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we bad just received the intelli- he says, “ though cut off from gence.
my friends, and relations, and faIn Philadelphia, the Sunday after mily, and the comforts of civilizmy arrival, I heard our excellent ed life, our people dropping off Liturgy for the first time on these daily, myself labouring under great western shores; and the impression bodily weakness, and an importit was calculated to make on my ant charge lying upon me, I can mind was deepened by the circum- truly say that I rejoice that I stance of its being sacrament Sun- came to Africa. O that what few day, and by the stillness and de- days I am spared in this world, it corum which pervaded this beau-' may be to do good !” And yet this tiful city, in a degree which I had person, I was told; was once an never witnessed even in England. American Slave. Here I was also much gratified by At Washington, I attended Dimeeting with the aged Bishop While, vine service in the House of Repreone of the bishops who went over sentatives; a magpificent hall in the to England after the Revolution, to capitol, which is always appropribe consecrated, in order that epis. ated to this purpose on Sundays. copal authority might be transmit. The sermon was an impressive one, led to the latest generations of from the words, “The glorious America, through the legitimate Gospel of Christ;" and you will channel in which it bad flowed since readily believe, that the promulgathe laying on of Apostolic hands. tion of this Gospel in the capital Our excellent Granville Sharp, and of this vast continent, in the new bis meritorious efforts in his cause, chamber of its Legislature, under came forcibly to my recollection. the fostering care of its popular
While drinking tea with a friend Government, was well calculated to in Baltimore, one of the females excite the most interesting reflecof the family came in, who I learnt tions. · The scene reminded me of had been attending an adult school the period when " they shall come in which there were 180 Blacks. from the east, and from the west, She told me there were 600 Blacks and from the north, and from the in the Sunday-schools in the city; south, and shall sit down in the and that they had lately formed kingdom of God;" and when I rethemselves into a Bible Association, collected how long the Star had apand been received into connexion peared in the East, before it shed with the Baltimore Bible Society. its radiance on the darkness of these At the same place, a letter was
Western shores, -whose very existshewn to me just received from the ence a few centuries since was unBlack person on whom the manage- suspected, and which had long ment of the expedition of the Co- been abandoned to Indian superlonization Society devolved, on the stitions, which had only just ceasWhite agents falling a sacrifice to ed 10 linger in the primeval forests the dreadful mortality with which which surrounded us, and on the the sellers were visited. On a de- banks of rivers which yet bear sert shore, deprived by death of their Indian names, - I seemed the White conductors, to whom he admitted to a closer view of that and his companions looked for pro- mysterious progression by which tection-depressed by the succes- “ihe kingdoms of this world shall sive deaths of his Black friends, become the kingdoms of our Lord and barassed by the delays, ir- and of his Christ, and He shall regularities, and suspicious conduct reign for ever and ever.” This of ibe native chiefs he writes in a train of thought, the place, the constrain of fortitude and piety, deserv- gregation, the surrounding scene, ing of imitation. “But, thank God," conspired to give a peculiar inte
rest to the verses with which the that chain of secondary causes service was concluded.
which are to establish the kingdom “ How happy are our ears," &c. of the Messiah in every quarter of
To enter fully into my feelings, the globe. you must recollect my distance from At Charleston, in South Carothe scene where we have usually lina, at the Episcopal Church, at sung these words; and that when I the door of wbich I counted sevenhear of the East, I do not here teen carriages, I had the gratificathink of India and China only, but tion of seeing some slaves receive include Europe and Africa, and the sacrament at the same table as with them dear England, in the idea their masters, some of whom were which is present to my imagination. of the very first rank of Carolinian On my return to my inn, I dined planters. in company with my friends the At Augusta, in Georgia, I thought Indian Deputation of the Creeks with much interest on the late exand Cherokees, to whom I have al- cellent Miss Smelt, whose Memoirs ready introduced you. In the af- I had read in England; and alternoon, I sat in the seat next to though I could not find her grave the President's, in the Episcopal in the church-yard, it was with Church, where we had an excel- great pleasure that I passed a solilent sequel to our inorning's sermon, iary Sabbath in this foreign land from the words, “ How shall we amid the scenes where her early escape if we neglect so great sal. piety was cherished and matured. vation ?"
The following Sunday, in a reWben visiting General Washing- moter part of Georgia, near the ton's tomb, in his favourite retreat borders of the Indian Nation, my at Mount Vernon, on the banks of feelings were still more strongly ibe Potowmac, my Black attendant excited. I attended a Negro coninformed me, that the domestics,- gregation assembled in the woods, about thirty I believe in number, to bear a funeral sermon from one and principally slaves, -assembled of their own number, himself a morning and eveving for family slave. It consisted of about 200 worship, at which the Hon. Bush- slaves, sitting on little planks under rod Washington, the present oc- a large elm-tree; and I found I was cupier of Mount Vernon, and a the only White person, and the only Judge of the Supreme Court, pre- freeman, in the assembly. The sides. When I was shewn into the preacher first gave a sort of geneJudge's study, Scott's Bible and ral address, explaining the occaDr. Dwight's Theology were be- sion of the meeting. We then had fore him, as if just laid aside, and prayer; then sung the hymn, gave rise to a little conversation. “Why do we mourn departed friends?" In speaking of the African Coloni- and iben bad a sermon from the zation Society, of which he is the text, “ The Lord is a sun and President, he remarked, that the shield;" a text which the preacher most interesting light in which he assured them was somewhere in the regarded it, was as an instrument Bible, although“ he could not unfor the conversion of the Africans dertake to tell them where." It was to Christianity; that he conceived with mingled emotions that I beheld this would ultimately.be accomp- these degraded fellow-creatures, lished by native teachers; and that after drawing near to the Throne of the Colonization Society, by the the Creator of the universe, the introduction into Africa of social Mercy Seat of our common Father, arrangements and religious institu- disperse to their several plantations, tions, was calculated to raise up a to resume on the morrow their exsupply of native instructors, and torted labours, and to smart under thus to form an important link in the lash of a fellow-mortal.
Even in that land of darkness, the Indian country, consecrated, if I may shores of the Gulph of Mexico, in be allowed the expression, by stand. Mobile, until lately a nest of pirates, ing on missionary ground, and by and still without a Protestant place forming at once the dormitory and of worship, I found, to my surprise, the sanctuary of a “man of God;" it “ The Dairyman's Daughter," and seemed to be indeed the prophet's « Little Jane," in a bookseller's chamber, with “ the bed and the shop. In the seclusion of the fo- table, and the stool and the candlerests of the Mississippi, I have seen stick.” It contained, also, a little a solitary planter take down a num- book-case, with a valuable selection ber of Dr. Clarke's Bible, and in- of pious books, periodical, bioquire, with great interest, if I could graphical, and devotional; anong tell bim any particulars of so good which I found many an old aca man: his wife listening attentive- quaintance in this foreign land, and ly, and pronouncing an eulogium which enable Mr. Kingsbury, in his which would have made the Doctor few moments of leisure, to converse blush.
with many who have long since I have attended Divine service joined the spirits of just men made at the confluence of two beautiful perfect, or to sympathize with his rivers in East Tennessee, where the fellow-labourers in Otabeite, Africa, congregation was so numerous that or Hindoostan. we were compelled to adjourn from
Mr. Kingsbury spent a great part the meeting-house into the adjoining of the second night in my room, inwoods, where tables were laid un- quiring, with great interest, about der the trees for communicants, England, and other parts of Europe, who were flocking from miles in with respect to which hisintelligence every direction, as in Scotland, and bad been very scanty since his secluto whom the sacred ordinance was sion among the Indians. About midadministered by four clergymen, of night, we became thirsty with talking serious deportment, and apparently so much; and Mr. Kingsbury proof respectable acquirements and posed that we should walk to the fervent zeal. At the foot of the spring at a little distance. The night Alleghany mountains, where I slept was beautifully serene after the heavy in a little log-hut, kept by a poor showers of the preceding evenold woman and her only son, our ing, and the coolness of the air, hostess gladly availed herself of the the fresh fragrance of the trees, accidental presence of a young mi- the deep stillness of the midnight nister, in his way to Brainerd, to hour, and the soft light which an have family prayer and reading: uuclouded moon shed on the logand, in a large popular inn in Vir- cabins of the missionaries, contrastginia, I was asked whether I would ed with the dark shadows of the surlike to retire to the private apart- rounding forest, impressed me with ments of the family, who assembled feelings which I never can forget. morning and evening at the domes- We looked cautiously around us, tic altar.
lest we should be surprised by wild But it was at the missionary set. beasts ; and Mr. Kingsbury stopped llements at Brainerd and Yaloo to point out to me a plant, which, Busha, that my feelings were most if swallowed immediately after the strongly excited. Never shall I for- attack of a rattlesnake, proves an get my sensations the iwo nights I effectual antidote to the poison. passed in Mr. Kingsbury's little He said that he never stirred from room, which was kindly and cour- home without some of it in his teously assigned to me during my waiscoat pocket: and that, in the slay. A log-cabin, detached from State of Mississippi, it was comthe other wooden buildings, in the monly carried by all persons who middle of a boundless forest, in an traversed the forest. I could not
help regarding this as a fresh illus. where population is thinly scattertration of that providential kind- ed, and opportunities of public ness which so frequently ordains the worship occur only once or twice proximity of the bane and antidote. a-month. In some of these, I
The preceding particulars will thought I observed great coldness, convince you that some indications in religions concerns; the unfreof genuine, influential, religiousquency of public ordinances renprinciple, occur, even to the rapid dering the inhabitants rather less traveller, in almost every part of the willing than more so to avail themUnited States. During my resi. selves of them when offered. I felt dence in Boston, New York, Phila- more disappointed in such districts delphia, Baltimore, and Charleston, than in the frontier settlements. In I have seen that there is in each of the latter, some spiritual as well them an extensive society of exem- as temporal privations are natuplary Christians ; and I have had rally to be expected; though I the pleasure of forming an acquaint- thought their inbabitants exhibitance with many whose viriues I ed much greater solicitude for would gladly emulate, and whose schools and churches than those characters are an ornament to their of the former. In fact, the new profession.
selilers from the Atlantic States, But you will wish to know in what bave, in many cases, participated degree vital piety prevails in the in the advantages of that general commuuity; and I regret that I revival of religion which promises cannot tell you more explicitly: to be the characteristic of modern the subject does not admit of pre- times; and, before their zeal has cision. The extent in which reli- had time to cool in solitude and seligion prevails bere is known only paration, it has often secured a proto the Searcher of hearts; but there vision for those religious ordinances is the strongest reason to believe by which it may be cherished and that it is very considerable. In- sustained. But the back parts of deed, I am disposed to think, that Pennsylvania and Virginia were set. a cursory traveller visiting England tled in less auspicious days; and we and America, without prejudice, must not be surprised if the flame and with equal opportunities of of piery, burning less brightly at observation, would draw a
that time even ou the coast, should favourable inference with respect grow pale and sickly when removed to the state of religion in the At- into an atmosphere which ministerlantic cities of the latter, than in the ed litile to its support. towns or cities of the former. Whe- Generally speaking, it has apther a long residence in the respec- peared to me, that the style of tive places would not lead to some preaching in this country is more change in his opinions, or at least Calvinistic than with us, and that hold them in suspense, I am at there is also less opposition to the a loss to decide ; but I believe it peculiar doctrines of the Gospel would.
among men of the world.
It is I confine my supposition to the owing partly to this circumstance, Atlantic cities, because the benight- that ihe profession of religion ined shores of the Gulph of Mexico, volves less of that mitigated perseand many portions of the western cution of modern days which a dewilds, possess few features in com- cided Christian must often encounmon with our favoured country, and ter with us in the regrets or reshould rather be compared with monstrances of opposing friends, or our colonial possessions in the East the ridicule or distance of sneering or West Iodies ;-indeed I might in- companions. A religious profesclude extensive districts in the back sion might, therefore, be supposed parts of many of the Atlantic States, to be more common; and perhaps
CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 246. 2 Z
may be rather so, though this has gion is extending its boundaries in hardly struck me.
the United States, Unitarianism is Whatever may be the actual state but too successfully urging what of religion in this country, I am we consider its conflicting claims; quite satisfied ibat it is on the ad- but this, and the state of morals, vance. There may be local excep- must form the subject of another tions; but my inquiries and ob- letter. This letter is already sadly servations in every part of my route too long. bave led me to a coufident conclu.
(To be continued.) sion as to the general fact. Many of the societies for the promotion of religion are of recent origin; but to the Editor of the Christian Observer, they are gradually diffusing themselves over the Union, and the sym- Your correspondents MARINUS pathy which was first kiudled by and LEB. TR. in your Nuinbers for commiseration for the Otaheitan or last September and December, have Hindoo, instead of being exhausted entered upon a subject of great on distant objects, seems to derive moment, and bave very properly fervour from its very expansion, and exposed the evil consequences of is now visiting the hut of the Abo- smuggling, and, in general, of evadrigines, the log.cabin of the Back. ing the laws of ihe country. But woodman, and the habitation of the line upon line, and precept upon careless or uninstructed “ neigh- precept, are here needful : s bour.” In New Orleans, in March iherefore tender for insertion the 1816, there was not a Bible to be following detached hints, which found, either for sale or to be given were drawn up before I had read away; and the only Protestant your Number for December. place of worship was in an upper If there were no purchasers of room belonging to an individual. contraband or smuggled articles, Now, a Louisianian Bible Society there would be no contrabandists is in regular operation, and the in- or smugglers ; and as 100 many of habitants have a handsome Epis- those who buy illegal goods are of copalian and Presbyterian church, a higher rank in life, and are in The Sabbath is still dreadfully and possession of greater kdowledge, generally profaned there; but it is ihan the smugglers and venders, they religiously observed by many, the are guilty of a higher crime thaa influence of whose example is daily those who are more immediately, extending. At the boarding house not more essentially, concerned in where I lodged, were several naval the traffic. and military, as well as mercantile, Many persons, perhaps, have gentlemen ; and I remember an offi. never considered the matter farther cer who had been drilling his rifle than that they procure what they corps one Sunday, remarking on the want at a lower price than from the strong representations which the regular trader : but do they not Presbyterians had been making 10 thus encourage unfair dealing, and him on the subject. He defended sanction in oibers, as well as comthe practice by ibose arguments of mit themselves, a direct breach of expediency which bave been worn the laws of their country? Smugtbread-bare by the commanders of gling, whether in the first or second our volunteer corps. A few years intention, is equally fraudulent and since, no remonstrance would have dishonest : it is a robbery of all been hazarded; or, if hazarded, the who pay either directly or indirectsummary argument of a pistol would ly to the taxes; so that not only probably have silenced the inter- the king, as the pbrase runs, is ference.
cheated, but, in some degree, every Unhappily, however, while reli- individual in the nation.