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from a contented mind, and being strong in the Lord, who had made him whole, rather than put any to charge; and not being free to receive of those English people who live there, to whom he ministered, who went thither from the Plantations in New England to enjoy freedom of conscience, because he saw how the Dutch sought to ensnare them. So his life grew over them, and the Lord was with him; and after that he had accomplished the measure of his sufferings there for the Seed's sake, which the Lord suffered them to inflict upon him, in a very short time he was delivered out of prison, without paying of one penny, or any one for him, contrary to the expectation of his enemies. In their wills he could not work, and susfered for it; in the Will of the Lord he wrought, and was delivered for his faithfulness to Him. The governor's sister, upon whom his sufferings took deep hold, was instrumental in his liberation; for she being very sad, the governor asked the cause, and she told him, and he set him free. Much more might be said of the sufferings of these people in the Dutch plantation, who are too much inclined to cruelty themselves. Yet the governor was very moderate before, when Robert was with him; but this Willet, who had his hands so deep in the sufferings of the innocent as aforesaid, so incensed him, that he grew fierce and into great enmity against Friends, and made a law, through your example, “That those who received any of them into their houses should pay fifty pounds sterling; onethird part to the informer, who should be concealed,” the better to encourage them in their wickedness. “And that if any vessel should bring any of them into that jurisdiction, it should be forfeited, with the goods. And if but one were entertained, and that but one night, it was fifty pounds sterling.” Notwithstanding this law, there were those who entertained them willingly, for which some were imprisoned and some fined, as John Tilton, and Joan Chatterton, and Henry Townsend, who was fined five hundred guilders, and threatened to be sent out of the jurisdiction, about the 7th of the Sixth month, 1658. And Tobias Feak and Edward Hart, Englishmen and officers in the town of Vlissing (or Flushing) on Long Island, in New Netherlands, were cast into prison, because they could not prosecute the Dutch governor's orders against these people in that town. And the said Henry Townsend being called before the governor and Court, and demanded to pay the fine, and he answering, “That his person and estate was under their hands, and they might take it if they would, but he could not pay the fine;” they suffered him not to speak any more, but forthwith cast him into a miry dun- . geon in the Winter season, about the middle of the Eleventh month, 1657. Nine days after, he wrote to the governor and fiscal, “That he could not pay the money upon that account, although he lay in an irksome prison, and was of a weak constitution and sickly;” and forbade his wife and friends from giving anything, notwithstanding her cry and the cry of her small children, who could not bear his sore sufferings; the season being so cold, and his wife and friends fearing that he would perish there. And they, apprehending a necessity for his presence at home, gave his oppressors two young oxen and a horse, which was all he had, for his liberty, and had it thereupon. And Mary Weatherhead and Dorothy Waugh, two maidens who came from England, were cast into a miry dungeon, in which it was supposed they could not have lived, for speaking in the streets of New Amsterdam, and there kept for the space of eight days, and were then had through the streets to a boat with rods tied to their backs, and sent to Rhode Island. And this is the entertainment which the servants of the Lord met with in the Dutch plantation, near New England, when they went there to visit the Seed of God, and their brethren, the English, who resided there, who endured much for conscience' sake, and went thither formerly, out of New England, to enjoy it. Yet, a little more in relation to the sufferings in your own jurisdiction, since the time of your putting some to death. Several Friends of Salem ye committed, and have long continued them prisoners at Boston, viz.: Mary Trask, John Smith, Margaret Smith, Edward Wharton, and others; you likewise committed Robert and Deborah Harper, of Sandwich; and these

were in your prison the 13th of the Tenth Month, 1660. Several you banished upon pain of death, as Wenlock Christison and William King, of Salem, Martha Stanley, a maid belonging to England, and Mary Wright, of Oyster Bay, in Rhode Island, who gave her testimony against you for your cruelty in putting Mary Dyer to death. Also, William Leddra, one upon whom your cruelty hath often been exercised; whom you fastened to a log with a chain. He having returned into your jurisdiction after banishment therefrom, was then in your hands, to try your bloody laws as to death. - Joseph Nicholson and his wife came to sojourn among you, as in right they might, on as good terms as you first came thither to inhabit; but, instead thereof, were committed to prison and banished upon pain of death, against whom you had nothing; yet so ye did unto them, though she was great with child, that she could not go forth out of prison until the last day limited by you; after which day, if found in your jurisdiction, they were to die by your law; whom ye sent after and apprehended at Salem, whither he went that day with his wife, who there fell in travail. And he was not suffered to stay to see how it might happen to his wife, but had to Boston. On the way he was met with an order, sent by Richard Bellingham, your deputy-governor, and thither he was had and committed, and his wife with him, after she was delivered and was come hither. And ye had both of them before you, after ye had condemned Mary Dyer to death the second time, even on that very day in which she was executed, ye had them both before you again, to see if the terror thereof could have frightened them. But the power of the Lord in them was above you all, and they feared not you nor your threats of putting them to death; but ye could not put them to death, for you feared the consequences, though your desire was so to do, they coming to sojourn among you as freeborn English people. But you denied them their birthright; and instead of admitting them to live among you, they not having done anything to forfeit this their privilege, you imprisoned them and then banished them on pain of death, and in that barbarous manner haled him from his wife when she was in travail, in order to put him to death, which might, in that condition, have cost the life of herself and child. Such inhumanities as these have not been heard of amongst the English colonies, to seek to destroy father, mother, and infant at once; but you were not permitted to do it. So you set them at liberty, who departed from your jurisdiction in the Will of God; and they went to Plymouth Patent, where Wenlock Christison had been imprisoned, and had suffered twenty-seven cruel stripes on his naked body at one time, in the cold Winter season, laid on with deliberation, as was the order of the magistrates, who stood by to see it done; and bid the jailer lay it on, which he did as hard as he could, and then robbed him of his waistcoat, though in that cold time of the year he was to pass through a wilderness. And the jailer came about midnight, much in drink, and took his Bible for fees, thus depriving him of the Scriptures, and then turned him out in the morning, not having sufficient clothes left to keep him warm, and keeping him without food from the time of his cruel whipping until he was turned out, -he not being suffered to have food for his money for five days upon his first commitment, the jailer stopping up the holes, and saying, “That at such places he might be supplied with provisions; ” and keeping them so, until he asked him, “Whether they meant to starve him?” After which they allowed him provisions of three pence a day for five weeks, even such as the jailer would give him; the bloodthirsty Barlow having robbed him of his other two coats and hat, and his bag of linen also, worth upwards of four pounds, when he apprehended him at Sandwich, after you had banished him upon pain of death and kept him fourteen weeks and two days in prison, in the coldest time of the Winter. And thus was he whipped, robbed, and turned out after the governor, Thomas Prince, and the magistrates had caused him to be tied neck and heels for speaking for himself in the Court, who denied him satisfaction for his goods, taken by Barlow as aforesaid, when he was had to the whipping-post; and with much ado he obtained from the governor so much moderation as to hear him, who said in answer, “That he must first pay for his preaching.” This is the justice of the men of Plymouth Patent, who, instead of causing satisfaction to be made, cause the innocent to suffer, which God will reward, who is near to render unto them according to their deeds; and all this was but for coming into their jurisdiction when he was banished out of yours. Was ever the like barbarous cruelty? Joseph Nicholson and his wife being thus turned out of your jurisdiction, and denied to sojourn there, went to Plymouth Patent, another habitation of cruelty, and demanded to sojournt in that jurisdiction, but there they could not be admitted,—the same spirit ruling in Plymouth as in Boston, and so the magistrates told them, “That if they had turned them away at Boston, they would have nothing to do with them.” How exactly do they write after your copy And they threatened to whip his wife and send her away; and one of them said, “That if she had not been a witch, she could not have known that he who was . with his son was a priest.” The prophet Ahijah knew when the wife of Jeroboam came in disguise to him, and said, “Come in, thou wife of Jeroboam; why feignest thou thyself to be another?” And the prophets knew and foretold things to come. Jeroboam might have said, If Ahijah had not been a wizard, he could not have told that it was his wife, when she came to him disguised; but these things I spare, being so plain and manifest. So Joseph Nicholson and his wife passed away in the moving of the Lord to Rhode Island, after they had been prisoners at Boston, Joseph for twenty-four, and his wife for eighteen weeks. And when Joseph and his wife passed from Boston, eight persons were still in prison, in condition of banishment upon pain of death, by your bloody law: this being the often expression of some of you, Daniel Dennison aforesaid in particular, “That they or you must give way,” (but why cannot you live together, seeing that ye were made of one blood and to breathe one air? The bishops might have used the same argument to you with as much justice,) “and that at present the power was in your hands, and the rest must send off.” And your deputy-governor, Richard Bellingham, who deserves not to be named amongst men, who, when he

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