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Addition to the Obituary of MR. JAMES self, be knew in whom he had believed

Hexnell, p. 111. (Extracted from the and that he was able to keep that which conclusion of Mr. Aspland's funeral he had committed to him, bis eternal sermon for him just published.)

interest, against the last day, and, for his These animating prospects of the children, he could trust with confidence to improvement of mankind in the future the Father of the fatherless. Seldom bas world) supported and cheered our de. a death-bed been so calm, so cheerful, so parted brother MR. JAMES HBNNELL. He instructive, I may even add so animating, had enjoyed the unspeakable advantage of as his. As he had done with the world, a religious education and had acquired in so, in his own laugnage, he appeared to early life that habit of soul which may be bave risen above it. His conversation was called the religious sense. A favourite in heaven. The greatest efforts of his topic of his conversation in his last days sinking nature were put forth in exercises was, his obligations, never to be sufficient- of parental duty and of piety. Whilst his ly acknowledged, to pious parental coun- strength lasted he was accustomed to lead sel and example. After apostolic exam- the worship of his family, and his voice ple, he reasoned upon his faith as a Chris was often heard in the psalms that were tian, and reasoned well; but what is of sung upon these occasions with a fulness more consequence, he felt deeply and felt and vigour that bespoke the earnestness correctly. In bis varied and complicated and the joy of his soul. Almost daily he transactions with the world be might err assembled bis children around hiin and through the uncertainty of everything gave them his counsels and his blessing. buman, but I am firmly persuaded he ne Soon after one of these edifying, exemver erred from design. His, as he as plary exercises, the springs of life began sured me, was on a death-bed, the testi to appear exhausted and he gently fell mony of a good conscience; yet he was asleep, dying in the Lord, resting from, conscious of imperfections and frailties his labours and awaiting that glorious day and with sincere repentance he reposed when them that sleep in Jesus God will on the mercy of his heavenly Father. bring with Him. The Lord grant that be

“ It pleased the Sovereign Disposer of may find the promised mercy of the Lord Life to lay bim long on the bed of lan in that day; that his friends and children guishing. All hope of recovery had left may according to his fervent prayers live him for months before his departure, dur- the life and die the death of the righteous, ing all which time he knew he had nothing precious in the sight of heaven ; and that to do but to die.' But the prospect of cer- we all may so pass the time of our sojourntaia death at so untimely an age, when in ing upon earth as to enjoy a peaceful end the course of nature he might have calcu- and to rise in the resurrection of the just, lated on many years to come, and the companions of all them that through faith thought of leaving in the world a large and patience inherit the promises. Amen family to whom he was tenderly attached, and Amen." never terrified or agitated him; for him

MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS;

OR,

The Christian's Survey of the Political World.

The country has been in a considerable carried in the Honses, still so deeply rooted state of agitation since our last. The was the public odium against it, that it is example set by the City of London has not likely that commissioners could bave been followed by counties, cities, towns been found to carry it into execution. and boroughs, so that the table of the House The petitions, as they were daily laid was every night covered with petitions before the House, were generally accompa. from various parts of England against the nied with some remarks, so that each Income Tax. Even the county of York night produced increasing reprobation af came forward upon this occasion, and as the measure. The pertinacity of the Mi. far as public sense can be known upon nister in bis determination to snbmit it to any measure, never has it been more 'de the decision of the House after such marks cisively proclaimed, than in this instance of reprobation was a subject of general All orders and classes of men have united astonishment. Many persons of great in reprobaring this pernicious lax, and it conseqnence had withdrawn from him; but was evident, that if the measure had been it was presumed, that he was still secure in

VOL. XI.

2 B

ments.

186

State of Public Affairs. a very considerable. majority: How he would exercise their private judgment. should have been deceived in this last cir- The curious ties, by which parliamentary cumstance is matter of wore surprise, for connexions are bound together, render it a it is evident, that on the night when he matter of amusing investigation to see by brought on the debate, he had the fullest what means a minister, confident three conndence in victory. Very little debate months before of a decisive majority feels however arose, the parties seem to have himself unexpectedly in a minority. been satisfied, that enough had been said The discontinuance of this odious and upon both sides; and the question was oppressive tax is a subject of joy not called for with eagerness when a few merely in a pecuviary but in a moral point speakers only had delivered their senti- of view. The decline of kingdoms from a

The result was, that the Minister state of great prosperity, is owing somewas left in a minority. The difference times to foreiyn force ; at others from the between the majority and minority being ruin introduced by the governors themthirty seven.

selves. This ruin works gradually, and Thus ended this great struggle, and it is when its evil effects are at last discovered, evident that the declaration of the popular it is too late to check the evil. Such feeling had its share in the overthrow of would have been the case, if this pernicious the Minister. But people must not be tax had been continued. The whole cha. led away with the ideu, that it is in this racter of Englishmen would have been country alone that a ininister is kept in changed. Every man would have his awe by popular feeling; the fact is, he neighbour prying into his concerns, and knows with us its power, but be views it financial espionnage would have prepared without dread or dismay. in despotic the way for espionnage of every kind. The countries popular feeling tinds a vent in a noble independence of the English mervery different way. At Constantinople cantile character would disappear, and the head of the offending Vizier would have wben that is lost in vain are to be expected been thrown over the walls of the Seraglio : those riches, which have been derived from in Russia the Prime Minister would have it. Let us hope that the sentiments which exchanged the luxuries of a palace for the have displayed themselves every where horrors of Siberia. In our country a ques upon this occasion, are a presage, that the tion is discussed in court meetings, city horrible war in which this country has so halls, borongh meetings. There may be long been engaged, will be followed by energy and indignation, but animosity years, in wbich the ancient British honour, and ferocity are never seen there. If the economy and industry will appear to greatgeneral voice is heard, the minister retires er advantage. from his station, or giving up the measure Symptoms of reviving spirit appear in continues in it. The country is satisfied the atttention paid by the flouse of Comwith its triumph, and has none of those mons to that, which is indeed an important base sentiments, which belong to the slaves part of their

business, the expenditure of the of a despot

country. The Crown recommended econoStill it is difficult to account for the my in its speech, and the whole house is sen. : Minister's permitting his weakness to be sible of the necessity of it;but on entering inmade so manifest. He ought to have to the details of the expenditure, little regard known better his own strength, and that of seems to have been paid to this virtuc. bis adversaries. But there may be cases, Indeed the war establishment is of itself which justify this sort of pertinacity. The sufficient to confound all expectations that measure was probably determined on in might have been entertained of substantial Cabinet, when it was presumed, that reform. Many of the petitions from the the utmost reliance might be placed on the country were sensible of this inroad made House of Commons, and the great measures upon our constitution, and spoke of it in of government were formed on this con- appropriate terms. The apologies for it sideration. There are some minds not in the House were weak, yet the measure easily convinced, and when a project has will, it is to be feared, be finally accombeen once formed they will not be diverted plished. An investigation stricter - than from it by the clearest prognostics of its usual is taking place into the estimates laid future ill success. Hence the voice of the before parliament, and as yet the prelencountry went for little, as indeed if other sions of ministry to economy appear but in parties remain firm, it is not of great esti- very ludicrous colonrs. The fact is, the mation. This might have done in ordinary affairs of the country require a serious, questions, but in this it must be consider- dispassionate inquiry, an examination into ed, that the voice of the country was in the past, to prevent future abuses, the unison with the private interest of the placing of our finance system on a solid voters, and however some might, from their footing, such that it may be examined with offices under government compensate them- the same ease as that of a merchant's countselves for the tas on their private estates, ing-house, and every farthing of money yet this could not be the case generally; may be traced through every channel from aud it was a question, on which individuals its receipt to its expenditure,

State of Public Affairs.

187 A short debate in the House gives rise to idea can be formed of the future governmauy melancholy reflections, and this was ment of this strange people, which after introduced by a member mentioning the such great exertions will probably fall number of persons confined at present in back into its ancient frivolity, and be the Newgate under sentence of death. This is jest of surrounding nations for its grand owing to the fate of those convicted at monarque and its wooden shoes. each sessions, not having been regularly Our

countrymen have not yet been laid before the Regent in council, so that brought to their trial : but it seems that his next determination will be upon an the plan of trying them for high treason accumulation of sessions. This destroys a did not succeed. It is a case of misdegreat deal of that solemnity which ought meanor only. The curiosity of the public to attend every execution under criminal is great both as to the supposed offence itlaw; and it becomes cruel at last to exe- self, and the manner in which Englishcute persons who have been for a great men will conduct themselves in such length of time in suspense between life and strangely constituted courts ; courts in death. The language used in the House which every man is considered guilty till of Commons upon This occasion will pre- his innocence is proved, and every step vent in future the recurrence of a similar in favour of innocence is resisted with the evil.

most indefatigable industry. All acconnts of France concur in their In France the tribunals are at any rate accounts of its degraded state. We may open. Spain retains its horrible Inquisijudge of their views of justice in that tion, and the inquisitor-general has issued country by a prefect declaring his deter a proclamation of no small import to that mination whenever a riot takes place in his miserable country. , It is probable, that district, to send ont some one principal man this infamous tribunal could not have en. from the class of agitators. "By this title tered upon its functions, without creating the prefect probably means some possessor too great a ferment in the country, and its of national domains, whom he may thus yet prisons would not have been sufficient to rid of. We have an instance of ihe king's contain the victims, that would have been clemency in the pardon of General Boyer, brought in the first week within its grasp. who bad hoisted the tri-coloured flag in the An unexainpled degree of clemency is West Indies, on the news that the king therefore displayed. After deploring the bad absconded, and Buonaparte had taken wretched state to wbich the country had his place in the Thuilleries. The guilt of been subjected for so many years by the the general is very problematical; but heretics contaminating its soul, and pointhowever the Court-martial sentenced him ing out the necessity of a thorough cleansto death ; and out of regard to the many ing and expiation, the falsely-called holy services of the general's family, and some office allows a term for all that have lapsed good deeds of his own, to bis evident con- in any degree from Catholic purity to retrition and various other items, the king turn to the bosom of the church. This commutes this sentence of death to impri- term expires with the close of this year, sonment for twenty years. We need not which will consequently be a busy one, wonder at the sentences of imprisonment and one very profitable to the Priests. for five, seven, ten and more years, so con- Every one, who is conscious to bimself, tinually occurring in their triburials. In that he has used any free expressions, fact it seems to be true, what they say of must make bis bargain with his confessor, themselves, the nation is demoralisée, the and they two together will settle an exsame want of humanity prevails in all planation with the Inquisition. Numbers classes. Expatriations are very numerous, will act in this manner, and be esteemed and the horrors of Europe will be the cause good Catholics. No small quantity will probably of a numerous establishment on free themselves from trouble by becoming the banks of the Ohio.

officers of the Inquisition, and probably The House of Cominons at Paris is en at the end of the time many really good gaged in a similar manner to ours. They Catbolics will be thrown into prison from examine the minister's budget with a de- the calumnies of their eremies. A total gree of attention, which might be well purgation of booksellers’ shops takes place imitated here. Every article goes through immediately. This is one of the wreiched a committee. Items are not passed in the effects of what has been called the deliJump. Remarks are made upon each; verance of Europe. and if a saving can be made there is no Of the renaining countries of Europe difficulty in suggesting it. All this it is Prussia occupies most attention. The spito be observed is done pot by the opposi- rit of inquiry is there much alive, but tion, as would be the case in England, before they can establish their desired conbut by the majority, by that body of over stitution it must be seen, how it will suit zealous royalists, who are for making the the different parts of this straggling kingcrown every thing, yet in their superabun- don. They are dividing their country indance of zeal are attacking its influence in to departments, such as that of Saxony, the most violent manner. At present no wbich being dissevered from its former

188

New Publications.-Correspondence.

kingdom is now to be the department of equally useful to king and subject. How. Saxony in the kingdom of Prussia. Our ever most parts of this straggling kingcountry has shewn how easily such de dom hare in general been so ill governed, partments may be joined together by re that we cannot but expect some good from presentation, for not one of them will form their being united together, and if they so great a mass as that of Scotland or Ire get rid only of their military system, that land. The difficulty will be to give a spi- 'basest of slaveries, they will gradua imrit of liberty and independence to the as. prove, and deserve a higher rank among sociation when forined, that they may the nations, concur in making laws, which shall be

NEW PUBLICATIONS IN THEOLOGY AND

GENERAL LITERATURE.

The Tendency of the Human Condition Marble Street, Hall, Liverpool, on Santo Improvement, and its ultimate Perfec- 'day, Dec. 31, 1815, in behalf of the tion in Heaven. A Sermon, preached be Distressed Seamen. By John Wright. 8vo. fore the Unitarian Church, Hackney, on 6d. Sunday Morning, Feb. 18, 1816, on oc A New Edition of the Greek Testacasion of the lamented Death of Mr. James ment, chiefly from Griesbach's Text. ConHennell. By Robert Aspland, Minister taining copious Notes from Hardy, of the Church. 8vo. Is. 6d.

Rapbel, Kypke, Schleusner, Rosenmul God the Author of Peace. A Sermon ler, &c. in familiar Latin : together with preached at Mill Hill Chapel, Leeds, on parallel passages from the Classics, and the Thanksgiving Day, Jan. 18, 1816. with references to Vigerus for idioms and By the Rev. Thomas Jervis.

Bos for Ellipses. By the Rev. E. Valpy, The Happiness of Great Britain. A Ser. B. D. Master of Norwich School. 3 vols. mon at Newbury on the Thanksgiving Day. 8vo. 21. 12s. 60. L. P. £4. By John Kitcat. 8vo. ls.

The Origin of Pagan Idolatry, ascerMoral Discourses, principally intended tained from Historical Testimony and cir. for Young Persons.' By Wm. Pitt Scar cumstantial Evidence'; by the Rev. G. S. gill. 12mo. 1s. 6d.

Faber, Rector of Long Newtov, YarThe Claims of Misery, or Benevolence mouth. 3 vols. 4to. £6. lbs. its own Reward. A Sermon, preached at

CORRESPONDENCE.

Our Publisher has received a parcel from Mr. White, of Carmarthen, we presume . bookseller, containing a number of the Monthly Repository which was sent down im. perfect. Mistakes unavoidably happen in the hurry of stitching up the sheets, and these are easily rectified by means of the booksellers. In the present instance, however, Mr. White bas put us to the expense of a parcel by the Mail, amounting to five' shillings and twopence. We might retaliate by sending down the number of the Magazine, sei right, by the same conveyance; but we think it best to leave the parcel for bin at Messrs. Lackington's, his booksellers, 'presuming that he will make good the unwar. rautable expeuse to whicb be has put our publishers.

Mr. Howe's account of the late, Francis Webb, Esq.; the original Letter of Dr. Watts's, communicated by Mr. Kentish; the paper on Natural Theology, and various other interesting articles too late for the present pumber will be given in our next

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ORIGINAL LETTERS, &c. terial office must be a matter rather of Sketch of the Life, Character and conjecture than absolute certainty.

Writings of the late Francis Webb, Mankind in general are influenced, Esq. By the Rev. T. Howe. I believe, by mixed motives. Con

Bridport, March 23, 1816. scidus of talents which qualified him. Mr. Editor,

for almost any department in the State, INCERELY do I join with your it is not improbable that Mr. Webb

correspondent in thc Repository of was actuated at that time of his youthFebruary, '(p. 71.) in the regret he ful arlour, in some degree at least, by expresses, that no Memoir of the life the spirit of worldly ambition. Whe: of the late FRANCIS WEBB, Esq. has ther the change in his situation renyet been presented to the public. His dered him inore useful to mankind, papers, I am informed, he left to an or really happier in biinself, than he intimate friend, the Rev. Mr. Racket, otherwise would have been, is a point a clergyman of liberal principles, great which the present writer will not at: scientitic knowledge, various litera- tempt to decide. Many interesting cirture, and what is still more to his ho- cumstance of his life, I have heard Doui, of a pious and virtuous charac- from his intimate friends and associates, jer, than whom no one is better qua- and some of them from himself, Ilied to become his biographer. Whe- though unable 10 state them in the ther he inicnds to engage in this office precise chronological order in which or is restrained by the wish expressed they took place. Recoinmended to the by his deccased friend, that he may late Duke of Leeds, he was for some not be made the object of posthumous time, I believe, Secretary to his Grace, praise," I cannot determine. An in. who greatly respected him for the junction or request of this nature, must powers of his mind and the qualities in the view of the present writer, be of his disposition. Sent by our gogreatly outweighed by the considera- vernment on a private embassy to one Lion of utility to the public, if a faith- of the petty Courts of Germany,* the ful memoir of departed worth be really recital of the scenes he then passed calculated to be both instructive and through has often fixed the attention gratifying. Should Mr. Webb have and interested the feelings of many a kept a journal of the circumstances of social circle. One of the circumstances his varied life, (as I am told he did, I have heard him relate of his narrow written in short-hand) a large volume escape fror. robbery and murder, which might be furnished, abounding no was prevented, under the Protection of doubt with interesting information and an overruling providence, by his cou. rational entertainment. He was a na- rage and presence of mind, I shall entive of Taunton ; but of his early days I can say nothing. When he first came out into the world, a dissenting

To the Prince of Messe, respecting the minister among the General Baptists, treaty for some of his liuman subjects called it could not have been expected that Christian soldiers, whom we British Chrishe would afterwards move in so dif- tians had hired of him a Christian Prince to ferent a sphere. The two little vo

kill or be killed in our service, fighting with lumes of elegant Sermons be published, professed followers of a leader“ meek and

our Christian brethren in America ; all the 10 wbich your correspondent refers, do lowly in heart,” who has declared, “By credit both to his head and to his heart. this shall all men know that ye are my dis. His inducements to resign the minis, ciples, if ye love one another.” VOL. XI.

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