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Of the VIGILS, FASTS, and DAYS of ABSTINENCE,
to be observed in the Year.
The Nativity of our Lord.
St. The Baptist.
All Saints. Note, That if any of these Feaft-days fall upon a Monday, then the Vigil or Fast-day thall be kept upou the Saturday, and not upon the Sunday next before it.
Days of Fasting or Abstinence.
The first Sunday in Lent.
Wednesday before Holy-Thursday, or the Ascension of our Lord. IV. All the Fridays in the Year, except Christmas-Day.
Certain Solemn Days for which particular Services are appointed. 1. The Fifth Day of November, || III. The Twenty-ninth Day of
being the Day kept in memory May, being the Day kept in meof the Papists' Conspiracy.
mory of the Birth and Return of
King Charles II. II. The Thirtieth Day of Ja
nuary, being the Day kept in IV. The Twenty-fifth Day of Ocmemory of the Martyrdom of tober, being the Day on which King Charles I.
his Majesty began his happy reign.
great feast of Easter should be observed on one and the same day; and that, not on the day to the Jewith Paffover, but, as had been generally oblerved, upon the Sunday afterwards.' Explanatory of this general canon, the following rules were established :
ift. That the 21st day of March thall be accounted the Vernal Equinox: * 24. That the full moon happening upon or next after the 211t day of March fhall be aken for the full moon of Nizan.
3d. That the Lord's Day next following that full moon be Easter-day. 4th. But if the full moon happen upon a Sunday, Ealter-day shall be the Sunday after.”
A TABLE to find EASTER-DAY from the present Time, till the Year
1899 inclusive, according to the foregoing Calendar.
olunda Di Sunary Aumb. Month, Letter
'HIS Table contains so much of the Calendar as с C D
find which, look for the Golden Number of the year E
in the first column of the Table, against which F
itands the day of the Pafchal Full Moon; then look G
in the third column for the Sunday-Letter, next A
after the day of the Full Moon, and the day of the B
month itanding against that Sunday-Letter is Eater
Day. If the Full Moon happen upon a Sunday, D
then (according to the first rule) the next Sunday E
after is Eajter-Day.
To find the Golden Number, or Prime, add one B to the year of our Lord, and then divide by 19; the с
remainder, if any, is the Golden Number; but if no. D thing remaineth, then 19 is the Golden Number.
F To find the Dominical or Sunday-Letter, accord-
For the next Century, that is, from the year 1800 с
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 201 21 22 23 24 25
till the year 1899 inclusive, add to the current year D
only its fourth part, and then divide by 7, and proE
cecd as in the last rule.
[Note, That in all Biffextile or Leap-Years, the Letter A
found as above will be the Sunday-Letter from the inB
tercalated day exclusive, to the end of the year. ] с
Golden Number] We have seen in the preceding note, that in order to settle Easterday, it was neceffaty to determine the time of the new and full moons. This was impertectly Jone at the time of establishing the Canons tor regulating Easter; and accordingly the Fathers of the succeeding century directed that the new and full moons should be found out hy the Cycle of the Moon, or a revolution of moons consisting of nineteen years. This cyce, from its utility in setting the moon's age, was called the Golden Number; and tor fome time was written in Calendars in letters of gold. Meton, an Athenian geoma. Strician tirit observed, that at the end of nineteen years the moon returns so as to have her changes on the same day of the Solar year and month whereon they happened nine
teen years before ; and hence this Lunar computation obtained the name of the Metonin Cycle. But still there was detect in it; tor, though at the end of every nineteen years the moon changes on the very fame day of the Solar months, on which it changed nineteen years before ; yet the fact is, what the change occurs nearly an hour and a halt tooner every lucceeding nineteen years than in the preceding Cycle. Hence in the course of years an Jalteration of leveral days had gradually taken place in the time of holding Easter; an error which Pope Gregory Xillth corrected in 1582, when he reformed the Calendar, and brought back the Vernal Equinox to the 21st of March. This retormation was adopted in the English Calendar in 1752, (and called changing style) by the suppression of 11 days between the 3d and 14th of Sept.; and bringing by these means the succeeding Vernal Equinox
Another TABLE to find EASTER till the Year 1899 inclusive.
с D Number
G 1. April 16 -17
7 III. March 26
-23 IV. April 16 17
IS V. April
March 31 April 4
22 VII. April 9
8) VIII. April 3 March 28 29 30
1 IX. April 16 -17
22 X. April IO
8 XI. March 26 27
-30 -31 -25 XII. April 16 17
-15 XII. April
7. XIV. March 26
-25 XV. April 16
-14 -15 XVI. April 2
4 5 March 30
22 XVIII. Ipril
기 XIX. Ipril 2 March 27
301 31 April
115 -28129 18 19
To make use of the preceding Table, find the Sunday-Letter for the the column of Golden Numbers; and against the Prime, in the same line under the Sunday-Letter, you have the day of the month on which Easter falleth that year. But note, That the name of the month is set on the
or just with the figure, and followeth not, as in other Tables, by descent, but collateral.
to the 21st of March, as it had been originally settled by the Synodical Canons. The 21t| of March and the 18th of April are properly the Paschal limits, because the full moon by Which Eater is governed must not fall betore the former, or after
the latter day ; 1o that Alarch the 221 is the earliejl day, and April 27th, (which, if the 18th should be full moon and a Sunday, will be the Sunday following) the latest day upon which Easter can happen.
Sanday or Dominical Letter). It is to be observed, that the days in the old Roman Calendar, (previously to the birth of Christ) were marked by the first eight letters in the phabet, called Nundinal Letters, because they pointed out on what days the regular
or markets, would occur. In lieu of thele, the early Christians adopted the seven firit letters of the Alphabet, to denote the Sundays throughout the year; and thence they *ere called Dominical Letters, because declarative of the Dies Dominica, or Lord's-Day: Tothe first of January they affixed the letter A; to the 2d B; and so on to G, which marked January the 7th ; after which the letters were repeated again, A being affixed to January 8th, and so on. Now as there are 52 weeks in the year, this series of letters will neceflarily be repeated 52 times; and had there been no more days than what are com: prized in the 52 weeks, the letter G would belong to the left day of the year, as A would bave perpetually belonged to the first: But every common year consisting of 52 weeks and an odd day, and every fourth, or leap-year, having two days above the 52 weeks, follows of course that there will be a change in the Sunday or Dominical Letter correrpondent to these irregularities; and that some method of computation must be adopted to detect that letter, which would have been unnecessary, had the number of the days exactiy agreed with the number of the letters. The Dominical Letter may be found.how. rrer, universally by following this old metrical rule:
Divide the centuries by 4, and twice what does remain,
A TABLE of the MOVEABLE FEASTS for Thirty-one Years,
according to the foregoing Calendar.
Sunnay aft. Epiph.
6 Feb. 23
E fFeb. 2 Feb. 19 Apr. 6|May 11 May 15 May 25,25 Nov.30 1807 D
-29 18084 CB Feb. 14 Mar. 3 Apr.17
-26 June 5 23 -27 1809) 5114 A Jan. 29 Feb. 15
-11 May21 26 Dec. 3 1810 0251 G Feb. 18 Mar. 7
27 -31 June 10 23 18111 71 6 F -ICFeb. 27
-19 23 1817 817 ED2 Jan. 26 -12 Mar.291
7 May 17 26 Nov.22 1813 928 C Feb. 14 Mar. 3 Apr. 18 -23
-27 June 6,23
-28 18141019 B
-15 19 May2924 1815 11 201 A
-1427 Dec. 3 1816 1 2
-28 Apr.14 May 19 -23
June 224 18171312 E
6 ---I-- -15 May 25 25 Nov.30 18181423) D 1 Jan. 18
-30 24 -28 1820 1615 BA 13 Jan. 30 16
-2126 Dec. 3 1821171261 G6 Feb. 18 Mar.
-27 -31 June 1023 1822 18 7 F 3 3 Feb. 20 7
-16 May 26/25 1823 19 18 E 12 Jan. 26 12 Mar.30 4
8 -1826 Nov.30 1824) I ODC | Feb. 15 Mar. 4 Apr. 18
-27 June 623 28 18251 2111 B Jan. 3cFeb. 16
81 -12 May22 25 1826 322) A
8 Mar.26 Apr.301
Dec. 1827 4 3 G
-28 Apr. 15 May 2014 -24 June 3/24 1828 514 FE
6 II -15 May25 25 Nov.30 1829 625) D -15 Mar. 4
-28 June 7 23 -29 1830 71 oC
-28 1831 8171 B
8 -12--22125 1832) 9/28 AG Feb. 19 Mar. 8 -22 -27 -31 Junero 23 Dec. 2 1833 10 91 F
-16 May 26 25 1834 11 201 E Jan. 26 12 Mar.30
8 -18 26 Nov.30 1835112 ID Feb.
-28 June 7 23 -29 183613 12 CB.: Jan. 31 Feb. 17
-18) -12 May22 25 18371141231 A 22 8 Mar.261Apr.30
-14/27 Dec. ; The Epact] The Lunar year consists of twelve months, each containing about twenty. nine days and a half. In order, however to avoid the confusion of fractions, the computiits agreed and hence is the derivation of the name, e from, and pattio an agreement) 10 allow to the moons 30 and 29 days alternately; beginning, for instance, the year with March, (which was the ancient custom) they reckoned 30 days for its moon, and 29 for that of April, and so on to the conclusion of the year. But though this mode of computarion was attended with convenience in fome respects, it had alto this dilauvantage; that the Lunar year by these means included only 354 days, whereas the Solar year confiited of 365 days: So that, fuppoling the new moon to be on the ist day of March in any year, in the eníuing year it will be eleven days earlier, riz. on February 18; therefore, to dilcover the age of the moon in that year, an Epact must be added, or eleven days
must be intercalated. At the end of the next year the fame procefs must be adopted; and also on the third year; hence 33 days will be gained, that is one whole month, and three days over, by which means we compute thirteen moons, and take the odd three days for the next year, and then proceed in the fame manner, by adding eleven at the end of every year, aking care, when the number of days exceeds thirty, to add a moon to that year, and to carry on the remainder of days above thirty for the
Epact of the succeeding year. By these means we have nineteen Epacts answering to the Golden Numbers. The ute of the Epacts is to discover the true astronomical moons; and though they do not effect this with perteet accuracy, we find that no Cycle can approach so nearly to the point desired as this.
1 TABLE of the MOVEABLE FEASTS, according | Table to find Easter to the several Days that Easter can
from the Year 1900 possibly fall upon.
to 2199 inclusive.
of the Nuin.
Sunday after piphany
The Firtt Day of Lent.
Sunday after Trinity.
261 A 19
27 B Mar.221 Jan. 18Feb. 41 Apr. 26 Apr. 30 Mayro 27 Nov.29
8 28 C
12'27 Dec. 1
E 252 -29 3 1327
F 8 -301
3 27 2 23 May I
-15 26 Nov.27
- 29 26 12
8 18 261 30
9 -19 26 Dec. 1
F 3 -29
A 31 17 9 13 23 25 -28
G 104 -23 15 191
-29 24 Nov.27
16) A 7 241 -16 20 3024 28
-18 C 134 9
F 165 12 Mar. 1
61 -26 -30 9/23 Dec. 1
3 2416 201
-12 22 Nov.27) -21
-301-3 13221 THE Golden Numbers in the foregoing Calendar will point out the days of the Pafchal Full Moons, till the year of our Lord 1900; at which time, in order that the Ecclefiaftical Full Moons may fall nearly on the same days with the real Full Moons, the Golden Numbers must be removed to different days of the Calendar, as is done in the annexed Ta. ble, which contains so much of the Calendar then to be used, as is neceflay for finding the Pafchal Full-Moons, and the Feast of Easter, from the year 1990 to the year 2199 inclusive. This Table is to be made ute of, in all respects, as the tirit Table before inserted, for finding Easter till the year 1899.
Note, That in a Biffextile or Leap-Year, the Number of Sundays after Epiphany will be the same as if Easter-Day had fallen one day later than it really does. And for the fame reason, one day mult in every Leap-Year be added to the day of the month given by the Table for Septuagesi ma-Sunday:
And the like myit be done for the tirit day of Leni, commonly called All-lednesday, unless the Table gives fome day in the month of March or it; for in that cafe the day given by the Table is the right day.