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255

Memoir relative to the Vaudois. jesty's dominions, where they may taing, ministers, Brezzi and I. P. D. find it their interest so to do.

Vertu,), promised to take an active .5. That the support of their pas- part on our behalf, but whose applitors may be established by the enjoy- cation appears to have been coldly rement of the property granted them by ceived by the ministers, under the the French government (the salary of pretence that our situation was not 1000 franks to each of the thirteen worse than before the Revolution, pastors), or in such mode as shall without reflecting that our slavery please his Sardinian majesty,

could not in effect be worse than at 6. That they may be permitted that time. The king, also, received to keep open the temple built at St. the deputation of the Vaudois; but he John's, beyond the ancient limits, as did not promise them any relief, and well as to build others, and to keep in truth granted them none, doubtless schools where it shall be found neces- by the advice of his confessor. The sary for the pastors to reside.

Vaudois entertained hopes that the 7. Thai they may have liberty arrival of the queen would prove a to print, within the dominions of his favourable event for them, and the Sardinian majesty, such books as are 'same deputation was appointed to necessary for conducting their public wait on her majesty; but she would worship, or to bring them from not deign to admit them to an audi-, abroad.

ence, notwithstanding the positive as“ 8. That persons educated in their surance to the contrary of the Minister religion may have perfect liberty to of the Interior, Count Vidua. The practise as physicians, apothecaries, government has not made any public surgeons, advocates and notaries. declaration respecting the purchases of

;"9. That in forming the municipal national property and churches, and councils, regard be paid in each coin- since opinions are divided on this submune to the proportion of the mixed ject, the state of uncertainty is fatal population, and that strangers to the to those, whose pressing necessities. communes do not receive appoint- render them desirous of parting with merils, or indigent Catholics, without what they bought. Neither has any their consent.

declaration been published respecting “ 10. That they may be permitted the Vaudois officers returned from to inclose their burial places within France, and who have no other rewalls, and to repair or build edifices source than their military talents. adapted to public worship or instruc. The following is a sketch of the po

pulation of the Vaudois communes, '11. That children, under fifteen which measures are taking to render years of age, may not, under whatever more exact :pretence, be compelled or persuaded

PROTS. CATHS. te change their religion.

P. La Tour - 1600 - 300 -“ 12. That they inay not be under

P. St. John.

2000 50 the necessity of observing the festivals P. Angrogne

2000 100 pointed out in the Almanack, which P. Villar

2000 200 may tender them idle, or seduce them P. Bobbi

2000

20 to debauchery:

P. Rora

800 30 “ 13. Finally, That they may whol P. Prarustin

1500 30 ly, and in every respect, partake of the P. Pramol

1200 privileges of the Catholic subjects of P. Pral

800 25 his majesty, in the same manner as

P. St. Germain 800 60 they enjoyed them after the Revolu P. Pomaret

660 20 tion, until the restoration of his Sar Anvers Pirache 500

100 dinian majesty to the throne of his Massel

500

40 ancestors by English generosity!! Riclaret

600 50 Let the Status quo of January 1813, be P. Ville Seche - 500 established with respect to whatever Faet

400 200 relates to the Vaudois.

Roche Plate

400 20 “ M. Count Bubna was not suc Rodozet

350 40 ces:ful, any more than the English P. Manegle

300 50 envoy, Mr. Hill, who, at the request

Salsa

300 of a deputation of Vaudois, (consisting Bovile

150 - 100 of A. Meille, Pegran and Rose Cheneviere

150

jon.

60

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256

Memoir relative to the Vaudois.. St. Martin

100 150 ed by the cabinet of London, the most Traverses

100 30 powerful of all.” Chabrant

60 50 Turin, Jan. 20th, 1816."

Raynerus Sacco, an inquisitor, has Total

19770 1725 published a book against the Vaudois,

in which he gives them the name of “In this number are not comprised Leonists, from one of their ancient about 50 Protestant families of different leaders called Leon, who lived towards nations, settled at Turin, who have no the end of the third century. You other pastor than the chaplain either of may also see the blasphemy of the the English or Prussian envoy. The church of Rome against the Vaudois communes marked P. have Protestantin Gretzer's Billiotheque, written churches; the others are obliged to at- against that people. Many writers pretend the nearest church. But the tend that the name Vaudois is derived church of St. John being shut up, the from Peter Valdo, whose adherents, inhabitants are compelled to go to their persecuted in France during the twelfth ancient church (almost destroyed by an century, fled for refuge into the retreats earthquake) in the commune of An- of the obscure inhabitants of our valleys grogne, which has consequently two who they knew professed the same rein its district. To the more distant ligion with themselves. They were parts of the country, and those seated known by this name, however, eighty among the summits of the mountains, years before the time of Valdo, as apthe ministers can only go to exercise pears from a poem written in the Patois their functions once or twice a year, in of the country: illidison quel es Vaudose, the most favourable weather, and then e degne de morir. This poem is entitled preach in the open air. In order to re La nolka Leiçon de 1100; and it is said establish the very small catholic parish to exist in M. S. at Cambridge. The of Bobbi, they compelled two poor wi- ancient history of the Vaudois appears dows of pastors who had an asylum in like a dream to those who have no the house of the ancient curé, to quit knowledge of the warlike valour of their situation without notice in the this small people, who have suffered middle of December, notwithstanding persecutions, the recital of which must that all possible solicitations were made strike us with horror. The following for a temporary indulgence, and the is a list of the historians of this unhapcomplaints which the writer of this py people. Boyer's (an Englishman's) paper preferred to Mr. Hill.

short History of the Vaudois, 12mo, This exposé, which has been drawn Perrin's History of the Vauclois and up in haste, contains only indisputable Albigenses, 8vo. Leger's General Histruths, as may be proved to conviction tory of the Vaudois, folio. Giles's to those who will apply to M. Geymet, short History of the same people, 410, a pastor, and chaplain to Mr. Hill, Brez’Abridgment of the History of the English envoy at Turin (formerly mo- Vaudois, 8vo. Maranda's Picture of derator of the Vaudois churches) and Piedmont, imperfect. the Ex-Sub-Prefect of Pignerol, of The situation of the pastors is truly which all the Vaudois communes are deplorable. For the government have dependencies. It is necessary to state condenned Messrs. Vertu and Brezzi that M. the pastor Bert of La Tour, (who rented from the Protestant minisis at this time engaged in drawing up ters the property granted by the French another account of the situation of the government of the value of 1000 franks Vaudois, which cannot but confirm the each) to reimburse the sum of about contents of this, of which he has no ten thousand franks, advanced by them knowledge. The Vaudois persuade to the Protestant ministers, as they themselves, that not only all the Pro- were authorized to do, and to claim the testant powers will favourably consider same from the pastors, who are positivetheir case, but also the magnanimously compelled to borrow the means of emperors Alexander and Francis, and existence, and of course find it impos. the other illustrious princes, if inform- sible to satisfy such a claim.

( 257 )

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MISCELLANEOUS COMMUNICATIONS. Mr. Belsham's Reply to the Animadver-' an inestimable value, had they been.

sions of the Rev. Reginald Ileler, in accompanied with a reasonable sharc his Bampton Lectures.

of judgment and candour,) amongst Essex House, May 1, 1816. other novelties, has started a question, Sir,

whether the body of Christ was raised N I

grave discussion among the fathers ture, or by the operation of the Holy of the church, how it should happen Spirit: and after discussing the subject that the Holy Spirit, who is the third with becoming gravity and diffidence, person in the 'Trinity, of the same he decides in favour of the latter supsubstance and equal in power and glo- position.* Now, Sir, this decision is ry both with the Father and the Son, so diametrically opposite to that of should be so little noticed in the New Paul, who positively declares in the Testament, and that no act of worship, Epistle to the Romans, that Christ not even a single doxology, should be was raised from the dead by the glory addressed to him. This controversy, of the Father," that I cannot help however, unlike to many others, was, suspecting that this learned gentlemail fortunately, soon set at rest, by the may be a concealed Ebionite: a sect very natural suggestion, that the Holy which did not hold that apostle's wriSpírit being the author of the book, tings in the estimation to which they he could not, consistently with pro- are entitled. And this suspicion would priety and decorum, say much concern- be greatly confirmed if it should ing himself

, and especially in his own pear that the learned lecturer, who is praise. Happily, however, for us, also said to be a great traveller, had who live in these latter days, this de- extended his progress eastward as far ficiency in the sacred records is abun. as Palestine, where it is well known dantly made up by the pious and that this heretical sect flourished even learned lucubrations of the reverend in the age of the apostles. At any Reginald Heber, M. A. and Rector of rate, I am sure you will allow that I Hodnev, who, in a series of discourses have as good reason, upon the grounds lately delivered before the University which I have stated, to charge Mr. of Oxford, at the Bampton Lecture, Heber, upon suspicion, of being an has communicated all which it is ne- Ebionite, as he has to charge me with cessary for orthodox Christians to know being an unbeliever, because I agrec and believe concerning the Holy Spi- with the Theophilanthropists that the rit, and which, from discretion or love of God and our neighbour is the other considerations, the Holy Spirit sum and substance of religion, while, has not thought fit to reveal concerning at the same time, I expressly condemn himself.

that novel and ephemeral sect, for havIn truth, Sir, it is so clearly the doc- ing abandoned 'the Christian revelatrine of the New Testament, that the Spirit of God is God himself, as the * “ I am well aware," says the learnspirit of a man is a man himself, and ed lecturer, p. 272, “ of the reasonable this is so obvious to all who are but doubt which may exist, whether the spirit moderately acquainted with scripture whereby Christ, according to St. Peter, phraseology, that to institute an in- was raised from the dead, be the third quiry, in the present advanced state person in the Trinity, or our Lord's own of theological science, whether the immortal nature. But it may be thought, Spirit of God is a third part of God, perhaps without impropriety, that the of a third person in the godhead, ap- Matthew calls, not an angel simply, but

awful Being whom, on this occasion, St, pears to be much the same as to inquire, whether the spirit of man is the the Angel of the Lord, who with might third part of a man, or a third person throes of labouring nature, to bring back

and glorious majesty descended, amid the in the manhood.

the Saviour from bis tomb was, in truth, This learned gentleman (for Mr. the same everlasting Spirit who had anReginald Heber is a very learned man, nounced to the Virgin-Mother the chaof which he has made an abundant racter and name of her Son,” &c. Does display in his copious Notes, which the learned lecturer dignify, such trifling would have stamped upon his work with the name of argument?

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258 Mr. Belsham's Reply to the Animadversions of the Rev. Reginald Heler. tion which is the only foundation of own, reluctant recantation. For 1 our immortal hopes.*

can assure them, that no personal disBut passing over these baby-contro- respect was intended to that learned versies, which are only fit for those and liberal prelate by placing him in who have need of milk, and who are not the highest rank of enlightened Chrisdle to bear strong meat, I proceed to ' tian divines. the main business of my epistle, which The learned lecturer, not content is to explain and apologize for an er- with advocating Bishop Shipley's oreroneous representation which I have thodoxy, in confutation of my sup: been understood to have made of the posed erroneous statement, prompted late Bishop Shipley's sentiments con- by his overflowing zeal, travels a little ærning the person of Christ in my out of his record and volunteers an Letters to the Bishop of London. I assertion which, if I am not mistaken, did indeed conceive, by what I had many of the prelate's friends will not heard from my friends' Mr. Lindsey deem to be either necessary or prudent: and Dr. Priestley, that their friend the I will cite his own words, p. 121:Bishop of St. Asaph, had been an Uni “ Had Dr. Shipley's faith been in- . tarian like themselves. I misunder-, consistent with that of the church to stood them. I am now informed,' which he belonged, those who knew from very high authority, that Bishop his utter disregard of worldly interest Shipley was an Arian, similar in his and his characteristic frankness of cha-'.

principles to his learned friends, Dr. racter, know that he would not have Price and Sir William Jones. I re- retained his preferment a single hour.” gret to place the venerable prelate a * This paragraph will excite a smile degree lower in the scale of theologi, in many of the readers of Mr. Heber's cal excellence than that to which I elaborate performance, and by many once believed him to be entitled. He will be regarded as the eccentric flight is, indeed, still in very good company. of a juvenile imagination, more conBut, like David's worthies of the se- versant with books than with the cond order, he does not reach the high world. This gentleman talks of a pre-eminence of Lindsey, Lardner, bishop's resignation of his mitre as if Priestley and Law. I hope, however, it were an every-day exploit. I recolthat I have now done theological jus- lect, indeed, that Chrysostom states, tice to the memory of Bishop Shipley: that no man is worthy of the office and that those whose feelings were of a bishop, who is not prepared to hurt at his being classed with Unita- resign it whenever duty calls.

But rians, will accept of my public, and, I Chrysostom wrote fourteen centuries

ago, and both he and his doctrine are

become completely obsolete. A bishop “I wish," says this charitable writer, p. 290, '" that he (Mr. B.) had resign his office for conscience sake!! not, in a note to p. 168 of his Review

of Mr. Heber, Sir, I am told, is a young Mr. Wilberforce, given us too good reason

He is but entering the lists, as to apprehend that his private notions of

a candidate for ecclesiastical preferChristianity are of a kind very faintly dis

When he becomes a bishop tinguished from Deisn.."

hiinself he will know better. alluded to in the Review of Mr. W. is as Mr. Heber charges me, p. 289, as follows : " Their professed principles coxy- taxing Bishop Horsley with insinceriprehend the essence of the Christian reli- ty, because I have said in my Review gion : But not admitting the resurrection of Mr. Wilberforce, “I strongly susof Christ the Theophilanthropists deprive pect that the prelate of Rochester themselves of the only solid ground on would smile at the honest simplicity which to build the hope of n future exist of the meinber for Yorkshire, in supence." With this passage before his eyes posing that a sincere faith in creeds and quoting the former part of it, Mr. and homilies is at all necessary to Heber presumes to represent me as an nabeliever in the Christian revelation !

the permanent prosperity of a national and affects to wonder at my expostulation church.". I deny that the learned genwith the Bishop of London for charging tleman's inference can be fairly drawn the Unitarians with being Deists in their froin the premises. For has not Polurarts ! Can that be the cause of truth pery stood for ages though popes and ahu koncur which requires such gross and cardinals have been notoriously unbepipavle misrepresentations in its de lievers? But to say the truth, though frace?

I desire to excrcise that charity, in its

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Al. Belsham's Reply to the Animadı'ersions of the Rev. Reginald Hiber. 259 fullest extent, which hopeth all things these learned gentlemen thought of "and believeth all things, I do confess me as they profess to do, and as I that my charity is strained to its ut- think of them, they would surely act miost limit when it is required to be- by me as I do by them, and would lieve, that one learned and highly ce- give themselves no sort of concern lebrated prelate is sincere when he either about me of my works. maintains, that the Father begot the

I am, Sir, &c. Son by contemplating his own perfec

T. BELSHAM. 'tions : and that another can be quite P.S. The learned lecturer, who is in earnest when he contends, that ever ready to charge the Unitarians three non-entities make a perfect Be with that inaccuracy of which he himing. When one is reduced to the self exhibits many conspicuous exainhard alternative of believing that a di- 'ples, accuses me note p. 121. of repre'vine of the highest order in the church senting Archdeacon Blackburne, as an is either or -, which of the Unitarian.* This charge I distinctly sides of this distressing dilemma would deny.. I have a better opportunity of · Mr. Heber advise a friend to choose? "knowing what that venerable dignita

One word more, Sir, and I have ry's sentiments really were than Mr. done. There are " Christian advo- Heber can possibly have: for I am in cates" at Cambridge, “ Bampton Lec- 'possession of his confidential corres"turers" at Oxford, and “ Senior Fel- pondence: they were not Calvinistic. "lows" at Dublin, not to mention a But whatever his theological sentiherd of Reviewers in their train, who ments were, Archdeacon Blackburne, all with one accord write and preach was a man of a truly honourable and publish against me and my works, mind. Entitled by talent and learnand who take infinite pains to con- ing, and warranted by connexion, to vince the public that neither the one look up to the highest preferment for the other are worthy of notice. which the chuch has to bestow, he "From none of my nunerous opponents 'refused to accept of any benefice do I meet with quarter, and scarcely '

which made it necessary for him to with common civility, except from renew his subscription to the thirtymy worthy friend, professor Kidd, of nine articles. For which he was Aberdeen ; who does not represent blamed by some who thought as freemc as altogether, void of common ly as himself, but who possessed more sense, though I am unable to compre- of the wisdom of this world: who hend his super-sublime demonstration loved truth welt

, but preferment betof the doctrine of the Trinity. Now, ter. But this venerable man did not Sir, as an overweening vanity will ex- think it necessary to relinquish his tract mutriment even from what was moderate preferment in the church

intended as its bane, and, as I once notwithstanding the change in his
knew a bad poet console himself for theological opinions, because he re-
the lampoons which were made upon garded it as a station of more extensive
his wretched verses, by observing that usefulness than any which he could
seven Homer had his Zoilus," so occupy among the Dissenters. And
though I desire to keep myself as hum- he was offended with those of his
ble as my adversaries themselves endea- family who thought and acted upon a
vour to make me, yet unluckily this for- different principle.
midable combination against nie ope It seems that now in the nineteenth
rates, I know not how, as a temptation century it is great offence to hazard a
to think more highly of myself than I doubt concerning the entire assent of
ought to think. For when I see that any learned divine to every proposition
no less than four of our Universities, contained in the articles which he
are discharging their tremendous artil- subscribes.: which assent, according to
lery through their respective organs, Archdeacon Paley it would be most
'against an insulated, unsheltered, un- unreasonable to expect or to demand.
patronized, untitled individual like my. In the better times of Clarke, and
self, oydev sidus Oldits, I am vain Hoadley, and Sykes, and Jortin, a libe-
enough to conclude that my humble
efforts for the restoration of primitive * “ This zealous partizan," says Mr.
doctrine are not quite so inefficient as Heber, p. 121, speaking of Archdeacon
my zealous opponents would have it Blackburne, " was not only a Trinitarian
believed. And to say the truth, if but a Calvinist.”

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