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T Then shall

follow three Colle&ts; the first of the day, which shall be the same that is appointed at the Communion; the

second for Peace; the third for Grace to live well. And the two last Collects shall never alter, but daily be said at Morning Prayer throughout all the year, as followetb; all kneeling.

T The second Collezt, for Peace. O

cord, in knowledge of whom standeth our eternal life, whose service is perfect freedom; Defend us thy humble servants in all assaults of our enemies; that we surely trusting in thy defence, may not fear the power of any adversaries, through the might of Jesus Christ our Lord, Amen.

Collee75] The occasion of this name is not determined. Some think these short compositions were called Colleets, because in them many distinet petitions are collected into one prayer. Others imagine they had their name from their plıraseology being chiefly collected from holy writ. Others again affert, that the derivation of the name is found in their being repeated by the bishop or priett to the congregation, as soon as the people were assembled or collected together; and laitly, orher writers fay the Colleits meant the collection, recapitulation, and recommendation, publicly made by the bishop or priest, of the prayers which had been privately offered up by the people.

The second Colle? This beautiful prayer is translated almost literally from the “ Sacramentarium” of Gregory the Great, of whose admirable fervices our judicious Reformers fully availed themselves, when they conIructed the English liturgy. Gregory lived in the sixth century, and was famous for his liturgical labours. Mr. Milner, in his “ History of the Church of Christ,” makes the following obfervatio:s on Gregory's excellence as a ritualist; and on our Reformers' adoption of many of his forms of prayer :-"In his Sacramentary he embodied the Collects of the ancient Church, and improved old, or made new ones. Gelafius, before him, had appointed public prayers composed by himself and others. These were all placed in the offices by Gregory. And by a comparison of our Book of Common-Prayer with his Sacramentary it is evident, that almost all the Collects for Sundays, and the principal festivals in the Church of England, were taken out of the latter. "To me it appears to be an advantage, that oar Reformers followed antiquity so much in the work. The purification of the ancient services froin the corrupt and idolatrous mixtures of popery was as strong an indication of their judgment as the composition of prayers altogether new could have been, which however they scrupled not to introduce in various parts of the Liturgy. From the brief account I have given, it appears, that the service of the Church is far more antient than the Roman Missal, properly speaking. And whoever has attended to the fuperkative simplicity, fervour, and energy of the prayers, will have no heIstation in concluding, that they must, the Collects particularly, have been

| The Third Colle:7, for Grace.

. O ,

Lord, our heavenly Father, Almighty and everlasting

Godwho haft safely brought us to the beginning of this day; Defend us in the fame with thy mighty power; and grant that this day we fall into no fin, neither run into any kind of danger; but that all our doings may be ordered by thy governance, to do always that is righteous in thy fight, through Jesus Chriftour Lord. Amen. T In Quires and places where they fing, bere followeth

the Anthem. Then these five Prayers following are to be read here, except when the Litany is read; and then anly the two last are to be read, as they are there placed.

TA Prayer for the King's Micjesiy. O Lord, our heavenly Father, high and mighty, King

of kings, Lord of lords, the only Ruler of princes, who dost from thy throne behold all the dwellers upon earth; most heartily we beseech thee with thy favour to behold our most gracious Sovereign Lord King GEORGE; and so replenish him with the grace of thy Holy Spirit, that he may alway incline to thy will, and walk in thy way: Endue him plenteoully with heavenly gifts; grant

composed, in a time of true evangelical light and godlinefs. It is impollible indeed to say how early fome parts of the Liturgy were writtens but doubtless they are of very high antiquity.”

The third Collect] This praver is framed from a form in the Greek Euchslegion, or ancient ritual of the Greek church. With this Collect the order of the Morning Prayer ended, from its first appearance in 1548, to the last Review in 1662. Till the latter period the fucceeding prayers were placed towards the end of the Lituany, inımediately after “ we humbly, befeech ther," &c.; and after these followed the occasional prayers and thanksgivings, all which probably made a part of the Litany.

A Prayer for the King's Majelyi The Jews were accuftomed to offer Sip prayers for their King in their public devotions. Vide Píalm xx. and and lxxii. The ancient Chriftians also observed a similar practice, even before the Emperors were converted; and when they became supporters of the faith, ther were named particularly in the public prayers, with titles of the deareft affection. The present prayer is translated chiefly from the Sacramentarium of St. Gregory; and was inserted into our Liturgy in Elizabuh's reign; our Rcforniers observing, that the Queen could not be prayed for, according to the old form of service, except on those days when either the Litany or Communion ofce was appointed to be read.

bim in health and wealth long to live; strengthen him that he may vanquish and overcome all his enemies; and finally, after this life, he may attain everlasting joy and felicity, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

T A Prayer for the Royal Family.

bly beseech thee to bless our gracious Queen Cbar. lo!!e, ther Royal Highnesies George Prince of Walcs, the Frincess of Wales, and all the Royal Family: Endue them with thy Holy Spirit; enrich them with thy heavenly grace; profper them with all happiness; and bring them to thineeverlasting kingdom,thro' Jesus Christour Lord. Amen.

TA Prayer for the Clergy and People. Almighty and everlasting God, who alone workelt Curates, and all Congregations committed to their charge, the healthful Spirit of thy grace; and that they may truly please thee, pour upon them the continual dew of thy žleffing: Grant this, O Lord, for the honour of our Advocate and Mediator Jesus Christ,


A Prayer for tle Royal Family] In the ancient Liturgy of St. Basil, we find a form of prayer for the Imperial Family; and many of the old councils enjoined a similar practice.“ In our own church, indeed, there was no mention made of the Royal Family till the reign of King James I. because after the Reformation no Protestant Prince had children till he came to the throne. But at his accesiion, this prayer was immediately added; except tha: the beginning of it, when it was first inserted, was, 'Almighty God, which hait promised to be a Father of thine elect, and of their teedi' but this, I fuppofe, being thought to favour a little of Calvinifm, was altered about the year 1632 or 33, when (' Frederic the Prince Elecior Palatine, the Lady Elizabeth, his wife, with their princely issue' being left out) thete words were changed into, “ Almighty God, the fountain of all goodness.'-'ieatly.

A Prayer for the Clergy and People) This prayer is adopted, for the greatest part, from the Sacramentarium of St. Gregory. It was annexed to the Litany in some of Henry Villth's Primers; but does not appear in either of Edward the Vith's Prayer-Books. In Queen Elizabeth's Review it affumed its present place in the Liturgy.

Curates). By curates here are not meant stipendiaries, as now it is used to fig y, but all those, whether parlons or vicars, to whom the bishop, who is the chief pastor under Chrift, hath committed the cure of the forus of some part of his tlock; and io are the bithops' curates."-Sparrow.

f A Prayer of St. Cbryfoftom.

with one accord to make our common supplications unto thee; and dost promise, that when two or three are gathered together in thy name, thou wilt grant their requelts; Fulfil now, O Lord, the desires and petitions of thy servants, as may be most expedient for them; granting us in this world knowledge of thy truth, and in the world to come life everlasting. Amen.

2 Cor. xiii. 14. The grace of our Lord Jesus Chrift, and the love of

God, and the fellowship of the Holy Ghost, be with us all ever more.


liere endeth the Order of Morning Prayer troughout

the rear.

A Prayer of St. Chryfoftom] Although this collect be not found in anu of the works of St. Chryfoftom, which the learned consider as certainly genuine; yet it is generally believed to be his production, and is tranía lated almost literally from a prayer in the Liturgy bearing his name. This prayer was placed in its present situation at the Review, 1662.

The Grace, &c.] With the ancient Jewes it was a custom for the priest to dismiss the people with a form of benediction : Num. vi. 2 3.

« This blessing of the bishop or priest was fo highly eftecmed in the primitive times, that none durit go out of the church till they had received it, according to the councils of Agatha, can. 31, in the year 472; and Orleans the third, can. 22.

"And when they received it, they did it knceling or boting down their beads. And the deacon, to prepare them to it, was wont to call out inmediately before the time of the blefling in such words as these, “Bow down yourselves to the blessing, Chryfoft. Liturg. The Jews received it after the same manner, Eccleľ.l. 23; When the service was finished, the high priett went down, and lifted up his hands over the congregation to give the blessing of the Lord with his lips, and they bowed down them. felves to worship the Lord, that they might receive the blessing from the Lord the Most High.'-Sparrot'.


Evening Prayer,

Daily throughout the Year.

[ At the beginning of Evening Prayer, the Minister shall

read with a loud voice fome one or more of these Sentences of the Scriptures that follow : and then he shall say that which is written after the said Sentences.


HEN the wicked man turneth away from his wick

edness that he hath committed, and doeth that which is lawful and right, he shall save his soul alive. Ezek. xviii. 27

I acknowledge my transgrellions, and my sin is ever before me. Psal. li. 3.

Hide thy face from my fins, and blot out all mine iniquities. Pfal. li. 9.

The facrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise. Pfal. li. 17.

Rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the Lord your God: for he is gracious and merciful, flow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil. Jocl ii. 13.

To the Lord our God belong mercies and forgivenesses, though we have rebelled againt him: neither have we

The Order for the Ecomming Prayer, &c.] Till the Review which was completed A. D. 1662, the sentences, exhortation, confession, and absolution, had never been printed in the Evening service, though they were intended to be repeated before the Lord's Prayer; and in confequence of this omission many of the clergy neglected to use them. Indeed the Rubrics were ambiguous; they ran thus, “ An order for Evening Prayer throughout the year. The Priest thall say “ Our Father,' &c."

N.B. It will be found that the prayers, rubrics, &c. in the Evening Service, have been explained, for the most part, under the Morning Service: When the Evening Service varies from the Morning, the variations are marked and explained.

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