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Gleanings. GLEANINGS; OR, SELECTIONS AND have purged away the defilements of REFLECTIONS MADE IN A COURSE nativity, and made the creature fit for

the acceptance of its Creator."
No. CCLXII.

CCLXIV.
On the Use of Tea.

Highland Revenge.
The Chinese first used tea as a neces.

A Highlander who made the amende sary result of the badness of the water honorable to an enemy, came to his houng-ho, ot yellow river. They must em- dwelling, laid his head upon the ploy some corrective to render the water block, or offered him his sword held of that river potable, for this purpose by the point. It was deemed unworThey used tea. This made the plant thy to refuse the clemency implored, popular; hence it has been adopted but it might be legally done. We rewhere the same cause did not exist, collect an instance in Highland hisand fashion has rendered it almost a tory :- William M‘Intosh, a leader necessary of life, in countries in the not chief of that ancient clan, upon east, distant from China, and in the some quarrel with the Gordons, burnt west, where the very existence of the the castle of Auchendown, belonging yellow river and its qualities is not to this powerful family, and was, in so much as thought of. That the the feud which followed, reduced to Chinese use it so much as they do, is such extremities by, the persevering probably, owing to their having vengeance of the Earl of Huntley, that nothing better ; for when the Dutch he was at length compelled to surrencarried them sage, nicely dried and der himself at discretion. He came prepared, it appeared so far preferable to the castle of Strathbogie, choosing that they gave in exchange three his time when the Earl was absent, boxes of tea for one of sage.

and yielded himself up to the countess.

She informed him that Huntley had No. CCLXIII.

sworn never to forgive him the offence Love of Children.

he had committed, until he should see "It forms (says Mr. Wakefield, Evi- his head upon the block. The humdences of Christianity, pp. 99, 100, bled chieftain kneeled down, and laid Note) one of the most amiable traits his head upon the kitchen dresser, in the character of Sir Isaac Newton, where the oxen were cut up for the who was indeed all-accomplished beyond baron's feast. No sooner had he made any of his species, that he was fond this humiliation, than the cook, who of little children, and delighted to see stood behind him with his cleaver them playing about his study. Such uplifted, at a sign from the inexorable was the simplicity, the sweetness, the countess, severed Mlatosh's head condecension of a mind, that could from his body at a stroke. So deep expatiate through the universe, was this thirst of vengeance impressed And pass the flaming bounds of place and when a clergyman informed a dying

on the ininds of the Highlanders, that time!

chief of the unlawfulness of the senti-. resembling in this respect also the ment, urged the necessity of his foraffectionate tenderness of the Naza- giving an inveterate enemy, and quoted rene, who fondled little children in his the scriptural expression, Venge arms, laid his hands upon them, and re ance is mine, saith the Lord," the accommended their innocent and artless quiescing penitent said, with a deep mannners to the imitation of his dis-' sigh, To be sure, it is too sweet a ciples. And yet (that I may lose no morsel for a mortal.' Then added, opportunity of shaming corrupted • Well I forgive him; but the De'il churches, which make and love and be take you, Donald, (turning to his son) lieve a Lie (2 Thess. ii. 11. Rev. xx. if you forgive him.' 15.) and of disgracing Anti-Christian Another extraordinary instance ocprinciples, wherever I discover them) curred in Aberdeenshire. In the sixthese very infants are strenuously inain- teenth century, Muat of Abergeldie, tained by sound divines, the spiritual then a powerful baron, made an agreepastors and teachers of this goodly ment to meet with Cameron of Brux, land! to be CHILDREN of WRATH with whom he was at feud, each being and BORN in Sin; till the hallowed attended with twelve horse only. But drops from their disinterested fingers Muat, treacherously taking advantage

ve

rs.

Gleanings.

401 of the literal meaning of the words, Such were the unsettled principles of came with two riders on each horse. the time, that the perfidy of the actiou They met at Drumguadrum, a hill was lost in its boldness; it was apnear the river Don, and in the un- plauded by his kinsmen who united equal conflict which ensued, Brux fell themselves to defend what he had with most of his friends. The estate done; and the fact is commemorated descended to an only daughter, Cathe- in the well known tune of triumph rine, whose hand the widowed lady called Leslie among the Leiths. Brux, with a spirit well suited to the times, offered as a reward to one who

No. CCLXV. would avenge her husband's death.

Cardinal Turquemada. Robert Forbes, a younger son of the “ The inquisition is nothing but chief of that family undertook the the highest improvement of persecuadventure; and having challenged tion which begins with tests and negaMuat to single combat, fought with tive penalties but ends in fires and and slew him at a place called Bade- halters. Cardinal Turquemada, the wyon, near the head of Glenbucket. first inquisitor-general in Spain, eren A stone called Clachmuat (i. e. Muat's in the infancy of the inquisition, stone) still marks the place of combat. brought an hundred thousand souls When the victor presented himself to into it in the small space of fourteen claim the reward of his valour, and Of these six thousand were to deprecate any delay of his happi- burnt alive." Trenchard and Gordon's piness, Lady Brux at once cut short Tracts, 1751, ii. 290. all ceremonial by declaring that Kate Cameron should go to Robert Forbes's

No. CCLXVI. bed while Muat's blood was yet reck

Palmer and Pilgrim. ing upon his gully (i. e. knife.) The “ Palmers differ from Pilgrimas, in victor expressed no disapprobation of that the Pilgrim has some home or this arrangement, nor did the maiden dwelling-place, but the Palmer none. scruples of the bride impede her filial The Pilgrim travels to some certain obedience.

designed place, or places, but the One more example (and we could Palmer to all. The Pilgrim goes on add an hundred) of that insatiable his own charges, the Palmer professes thirst of revenge, which attended wilful poverty, and lives on alms. The northern feuds. One of the Leslies, Pilgrim may give over his profession a strong and active young man, and return home, but the Palmer chanced to be in company with a must be constant till he hath obtained number of the clan of Leith, the the palm, that is victory over all his feudal enemies of his own. The place ghostly enemies and life by death'; where they met being the hall of a and thence is his name Palmer; or powerful and neutral neighbour, Les- else from a staff or bough of palm, lie was, like Shakspeare's Tybalt, in which he always carries along with a similar situation, compelled to en him.” History of Popery, 4to. 1735, dure his presence. Stillo he held the i. 113. opinion of the angry Capulet, even in the midst of the entertainment,

No. CCLXVII.

A Dutch Bille imprisoned in the Inqui. "Now by the stock and honour of

sition. his kin,

“ The brave old Marshal Scomberg, To strike him dead to hold it not a when he was last at Lisbon, told a sin."

friend of mine, with tears in his eyes, Accordingly, when they stood up to that having when he came ashore dance, when he found himself com- there, left à Dutch Bible, which had pelled to touch the hands and ap- been his grandfather's, upon the table proach the persons of his detested of his cabin, it had been carried from enemies, the deadly feud broke forth. the custom-house to the inquisition ; He unsheathed his dagger as he went and that thongh he had sent to the down the dance-struck on the right chief inquisitor, and had spoken to and left-laid some dead and many him himself for it, he had not been wounded on the floor-threw up the able to recover it." Independent Whig, window, leaped into the castle court, 1720. 7th Ed. ii. 47. and escaped in the general confusion.

( 402 )

BIBLICAL CRITICISM.

INTO THE HOLY

On the Priesthood of Christ. which was since the Law, muketh the

June 22, 1816. Son, who is consecrated for evermore. N this paper I shall pluce, at one So-x. 11-13. IN

view, before my readers, those (12.) -- viii. 1. “Now of the things texts of Scripture which speak of Jesus which we have spoken, this is the Christ as a priest : I shall then coin sun : we have such an high priest, who pare thein together, and with some is set on the right hund of the throne of other passages; and, finally, I shall the Majesty in the heavens." state, in a few distinct remarks, the (13.) -1.-" he were on curth, result of u investigation.

he should not le a priest." I. (1.) Heb. ii. 17.4" in all things (14.) - ix. 11.--" Christ - an high it behoved him to be made like unto priest of good things to come." his brethren, that he might be a merci (15.) 12.-loy his own blood fiel and faithful high priest, in things -entered in once pertaining to God, to make reconci PLACE, having obtained eternal reliation for the sins of the people." demption for us."

(2.) – il. 1.--" consider the apostle (16.) -1, 21, 22.-" having an high and high priest of our profession, Christ priest over the house of God, Let us Jesus,"

draw near with a true heart, in full (3.) – ir. 14. “Seeing then that assurance of faith." we have a great high priest, that is pass

II. The texts thus cited, may be ed into the heavens, Jesus, the Son of distributed into four classes : (1) those God, let us hold fast our profession.” which simply represent Jesus Christ as

(4.)--iv. 15.—“we have not an high a priest or high priest, (2) those which priest who cannot be touched with the describe his qualifications in that chafeeling of our infirinities : but was in racter, (3) those which speak of his all points tempted as we are, yet with- appointment to the office, and (4) out sin."

finally, those which direct our regard (5.) - v.5.-" Christ glorified not to the characteristic excellence of his himself to be made an high priest.' priesthood.

(6.)". 10. Called of God, an To the first class we refer Nos. 2, high pricst, aíter the order of Melchi- 14, 16; to the second, Nos. 1, 4, 10; sedec."

to the third, Vos. 5, 6, 11; and to (7.) -- vi. 20. “Whither the fore. the fourth, Nos. 3, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, runner is for us entered ; even Jesus 15. made an high priest for ever, after the The allusion, in all the passages, order of Melchisedec.” Thus, too, being to priests under foriner dispenvii. 15, 16, &c.

sations of religion, it will be requisite (8.) - vii. 3.-" made like unto the to add a few texts from the Old TestaSon of God, abideth a priest continu- ment: ally." So verses 15, 16, 17, 21. Gen. xiv, 18, 19.-" Melchisedec,

-24.-" this man, because king of Salem, brought forth bread he conuimmeth ever, hath an unchange- and wine : and he was the priest of the able pricsthood."

Most Iligh God. And he blessed him (10.)

-26.-" such an high (Abram], &c." Psalm cx. 4. priest became us, who is holy, harn... Lev. xvi. 2.-" the Lord said unto less, undefiled, separate from sinners, Moses, Speak untó Aaron thy brother, and made higher than the heavens." that he come not at all times into the

(11.) -27, 28. "Who need- holy place within the vail ;". See, eth not daily, as those high priests likewise, ver. 15, &c. (under the Law], to offer up sacrifice Deut. 8.4" the Lord separated first for his own sins, and then for the the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark of the people's ; for this he did once when covenant of the Lord, to stand before he offered up himself. For the Law the Lord, to minister unto him, anda maketh men high priests who have to bless in his name." infirmity : but the word of the oath, These passages will explain, in par->

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ticular, the first, third and fourth their prayers to God. + Particularly, classes of the texts quoted above : on on one solemn day in the year, after the second of them light will be assisting in the sacrifices of the people, thrown by the commands respecting he entered the holy of holies, and the priests in the books of Leviticus finished, by the act of his appearance and Numbers; and all receive illus- in that spot, the great work of making tration from

reconciliation (IratxesXI]: it was the 1 Pet. ïi. 5. ""Ye (Christians) are reconciliation of the people, together an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual with the altar, &c. to God, not of God sacrifice, acceptable to God by Jesus to the people, and instead of implying Christ."

the existence of wrath in the mind of -9. “Ye are a royal pniest- the Supreme Being, it denoted his hood."

mercy and forbearance. Rev. i. 6.-"haih macle us [i. e. Fourthly; Nothing, can be more Christ hath made us) kings and priests evident than that our Lord is a priest

. unto God and his Father."

allusively and figuratively. In John - $x. 6.--" they shall be priests * of x. 11. he styles himself a shepherd, Gud and of Christ."

language which also is metaphorical. III. We are now, I trust, pre- According to the Scriptural represenpared, for discerning the Scriptural tation, his priesthood is not a distinct doctrine of the priesthood of Jesus office, but a connecked view of his minisChrist.

try, his death, and his resurrection to an And, in the first place, this tenet IMMORTAL life. Hence the Heis altogether unrelated to the popular brew Christians are exhorted to persetenet concerning his intercession. verance: they are members of an unNot one of the passages transcribed, decaying dispensation. speaks of his interposing in behalf of Lastly; Christ nerer speaks of mankind: not one of them implies himself as a priest. Nor is he ever so that he so interposes. His priesthood spoken of by his apostles, in their is not of his own appointment, but of discourses or epistles ; unless indead God's.

the letter the Hebrews be the proSecondly; The great point of re duction of Paul, which, at least, is semblance between Jesus and the Jew. very sloubtful. ish high priest,, is our Lord's haring Admitting however that it was dicpresented himself before God in the spi- tated by this great teacher of Christritual holy of holies. Of the chief of ianity, still it must be interpreted with the priests under the law it was the reference to its occasion, design and special duty; the characteristic privic readers. The author's object is to lege, to enter, once a year, the most preserve the Jewish converts from holy place: he did not go into it more apostacy: one method therefore which frequently; he did not remain there he employs for this purpose, is to shew long: Christians have a high priest that the Gospel has in all respects a to whom far greater honour is appro- vast superiority to the Law; and this priated. And the benefits derived by argument he in part illustrates by a . them from our Saviour's priesthood comparison of the Levitical high are precisely those which they derive priest with the high priest of the froin his death, resurrection and as- '* new and better covenant." cension.

It will now be easily understood In the third place; Jesus mahes re- 'why and how Jesus Christ is "the conciliation for the sins of the people. apostle and high priest of our profesHow? Not by dying in their stead sion." And the foregoing observations (for this was not required from the are 'respectfully submitted to those perhigh priest, and formed no part of his sons who, like the writer, make the sa. otlice); but by duly appearing in the cred voluine its own expositor. N. presence of God on their behalf. The --high priest among the Israelites offered + " Munus sacerdotale co maxime a

prophetico atque etiam apostolico differret,

quod prophetarum et apostolorum esset tes “ Regni ejus sunt administri, uti olim Dei apud homines agere, Sacerdotium au · sacerdotes Isäelitarum," Eicbhoro. Com- tem res hominum apud Deum." Outrar rucat : in Apoc; 289.

de Sacrif: (1677) P: 220.«

REVIEW
“Still pleased to praise, yet not afraid to blame."---POPE.

Arr. I.-The Literary and Scientific tuosity of innovation has been dimi

Pursuits which are encouraged and en- nished on the one hand, and tenacity forced in the University of Cambridge, of abuse on the other; and the whole

loriefly described and vindicated. By effect has been a calm determination the Rev. Latham Wainewrighi, in the public mind towards investigation A.M. F.A.S. of Emanuel College and improvement, which, notwithin that University, and Rector of standing the failure of some enthusiastic Great-Brickhill, Bucks.

hopes, may still console the patriot and NO TOTHING shows more decisively the philanthropist.

the influence which public opi Among the other indications of a nion is constantly acquiring in this change of views, in those who are incountry, than the deference paid to it terested in the preservation of existing by those great chartered bodies, whose establishments, we may reckon those constitution seems designed to enable indications which have appeared withthem to set it at defiance. It is chiefly in the last few years, of the discipline this, which has enabled the friends of and studies of our two Universities. humanity to carry the light of investi- Placed as these bodies appear to be, gation and reform into the worse than “above the fear of a rival and below inquisitional cells of Bedlam; it is this the confession of a fault,"* they have which makes the Church of England evidently begun to feel that the public circulate the Scriptures, and educate the requires from them some account of poor, and even submit to hear the com- the manner in which they discharge mutation of tythes made the subject of the high trust reposed in them, and parliamentary discussion. The French how they repay to their country the Revolution, of which some persons endowments, immunities and privileges seem to think that they can never speak which she has conferred upon them. in terms too strongly expressive of their Our readers probably remember the abhorrence, has been one great cause vindication of Oxford by Mr. Cople of this remarkable characteristic of the stone,t occasioned by the animadverpresent times. The evils which re- sions of the Edinburgh Reviewers, who sulted from that tremendous collision came just too late with their censures. between the spirit of reform, and the After wasting the time of its students “ morosa morum retentio,"* have left for we know not how many generaa deep, though unavowed impression tions, in an absurd and useless course upon the minds of those who are inte- of studies, the University of Oxford rested in the support of existing institu- had at length condescended to adapt tions, and have moderated that high its pursuits to the altered condition of and disdainful tone, with which they the world, and to ensure attention to were accustomed to plead antiquity them by a very strict and efficient against reason, and privilege against system of examinations. Cambridge, justice. They remember what was in as being of less ancient establishment, France the consequence of despising and far inferior in independent revenues, those murmurs, which public opinion had always been less bigotted to ancient had long uttered against a corrupt forms and obsolete doctrines, and had hierarchy and a despotic government therefore less that required alteration. it spoke once again, and heaven and Yet whoever will compare the proposals earth were shaken with the voice. The for improvements of various kinds, horrot of reforin, which was the first made by Dr. John Jebb, and then result of the excesses of the Revolution, has in great ineasure subsided; impe

+ Gibbon.

+ Now we believe LL.D. and Provost Lord Bacon

of Oriel College,

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