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days and forty nights, he was after-ness, hath seen great light ; and to wards hungry.

them that sat in the region of the . 3 And the tempter coming said shoulow of death, light is sprung up. to him: If thou be the Son of God, 17 From that time Jesus began command that these stones be made to preach, and to say: Do penance, bread.

for the kingdom of heaven is at 4 Who answered and said : It hand. is written, Not in bread alone doth 18 And Jesus walking by the man live, but in every word that pro- sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, ceedeth from the mouth of God. Simon who is called Peter, and

5 Then the devil took him up Andrew his brother, casting a net into the holy city, and set him upon into the sea (for they were fishers,) the pinnacle of the temple,

19 And he saith to them: Como 6° And said to him : If thou be ye after me, and I will make you the Son of God, cast thyself down; to be fishers of men. for it is written: That he hath given 20 And they immediately leavhis Angels charge over thee, and in ing their nets, followed him. their hands shall they bear thee up, 21 And going on from thence, he lest perhaps thou dash thy foot saw other two brethren, James the against a stone.

son of Zebedee, and John his bro7 Jesus said to him : It is writ- ther, in a ship with Zebedee their ten again, Thou shalt not tempt the father, mending their nets : and he Lord thy God.

called them. 8 Again the devil took him up 22 And they forthwith left their into a very high mountain, and nets and father, and followed him. shewed him all the kingdoms of 23 And Jesus went about all the world, and the glory of them. Galilee, teaching in their syna

9 And said to him : All these gogues, and preaching the Gospel will I give thee, if falling down, of the Kingdom : and healing all thou wilt adore me.

manner of sickness, and every in10 Then Jesus saith to him : firmity among the people. Begone, Satan, for it is written, 24 And his fame went throughThe Lord thy God shalt thou adore, out all Syria, and they presented and him only shalt thou serve. to him all sick people that were

11 Then the devil left him : and taken with divers diseases and torbehold angels came and ministered ments, and such as were posses, to him.

sed by devils, and lunaticks, and 12 And when JESUS had heard those that had the palsy, and he that John was delivered up, he re-cured them : tired into Galilee :

25 And much people followed 13 And leaving the city Naza-him from Galilee, and from Decareth, he came and dwelt in Caphar-polis, and from Jerusalem, and naum on the sea-coast, in the bor- from Judea, and from beyond the ders of Zabulon and of Nepthalim; Jordan. 14 That it might be fulfilled

CHAP. V. which was said by Isaias the pro- Christ's Sermon upon the Mount. phet :

ND seeing the multitudes, he 15 The land of Zabulon and land went up into a mountain, and of Nepthalim, the way of the sea when he was set down, his disciples beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the came unto him, Gentiles :

2 And opening his mouth, he 16 The people that sat in dark- taught them, saying:

say unto

8 Blessed are the poor in spirit: I am not come to destroy but to for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. fulfil. 4 Blessed are the meek: for they 18 For amen 1


till shall possess the land.

heaven and earth pass, one jot, or 5 Blessed are they that mourn: one tittle shall not pass of the law, for they shall be comforted. till all be fulfilled.

6 Blessed are they that hunger 19 He therefore that shall break and thirst after justice: for they one of these least commandments, shall have their fill.

and shall so teach men, shall be 7 Blessed are the merciful : for called the least in the kingdom of they shall obtain mercy.

heaven. But he that shall do and 8 Blessed are the clean of heart: teach, he shall be called great in for they shall see God.

the kingdom of heaven. 9 Blessed are the peace-makers : 20 For I tell you, that unless for they shall be called the children your justice abound more than that of God.

of the scribes and pharisees, you 10 Blessed are they that suffer shall not enter into the kingdom of persecution for justice sake: for heaven. theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 21 You have heard that it was

11 Blessed are ye when they said to them of old : Thou shalt shall revile you, and persecute you, not kill. And whosoever shall kill, and speak all that is evil against shall be in danger of the judgment. you, untruly, for my sake ;

22 But I say to you, that who12 Be glad and rejoice, for your soever is angry with his brother, reward is very great in heaven. shall be in danger of the judgment. For so they persecuted the pro- And whosoever shall say to his brophets that were before you. ther, Raca, shall be in danger of

13 You are the salt of the earth. the council. And whosoever shall But if the salt lose its savour, say, Thou fool, shall be in danger wherewith shall it be salted ? It is of hell fire. good for nothing any more but to 23 If therefore thou offer thy be cast out, and to be trodden on gift at the altar, and there thou reby men.

member that thy brother hath any 14 You are the light of the world. thing against thee; A city seated on a mountain can- 2Ă Leave there thy offering benot be hid.

fore the altar, and go first to be 15 Neither do men light a candle reconciled to thy brother: and then and put it under a bushel, but upon coming thou shalt offer thy gift. a candlestick, that it may shine to 25 Be at agreement with thy adall that are in the house.

versary betimes, whilst thou art in 16 So let your light shine before the way with him; lest perhaps men, that they may see your good the adversary deliver thee to the works, and glorify your Father judge, and the judge deliver thee who is in heaven.

to the officer, and thou be cast in17 Do not think that I am come to prison. to destroy the law, or the prophets. 26 Amen, I say to thee, thou

Ver. 21. In 'danger of judgment, &c. i. e. Shall be liable to be brought ore the lower court, amongst the Jews, which took cognizance of such crimes, whereas the council or sanhedrim was a higher court, and had greater authority.

Ver. 22. Raca. A word expressing great indignation or contempt.

Ver. 22. Thou fool. This was then looked upon as a heinous injury : and therefore is aere so severely condemned.



shalt not go out from thence till thy head, because thou canst not thou repay the last farthing. make one hair white or black.

27 You have heard that it was 37 But let your speech be yea, said to them of old : Thou shalt yea : no, no : and that which is not commit adultery.

over and above these, is of evil. 28 But I say to you, that who- 38 You have heard that it hath soever shall look on a woman to been said, An eye for an eye, and lust after her, hath already com- a tooth for a tooth. mitted adultery with her in his 39 But I say to you not to resist

Ι heart.

evil : but if one strike thee on thy 29 And if thy right eye scan- right cheek, turn to him also the dalize thee, pluck it out and cast it other : from thee. For it is expedient for 40 And if a man will contend with thee that one of thy members should thee in judgment, and take away perish, rather than thy whole body thy coat, let him have thy cloak be cast into hell.

also. 30 And if thy right hand scan- 41 And whosoever will force dalize thee, cut it off, and cast it thee one mile, go with him other from thee : for it is expedient for two. thee that one ofthy members should 42 Give to him that asketh of perish rather than that thy whole thee, and from him that would borbody go into hell.

row of thee turn not away. 31 And it hath been said, who- 43 You have heard that it hath soever shall put away his wife, let been said, Thou shalt love thy him give her a bill of divorce. neighbour, and hate thy enemy.

32 But I say to you, that who- 44 But I say to you, love your soever shall put away his wife, ex- enemies, do good to them that hate cepting for the cause of fornication, you ; and pray for them that permaketh her to commit adultery : secute and calumniate you : And he that shall marry her that is 45 That you may be the children put away, committeth adultery. of your Father who is in heaven,

33 Again you have heard that it whó maketh his sun to rise upon was said to them of old, Thou the good and bad, and raineth upon shalt not forswear thyself: But the just and the unjust. thou shalt perform thy oaths to the 46 For if you love them that love Lord.

you, what reward shall you have ? 34 But I say to you not to swear do not even the publicans this? at ail: neither by heaven, for it is 47 And if you salute your brethe throne of God :

thren only, what do you more? do. 35 Nor by the earth, for it is not also the heathens this? his footstool: nor by Jerusalem, 48 Be you therefore perfect, as for it is the city of the great king. also your heavenly Father is per

36 Neither shalt thou swear by fect.

Ver 29. Scandalize thee. That is, if it be a stumbling block, or occasion of sin to theo. By which we are taught to fly the immediate occasions of sin, though they be as dear to us, or as necessary as a hand or an eye.

Ver. 34. Not to swear at all. 'Tis not forbid to swear in truth, justice, and judgment ; to the honour of God, or our own or our neighbour's just defence; but only to swear rashly, or profanely, in common discourse, and without necessity.

Ver. 39. Not to resist tvil, &c. What is here commanded, is a christian patience under in. juries and affronts; and to be willing even to suffer still more, rather than to indulge the desire of revenge: but what is further added does not strictly oblige according to the letter, for neither did Christ nor St. Paul turn the other cheek. St. John xviii. and Acts Xxiii


12 And forgive us our debts, as A continuation of the sermon. we also forgive our debtors. T TAKE heed that you do not your

13 And lead us not into témptajustice before men, to be seen tion. But deliver us from evil. by them : otherwise you shall not Amen. have a reward of your Father who 14 For if you will forgive men is in heaven.

their offences, your heavenly Father 2 Therefore when thou dost an will forgive you also your offences. alms-deed, sound not a trumpet be- 15 But if you will not forgive fore thee, as the hypocrites do in men, neither will your Father forthe

synagogues, and in the streets, give you your offences. that they may be honoured by men. 16 And when you fast, be not as Amen I

say to you, they have re- the hypocrites, sad. For they disceived their reward.

figure their faces, that they may ap3 But when thou dost alms, let pear unto men to fast. Amen I say not thy left hand know what thy to you, they have received their reright hand doth.

ward. 4 That thy alms may be in se- 17 But thou, when thou fastest, cret, and thy Father, who seeth in anoint thy head, and wash thy secret, will repay thee.

face: 5 And when ye pray, you shall 18 That thou appear not to men not be as the hypocrites, that love to fast, but to thy Father who is in to stand and pray in the syna- secret: and thy Father, who seeth gogues and corners of the streets, in secret, will repay thee. that they may be seen by men : 19 Lay not up to yourselves Amen 1 say to you, they have re-treasures on earth : where the rust ceived their reward.

and moth consume, and where 6 But thou when thou shalt pray, thieves break through and steal. enter into thy chamber, and having 20 But lay up to yourselves shut the door, pray to thy Father treasures in heaven: where neither in secret : and thy Father, who the rust nor moth doth consume, seeth in secret, will repay thee. and where thieves do not break

7 And when you are praying, through, nor steal. speak not much, as the heathens. 21 For where thy treasure is, For they think that in their much- there is thy heart also. speaking they may be heard. 22 The light of thy body is thy

8 Be not you therefore like to eye. If thy eye be single, thy them, for your Father knoweth whole body shall be lightsome. what is needful for you, before you 23 But if thy eye be evil, thy ask him.

whole body shall be darksome. If 9 Thus therefore shalt thou pray: then the light that is in thee, be Our Father who art in heaven, darkness : the darkness itself how hallowed be thy name.

Seat shall it be ? 10 Thy kingdom come. Thy wil Cy do man can serve two masbe done on earth, as it is in heaven.,éors. or either he will hate the

11 Give us this day our super-one, and love the other: or he will substantial bread.

sustain the one, and despise the

Ver. 2 Amen I say to you. This Hebrew word Amen, is here retained, by the example and authority of all the four evangelists, who have all retained it. It is used by our Lord as a strong asseveration or affirmation of the truth.

Ver. 11. Supersubstantial bread. In St. Luke the same word is rendered daily bread, It is understood of the bread of life, which we receive in the Blessed Sacrament.

other. You cannot serve God and shall be measured to you again. Mammon.

And why seest thou the mote 25 Therefore I say to you, be that is in thy brother's eye: and not solicitous for your life, what seest not the beam that is in thy you shall eat, nor for your body, own eye? what you shall put on. Is not the 4 Or how sayest thou to thy life more than the meat; and the brother: Let me cast the mote out body more than the raiment ?

of thy eye; and behold a beam is in 26 Behold the birds of the air, thy own eye? for they neither sow, nor do they 5 Thou hypocrite, cast out first reap, nor gather into barns : and the beam out of thy own eye, and your heavenly Father feedeth them. then shalt thou see to cast out the Are not you of much more value mote out of thy brother's eye. than they?

6 Give not that which is holy to 27 And which of you, by taking dogs ; neither cast ye your pearls thought, can add to his stature one before swine, lest perhaps they cubit?

trample them under their feet, and 28 And for raiment why are you turning upon you, they tear you. solicitous ? Consider the lilies of 7 Ask, and it shall be given you: the field how they grow : they la- seek, and you shall find; knock, bour not, neither do they spin. and it shall be opened to you.

29 But I say to you, that not 8 For every one that asketh, reeven Solomon in all his glory was ceiveth: and he that seeketh, findarrayed as one of these.

eth: and to him that knocketh, it 30 And if the grass of the field, shall be opened. which is to-day, and to-morrow is 9 Or what man is there among cast into the oven, God doth so you, of whom if his son shall ask clothe: how much more you, O ye bread, will he reach him a stone ? of little faith?

10 Or if he shall ask him a fish, 31 Be not solicitous therefore, will he reach him a serpent ? saying, what shall we eat: or what 11 If you then, being evil, know shall we drink, or wherewith shall how to give good gifts to your childwe be clothed ?

ren: how much mo will

your 32 For after all these things do ther, who is in heaven, give good the heathen seek. For your Fa- things to them that ask him? ther knoweth that you have need 12 All things therefore whatsoof all these things.

ever you would that men should do 33 Seek ye therefore first the to you, do you also to them. For kingdom of God, and his justice, this is the law and the prophets. and all these things shall be added 13 Enter ye in at the narrow unto you.

gate: for wide is the gate, and 34 Be not therefore solicitous for broad is the way, that leadeth to deto-morrow: for the morrow will be struction, and many there are who solicitous for itself. Sufficient for go in thereat. the day is the evil thereof.

14 How narrow is the gate, and CHAP. VII.

strait is the way, that leadeth to life: The third part of the sermon. and few there are that find it! UDGE not, that you may not 15 Beware of false prophets, who be judged.

come to you in theclothing of sheep, 2 For with what judgment you but inwardly they are ravening judge, you shall be judged : and wolves. with what measure you mete, it! 10 By their fruits you shall know



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