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Pfalm cxxxvi. Confitemini Domino.
Give thanks unto the Lord, for he is gracious : and

his mercy endureth for ever. 2 O give thanks unto the God of all gods : for his mercy endureth for ever.

30 thank the Lord of all lords : for his mercy endureth for ever.

4 Who only doeth great wonders: for his mercy endureth for ever.

5 Who by his excellent wisdom made the heavens: for his mercy endureth for ever.

6 Who laid out the earth above the waters : for his mercy endureth for ever.

7 Who hath made great lights: for his mercy endureth for ever;

8 The sun to rule the day: for his mercy endureth

for ever;

9 The moon and the stars to govern the night : for his mercy endureth for ever.

10 Who smote Egypt with their first-born : for his mercy endureth for ever;

11 And brought out Israel from among them: for his mercy endureth for ever ;

12 With a mighty hand and stretched-out arm : for his mercy endureth for ever.

13 Who divided the Red sea in two parts: for his mercy endureth for ever ;

14 And made Israel to go through the midst of it : for his mercy endureth for ever.

15 But as for Pharoah and his host, he overthrew them in the Red sea : for his mercy endureth for ever.

Pfalm cxxxvi.) The continual mercies of God in the exercise of his power are here celebrated. This psalm is called by the Jews the great thankfgiving.

1) This pfalm has been finely tranflated by Milton, the only Englith one of his in which we see the hand of that great master of poetry. 7] Gen. i. 16. 10) Exod. xii. 29.

13) Exod. xis.

16 Who led his people through the wilderness : for bis mercy endureth for ever.

17 Who smote great kings: for his mercy endureth

for ever;


18 Yea, and flew mighty kings: for his mercy endureth for ever ;

19 Sehon king of the Amorites: for his mercy codureth for ever;

20 And Og the king of Bafan: for his mercy endureib for ever.

21 And gave away their land for an heritage : for his. mercy endureth for ever;

22. Even for an heritage unto Israel his servant : for his

mercy endureth for ever.

23 Who remembered us when we were in trouble : for his mercy endureth for ever;

24 And hath delivered us from our eneinies : for his mercy endureth for ever.

25 Who giveth food to all fiefh: for his mercy endureth for ever.

26 O give thanks unto the God of heaven : for his mercy endureth for ever.

27 ( give thanks unto the Lord of lords: for his mercy endureth for ever.

Pfalm cxxxvii. Super flumina.
Y the waters of Babylon we sat down and wept :

when we remembered thee, O Sion. 2 As for our harps, we hanged them up : upon the trees that are therein.

3 For they that led us away captive required of us then a song, and melody in our heaviness : Sing us one of the fongs of Sion. 16] Exod. xv. 22. 19) Numb. xxi. 23.

20] Numb. V. 24. Pfalm cxxxvii.] This is a description of the sadness of the Babylonih captivity, and the vehement defire of the people to return to Canaan.

1) “ As I was among the captives by the river of Chebar." Ezek. i. 1.

2) " Many singers were carried captive." Ezek. i. 41. These would of courfe carry their inftruments with them, and be insulted as it is said here. Their fongs were fier and unfit to be sung before idolaters. But the words, how shall we fing, &c. are not an answer given to them, but the free utterance afterwards of the feelings of the Jews among themselves.

4 How Thall we sing the Lord's song: in a strange land?

5 If I forget thee, O Jerusalem : let my right hand forget her cunning.

6 If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth: yea, if I prefer not Jerusalem in

my mirth.


7 Remember the children of Edom, O Lord, in the day of Jerusalem : how they faid, Dowa with it, down with it, even to the ground.

8 O daughter of Babylon, wasted with misery: yea, happy shall he be that rewardeth thee as thou haft ferved us.

9 Blessed shall he be that taketh thy children: and throweth them against the stones.

Pfalm cxxxviii. Confitebor tibi. Will give thanks unto thee, O Lord, with my whole

heart: even before the gods will I sing praise unto thee.

2 I will worship toward thy holy temple, and praise thy Name, because of thy loving-kindness and truth: for thou hast magnified thy Name, and thy word above all things.

5) Let my hand lose its skill in touching the harp.
6] If I do not make it the principal subject of my joy.

2 Edom] The people of God beleech him to take their cause in hand, and to avenge then on their adversaries, particularly on the Edomites, who, though their brethren according to the fieth, being descended from Elau, the brother of Jacob, yet in the days of Jerusalem's affliction, when the Chaldeans came against it, were aiding and encouraging those pagans to destrov it utterly. Obad. v. 10.“ In the day that thou stoodeft on the other side, in the day that the strangers carried away captive his forces, and foreigners entered into his gates, and cast lots upon Jerusalem, even thou wast as one of them. But thou shouldest not have looked on the day of thy brother in the day that he became a stranger: neither shouldett thou have rejoiced over the children of Judah in the day of their destruction. For the day of the Lord is ncar upon all the heathen: as thou hast done, it shall be done unto thee; thy reward shall return upon thine owa head, but upon mount Sion shall be deliverance.”

9) Isaiah xiii. 16,“ Their children also shall be dashed to pieces before their eyes; their houses shall be spoiled, and their wives ravilhed.”

Psalm cxxxvii.] This pfalm is a thanksgiving to God for his mercies, for his gracious hearing of the prayers of his lowly servants, and for his powerful and wonderful deliverance of them in the light of their beachen enemies.

i The gods] Kings and judges.

3 When I called upon thee, thou heardest me: and enduedst my soul with much strength.

4 All the kings of the earth fhall praise thee, O Lord: for they have heard the words of thy mouth ;

5 Yea, they shall sing in the ways of the Lord : that great is the glory of the Lord.

6 For though the Lord be high, yet bach he respect unto the lowly: as for the proud, he beholdeth them afar off.

7 Though I walk in the midst of trouble, yet shalt hou refresh me: thou shalt stretch forth thy hand upon the furiousness of mine enemies, and thy right hand hall fave me.

8 The Lord shall make good his loving-kindness toward me: yea, thy mercy, O Lord, endureth for ever; despise not then the works of thine own hands.


Psalm cxxxix. Domine, probasti. O , thou knowest my down-sitting, and mine up-rising;

-, thou understandest my thoughts long before.

2 Thou art about my path, and about my bed: and spiest out all my ways.

3 For lo, there is not a word in my tongue : but thou, O Lord, knowest it altogether.

4 Thou hast fashioned me behind and before : and laid thine hand upon me.

5 Such knowledge is too wonderful and excellent for me: I cannot attain unto it.

Psalm cxxxix.] It seems evident from the latter part of this noble and instructive psalm, that the author penned it at a time when he was persecuted and calumniated, as an appeal between him and his adverfaries to the all-feeing Judge.

2). “The actual constant consideration of God's presence would be the readiest way in the world to make fin cease from among the children of men, and for men to approach to the blessed estate of the saints in heaven, who cannot fin, for they always walk in the presence and behold the face of God." -Bishop Taylor,

6 Whither shall I go then from thy Spirit: or whither fhall I go then from thy presence?

7 If I climb up into heaven, thou art there : if I go down to hell, thou art there allo.

8 If I take the wings of the morning: and remain ia che uttermost parts of the sea;

9 Even there also shall thy land lead me: and thy right hand shall hold me.

10 If I say, Peradventure the darkness shall cover me : then shall my night be turned to day.

11 Yea, the darkness is no darkness with thee, but the night is as clear as the day: the darkness and light to theç are both alike.

12 For my reins are thine : thou hast covered me in my mother's womb.

13 I will give thanks unto thee, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made: marvellous are thy works, and that my soul knoweth right well.

14 My bones are not hid from thee: though I be made secretly, and fashioned beneath in the earth.

15 Thine eyes did see my substance, yet being imperfe&t: and in thy book were all my members written;

16 Which day by day were falhioned: when as yer there was none of them.

17 How dear are shy counsels unto me, O God: 0 how great is the sum of them!

18 If I tell them, they are more in number than the fand: when I wake up, I am prefent with thee.

19 Wilt thou not say the wicked, O God: depart from me, ye blood-thirsty men.

20 For they speak unrighteously against thee: and thine enemies take thy Name in vain.

12 Covered) Job x. 2, “ Who clothed us with fkin and fcíh, and fenced us with bones and sinews.” A work 10 astonishing, that before the psalmist proceeds in his description of it, he cannot help breaking forth in rapture at the thought, “ I will praise thee, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made."

14 Beneath] This was, perhaps, a proverbial phrase among the Hebrews, equivalent to the preceding word, secretly.

19, 20) David now draws towards the intended conclusion from the premises to largely expatiated upon in the former part of the psalm: as if

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