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Ligusticum, Lovage, is also a large plant with the leaves very much cut, and glossy underneath.
Angelica, Angelica, has a thick, upright, hollow stem, five feet high, and globular umbels. It is cultivated, and sold as a sweet-meat by confectioners.
Sium, Skerret or Water Parsnip, has some species equally large, others 'creeping, bearing white flowers.
Sison, Horewort or Stonewort, is for the most part a small plant with fine leaves and small white flowers.
Ævanthe, Dropwort, is also small, with very fine leaves, growing chiefly in ponds and ditches, and very poisonous..
Phellandrium, Water Hemlock, or Horsebane, has the outer florets of the umbel larger than those in the centre-long, hair-like leaves, floating under the water.
Cicuta, Water Hemlock or Cowbane, is one of the rankest of vegetable poisons--a small, yellowish-green flower, leaves formed of a great many little leaves, variously divided... .
Æthusa, Cicely, Lesser Hemlock, bears so much resemblance to the common Parsley that it has often been eaten in the stead of it, and occasioned sickness.
Coriandram, Coriander, famous for the pleasant taste of its seeds, bears a white umbel and very fine leaves, with strong and disagreeable smell.
Scomdix, Shepherd's-needle, or Chervil, is a pretty little white flower, very common. The Germen, after the flower dies, shoots out to the length of an inch or more.
Cheerophyllum, Cow Parsley, is of the sort of Umbelliferous flowers of which there are so many, and so much alike, that only particular examination can distinguish them; almost all white, with leaves much cut. .
Imperatoria, Masterwort, has also nothing at first sight to distinguish it. .
Smyrnium, Alexanders, has a greenish-yellow flower, leaves in triple threes, with a ragged and fringed sheath : formerly cultivated as a vegetable, but now superseded by Celery.
Anethum, Fennel, we cannot but be acquainted with, and therefore need no. description.
Pimpinella, Saxifrage or Anise, is a large plant with numerous white umbels-varies much in the shape of its winged leaves, and has some medicinal properties....
Ægobodium, Herb-Gerrard, sometimes used as a potherb, is a creeping plant with small white flowers. '"
Such are the plants of this numerous race. We observe they are nearly all white or very pale, and they all bear more or less resemblance to each other. They are very common, and some to be seen every where, and at'all seasons, and possessing little beauty till examined. We shall generally know one of them immediately by its flat white head of flowers. : Beside this tribe of Umbelliferous plants, Pentandria Digynia contains ;.
Ulmus, Elm, a handsome tree of several different species, valuable for its timber as well as its shade, particularly' used in the building of ships. The leaves are doubly serrated, and unequal at the base: the bark cracked and wrinkled; flowers without blossom.'"'.'
Chenopodium, Wild Spinach or Goosefoot, is not the vegetable we are used to at our tables, though one species of it is sometimes cultivated and eaten by the poor. There are many species, mostly distinguished by their triangular leaves. :: Hernaria, Rupture-wort, a creeping plant, with numerous yellow flowers without petals.
Atriplex, Orache, is a numerous family, growing mostly on the sea-shore. Stamens and Pistils not always on the same flower, and no Petals. do . . . ...
Humulus, Hop. This elegant plant is of the same species as the caltivated Hop, varieties only being occasioned by the soil. The male and female flowers are on different plants and very unlike each other. It is the female we are accustomed to see in our beautiful hop-grounds-when wild, the fruit is much smaller, but in all other respects the plant is the same, It rạps to a great length over the hedges, always winding from left to right, and dying to the root on the first frost, „The use of the fruit we know sufficiently. The bine or stem contains an excellent hemp for making cloth, canvass, ropes, or paper, and in some countries is so used. A pillow filled with hops has sometimes the effect of an opiate in producing sleep. . · Beta, Sea Beet, differs not very much from the garden Beet, though too much to be mistaken for it: has no petals. .' "
Salsolạ, Glass-wort or Stonecrop, has also no blossom, bears greenish flowers and grows on the sea shore. One species is an ever-green shrub, often planted in gardens,
Swertia, Felwort, is found in Wales, a beautiful plant, with spikes of greyish purple flowers,
Gentiana, Gentian. This is a family of plants remarkable for their bitterness, and for the beautiful blue of their flowers. Some species are rare, some very common.,
Xanthium, Bardock, has the male flowers in a bunch at the top of the stem, the female underneath, in the bosom of the leaves. .
In the Third Order of this Class, Trigynia, distinguished as usual by three Pistils, we have · Viburnum, Guelder Rose, with ones pecies of which we are acquainted in our gardens. They all bear white flowers, and black or red berries.
Sambuscus, Elder, cạn scarcely need to be described to us. Medicinal qualities are found in some parts of the tree, and some parts are used in dyeing. The black berries that succeed to its handsome flowers are used for making wine.
Staphylea, Bladder-nut Tree, is a low shrub with white blossoms, and hard, glossy berries.
Corrigiola, Strapwort, is a prostrate plant, with slender, fleshy leaves, growing on the sea shore.
Tamarix, Tamarisk, we have described as given in our Plate.
In the Fourth Order, Tetragynia, four Pistils, we have but one flower, Parnassia, Grass of Parnassus, and that rather curious in its structure. The flower is white, veined with green, and has five nectaries fringed, with a number of yellow globules on the fringe.
The Fifth Order, Pentagynia, five Pistils, contains · Stutice, Thrift. One species of this flower as an edging to the borders of our gardens, is too common to be unknown. On the sea coast it is wild in the greatest abundance, tinting the cliffs and pastures with its pale pink flowers. The other species resemble it, but are less beautiful. · Linum, Flax, one of the most extensively useful plants of which we have to speak. We scarcely need be told that of one species of Flax all our linen is made, and our paper when the linen bas been worn to rags. The thread is spun from the stems of the plant. From the seed we have the useful commodity called Linseed Oil. The flower is of a delicate blue, with deeper blue veins.
Drosera, Sundew. These are very curious plants, not easily found, by reason of their being hidden among moss in boggy places. The name seems to be derived from the circumstance of the leaves being fringed with hairs, supporting small drops or globules of a transparent liquor like dew, which continue under exposure to the hottest sun. · Sibbaldia, Silver-weed, is a creeping plant with yellow flowers, found on the mountains of Scotland. The blossom is smaller than the calix, and the number of Stamens variable.
The Sixth Order Polygynia, many Pistils, contains only Myosurus, Mousetail, a small acrid plant, with narrow leaves and greenish flowers: the receptable of the seeds like the tail of a mouse,
Class V.-PENTANDRIA, 5 PISTILS.
ORDER 2.-DIGYNIA, 2 Pistils.