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Mr. Gilchrist in Reply to A. A. not hastily suspect or impute bad lenger, but rather attacks in the man. motives ; but I must be permitted to ner of one whom I shall not name, say that there is some appearance of Jest I should be be uncharitable eenvy about his strictures. He indi. nough to shock his ears and hurt his rectly confesses it was the character delicacy; for he need not be told given of the sermon as “ acute, able what class of men wear a mask and and eloquent," that provoked his re- shoot from ambush. There is a sort of proaches; and without considering wild justice and generosity to be met the abatement made in the conclud- with at times even among them; but ing remarks of the Review, he reluc- was it just or fair in your correspontantly and grudgingly admits of any dent to pretend he was criticising my excellence by saying, “ whatever sermon when he was only quoting may be thought of the argument from the notes appended to it? which, though clear and simple, does I am unwilling to cousider his innot strike me as peculiarly ingenious genious, original and classical allusion or novel.” If this be not the language of the philosopher's tub in the light of envy it is so very like it as to be in of splendid poverty. It is always eadanger of misleading common under sier to repeat than to invent; but he standings. I have a higher opinion is surely not necessitated after such a of the talents of the writer than to wide range of reading to bedeck his suppose he cannot rise to honourable compositions with the worn-out finery distinction by the native buoyancy of of fabulous traditions. Does he really his own genius; or that he must at- believe in the Tale of a Tub? Did it tempt to pull down the reputation of never occcr to him that Diogenes was surrounding talents lest his own should calumniated like our own Hobbes ; be overshadowed and concealed. But and that merely because he had sawhy does he not abstain from the gacity to discern and courage to ridivery appearance of ignoble motives cule the nonsense of such popular He complains loudly and bitterly of philosophers as Socrates, Plato and uncourteousness and uncharitableness; Aristotle, the holy trinity of classical yet he can be very uncourteous and idolatry? uncharitable in his turn; which is But these are only circumstances something like (to use an old vulgar let us come to the matter of the insaying) Satan reproving sin. In the dictment. It may be resolved into small space of a short letter the reader uncourteousness, uncharitableness and will find a great many hard words contemptuousness. The ears of your (though the arguments' be soft and correspondent have been long accusslippery) well harbed with personal tomed to the language of scripture, reflections. In this respect, at least, else they would be shocked with the the accuser has outdone the accused ; specimens of Christian courtesy which and I hope to convince him that how- might be selected from the speeches ever hot and violent I may be when of Christ and his apostles. I intend I have no one human being in view, to reproach to his understanding by I can use the gentlest words in the remarking that, it is of great imporEnglish vocabulary when repelling a tance to reflect carefully on the napersonal attack. I do not object to ture of things and meaning of words ; the words applied to me or to my ser especially on such words as are ever mon : they are as truly respectable as sounding in our ears ; for without the hypocritical misnomers and sla. much attention, our roting begets & vish inuendos rendered to the arbi. silly habit of repeating after repeaters trary laws and despotic fashions of as the jay chattereth English. Chamodern etiquette are mean and cou- rity (as I understand the term) means temptible. But I have a right to meet benevolence; and therefore to the people on the ground which them. charge of uncharitableness I plead not selves have chosen, and to demand guilty; for I sincerely wish those consistency between their professions whose opinions differ from mine all and their practice. I am sorry to the blessings of the life that now is, speak anhandsomely of orre, who and of that which is to come. But, gives himself the airs of a gentleman; if, as I suspect, your correspondent but I must tell the unprovoked as means by charity, what the French sailant in question, that he does not (from whom we borrowed it) call come forward as an honourable chat the art of pleasing and the art of liv.

Mr. Gilchrist in Reply to A. A.

91 ing, I glory in being uncharitable ; ject I may have to treat of, I shall and in setting all the petty ordinances certainly not spare the insect generaof the modern idol at defiance. If tion of scribblers ; for I would rather your correspondent wishes to go into bear the marks of their displeasure the merits of bienséance and courtesy than have the hum of their approba(of the same origin with courtesan) 1 tion. There are many Trinitarian beam prepared to give my reasons for lievers for whose understanding as verging towards the opposite extreme well as character I have the greatest from that of the fashion ; and what respect; but none who know how to will probably have more weight with argue would attempt to support the his judgment, I am prepared to back doctrine of the Trinity by argument. those reasons with high authorities; Bacon was of opinion that reason for though I do not borrow my opin- ought not to be employed about the ions they are not quite so singular mysteries of the church; and one of as some readers may suppose. the ablest reasoners and most eloquent

Your correspondent ought to have writers among the orthodox in the sagacity enough to discern that the present time has been frequently heard objectionable matter in the notes ad- to say, that the doctrine of the Trinided to my sermon, is a literary rather ty cannot be supported by argument. than a theological question. Whe- It is highly improbable that ever I ther he perceived this and did not shall write or publish on that subject think proper to notice it, but chose again ; and whatever your corresponrather to speak of the odium theologi. dent may say about disgustin; affeccum, is not for me to determine. As, tation, or ridiculous vanity, I can once however, he glories in belonging to more declare that I do think it a dethe dwarfish age of smoothi, courtiy grading task to have to reason with petits maitres, he might have been third-rate mystical declaimers. I bave expected to repel the violent attack already wasted more time than the made upon its tender delicacy and occasion called for; and shall conaccomplished refinement. But I am clude with a remark or two on the contemptuous. Towards whom am object of your correspondent's letter. I contemptuous ? The only living He must have intended to correct author named by me is Robert Hall; the offender-or simply to punish but so far from contempt, I have the him-or thirdly, to proclaim to the highest admiration of his splendid ta. Catholic church of orthodox Trinita. lents and pre-eminent genius; and rians, that though the Catholic church would rather read a volume of his of orthodos Unitarians, might through writings than a page of the dull cen- the laxness of her discipline harbour sors' of faults which they have not ta- such a daring heretic, yet that he was lent enough to commit. Your corres- rather tolerated than approved. As pondent will not assert that I have to the first purpose, your corresponexpressed any contempt for the other dent has written very unhappily and names introduced; and to these I unsuccessfully; and though he says could add, if not a multitude, at least something about conciliating and please a goodly number of authors for whom ing, I fear he will be an unsuccessful I have the greatest esteem and affec- candidate for the reward promised by tion. I am not conscious of express. his supreme holiness in the Vatican to ing contempt towards that numerous the best prize-essay on that important and respectable body of the people subject. But perhaps he did not wish who are of the orthodox faith. 'I am to conciliate but to irritate ; and depersuaded that there is as much in- spairing of correcting, hoped simply tellectual dignity and moral worth to punish. Being a gentleman of examong them as in the Catholic church quisite delicacy and courtly accomof Orthodox Unitarians.

plishments he thought, perhaps, that The question then returns towards dull admonition and pointless satire whom am I contemptuous? I will are the most effectual means of refined tell your correspondent -sciolists, torture ; for the blunter the instruwitlings and pretenders of all descrip- ment the longer it is of dispatching tions, who have the vanity and pre- the victim. I confess my pride is sumption to write on subjects while deeply wounded to think that your they know not what they say nor correspondent should suppose me unwhereof they affirm. Whatever sub. worthy of acute pains and costly ce

J. J. on Sunday Tolls. remonies ; or that such musty, mur- church or chapel, or other place of dered metaphors as abortions of genius, religious worship on Sundays, or any red-hot ashes, and old philosophers' other day on which divine service is tubs were good enough for me. I ordered by authority to be celebrated, thought I had written better than to or going to or returning from attend. deserve such scornful treatment; and ing the funeral of any person who though I have not seen the Sermon shall die and be buried in any of the in question since the last proof-sheet parishes in which the said road lies, passed through my hands, I begin to &c." think it deserves to be committed to But all other persons, travelling on the flames. But finally—it it was the the said road on Sundays, are obliged holy, catholic purpose of your wor- to pay double toll, even though they thy correspondent to inform the church attend public worship in the church of orthodox Trinitarians that the of the parish where the gate stands, church of orthodox Unitarians .does if it be not their proper and usual not approve of my sermon-he might place of attending the said worship. bave surely saved himself the trouble So that a person in a chaise and pair, of writing a letter. I was conscious passing to attend in our church, or of peculiarity and singularity in my any Dissenting place of worship in style; and took care to inform the this or any other town (for we make public that I was not the organ of no invidious distinctions of denomithe Unitarian Church, and that all the nations) from or into a parish in which faults of manner and spirit in my com our road does not lie, must pay a toll position were ascribable and charge of two shillings, though on other day's able to me alone. Your correspon- he passes for one shilling. This doudent is no doubt a most charitable ble toll has been provided because it Christian and refined gentleman; but was thought that such as travel for perhaps some of your readers will amusement on the Lord's Day can think bis sense of honour is not very afford such payment for the benefit high-mettled which suffered him to of the road. The regulations of other make an attack upon the manner and local Acts may be different, and therespirit of a sermon after the above de- fore reference should be had, as beclaration from the author.

fore observed, to the Act under which JAMES GILCHRIST. the gate alluded to by J. P. was

erected. Moreton Hampstead, Feb. 8, 1816. Were all Acts worded as the clause Sir,

above extracted, I should hope no T seems to me, that it was not person would think of demanding J. P., p. 14, of your number for Ja. Churchman is not liable. And if nuary last, to make a profession of there be any Act which exempts the bis faitli, however correct it may be, latter and not the former, it must be in seeking information on the subject owing, I should think, to the neglect of Sunday Tolls. Our highway acts of Dissenters at the time of passing it; have nothing to do with the faith, and they must bear it with patience but only the passing of travellers : until the next time of renewal, which and to know who is to pay, and who cannot be obtained without their is exempted, on Sundays, he must know ledge, unless it be again their consult the local Act under which own fault. At the meeting of the the gate has been erected, at which trustees which is called to prepare for toll is demanded of him, or the ta- such renewal, they should appear, ble, which is, or ought to be, hung aud make their claim to the same exat the gate, containing the tolls and emption as others, and without doubt exemptions. The Act, under which they will prevail : but if they should the road which passes by my door not, they should by their counsel in has been made says, in the clause of parliament, petition for it, or against exemptions,—"No toll shall be de- the renewal of the act,—and surely manded, of or from any person or they cannot fail of full redress. persous going to or returning from

J. J. his, her or their proper parochial




9S GLEANINGS; OR, SELECTIONS AND the cause I now speak of: No, no;

REFLECTIONS MADE IN A COURSE I speak of the common cause of all OF GENERAL READING.

serious, sober-minded Christians, with

in the common rule or without it, I No. CCXLIII. Death of Truth in order to a Revival. all sobriety of mind or to exclude all

neither thiok any one party to include The Great Mr. Howe, in his Fu- insobriety. neral Sermon for the silver-tongued “ But though it should seem geneDr. Bates, has the singular supposi- rally to have expired, let us believe tion of Truth being destined to die it shall revive. When our confidences and then to experience a resurrection. and vain boasts cease, The Temple of His text, which he judiciously ex the Lord! The Temple of the Lord! plains and happily applies, is John Lo, here is Christ, and there is Christ! xi. 16, “ Let us also go that we may And one sort ceases to magnify this die with him :" referring to Dr. Bates, Church, and another that, and an he says, in conclusion,

universal death is come upon us, then “ But be it far fronı us to say, “Let (and I am afraid, not till then) is to us die with him," as despairing of be expected a glorious resurrection, our cause. If our cause be not that not of this or that party; for living, of any self-distinguished party, but powerful religion, when it recovers, truly that common Christian cause, will disdain the limits of a party. Nor of which you have heard. While it is it to be thought that religion, mois the divine pleasure to continue us dified by the devised distinctions of here, let us be content and submit, this or that party, will ever be the to live and own it, to live and serve religion of the world. But the same it to our uttermost. If ever God de- power that makes us return into a sign good days to the Christian church state of life, will bring us into a state on earth, this is the cause that must of unity, in divine light and love. prevail, and triumph in a glorious Then will all the scandalous marks conquest over death.

and means of division among Chris. ' "But I must freely tell you my appre- tians vanish; and nothing remain as hensions, which I have often hinted, a test or boundary of Christian comthat I fear it must die first; I mean munion, but what hath its foundaa temporary death; I fear it, for it tion as such, in plain reason or exhath been long gradually dying al. press revelation. ready: and spiritual diseases which “ Then as there is one body and one have this tendency are both sinful and Spirit, will that Almighty Spirit so penal. Lazarus's death and resurrec animate and form this body, as to iion, I think to have been meant, not make it every where amiable, selfonly for a sort of prolusion to the recommending and capable of spreaddeath and resurrection of Christ, both ing and propagating itself, and to personal, but mystical. I only say 'increase with the increase of God.' this for illustration, not for proof. •Then shall the Lord be One, and his

“ That sickness and death of his name Ore, in all the carth.' was not in order to a permanent death Howe's Works. (2 Vols. Fo. 1724.) but for the glory of God, that when II. 458, 9. the case was deplorate and hopeless, and he four days buried, he might

No. CCXLIV. surprisingly spring up again alive.

I know not but the sickuess and Demoralizing effect of War. death of this our incomparably worthy Ten or twelve generations of the friend and (for ought I know of many world must go to the making up of more of us) may be appointed the one wise man or one excellent art : same way to be for the glory of God; and in the succession of those ages that is, as tending to introduce that there happen so many changes and death which is to pass upon our com- interruptions, so many wars and viomon cause; which such men help to lences, that seven years' fighting sets keep alive, by their earnest strug- a whole kingdom back in learning and glings, though in a languishing, faint- virtue, to which they were creeping, it ing condition every hour.

may be a whole age. « Think me pot so vain as to reckon

Jere. T'aylor. H. Dying. exclusively the cause of Dissenters,


“ Still pleased to praise, yet not afraid to blame."-POPE.

Art. 1.--Almanach Imperial, pour Under these circumstances we can

l'Année M.DCCC.XIII. Presenté not be satisfied to lay aside this last à S. M. L'Empereur et Roi, par Imperial Almanack without further Testu. A Paris chez Testu et Co. describing the ecclesiastical state of De L'Imprimerie de Testu, Impri- France and its dependencies, as modelmeur De L'Empereur. The Im- led by the tolerating policy of the perial Almanack for the year 1813, Emperor and King. presented to bis Majesty the Em The first Section of Chapter 7th peror and King, by Testu. Paris. (p. 256,) is devoted to the Archbishops Sold by Testu and Co. From the and Bishops of the Church of Imperial Press of Testu, Printer to the Em- France. Fifteen Archbishoprics, incluperor. Pp. 978.

ding their Suffragan Sees, are thus ar

ranged: Paris, Malines, Besançon, LyArt. II.-Almanach Royal pour on, Aix, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Bourges,

les Années M.DCCC.XIV. et Tours, Rouen, Turin, Genoa, FloM.DCCC.XV. Presenté à Sa Ma

rence, Pisa, Sienna. The Bishoprics jesté, par Testu. A Paris. Chez appear to be uinety-eight. The list *Testu et Co. Testu, Imprimeur is closed (p. 266,) with Osnaburgh, de LL. AA. SS. Mør. Le Duc

a name familiar to an English ear, as D'Orleans et Mør. Le Prince De having been once under the ghostly Condé. · The Royal Almanack for care of our Duke of York, who, from the Years 1814 and 1815. Pre- his infancy till the French irruption sented to his Majesty, by Testu.

was Prince Bishop of that See! It is Paris. Sold by Testu and Co. remarkable that, excepting two or Testu, Printer to their Most Se- three Italian Prelates, none of the rene Highnesses, the Duke of Or. bishops in this list were appointed Jeans and the Prince of Conde, before 1802. Pp. 830.

The Second Section, appropriated TE have here presented, in a to Cultes Protestans commences with striking

contrast, the Imperial the Protestants of the Confession Eagle and the Royal Lily, each form- of Augsburgh, or Lutherans. Their ing a vignette to its appropriate title-order and connexion with the gopage.

vernment are thus described : In our Sixth volume (p. 615,) some The churches of the Confession of Augsaccount was gtven of “the Imperial burgh bave Pastors, Consistories, InspecAlmanack for the year 1811," chiefly tions and General Consistories. with a view of noticing the Chapter The Consistories superintend the disentitled, “ Organization des Cultes," cipline, and the management of the proas a part most likely to interest our perty of the church, and of the interest readers. This chapter is the seventh accruing from charitable contributions, in the Imperial Almanack for 1813.

The Inspections are compused of a pas. The Catholic Religion, Culte Catho: tor and one elder of each of the five Con

sistorial Churches. Every Inspection elects lique, occupies the first section, with from its own body, two laymen and one no other mark of distinction, than ecclesiastic, who are called inspectors. priority, or as primus inter pares. Cul. The inspector superintends the ministers tes Protestans, fill the second section, or pastors, and maintains order in the Conwhile the third is devoted to the dis- sistorial Churches. The Inspection cannot ciples of Moses, under the title of boid its sittings, without the authority of Culte des Juifs. This is probably the the government. last time that Culte Catholique will

The General Consistories form the sube constrained to associate with Pro- perior administration of all the Consistorial

Churcbes and the Inspections. testants or Jews, unless France should unexpectedly again possess a govern- the interval of their sittings, there is a Di.

Besides the General Consistory, and in ment, enlightened to understand the rectory composed of a president who is benefits of impartial toleration, and eldest of the ecclesiastical inspectors and courageous enough to pursue them. of three Jaymen, one nominated by the


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