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1. The Directors have not been called to report a more painful event than the death of Mr. Des Granges, at Vizagapatam. After a residence of five years in India, he had, with much labour, acquired the language of the country, in which he had begun to preach, and into which he had translated the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke.” To comply with the request of the remaining missionary, Mr. Gordon, and to strengthen this promising station at Vizagapatam, the Directors have sent to India, Messrs. Spratt,
May, and Thompson. 2. Bellary is a new station, which is occupied by Mr. Hands, who was originally intended for Seringapatam, but by the advice of friends in India, has settled at Bellary. Here he is blessed with the enjoyment of good health; and from the respectful treatInent which he receives from the civil and military authorities there, he is favoured with opportunities for the regular performance of divine service among the Europeans every Lord's-day. He is diligently employed in learning the language of the country, which is spoken from the borders of the Mahratta to the bottom of the Mysore. The language approaches nearer to the Telinga than any other. The Brahmins are comparatively few in that quarter, and seem to have less influence there than in many other places. Solna of them have visited him in a very friendly manner. There are a good many country-born, or half-cast people resident there, some of whom attend his ministry, and he has reason to hope that his labours have been blessed among them. Some gentlemen are very desirous of establishing a school for the instruction of the poor children. Mr. Hands earnestly requests that more missionaries may be sent out to his assistance, and with this request it will be the happiness of the Directors to
be enabled to comply.
3. During the last year, Mr. Loveless has continued to send from Madras accounts of his returning health. He is unwearied in his exertions to promote the cause of Christ in that important station, at the Orphan Asylum, and in his new chapel in the
* See for particulars Christian Observer for April, p. 262,
Brain, into the Burman empire, was scarcely announced, before intelligence was received of the death of Mr. Brain. They had been received at Rangoon with fraternal affection by Messrs. Chater and Carey, the Baptist missionaries, and lodged under the same roof. A great part of the city had been burnt down, but by the good providence of God, their habitation, which was at a small distance, had been preserved. “The country,” says Mr. Pritchett, “about Rangoon is very pleasant, abounding with woods and groves, but the whole is in a wild state. The only effects to be perceived of human industry are the numberless praas, or temples, and images of Gaudma, which meet the eye in every direction.” The laws of the country are described as very sanguinary. A man had been executed in a terrible manner only for using a gilt chattia (a kind of parasol,) which is considered as a treasonable action in the common people. Two other men were executed with him for having accepted a bribe to screen him from punishment. Mr. Pritchett will, it is hoped, in due time, proceed to Ava, the capital of the country, where, by acquiring the knowledge of the language, in the speediest and most advantageous manner, he will be better qualified to effect the great object of his imission, by translating the sacred Scriptures, and preaching the unsearchable riches of Christ to the perishing heathem. 5. The last accounts from Mr. Ringeltaube were dated from Oodagherry in Travancore, where he is now gone to reside. Owing to a complication of distressing events, in consequence of the war in Travancore, he had been detained a considerable time inactive. He, however, continued to carry on divine service at Palamcotta in both languages, and to apply himself to the study of the Tamul. Peace having been at length restored, he had resumed his itinerant labours. He specifies six places as his principal stations, where he is assisted by native catechists, His journal contains an account of his having baptized between two and three hundred, and that there were many more candidates for baptism. At some of these statious he had built and opened places of worship, and in others ground and timber had been purchased for the purpose. At Auticada, he writes, that on the 7th October, after preaching to a considerable number under a mango tree, he baptized an old man from Covivilly of ninety-seven years of age, whom he called the Patriarch Jacob, who, leaning on two of his sons, shed tears of joy for their conversion as well as his own, as they were baptized at the same time with hiniseh. But a more interesting figure, if possible, in this groupe, was a schoolmaster crippled in both legs by a fall from a tree, who had been brought ten miles upon men's shoulders to hear the word. ‘Since, said he, “I lost the use of my legs, I have nothing but heaven in view.” After preaching on the latter part of the second chapter of the first Epistle of Peter, adds our brother, “I took occasion to exhort the people to be obedient to their masters, and particularly to the magistrates, and to wave all views of temporal advantage by professing Christianity, and not to imagine they would be exempt from the cross, or discharged from the obligation of their relative duties.” 6. In the last annual Report, the Directors noticed the lively interest which the deplorable condition of the native Cingalese had excited in the breasts of some benevolent persons filling situations of great respectability in the island. By the arrival in this country of the Hon. Sir Alexander Johnston, chief justice of Ceylon, they have been favoured with an opportunity of conferring with him on this important subject. Impressed with a generous concern for the amelioration of the condition of the natives, Sir Alexander Johnston was earnestly desirous of obtaining Christian teachers to superintend the schools which had formerly been established, and was of opinion that if our missionaries were directed to leave the coast towns, which are inhabited chiefly by Europeans, and to reside more in the interior among the natives, the fostering hand of government would not be withheld, but would, in all probability, co-operate in forwarding the benevolent views of the society for the instruction of those whom Providence has placed under their care. As this gentleman was on the eve of returning to Ceylon, the Directors have written to their three missionaries, Messrs. Palm, Erhardt, and Read to this effect, and that they should embrace the opportunity which now offers of prosecuting the work of their mission, by going to such parts of the interior as the Governor in Council may be pleased to appoint; so that by a residence among the pcople, they may be able more speedily to acquire the language, that by the instruction, particularly of the children, in the pure principles of the doc*iue of Christ, a foundation might be laid
for raising Christian churches among the native Cingalese.
7. By the journal of Mr. Morrison, the missionary to China, it appears that he continues to apply himself with assiduity and success at Canton, and oceasionally at Macao, to the study of the language of China. From the grammar and dictionary which he has with immense labour composed, the most valuable assistance will be derived by any missionaries who may hereafter be sent to that empire, as well as by others of our countrymen, who may be induced to study the language. By Mr. Morrison's superior facility in writing the character, and conversing with the natives, he has already been enabled to render important services to the public, of which a suitable sense appears to be entertained, and which are likely to he advantageous towards the support of this expensive mission.
West Indies, &c.
Evangelized as a portion of America is multitudes of its inhabitants remain in the grossest darkness. Endeavours to enlighted the lindians in North America, appear to be the appropriate province of our Anglo-Ame. rican brethren, who, in the United States, have associated themselves in missionary societies for that purpose. It is to the poor Africans in a state of slavery, that this society has for several years past directed their principal attention, and, blessed be God, not without success.
1. Since the death of Mr. Post, who had been the lionoured instrument of introducing the Gospel into Demarara, several other voluable friends have been raised up to promote the same good work. It appears that the white inhabitants are, in general, favoutable to the object of the mission, especially those residing on the eastern coast, who are the best acquainted with it, having had an opportunity of hearing for themselves, and whose negroes have also attended. Some * these are proprietors, and others respectable managers. One gentleman, of considerable influence, and of very respectable chance, who has several estates under his care, in very friendly. There are others, who at in opposed the mission, but, on seeing the good effects produced by the Gospel in the coduct of their own slaves, or on those of the neighbouring estates, have applied to * Wray, desiring him to instruct their nego” saying, that his ministry had proved a great
lessing to the people, aud to all concerned;
and that they would soon have no need of drivers, for the slaves would be obedient” vut them.
Mr. Wray continues his labours" in season and out of season,” even beyond his strength. The intervals of three public services on the Lord's-day, have often been filled up with the necessary and laborious work of catechizing, and evenings of other days are employed in similar services. On this subject he says, “I feel at present very weak and unwell; catechizing the negroes who cannot read is very laborious; it requires patience, strength, and a great deal of time to teach five or six hundred persons: but I hope God will strengthen me to persevere in the work.” And he mentions it as his decided opinion, that catechizing is the principal method that is likely to be useful to them — without which, they cannot understand what is delivered in a sermon, Through the medium of a friend at Star brook, who prumises to be a great blessing to the missionary cause at Demarara, he had been introduced to Mahaica, a village on the coast, twenty-five miles from town, in the vicinity of several estates, from which great numbers of people appear willing to attend the preaching. The gentlemen residing here, expressed a great desire to have a misaiouary to instruct them; are very anxious to build a place of worship, and have already subscribed 1000l., towards it. In one of his communications he remarks“Several of the negroes have learned to read, and from reading, as well as from memory, some of them are becoine good catechists, and begin to assist me. One of them told me, that 113 had come to him to be instructed; and I am sometimes astonished to find how correctly they learn the catechism from one another. About 200 attend public worship regularly, several of whom, having learned the tunes, can conduct the singing without the assistance of white people; and many begin to pray with great fluency, and it is remarkable, that they pray much in Scripture language." 2. Mr. Adam still continues his missionary labours at Trinidad, with increasing prospects of usefulness auong the slaves. Some delay has taken place in the erection of the chapel at Port of Spain mentioned in the last Report: the subscriptions however have increased to 750l. exclusive of 100l. voted by the Directors; and a committee of gentleman has been appointed to carry the design into effect. In the mean time, divine worship is regularly carried on in a room hired for the purpose, where from 150 to 200 persons attend, some of whom are slaves. In the course of the year he has repeatedly visited several totates on the coast. A gentleman of some
siderable influence appears particularly far vourable to the design of the mission; hs has invited him to his own estate to preach to his slaves, and appears to be anxious that they as well as others should enjoy the means of salvation: he has also obtained permission from the governor for Mr. Adam to act as he might think best for spreading the Gospel in the remoter parts of the island. Several of the proprietors having expressed a wish to have their people instructed, he has access to eight estates, containing about two thousand five hundred negroes. This encouraging prospect has induced him to request that another missionary may be sent to his assistance. As many of the slaves, it appears, understand only French or Spanish, he has begun to apply himself to attain these languages. He has commenced a lecture once a fortnight to children, which promises considerable usefulness, as seventy or eighty of them constantly attend. He has likewise begun the instruction of the negroes, for which purpose they meet twice a week". . 3. Mr. Elliot still continues to labour in Tobago, not only at Scarborough, the principal town, but in various parts of the island, among both the whites and the negroes. In a letter lately received, he states, that appear. ances of success are more favourable than they were some time since.
Mr.Pidgeon spent the greatest part of the last year at Prince Edward Island, where, it appears, his labours have been acceptable. He speaks of this situation as being well calculated for missionary exertions. The people are numerous, and glad to hear.
An application has been made to the Directors by a number of persons, chiefly British, who settled about the year 1784, in the district of Johnstown, in Upper Canada, near Lake Ontario, and whose principal residence bears the name of Elizabeth Town; they have been enabled to surmount the difficult ties which settlers in a wilderness generally encounter, but continue destitute of any stated religious ordinances. They have made an application for assistance to this society,
* Since the above Report was made, the missions both in Demarara and Trinidad have been suspended by the persecuting edicts of the governors of these places. The Government at home, however, have, much to their credit, interfered, and the missionaries are once more at liberty to proceed with their valuable labours.
The Directors have accordingly selected a missionary, who is about to sail for Canada.
The second part of the Essays addressed to the Jews, written at the request of the Birectors, by the Rev. Greville Ewing, has been published, copies of which have been distributed ; and the Society enjoys the satisfaction of having produced, in that work, an admirable mean of introducing the Jewish people to a clear and compendious acquaintance with the Christian dispensation, whencver their attention shall be seriously awakened to that momentous subject”.
-RITIs II and for EIGN BIBLE 80CIETY.
The Committee of the British and Foreign Bible Society, finding it requisite to establish some general principles for supplying Auxiliary Societies with Bibles and Testaments, and being desirous of holding out to such societies the greatest possible encouragement to ascertain the want of the Holy Scriptures in their respective districts, and to supply it according to their discretion, have adopted certain regulations, which it may be useful generally to state. Auxiliary Societies shall be entitled to reeeive, gratuitously, if they require such a supply, Bibles and Testaments estimated at prime cost, to the amount of half the sum remitted by them to the parent institution, within the year. The members of Auxiliary Societies whose subscriptions amount to one guinea or upwards, annually, or to ten guineas or upwards at one time, may purchase Bibles and Testaments from the Depository of the Auxiliary Society, within the year, at the reduced prices, agreeably to the rules of the British and Foreign Bible Society, in proportion to the share of its aggregate funds remitted to the parent institution. In order to facilitate such supplies, Bibles and Testaments shall be forwarded, as required, to the different depositories; the same to be accounted for half-yearly. The Committees of Auxiliary Societies shall have the further privilege of purchasing to any amount, at prime cost. It will appear from the above regulations, that subscribers throughout the elupire are
* Ministers and other sriends of the sosiety, who have an opportunity of employing the Essays for the benefit of the Jews, may be furnished with copies, gratis, on applying * the Secretary, or to any of the lirectors.
placed on the same footing, whether they
to inquire, by means of sub-committees associated with any active subscribers, what families or individuals residing within their several districts are in want of Bibles or Testaments, and unable to procure them; and that it shall be the duty of the Committee to surnish them therewith at reduced prices, or gratis, according to their circumstances." The most effectual method of promoting branch societies is stated to be, to delegate a few of the committee of the auxiliary society to visit and excite the inhabitants of the neighbouring towns or districts. A similar plan may be adopted in the case of Bible associations". These various regulations are accompanied by an address to the following effect. The foregoing hints are submitted to all zealous friends of the British and Foreign Bible Society throughout the empire. By the adoption of such plans as are therein sketched, three very important objects inay be attained, which it is earnestly recommended to the friends of the institution ever to keep in view. 1. The increase of the society's funds— By far the most efficacious method of accomplishing this object, as has been repeatedly sound by experience, is the personal application recommended in the preceding plans to the inhabitants of the place and nighbourhood where the society may be formed. 2. An accurate knowledge of the state of the poorer classes, with regard to their passession or want of the Scriptures.—The subcommittees, formed for the purpose of making these inquiries, by entering the habitations of the poor on this benevolent errand, will have abundant opportunities, both of communicating and receiving benefit. These inquiries should be directed to ascertain— first, whether they possess copies of the Scriptures, and in what condition; secondly, if not, and yet desirous of possessing them, whether they have the means, in whole or in Part, at once or by degrees, of purchasing copies; thirdly, if any, and how many, of the family can read. Without inquiries of this nature, the deficiency of the Scriptures, as has been proved, will be but little known, and consequently but scantily supplied; and one of the principal objects of the various societies in a considerable degree frustrated. 3. The most prudent and efficient manner of supplying the want of Bibles, among the poorer classes, will be suggested.—The plan
* The Edinburgh Bible Society acknowledges the receipt of more than sixty pounds sterling from various associations, in which the contribution is one penny a week,
Chaist. Observ. App.
of selling the Scriptures to the poor has been tried; and has been sound to possess several important advantages (where practicable) over gratuitous distribution. When purchased even at a low rate, they are generally held in higher estimation, and more carefully preserved, than when given. The expediency of extending this mode of sup. ply as widely as possible, is forcibly urged by the consideration, that, if sold at an average but of one half of the cost price, and the money so received invested in the purchase of more books, and this repeated till the whole fund and stock be exhausted, the number of copies thus circulated will be nearly double that which could have been gratuitously circulated by the expenditure of the original sum. This average of one half may be obtained by carrying the price, according to the circumstances of the parties, from one fourth to three fourths of the cost price, or even from one eighth to seven eighths. If the parties cannot pay in mediately, they may be allowed to discharge the small debt by weekly instalments; which will enable a very large proportion of the poor to purchase the Scriptures, and render it unnecessary to give them, excepting to a very few. The effect which the adoption of this system will have in accelerating the supply at lome, and in enabling the society to enlarge its exertions abroad, must be obvious to every considerate person.
suffolk auxilian Y albi.e. society.
At a numerous and respectable meeting of gentry, clergy, and inhabitants of the county of Suffolk, convened under the patronage of the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Norwich, and held December 10th, 1811, at the Shire Hall, in Ipswich, for the purpose of considering the best mode of forming a Bible Society, in this county, auxiliary to the British and Foreign Bible Society, the Rev. Thomas Cobbold, A. M. in the Chair, as representative of the Lord Bishop of Norwich, it was unanimously resolved to sorru a society to be called “the Suffolk Auxiliary Bible Society,” for the purpose of disseminating the Holy Scriptures within the county, and of co-operating with the British and Foreign Bible Society iu promoting their distribution abroad.
The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Norwich was chosen president;-and the Duke of Grafton, lord licutenant of the county; the Marquis Cornwallis; the Earl of Dysart; the Earl of Bristol; the Earl of Yarmouth; Lord Charles Fitzroy; Rev. Lord Henry Fitzroy; Lord Calthorpe ; Lord Henniker; the Hon. J. Wanneck; Sir T. C.