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and wielding their strength instead ment, and, without feeling bound to of exhausting their own.

speculate for the whole metropolis, cán If we could but once see our clergy pervade, and do much to purify his asand others consistently and vigoro who will find that a walk so unnoticed

suimed portion of it. There is a third. qusly acting upou the principle of and obscure is the best suited to his creating such an agency in their re- modesty; aud a fourth, who will be ea. spective parishes, we should not de- ger to reap, on the same field, that re. spair of seeing the fair vision con- ward of kind and simple gratitude, in jured up by Dr. Chalmers in the fol- which his heart is most fitted to rejoice. lowing passage, at length realized. We are sure that this piece-meal opera.

tion will not stop for want of labourers ; “This holds out a very brilliant moral though it may be arrested, for a while, perspective to the eye of a philanthro- through the eye of labourers being sepist. In a few years, many of the scho- daced by the meteoric glare of other lars at our present seminaries will be enterprises, alike impotent and impos. convertible into the teachers of a future' ing. So long as each man of mediocrity generation. There will be indefinite conceives himself to be a man of might, additions made to our religious agency. and sighs after some scene of enlargeInstead of having to assail, as now, the ment that may be adequate to his fan. general balk of the population, by a sied powers, little or nothing will bio Christian influence from without, the done; but so soon as the sweeping and mass itself will be penetrated, aud, sublime imagination is dissipared, and through the means of residing and most he can stoop to the drudgery of his small effective teachers, there will be kept allotment in the field of usefulness, up a busy process of internal circala. then will it be found, how it is by the tion. It is thus that he who can pa. summation of many humble mediocri. tiently work at small things, and be ties, that a mighty result is at length ar. conteat to wait for great things, lends rived at. It was by successive strokes by far the best contribution to the of the pickaxe and the chisel that the mighty achievement of regenerativg our pyramids of Egypt were reared: and land. Extremes meet; and the san- great must be the company of workmen, guine philanthropist, who is goaded on and limited the task which each must by his impatience to try all thiugs, aud occupy, ere there will be made to as. look for some great and immediate re- ceud the edifice of a nation's wortli, or sult, will soon be plonged into the de- of a nation's true greatness." pp. 852 spair of ever being able to do any thing –355. at all. The man who cau calmly set bimself down to the work of a district

The author concludes his essay school, and there be satisfied to live by a vigorous call upon the follow. add to labour without a nane, may ger- ers of Mr. Wesley to adopt the minate a moral influence that will, at local system, and to carry the Jength, overspread the whole city of Gospel, by this means into every his habitation. It is rash to affirm of alley and cottage in the country. the local system that it is totally im. Now doubtless the light and dispracticable in London; while most natural, at the same time, that it should poseable force of which their body

consists, supplies extraordinary fa. appear so to those wbo think nothing worthy of an attempt, unless it can be cilities for such an enterprise. Tlie done per saltum,-unless it at once.fills sort of Cossack warfare proposed the eye with the glare of magnificence, by the author, would be wore conand it can be invested, at the very out. genial to them than for a lime it set, with all the pomp and patronage of would be to the heavy-armed iroops extensive committeeship. A single laue, .of the Establishment. Thus far or court, in Loudon, is surely not more

we certainly concur with Dr. Chal. impracticable than in other towns of mers, that, rather than the work of this empire. There is one man to be

moral reform, among

bunfound there, who can assume it as his dreds of thousands of our counirylocality, and acquit limself thoroughly and well of the duties which it lay's men who are without all nieans of upon him. There is another, who can instruction, should continue to be pitch beside him, on a contiguous settle. neglected, we should beartily desire


the many

to see it in the hands of the Metho- learning in her members, and that dists, or of any other body who moderation in her principles, which will supply the Church's lack of would serve to controul and reservice. We may add, however, that gulate the zeal a system of such if it is not to be done by the Esta- energy would be sure to kindle? It blishment, which above all things is then to the Church of England we desire, there is no other body that we would consign this great of Christians, perhaps, who, un enterprise'; and had we a bundred the whole, we should be better voices, they should all be listed up to pleased to see engaged in it than implore her clergy and her members ihe followers of Mr. Wesley. The to awake from the sleep of ages, for strictness of their discipline, their such ber past suppineness may be rigid system of inspection, their called, and to go forıb for the recosingular facilities in availing them. very of her people from the depths selves of precisely those individuals of vice and ignorance to which in so in their body who are best suited many cases they have sunk. We to the work; all seem to consiitute cannot think of the state especially them, if the Establislied Church of our vast metropolis, without the hangs back,suitable agents for so ex- most heart-rending emotion. Ten tensive an undertaking. May we not thousand individuals have passed also, in spite of some fresh acts through its few principal prisons of alienation from the mother in a single year. Many thousands churclı, even now state it as a of children in its courts and alleys reason why this body of religionists are subsisting altogether upon deis preferable for the work in ques- predation. Hundreds of thousands, tion to systematic Dissenters, ihat, in spite of all the laudable exerafter all, there may be lingering in tions of the National and other their breasts some latent allachment Societies,are still destitute of Christo the parental roof from which they tian education. Crime seems, for have wandered, and some anxiety to the present, to have so mastered repose once more in the parental our existing means of improvement, bosom? But, be all this as it may, that its circle, in spite of every exwhilst Methodism goes on approxi- erlion, widens and deepens around ipating to Dissent, and wbilst not us. The race of benevolence after a little of epihusiasm is cherislied sin and misery, is, at the present among its followers, we cannot moment, ibat of the tortoise after wish to see the business of locality the hare. What joy would it be left in their hands. Indeed, wbere to us to see a body of philanthrocan we wish to see it, except in pisis, with the clergy of London the bands of those to whom the at their head, forming themselves spiritual interests of the great into a committee to determine by mass of the community are en- what means the local system might trusted ? where, but in the hands be best set in motion in streets and of the national church; a church, cellars, on which scarcely a ray of of whose formularies few com- the Gospel has ever yet shone! What plain ; the revival of whose dis- a consolation even to know that the cipline all desire; whose name is number of individuals was multiso dear to most orders of society, plied, who were beginning to move that her movements will not be in their own immediale sphere'; suspected; and whose interests are and, without waiting for the pubso linked with those of the state, lic, were determined to discharge that her labours 10 promote them their own consciences, and ply will never be fearid ;-of that their sickle, even if it be the only church whichi, of all religious one, in the great harvest of souls ! bodies ju this kingdom, perhaps May the God of all mercy stir up alone comprebends ihat quantity of our minds to this work of justice and of love! and may the century which footsteps in our humble pages, befound the poor of our country cause we venture to hope that those “perishing for lack of knowledge,” who miss him here will go in quest leave us a people “ taughtof God," of him to bis own admirable papers. and heirs of all the “ peace" and In so doing, they will be every way joy which such knowledge is cal- gainers. They will, we venture to culated to convey! May God give prophecy, find much to adinire, the word, and great will be the and little to lanent, except a style company of those who shall arise which is perhaps fuller of vigor to ourse the children of this neg- and of faults than the style of any lected flock, and to lodge them English or Scottish writer since in the bosom of their Father, the time when reading and writing

were considered as among the capi. With this examination of the tal crimes of the country. Such is Eigbih Number of Dr. Chalmers, the amount of his offence against which ends the first volume of his society. His claims upon it will, quarterly papers, we close our ob- we confidently believe, be fully servations for the present. How known only in the land where the soon we may be able to follow him triumphant servants of the Lord through the next volume, we know " will see the face of their God," not. We shall, however, the less and have bis “ name written in regret our disability to track his their foreheads."

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from Egypt; by the Rev. George Ha. PREPARING for publication :-Memoirs milton ;-A third volume of the keof an only Son, by the Rev. T. Durant; mains of Henry Kirke White, selected -Sketches of the Highlands of Scots from his Letters, and other MSS., with land, by D. Stewart;-Naval Biography prefatory Remarks by R.Southey;--Conby Lieut. Marshall;--History of Charles siderations on the Subject of Calviuism, II. ;-Fishes of the Ganges, by Dr. F. and a short Treatise on Regeneration, Hamiltou ;-Village Sermons on the by W. B. Knight, A. M. ;– The Life of Christian Character, by the Rev. E. John Goodwin, A.M., comprising an Berens;-The Beauties of Jeremy Tay. Account of his Opinions, Writings, and lor, with his Life, by Mr. Melnioth. Controversies, with a Review of the

In the press :-Specimens of the AmeCivil Wars and the Inter-regnum, by rican Poets ;-Elements of Mathematics, T. Jackson ;- The Works of Arminius, by P. Nicholson ;-Public Men of all travslated from the Latin, with the Nations ;-A Technological Dictionary, Life of the Author. by Mr. Crabb;-Elements of Self-knowledge, by the Rev. T. Finch ;—Psalm Sir William Browne's Gold Medals.and Hymn Tunes, by the Rev. 1). Eve. The subjects for the present year are : rard ;-Oriental Literature, applied to Greek Ode—“Pyramides Ægyptiacæ." the Illustration of the Sacred Scriptures, Latin Ode—“Mors Napoleonis.” Greek desigoed as a Sequel to Oriental Cus. Epigram-'Epã te pñta x oux · pa. toms, in 2 large volumes 8vo.; by the Latin Epigram—“. nugæ seria du. Rev. S. Burder, A. M.;-A Letter to cunt in mala." The subject of the Sea. Rabbi Herchell, containing a Compari- tonian prize poem for the present year son between the Force of the Evidence is" Antiochus Epiphanes." (1 Macc. for the Resurrection of Jesus of Naza. cap. 1, &c.) reth, and that adduced to prove the Royal Humane Society.--At the last miracalons Exodus of the Israelites General Court it was reported, that


during the year 149 cases have been re- the rolls much more voluminous: the warded, of which 134 were of persons characters of the Greek MSS. are, howrestored from apparent death ; 15 npsac- ever, with a few exceptions, more per. cessful. Of these 149 cases, 20 were

fect than those of the Latin ones. From attempted suicides by females, and three the mixture of Greek characters in se. by men. No less than 215 claimants were veral fragments of Latin MSS. and from rewarded for their personal risk and ex- the form of the letters and the state of ertions in saving the lives of others. The decomposition in which they are found, income from December 1820, to De- it is extremely probable that they were cember 1821, was 3,2471 158. 11d.; and of a very ancient date wben baried. He the expenditure, 2,7911, 78, 6d. The looked in vain amongst the M-S. and on methods of treatment recommended the animal charcoal surrounding them, by the Society may be had gratis. Since for vestiges of letters in oxide of iron ; the establishment of this Society up- and it would seem from these circumwards of 5000 persons have been re. stances, as well as from the omission of stored from apparent death, and rescued any mention of such a substance by from imminent danger; and more than Pliny, that the Romans, tip to his pe. 24,000 persons have been rewarded for riod, never used the ink of galls and iron risking their lives to preserve those of for writing : and it is very probable, others.

that the adoption of ibis ink, and the

use of parchment, took place at the The Annual Report from the National same time. The earliest MSS. probably Vaccine Establishment, just printed by în existence on parchment, are those order of the House of Conimons, and codices rescripli discovered by Monsigsigned by some of the principal medical pore Mai, in the libraries of Milan and men in the metropolis, commences with Rome. Sir H. Davy tried several suba declaration, that the test of another stances for restoring colour to the let. year's experience has produced an in- ters in ancient MSS. The triple proscrease in their confidence as to its bene- siate of potash, with the alternation of fits. They add, that it has been prac. acid, he found most successful. No fragtised more extensively than ever, not- ments of Greek, and very few of Latin withstanding exaggerated rumours of poetry,have been discovered in the whole the freqnent occurrence of the small- collection. Nearly 1000 columns of differ. pox after it. The Report however ad. ent works bave been copied and engrav. mits, that the small-pox, in a modified ed by the artists employed in the Muand pecnliar form, will sometimes take senm; but there is very little probability place after vaccination; hal it adds, of their being, for many years, offered to that the disorder has in such cases al. the world. Should discoveries of MSY. ways run a safe course, being uniform. at any future time be made at Hercula. ly exempt fron secondary fever. “ For Deum, it is to be hoped that the papyri the truth of this assertion, continues will be immediately excluded from the the Report, we appeal to the testi- atmosphere, by being put into air-tight mony of the whole medical world. And cases, filled with carbonic acid gas after for a proof that the rumber of such their introduction. There cau be po cases bears no proportion to the tbou. doubt that the specimens now in the sands who have profiteil, to the fullest Museams were in a mach better state extent of security, by its protecting in- when they were first discovered. The fluence, we appeal confidently to all persons who have the care of MSS. who frequent crowded assemblies, and found at Herculaueum, state that their who most admit that they do not dis. original number was 1696, and ibat 431 cover in the rising generation, that dis. have been operated upon or presented figurement of the human face which to foreign governments, so that 1265 was so common every where some years ought to remain; but by far the larger since.”

proportion are small fragments; and ITALY.

when Sir H. Davy examined the rolls in ŞirHumphrey Davy has published the 1819, it did not appear to him that more following curious observations on the than from 80 to 120 offered proper papyri found in Herculaneum.-The jects for experiments. Roman MSS. are in general compos.

INDIA. ed of papyrus of a much thicker tex- The Governor of Bombay has adoptture than the Greek ones ; and the Ro- ed a humane and enlightened regulation, man cbaracters are usually larger, and similar to one wbich we some time since


announced as issued by the Governor officer, appointed for the purpose, will General at Calcutta, for rescuing young superintend the snitable reception of men, cadets or surgeons, on their ar. the young men, assist them in obtaining rival in India, from the dangers to which servants, protect them against the imthey are exposed by the formation of positions of the natives, and provide a injurious acquaintance and habits. On table and accommodations for them till the arrival of a ship from England, an appointed to their stations.



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