y the publication at large of the most
interesting of the ninety-four MSS. brought by Mr. Hayter from Herculaneum, and about which he has already made a report to the Prince Regent, which has been published. The Bishop of Durham has recommended to his clergy to survey their different pa. rishes, to ascertain the number of poor inha. bitants who are destitute of Bibles. We hope that this example will be generally initated. Accounts have been received from Mr. C. R. Cockerell, at Athens, of a recent discovery in the island of Ægina, highly interesting to the arts. In excavating the earth to ascertain the Hyperthral in the ancient temple of Jupiter Panhellenius, in the pursuit of his inquiries, a great number of fragment, of Parian marble, of the most beautiful sculpture, have been raised, the parts of which nearly complete sixteen statues, between five and six feet in height, many of them in powerful action, and described as not inferior to the celebrated sculptures of the Elgin collection. It is remarkable, that, of the travellers of all nations who have wisited that celebrated temple for more thans thousand years past, no one before Mr. Cokerell should have dug three feet deep, the whole of the sculptures having been f so near the surface. To the credit of Westmoreland, no person has been executed in it since the year 1788, when Archibald Irving and Walter Grive suffered the sentence of the law for the mur der of Robert Parker, at Hackthorp; bo both the delinquents were strangers in the county; so that there have been twenty-nine maiden assizes in succession. The cause of this moral improvement ought to be asco tained. Are the clergy laborious? Arc there many schools? Knots, or knobs of the Burrknot appktree, put into the ground, will make a *: shoot, the following spring; or, knobo branches with blossom buds upon them,”
bear the same year. The burrknot appletree is uncommonly productive. It never misse bearing, not being so liable to blight in inclement seasons as other varieties. The fruit is large, its tints resembling the ribston pippin, and being about its size. For culinary uses, it is not inferior to the choicest codin, and it keeps much better. The tree is not liable to canker, owing to its not putting out a tap root, but spreading its numerous fibres from the knob horizontally, and following the soil. o x for D. The Rev. Dr. Cole, rector of Exeter College, has been appointed vice-chancellor for the ensuing year. The pro-vice-chancellors are:—the Rev. Dr. W. Landon, provost of Worcester; Rev. Dr. Parsons, master of Baliol; Rev. Dr. Griffith, master of University; and Rev. Dr. Lee, president of Trinity. c.A.M. b. It IDG E. The Rev. J. Davie has been elected master of Sydney College, in the room of Dr. Pearsoil. The Latin declamation prize at Trinity College, has this year been adjudged to Mr. Bailey. Rev. Dr. Ramsden, Deputy Regius Professor of Divinity, and Fellow of Trinity College, is elected a senior fellow of that society, in the room of the late Dr. Raine. The Rev. George Frederick Tavel, M. A. resigned the office of senior tutor of Trinity College on Michaelmas-day. He is succeeded in the office of tutor by the Rev. Thomas Young, M.A. William Robinson Gilby, William Henry Maule, Thomas Shaw Braudreth, and John Carter, Esqs. Bachelors of Arts, of Trinity College, were on Tuesday elected fellows of that society; and the Rev. Thomas Burnaby, B.A. of Trinity College, was on the same day elected a Conduct fellow. The following gentlemen compose the saput of this university — The Vice-chancellor. Divinity.—Isaac Milner, D. D. F. R. S. Queen's. Law.—Edward Daniel Clarke, LL.D. Jesus. Physic—Sir Isaac Penuington, M. D. St. John’s. Sen. Non. Reg.—Joseph Wilkinson, B.D. Corpus Christi. Sen. Regent.—Joseph Shaw, M.A. Christ College. The Rev. George D'Oyley, B.D. fellow of Corpus Christi College, was on Friday last elected Christian Advocate, in the room of the late Dr. Pearson.
NORTH AMERICA. The Cherokee nation has at length, in full council, adopted a constitution, which embraces a simple form of government. The legislative and judicial powers are vested in a general council, with less ones subordinate. In this nation there are 12,395 Indians. The females exceed the males by 200. The whites are 341, and one-third of these have Indian wives. Of negro slaves there are 583. The number of their cattle is 19,500; of horses, 6100; of hogs, 19,600; of sheep, 1037. They have now in actual use, 13 grist-inills, 3 saw-mills, 3 saltpetre-works, and 1 powder-inill. They have also 30 waggons, between 480 and 500 ploughs, 1600 spinning-wheels, 467 looms, and 49 silversmiths.
AZORES. On the 16th of June last, the crew of a
British sloop, the Sabrina, observed two tinuing to increase in size. On the 4th of July they again visited the volcano, and found it perfectly quiet. They now went on shore, and found it very steep, and its height from 200 to 300 feet. It was with difficulty they were able to reach the top of the island; which they at last effected, in a quarter where there was a gentle declivity; but the ground, or rather the ashes, composed of sulphureous matter, dross of iron, &c. was so very hot for their feet, that they were obliged to return. They, however, took possession of the island, in the name of his Britannic Majesty, and left an English union-jack
columns of white smoke arising from the
sea, off the west end of the island of St.
Michael's, one of the Azores, which for
some time they supposed to be an engage
ment, and made sail towards it; but were
prevented by the wind dying away. The smoke continued to ascend with large flames
of fire, and they then concluded it was a volcano. Next day they were close in with the island of St. Michael's, and found the volcano
situated about two miles west of that island, and still raging. On the 18th, the Sabrina went as near the volcano as she could with
safety, and found it still raging with violence, throwing up from under the water large stones, cinders, ashes, &c. accompanied with several severe concussions. About noon on the same day, they observed the mouth of the crater just showing itself above the surface of the sea, where there were formerly 40 fathoms or 240 feet of water. At three P. M. same day, it was about 30 feet above the surface of the water, and about a furlong in length. On the 19th they were within five or six miles of the volcano, and found it about 50 feet in height, and twothirds of a mile in length; still raging as before, and throwing up large quantities of stones, some of which fell a mile distant from the volcano. The smoke drew up several water-spouts, which, spreading in the air, fell in heavy rain, accompanied with vast quantities of fine black sand, which completely covered the Sabrina's decks at the distance of three or four miles. On the 20th they went on a cruise, leaving the volcano about 150 feet high, and a mile in length, still raging as formerly, and con
flying on it. The circumference is from two to three miles. In the middle is a large basin of boiling water, from which a stream runs into the sea; and at the distance of fifty yards from the island, the water, although thirty fathoms deep, is too hot to hold the hand in. In short, the whole island is a crater: the cliff on the outside appearing as walls, as steep within as they are without. The basin of boiling water is the mouth, from which the smoke, &c. issued. When the Sabrina left it, several parts of the clif continued to smoke a little; and it was the opinion that it would soon break out again.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
- Theo Lo GY. The Exaltation of the Messiah, the Basis of Consolation in Death; a Sermon, delivered at High Wycombe, Bucks. By the Rev. Jacob Snelgar. 1s. Infant Interest in Christ's Commission; a Sermon, occasioned by the Baptism of the Infant Daughter of the Rev. Jacob Snelgar. By the Rev. Corn. Miller, of High Wycombe, Bucks. 1s. Scriptural Christianity recommended: a Sermon, preached at Lynn. By T. Finch. 2s. A Word of Exhortation and Encouragement; preached at Boston. By J. Stevens. 1s. 6d. A Sermon, preached in St. Andrew's, Dublin. By the 13ev. R. Graves, D. D. 1s. 6d. A Sermon, delivered at Hoxton Chapel, on the Death of the Rev. T. Spencer. By H. F. Burder, M.A. 2s. A Sermon, preached at the Union-street Meeting-House, Brighton. By J. Styles. 1s. 6d. Christ the Author of Eternal Salvation; preached at Grantham. By the Rev. W. Butcher, M.A. 1s. A Sermon, preached at George's MeetingHouse, Exeter. By J. Kentish. 1s. A Discourse, delivered at Portsmouth, before a Society of Unitarian Christians. By T. Rees. 1s. The Ophion, or the Theology of the Serpent and the Unity of God. By J. Bellamy. 8vo. 4s. 6d. The Dedication of the Biblia Polyglotta, to King Charles the Second, by Brian Walton, folio, 7s. Reprinted from a fine original copy, just imported. Patriarchal Times; or, the Land of Canaan: in Seven Books. Comprising Interesting Events, Incidents, aud Characters, local and historical ; founded on the Holy Scriptures. By Miss O'Keeffe. 2 vols. 12no. 10s. 6d. Declaration against the Pope's Supremacy.
Wrote by his Majesty Edward VI. in the
Year 1549. Republished, and dedicated to his Majesty George III. By the Rev. John Duncan, LL.D. F.A.S. The Works of Archibald M'Lean, of Edinburgh. Volume V. Comprising a Pars. hrase and Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews. 12mo. 4s. Miscell AN Eous. Memoirs of the latter Years of the Life of the late Right Hon. C. J. Fox. By J. B. Trotter, Esq. his private Secretary. 14s. Histoire des Femmes Françoises les plus célébres, et de leur Influence sur la Litters. ture Françoise. Par Mad. de Genlis, owls. 12mo. 10s. The Life of Sir R. Whittington, Knt.for Times Lord Mayor of London. By the Author of the Life of George Bamwell sc. 3s. Theocritus, Bion, Moschus, et T. Translated from the Greek, by the Rev.R. Polwhele. 2 vols. 8vo. 10s. 6d. Criseos Griesbachianae in Novum Too mentum Synopsis. Edidit Josephus White, S.T. P. Lingg. Hebr. et Arab Prof. in Aca. demia Oxoniensi, et AEdis Christi Canonico 8vo. 7s. 6d. The Works of Confucius, containing to Original Text, with a Translation; to which is prefixed, a Dissertation on the Chine" Language and Character, by J. Marshion. 4to. 51.5s, in boards. Serampoor printed. The Beauties of England and Wales; or Original Delineations. Topographical, Hir torical, and Descriptive, of each County. In 11 vols. demy 8vo. 121 royal 19.4°, Sketches, Civil and Military, of the Idead of Java and its immediate Dependencio including particular and interesting Details of Batavia; taken from Voyages betwo 1768 and 1610. By a Dutch Admiral and French General. 8vo. A new Analysis of Chronology. By W. Hales, D.D. Vol. II. 4to.4.4. The American Review of History and Politics, and General Repository of Liter* and State Papers. Number III. **
An Essay towards attaining a true Idea of the Character and Reign of King Charles the First, and the Causes of the Civil War. By M. Towgood. 12mo. 3s 6d. An Account of the Trigonometrical Survoy, carried on by Order of the Master-Gene. ral of his Majesty's Ordnance, in the Years 1800-1,3,4, 5, 6, 7, and 8, by Lieut.-Col. William Mudge, of the Royal Artillery, F. R-S, and Capt. Thomas Colby, of the Royal Engineers. Wol. III. 4to. 21. 2s. X: Account of the Ravages committed in Ceylon by Small-pox, previously to the Introduction of Vaccination. Toy Thomas Christie, M.D. 8vo. 3s. The London Catalogue of Books, with their Sizes and Prices. Corrected to August 1811. 8vo. 7s. 6d. half bound. Cosha; or, Dictionary of the Sanscrit Lan
guage. By Amera Sinah. With an English Interpretation, amd Annotations, by H. T. Colebrook, Esq. 4to. 5", 5s. in board; Serampoor, printed, 1608. The Edinburgh Annual Register, for 1809. 2 vols. 8vo. 11.4s. Poems on Subjects connected with Scriptnre. By S. Newman. 8vo. 3s.6d. A Letter upon the mischievous Influence of the Spanish Inquisition, as it actually exists in the Provinces under the Spanish Government. 1s. 6d. A View of the Present State of Sicily; its rural Economy, Population, and Produce. particularly in the County of Modica. With an Appendix, containing Observations on its so Character, Climate, and Resources. y Thomas Wright Vaughan, Esq., 4to. 1U 11s. 6d.
* On board the Cater (the hospital ship, ontaining 130 prisoners), I gave 100 Testaments; a larger proportion than I intended, as they were exceedingly desirous to have them. The surgeon accompanied me to their sick beds, and aided me in putting into their hands the word of life. Among the mumber who gladly received them was the captain of the privateer who lately engaged the packet off the Lizard, and who was dangerously wounded. On board the Oiseau, containing 258 young men and boys, I gave 88 Testaments. Here they were much sought after by schoolmasters and boys.”
On board ten ships, containing 5524 prizoners, this correspondent distributed 1195 Testaments, being, except in the instance specified above, a Testament to each iness.
Extract of two Letters, accompanying Contributions to the Society. 4. From a venerable Clergyman in the North - of England. * The eagerness to give, that was shewn lay the religious part of my congregation; by those who stood in the aisles; and even Christ. Osseav. No. 119.
by the children of some charity schools, was wonderful. They seemed to be afraid of being passed by ; and loaded the dishes of the collectors with such a quantity of pence. that they were obliged to empty them into a basket, before they could finish the collection.”
2. From a Clergyman in North Wales, who: has recently remitted Subscriptions, Domations, and Collections, amounting to upwards of 400l.
“The poor people willingly come forward. and are very glad to contribute their mites to assist the glorious cause; and I cannot but receive them with thankfulness. The poor children in the Sunday-schools feel so thankful for their Bibles, with which they me plentifully and cheaply supplied by the care and liberality of the Society, that they feel a peculiar pleasure in contributing the little they used to spend in their common recreations, towards the funds of the institution, to which they are so much indebtedIt is their free-will offering, without any solicitation on my part."
Report from the Hon. Mrs. — Dated
March 31, 1811.
“I have the honour to transmit another year's account of the manner in which the Scriptures committed to my care have been disposed of; which I hope will meet with the approbation of the Committee of the British and Foreign Bible Society.