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and other refreshments for eight days together, after their sore whippings, and three days before they were so whipped; and they must have perished had not the Lord wonderfully kept them, beyond what man could have been able to undergo. But He did enable them to give Him thanks for His presence, after they were so sorely whipped, to the astonishment of the people. And the jailer being asked why he would not let them have food for their money, and what he meant to keep them without food ? he answered, “They should famish, if they would not eat the prison food," which was for their work, which they could not do in your . wills, not being idle persons and having money of their own. And your governor, John Endicott, being asked by Sarah Gibbons, when they were had before you after the first three days as aforesaid, “Whether it were justice or equity to keep them so up, and not to suffer them to have food for their money? that being the third day they had been so kept, and had not eaten one morsel of bread;" and further, “That ye might all see that God was with them, that they were so preserved without food; and that they came well into the town, as hundreds could witness; and that, if they perished, their blood would fall heavy on them who were the occasion thereof;" he answered, “He mattered,” or, “it matters not." And when he had set them at liberty, to be sent out of the country, your jailer detained them certain days, after all this, for their fees; and had kept them longer, had not the Lord wrought their deliverance by another way. : Harriet Gardner is the next,-being the mother of many children, and an inhabitant of Newport, in Rhode Island, who came, with her babe sucking at her breast, from thence to Weymouth, a town in your colony; where, having finished what she had to do, and her testimony from the Lord, unto which the Witness of God answered in the people, she was hurried by the baser sort to Bos-, . ton, in the uth of Third month, 1658, before your governor, John Endicott; who, after he had entertained her and the girlMary Staunton, who came with her, to help bear her child—with much abusive language, he committed them both to prison, and ordered them to be whipped with ten lashes a-piece, which was
cruelly laid on their naked bodies with a three-fold knotted whip of cords, and then were continued for the space of fourteen days longer in prison from their friends, who could not visit them. The woman came a very sore and—according to man-hardly accomplishable journey, through a wilderness, between Rhode Island and Boston, of about sixty miles, and being kept up, after your cruel usage of their bodies, might have died; but you had no consideration of this dr of them, though the mother had of you, who, after the savage, inhumane, and bloody execution on her of your cruelty as aforesaid, kneeled down and prayed the Lord to forgive you; which so reached and wrought upon a woman that stood by, that she gave glory to God and said, “That surely she could not have done this thing; if it had not been by the Spirit of the Lord."
After these came Thomas Harris, from Rhode Island, into your colony, who, declaring against your pride and oppression, as he could have liberty to speak in your meeting-place, in Boston, after the priest had ended, warning the people of a dreadful and terrible day of the Lord God, which was coming upon that town and country; him, much unlike to Nineveh, you pulled down, and haled him by the hair of his head out of your meeting, and a hand was put on his mouth to keep him from further speaking, and then had before your governor, deputy-governor, and other magistrates, and committed to prison without a warrant or mittimus that he saw, shut up in a close room, and none suffered to come to him nor to have provisions for his money; and the next day whipped with so cruel stripes, without showing any law that he had broken, though he desired it of the jailer, and then shut up again for eleven days more, five of which he was kept without bread,—your jailer not suffering him to have any for his money, and threatened one of the other prisoners very much for bringing him a little water on the day of his sore whipping,--and all this because he could not work for the jailer, and let him have eight pence of twelve pence from what he should earn. And starved he had been, in all probability, had not the Lord kept him those five days, and ordered it so after that time that food was conveyed him by night, by some tender persons, in at a window, who, though they came not into the profession of Truth openly by reason of your cruelty, yet felt it secretly moving in them; and so were made serviceable to keep the servants of the Lord from perishing, who shall not go without a reward..
And though he was in this state of weakness for want of bread, and by torturing his body with cruel whippings as aforesaid, and though the day after he was whipped the jailer had told him that “ he had now suffered the law, and that, if he would hire the marshal to carry him out of the country, he might be gone when he would,” yet on the morning of the next Sixth-day, before the sixth hour, the jailer again required him to work; which, he refusing, gave his weak and fainting body two-and-twenty blows with a pitched rope, and the 19th of the Fifth month following, fifteen cruel stripes more with a three-fold corded whip, knotted as aforesaid.
Now, upon his apprehension, your governor sought to know of him who came with him, as was your usual manner, that so you might find out the rest of the company, on whom ye might execute your cruelty and wickedness, and your governor said, “he "s would make him do it;" but his cruelties could not. Nevertheless they were soon found out, who hid not themselves, but were bold in the Lord, viz., William Brend and William Leddra, who came to Salem as moved of the Lord; and, after they had passed thence, they had conference with a priest at Newbury, at the desire of the people there, before Captain Gerish, who promised that they should not suffer for that conference. Yet they being departed, he sent for them back as they were on their way, and had them before the Court; and, though the Court confessed that “they found nothing that was evil in them," the Witness of God so far answering, yet the Court committed them and kept them prisoners, during which time they called in question several of the inhabitants of Salem for meeting with them. For ye had made a law,-viz., that of cutting off ears, as aforesaid, “That “whosoever of the inhabitants should, directly or indirectly, cause “any of the said people to come into your jurisdiction, he should
“ forfeit an hundred pounds to the country, and be committed to “ prison, there to remain till the penalty should be satisfied. And " whosoever should entertain them, knowing them so, should for“ feit forty shillings to the country for every hour's entertaining “or concealment, and be committed to prison till the forfeiture “should be fully paid and satisfied." And further, that all and every of those people that should arise among yourselves should be dealt withal, and suffer the like punishments as your laws provided for those that came in; which was,—“That for the first of“ fence (or coming in) of any such who had suffered what your "law required, if a male, one of his ears should be cut off, and “ he kept at work in the House of Correction, till he could be “sent away on his own charge; for the second, the other ear, and “be kept in the House of Correction, as aforesaid. If a woman, “then to be severely whipped, and kept as aforesaid, as the male, “ for the first; and for the second offence, (or coming in, as “aforesaid,) to be dealt withal as the first. And for the third, he “or she should have their tongues bored through with an hot “iron, and be kept at the House of Correction close at work, till “they be sent away on their own charge." This is your law, and this the offence. I say, during the time of the detaining of the said W. Brend and W. Leddra, they called before them several of the inhabitants of Salem, for meeting with those aforesaid; and six of them, viz., Lawrence Southwick, Cassandra, his wife, and Josiah, their son, and Samuel Shattock, Joshua Buffum, and Sam. uel Gaskin, they sent, with W. Brend and W. Leddra, to Boston, whom your jailer, on the end of Fifth month, 1658, received about six of the clock in the evening, and shut them up apart, in rooms which he had provided on purpose to make them, as he said, bow to your law, and stopped up the windows and all ways of conveyances for air and diet, which he kept from them, except such as he laid before them, as a little pottage and a piece of bread, for which he would have made them work, if they had eaten, as he threatened. But money he would not take, and to work for meat at his appointment they could not, so they did not eat; and he suffered none to come at them, and so continued from the Sixth day of the former week to the Fourth day of the week following, the Second day of which, though they had no food from the time aforesaid, yet he called them down to be whipped, together with Samuel Shattock, Joshua Buffum, Samuel Gaskin, and Cassandra Southwick,-for, being a woman, you could not have her ear by your law, though ye whipped her,-ten stripes a-piece, with a knotted three-fold corded whip upon the account of your former law, as being such as were called Quakers. And having whipped them, your jailer locked W. Brend and W. Leddra in a close and dark room, without air, in the hot Summer season,—the room he prepared to bow, alias, destroy them. For so his carriage manifested, in keeping them up there from food and whipping them so, and locking them up again in the same place, from food or friend, till the Fourth-day following: then he told them they were clear on paying their fees, who owed him none, and hiring the marshal to convey them out of the country; which they could not do, in obedience to the Lord, who sent them thither, or as Englishmen in their own country. So he kept them close prisoners, and the next morning the jailer put William Brend, a man of years, into irons, neck and heels, and locked so close together that there was no more room between each than for the horse-lock which fastened them on; and for the space of sixteen hours kept him so in irons, as the jailer himself confessed, for not working; and all this time without meat, whilst his back was torn with the whipping of the day before. Which did not satisfy your bloodthirsty jailer, but, as a man resolved to have his life, and by cruelties to kill him, he had him down again the next morning to work, though so many days without meat, his back beaten, his neck and heels bruised by being bound so long together, because he could not bow to his will, yet he laid him on with a pitched rope twenty blows over his back and arms with as much force as he could drive, so that with the fierceness of the blows the rope untwisted, and his arms were swollen with it. Presently after this your jailer, having either mended his old or got a new rope, came in again, and having haled him down stairs with greater fury and violence than before, gave his broken, bruised, and weak