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“ hurt or prejudice of their persons, right, honour, “ state, or power; and, if I shall know any such

thing to be treated or agitated by any what

soever, I will hinder it to my power; and, as “ soon as I can, will signify it to our said lord,

or to some other by whom it may come to his

knowledge. The rules of the holy fathers, the “ apostolic decrees, ordinances, or disposals, re

servations, provisions, and mandates, I will “ observe with all my might, and cause to be “ observed by others. Heretics, schismatics, and s rebels to our said lord, or his foresaid succes

sors, I will to my power persecute, and oppose*.

As for the precise steps, by which this ecclesiastical kingdom was tinally and perfectly organized, they are well pointed out by Lord Lyttelton in his History of Henry the second. “ an established notion,” says he, “ that all me“ tropolitans were only the vicars or rather vice

roys of the Pope in their several provinces; and “ the pall was the ensign of their office. This “ was too lightly given way to by kings, and

proved in its consequences one of the deepest “ arts, by which the policy of the Court of Rome

supported its power. For thus all the greatest

prelates, who might have affected an indepen“ dence on that see, had another object of am« bition set up, namely, an independence on “ their own sovereigns, and an imparted share of $5 the papal dominion over all temporal powers. * Whitaker's Comment. p. 408,

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And again :: “Henry the first did not enough “ consider, how much the design of detaching the

clergy from any dependence upon their own sovereign, and from all ties to their country, was promoted by forcing them to a life of ce

libacy: but concurred with the see of Rome, « and with Anselm its minister, in imposing that

yoke upon the English church, which till then * had always refused it-He was also prevailed

upon to suffer a legate a latere, the Cardinal " of Crema, to preside in a council held at Lon“ don upon this and other matters, in derogation “ to the metropolitan rights of the archbishop " of Canterbury; thereby confirming that dan

gerous and degrading subjection to the Bishop

of Rome, which his father had brought upon “ the church of England *.”

There was yet another step, by which the second ecclesiastical kingdom of the papal empire was both completed, and kept in subjection. Well knowing the truth of the maxim Divide and rule, the artful

pontiffs dexterously contrived to play off the one kingdom against the other, to govern the secular clergy by the instrumentality of the regular, " Whenever any bishop,says Puffendorff, “ tempted any thing against the Pope's authority, the mendicant friars with their clamour and “ noise pursued him every where like so many 6 hounds, and rendered him odious to the com

at,

* Hist. of Henry II. cited by Whitaker, p. 410, 411.

mon

5 mon people, amongst whom they were in great “ veneration through their outward appearance “ of holiness; and from thence it came to pass, " that the bishops, who opposed the Pope's autho

rity, never could make a great party among “ the common people. Besides this, the friars

always kept a watchful eye over the actions of the bishops, giving continual advices concern

ing them to their generals residing at Rome,

whereby the Popes were enabled to oppose “ timely any design intended against their au

thority. And these friars proved the main “ obstacle, why the bishops could not so effectu

ally oppose the Pope's authority which he “ assumed over them; so that, being destitute « of means to help themselves, they were forced « to follow the current*.”

The regular and secular clergy then, under their respective generals and bishops, are the two horns or ecclesiastical kingdoms of the papal catholic empire. These horns appeared to the prophet to be of a different form from those of the first or temporal beast : they resembled the horns of a lamb. Now, when we recollect that the second beast is styled a false prophet, we can scarcely doubt but that the symbol was so constructed in allusion to his spiritual character. Accordingly, the two ecclesiastical horns claimed to be the only servants of the lamb of God, and affected to be like him in

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meekness and humility. Solenmly devoting themselves to a life of celibacy, and ever engaged in a round of religious ceremonies, they appeared to the deluded populace to be saints indeed, far removed from all the cares and vanities of this transitory world. And, in order that this impression might not be too soon worn off, new saints were at seasonable intervals added to the calendar ; and their names enrolled along with those of the real servants of the Lamb, the holy Apostles of the primitive Church. Even the sovereign pontiff himself, who had a look more stout than his fellows, delighted nevertheless to style himself, with sanctified hypocrisy, the servant of the servants of God*

3. But, notwithstanding his lamb-like appearnace, the beast spake as a dragon-The church of Rome, like a true, child of that old serpent the devil, forcibly established and supported idolatry;

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* We

may, if we please, suppose the cardinals to constitute the body of the second beust; and we stall then have the whole Romish Hierarchy completely portrayed. “ Prælati Roma. “ nenses in Universitate Pragensi congregati, contra Johan

nem Ilussum et alios affirmant (in quarto suo decreto seu “ articulo), quod collegium cardinalium Romæ sunt corpus " Ecclesiæ. Cui respondet Johannes Hussys, Christum esse

caput Ecclesiæ, omnesque fideles Christianos corpus esse Ec- clesiæ Christi. Cui replicant Prælati processu longo et tædii pleno, ostendentes, quomodo Papa sit caput, et quomodo cardinalium collegium solum, et non alli Christiani, “ sint corpus Ecclesiæ." Act. et Monument. A. D. 1414. p. 589, 590, 591. cited by Potter, Interp. num. 666. Cap. xix. p. 121.

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clajmed a proud superiority over all temporal dominion; advanced her interests with all the wily cunning of the serpent; anathematized and persecuted to death the faithful servants of Christ; and esteemed every lie and every imposture, which advanced her authority, a laudable and even pious fraud. That no faith is to be kept with herelics, is a well known maxim of this genuine offspring of the father of lies: that kings excommunicated by the Pope, may be deposed and murdered by their subjects, is another of her maxims: and that the end sanctifies the means, that it is lawful to do evil that good may come, has been the avowed principle of the Jesuits*. Her dracontine cruelty and ferocity need no proofs. Where pagan Rome hath slain her thousands, papal Rome hath slain her ten thousands. “ The fourth council of Lateran,” says Bp. Burnet, “decreed, that all hereticks should be de“ livered to the secular power to be extirpated - If “a man had but spoken a light word against any “ of the constitutions of the church, he was seized * on by the bishop's officers: and, if any taught “ their children the Lord's prayer, the ten com

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