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Answerest thou nothing ? behold how many was come, there was darkness over the whole things they witness against thee. But Jesus yet land until the ninth hour. And at the ninth answered nothing: so that Pilate marvelled. hour Jesus cried with a loud voice saying, Eloi, Now at that feast he released unto them one Eloi, lama sabacthani ? which is, being interprisoner, whomsoever they desired. And there preted, My God, my God, why hast thou forwas one named Barabbas, which lay bound with saken me? And some of them that stood by, them that had made insurrection with him, who when they heard it, said, Behold, he calleth had committed murder in the insurrection. Elias. And one ran and filled a spunge full of And the multitude, crying aloud, began to desire vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to him to do as he had ever done unto them. But drink, saying, Let alone ; let us see whether Pilate answered them, saying, Will ye that I Elias will come to take him down. And Jesus release unto you the King of the Jews? for he cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost. knew that the chief priests had delivered him And the vail of the temple was rent in twain for envy.

But the chief priests moved the from the top to the bottom. And when the people, that he should rather release Barabbas centurion, which stood over against him, saw unto them. And Pilate answered, and said that he so cried out, and gave up the ghost, he again unto them, What will ye then that I shall said, Truly this man was the Son of God. do unto him whom ye call the King of the Jews ? And they cried out again, Crucify him. Then

Wednesday before Easter. Pilate said unto them, Why, what evil hath he done? And they cried out the more exceedingly,

The Epistle. Hebrews ix. 16. Crucify him. And so Pilate, willing to content WHERE a testament is, there must also of the people, released Barabbas unto them, and necessity be the death of the testator. For delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him, to a testament is of force after men are dead; otherbe crucified. And the soldiers led him away wise it is of no strength at all while the testator into the hall, called Prætorium; and they called liveth. Whereupon neither the first testament together the whole band. And they clothed was dedicated without blood. For when Moses him with purple, and platted a crown of thorns, had spoken every precept to all the people, acand put


upon his head : and began to salute cording to the law, he took the blood of calves him, Hail, King of the Jews! And they smote and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon hyssop, and sprinkled both the book and all him, and bowing their knees worshipped him. the people, saying, This is the blood of the And when they had mocked him they took off testament which God hath enjoined unto you. the purple from him, and put his own clothes on Moreover, he sprinkled likewise with blood him, and led him out to crucify him. And they both the tabernacle and all the vessels of the compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, ministry. And almost all things are by the coming out of the country, the father of Alexan- law purged with blood; and without shedding der and Rufus, to bear his cross. And they bring of blood is no remission. It was therefore him unto the place Golotha, which is, being necessary that the patterns of things in the interpreted, The place of a scull

. And they heavens should be purified with these ; but gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh ; the heavenly things themselves with better but he received it not. And when they had sacrifices than these. For Christ is not entered crucified him they parted his garments, casting into the holy places made with hands, which lots upon them, what every man should take. are the figures of the true; but into heaven And it was the third hour, and they crucified itself, now to appear in the presence of God him. And the superscription of his accusation for us:. nor yet that he should offer himself was written over, THỂ KING OF THE often, as the high priest entereth into the holy JEWS. And with him they crucify two place every year with blood of others; for thieves, the one on his right hand, and the then must be often have suffered since the other on his left. And the Scripture was ful

foundation of the world : but now once, in the filled, which saith, And he was numbered with end of the world hath he appeared, to put the transgressors. And they that passed by away sin by the sacrifice of himself. And as railed on him, wagging their heads, and say- it is appointed unto men once to die, but after ing, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and this the judgement; so Christ was once offered buildest it in three days, save thyself, and come to bear the sins of many; and unto them that down from the cross. Likewise also the chief look for him shall he appear the second time, priests mocking said among themselves, with without sin, unto salvation. the scribes, He saved others; himself he canLet Christ the King of Israel dés

The Gospel. Luke xxii. 1. cend now from the cross, that we may see and TOW W the feast of unleavened bread drew believe. And they that were crucified with nigh, which is called The Passover. And him reviled him. And when the sixth hour the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people. at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones, Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Isca. judging the twelve tribes of Israel. And the riot, being of the number of the twelve. And Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath he went his way, and communed with the desired to have you, that he may sift you chief priests and captains, how he might betray as wheat: but I have prayed for thee, that thy him unto them. And they were glad, and faith fail not: and when thou art converted, covenanted to give him money. And he pro- strengthen thy brethren. And he said unto mised, and sought opportunity to betray him him, "Lord, I am ready to go with thee, both unto them in the absence of the multitude. into prison and to death. And he said, I tell Then came the day of unleavened bread, when thee, Peter, the cock shall not crow this day, the passover must be killed.

not save.

And he sent before that thou shalt thrice deny that thou Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the kuowest me. And he said unto them, When passover, that we may eat. And they said I sent you


purse, and scrip, and shoes, unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare ? lacked ye any thing? And they said, Nothing. And he said unto them, Behold, when ye are Then said he unto them, But now, he that hath entered into the city, there shall a man meet a purse, let him take it, and likewise his scrip: you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him and he that hath no sword, let him sell his into the house where he entereth in. And ye garment, and buy one.

For I say unto you, shall say unto the good man of the house, The That this that is written must yet be accomMaster saith unto thee, Where is the guest- plished in me, And he was reckoned among chamber, where I shall eat the passover with the transgressors : for the things concerning my disciples? And he shall shew you a large me have an end. And they said, Lord, behold, upper room furnished :

there make ready here are two swords. And he said unto them, And they went, and found as he had said unto

It is enough.

And he came out, and went, as them : and they made ready the passover. he was wont, to the mount of Olives, and his And when the hour was come, he sat down, disciples also followed him. And when he was and the twelve apostles with him. And he at the place, he said unto them, Pray, that ye said unto them, With desire I have desired to enter not into temptation. And he was with: eat this passover with you before I suffer: for I drawn from them about a stone's cast, and say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until kneeled down and prayed, saying, Father, if it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God. And he thou be willing, remove this cup from me: took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take nevertheless, not my will, but thine be done. this, and divide it among yourselves : for I say And there appeared an angel unto him from unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the heaven, strengthening him. And being in an vine, until the kingdom of God shall come. agony, he prayed more earnestly; and his sweat And he took bread, and gave thanks, and was as it were great drops of blood falling brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is down to the ground. And when he rose up my body which is given for you: this do in from

prayer, and was come to his disciples, he remembrance of me.

Likewise also the cup found them sleeping for sorrow, and said unto after supper, saying, This cup is the new testa- them, Why sleep ye? rise and pray, lest ye enter ment in my blood, which is shed for you. into temptation. And while he yet spake, But, behold, the hand of him that betrayeth behold, a multitude, and he that was called me is with me on the table. And truly the Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, Son of man goeth as it was determined : but and drew near unto Jesus to kiss him. But woe unto that man by whom he is betrayed! Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the And they began to inquire among themselves, Son of man with a kiss ? When they who were which of them it was that should do this thing. about him saw what would follow, they said And there was also a strife among them, which unto him, Lord, shall we smite with the sword ? of them should be accounted the greatest. And one of them smote the servant of the high And he said unto them, The kings of the priest, and cut off his right ear. And Jesus Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and answered and said, Suffer ye thus far. And they that exercise authority upon them are called he touched his ear, and healed him. Then benefactors. But ye shall not be so: but he Jesus said unto the chief priests, and captains that is greatest among you, let him be as the of the temple, and the elders who were come younger; and he that is chief, as he that doth to him, Be ye come out as against a thief, with

For whether is greater, he that sitteth swords and staves ? When I was daily with at meat, or he that serveth ? is not he that you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands sitteth at meat ? but I am among you as he against me: but this is your hour, and the that serveth. Ye are they which have con- power

of darkness. Then took they him, and tinued with me in my temptations. And I led him, and brought him into the high priest's appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath house : and Peter followed afar off. And when appointed unto me; that ye may eat and drink they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall,




and were set down together, Peter sat down brance of me. After the same manner also he among them. But a certain maid beheld him, took the cup, when he had supped, saying, as he sat by the fire, and earnestly looked This cup is the new testament in my blood : upon him, and said, This man was also with this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in tememhim. And he denied him, saying, Woman, brance of me. For as often as ye eat this bread, I know him not. And after a little while an- and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's other saw him, and said, Thou art also of them. death till he come. Wherefore, whosoever shall And Peter said, Man, I am not. And about eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, the

space of one hour after, another confident- unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and ly affirmed, saying, Of a truth this fellow also blood of the Lord. But let a man examine was with him; for he is a Galilean. And himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and Peter said, Man, I know not what thou sayest. drink of that cup. For he that eateth and And immediately, while he yet spake, the cock drinketh unworthily eateth and drinketh dam

And the Lord turned, and looked upon nation to himself, not discerning the Lord's Peter; and Peter remembered the word of the body. For this cause many are weak and Lord, how he had said unto him, Before the sickly among you, and many sleep. For if we cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. would judge ourselves, we should not be judged. Peter went out, and wept bitterly. And the men But when we are judged, we are chastened that held Jesus mocked him, and smote him. of the Lord, that we should not be condemned when they had blindfolded him, they with the world.

the world. Wherefore, my brethren, struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, when ye come together to eat, tarry one for Prophesy, who is it that smote thee? And another. And if any man hunger, let him eat many other things blasphemously spake they at home; that ye come not together unto conagainst him. And as soon as it was day, the demnation. And the rest will I set in order elders of the people, and the chief priests, and

when I come.
the scribes, came together, and led him into
their council
, saying, Art thou the Christ ? tell

The Gospel. Luke xxiii. 1.
And he said unto them, If I tell you, ye THE

He whole multitude of them arose, and will not believe: and if I also ask you, ye will

led him unto Pilate. And they began to not answer me, nor let me go. Hereafter shall accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perthe Son of man sit on the right hand of the verting the nation, and forbidding to give tripower of God. Then said they all, Art thou bute to Cæsar, saying, That he himself is Christ then the Son of God? And he said unto them, a King. And Pilate asked him, saying, Art Ye say that I am. And they said, What need thou the King of the Jews? And he answered we any further witness ? for we ourselves have him, and said, Thou sayest it. Then said heard of his own mouth.

Pilate to the chief priests, and to the people,

I find no fault in this man. And they were the Thursday before Easter.

more fierce, saying, He stirreth up the people,

teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from The Epistle. I. Cor. xi. 17.

Galilee to this place. When Pilate heard of IN N this that I declare unto you, I praise you Galilee, he asked whether the man were a

not; that ye come together not for the bet- Galilean. And as soon as he knew that he ter, but for the worse. For first of all, when belonged unto Herod's jurisdiction, he sent ye come together in the church, I hear that him to Herod, who himself was also at Jerusathere, be divisions among you, and I partly lem at that time. And when Herod saw Jesus believe it. For there must be also heresies he was exceeding glad; for he was desirous to among you, that they who are approved may see him of a long season, because he had heard be made manifest among you.

many things of him; and he hoped to have together therefore into one place, this is not to seen some miracle done by him. Then he eat the Lord's supper: for in eating every one questioned with him in many words ; but he taketh before other his own supper; and one answered him nothing. And the chief priests is hungry, and another is drunken. What, and scribes stood and vehemently accused him. have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? or And Herod with his men of war set him at despise ye the church of God, and shame them nought, and mocked him, and arrayed him in a that have not? What shall I say to you? gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate. shall I praise you in this? I praise you not. And the same day Pilate and Herod were made For I have received of the Lord that which friends together; for before they were at enalso I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, mity between themselves. And Pilate, when the same night in which he was betrayed, took he had called together the chief priests, and the bread; and when he had given thanks, he rulers, and the people, said unto them, Ye have brake it, and said, Take, eat; this is my body, brought this man unto me, as one that pervert which is broken for you: this do in remem- eth the people: and behold, I, having examined him before you, have found no fault in this thou art in the same condemnation? And we man touching those things whereof ye accuse indeed justly; for we receive the due reward him: No, nor yet Herod : for I sent you to of our deeds, but this man hath done nothing him; and, lo, nothing worthy of death is done amiss. And he said unto Jesus, Lord, rememunto him. I will therefore chastise him, and ber me when thou comest into thy kingdom, release him. For of necessity he must release And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto one unto them at the feast. And they cried thee, To-day shalt thou be with me in paraout all at once, saying, Away with this man, dise. And it was about the sixth hour; and and release unto us Barabbas: (who for a cer- there was a darkness over all the earth until tain sedition made in the city, and for murder, the ninth hour. And the sun was darkened, was cast into prison.) Pilate therefore, willing and the vail of the temple was rent in the midst. to release Jesus, spake again to them. But And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, they cried, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my And he said unto them the third time, Why, spirit: and having said thus, he


ye come

gave up the what evil bath he done? I have found no ghost. Now when the centurion saw what cause of death in him: I will therefore chas- was done, he glorified God, saying, Certainly tise him, and let him go. And they were in- this was a righteous man. And all the people stant with loud voices, requiring that he might that came together to that sight, beholding the be crucified : and the voices of them and of things that were done, smote their breasts, and the chief priests prevailed. And Pilate gave returned. And all his acquaintance, and

the sentence that it should be as they required. women that followed him from Galilee, stood And he released unto them him that for sedi- afar off, beholding these things. tion and murder was cast into prison, whom they had desired; but he delivered Jesus to

Good Friday. their will. And as they led him away, they

THE ANTHEM. laid hold upon one Simon a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the

, that cross, that he might bear it after Jesus. And away the sins of the world.—John i. 29. there followed him a great company of people, He gave his back to the smiters, and his and of women, which also bewailed and la- cheek to them that plucked off the hair, he mented him. But Jesus, turning unto them, hid not his face from shame and spitting.said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for Isaiah 1. 6. me, but weep for yourselves, and for your Many were astonished at him, his visage children. For, behold, the days are coming, was so marred more than any man; and his in the which they shall say, Blessed are the form than the sons of men.Isaiah lü. 14. barren, and the wombs that never bare, and Reproach hath broken his heart : he is full the

paps which never gave suck. Then shall of heaviness, and he looked for some to take they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; pity, but there was none; and for comforters, and to the hills, Cover us. For if they do but he found none.--Ps. lxix. 20. these things in a green tree, what shall be done All they that see him, laugh him to scorn: in the dry? And there were also two other, they shoot out the lip, and shake the head, malefactors, led with him to be put to death. saying ; He trusted in God that he would deAnd when they were come to the place which liver him, let him deliver him, if he delight in is called Calvary, there they crucified him; him.—Ps. xxii. 7, 8. and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and Behold, and see, if there be any sorrow like the other on the left. Then said Jesus, Father, unto his sorrow.-Lam. i. 12. forgive them, for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots.

Or this. And the people stood beholding; and the rulers also with them derided him, saying, He BEHOLD the Lamb of God that taketh saved others; let him save himself, if he be away the sins of the world.—John i. 29. Christ, the chosen of God. And the soldiers He was despised and rejected of men, a man also mocked him, coming to him, and offering of sorrows, and acquainted with grief. him vinegar, and saying, If thou be the King Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried of the Jews, save thyself. And a superscrip- our sorrows: he was wounded for our transtion also was written over him in letters of gressions ; he was bruised for our iniquities; Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS the chastisement of our peace was upon him, THE KING OF THE JEWS. And one and with his stripes are we healed. of the malefactors, which were hanged, railed All we, like sheep, have gone astray; we on him, saying, If though be Christ, save thy- have turned every one to his own way : and self and us. But the other answering rebuked

the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing He was cut off out of the land of the living,


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for the transgression of my people was he of me) to do thy will, O God. Above, when stricken. Isaiah liïi, 3.

he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt-offero death, where is thy sting? O grave, ings, and offering for sin thou wouldest not, where is thy victory?

neither hadst pleasure therein ; which are The sting of death is sin; and the strength offered by the law; then said he, Lo, I come of sin is the law.

to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the But thanks be to God who giveth us the vic- first, that he may establish the second. By tory through our Lord Jesus Christ.-I. Cor. the which will we are sanctified, through the XV, 55.

offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for

all. And every priest standeth daily minisThe Collects.

tering, and offering oftentimes the same sacriLMIGHTY God, we beseech thee gra

fices, which can never take away sins. But ciously to behold this thy family, for which

this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for our Lord Jesus Christ was contented to be sins, for ever sat down on the right hand of betrayed, and given up into the bands of wicked God; from henceforth expecting till his enemen, and to suffer death upon the cross, who

mies be made his footstool. For by one offernow liveth and reigneth with thee and the Holy ing he hath perfected for ever them that are Ghost, ever one God, world without end. sanctified. Whereof the Holy Ghost also is Amen.

a witness to us : for after that he had said

before, This is the covenant that I will make LMIGHTY and everlasting God, by with them after those days, saith the Lord; I

whose Spirit the whole body of the Church is governed and sanctified ; receive our sup

will put my laws into their hearts, and in their

minds will [ write them : and their sins and plications and prayers which we offer before

iniquities will I remember no more. Now thee for all estates of men in thy holy Church,

where remission of these is, there is no more that every member of the same, in bis vocation offering for sin. Having therefore, brethren, and ministry, may truly and godly serve thee;

boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood through our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.

of Jesus, by a new and living way, which he Amen.

hath consecrated for us, through the vail, that is O MERCIFUL God, who hast made all to say, his flesh; and having an high priest

men and hatest nothing that thou hast over the house of God ; let us draw near with made, nor wouldest the death of a sinner, but a true heart, in full assurance of faith, having rather that he should be converted and live; our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, Have mercy upon all Jews, Turks, Infidels, and our bodies washed with pure water. Let and Heretics; and take from them all igno- us hold fast the profession of our faith without rance, hardness of heart, and contempt of thy wavering; (for he is faithful that promised ;) word; and so fetch them home, blessed Lord, and let us consider one another, to provoke to thy flock, that they may be saved among unto love and to good works: not forsaking the remnant of the true Israelites, and be made the assembling of ourselves together, as the one fold under one shepherd, Jesus Christ our manner of some is; but exhorting one another: Lord, who liyeth and reigneth with thee and and so much the more, as ye see the day the Holy Spirit, one God, world without end. approaching Amen.

The Gospel. John xix. 1.
The Epistle. Heb. x. 1.

PILATE therefore took Jesus, and scourged
THE law having a shadow of good things him. And the soldiers platted a crown of

to come, and not the very image of the thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on things, can never with those sacrifices which him a purple robe, and said, Hail, King of the they offered year by year continually, make the Jews ! And they smote him with their hands. comers thereunto perfect.

then would Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith they not have ceased to be offered ? because unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that the worshippers once purged should have that ye may know that I find no fault in him. had no more conscience of sins. But in those Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of sacrifices there is a remembrance again made thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith of sins every year. For it is not possible that unto them, Behold the man! When the chief the blood of bulls and of goats should take priests therefore and officers saw him, they away sins. Wherefore, when he cometh into cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou Pilate saith unto them, Take him and cruwouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared cify him : for I find no fault in him. The me : In burnt-offerings and sacrifices for sin Jews answered him, We have a law, and by thou hast had no pleasure: Then said I, Lo, I our law he ought to die, because he made himcome (in the volume of the book it is written self the Son of God. When Pilate therefore


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