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for, in that truth, the connection be. sive question proposed by St. Paul tween real faith and works is clear should be pressed, " How shall we and indisputable; the Gospel brings escape if we neglect so great salforth fruit in every man, from the vàtion ?" The question of the day in which he knows the grace Apostle shews that the negligent of God in truth.” Their faith, and careless should be warned by therefore, is not real: in their hearts, every consideration interesting and which remain unchanged and unpu- important to the human mind, to rified, the love of the world, in one lay to heart the things which belong form or other, still reigns. How- to their peace, before they be for ever they may appear to be branches ever hid from their eyes. in the true Vine, their union with it The other and last class to which is only apparent; they are not really our author adverts, comprises those grafted into it; and, therefore, re- who oppose the Gospel. “They ceiving from it no sap or nourishment, are," he says, “ generally such as they bring forth no fruit to perfec- are of a speculative turn of mind, tion. Their situation is peculiarly and value themselves on being free awful. They may not be hypocrites, from vulgar prejudices." He conbut are probably, in most cases, siders their opposition as proceedself-deceived. To these persons the ing not so much on the ground of address of Scripture is, “ Awake, want of evidence for the truth of thou that sleepest, and arise from Christianity, as on that of the diffithe dead, and Christ shall give thee culties with which it appears to them light:" and to them are peculiarly to be encumbered, and which, acapplicable the awful denunciations cording to their views of God and of wrath against the workers of ini- of themselves, render it incredible quity; against those who, while they and unworthy of regard. Of these say, “Lord, Lord," do not the things he intimates, that, by the pride of wbich he commands.

reason, and through “opposition of • Mr. Haldane describes next those science falsely so called,” the god who neglect the Gospel, as“ persons of this world has blinded their who swim with the tide of the pre- minds, lest the light of the glorious sent world; who, engrossed with Gospel of Christ should shine into the business or the pleasures of life, them. If such persons attended to give themselves no concern about a the dictates of that reason of wbich

In a country where they boast so much, they would the Christian religion is professed, learn, that, on the supposition of these persons take the name of God's vouchsafing any revelation to Christians; and in a Pagan or Mo- man, it is beforehand rendered highbamedan country, they would, as a ly probable, by the whole analogy of matter of course, and as conducive nature, that it would contain many to their ease or interest, profess disclosures very different from what Mohamedanism or Paganism. He we should have expected, and some enumerates some of the awful warn- which we should be unable to exings and expostulations addressed plain or fathom. Let it be conceded to such persons in Scripture; ad- that some things incomprehensible verting particularly to job xxi. 7, present themselves in the Christian and the following verses, and to the system; what other subject is there Rich Man and Lazarus, in our Lord's which is not encumbered with a like parable ; and he theu exposes some difficulty? It is the same in all the of the false interpretations of Scrip- productions and operations of natüre, by means of which persons in ture. At every step we meet somethis state are accustomed to vindi- thing calculated to abase our pride cate and encourage themselves and self-sufficiency. It is the same when reminded of their danger. in every branch of human science. On such, the important and impres. Nay, it is the same also in what

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respects the most common functions more distinctly under the notice of of our own bodies. Is it, then, con- our readers; but the judgment of sistent with our boasted reason to the public has anticipated ours, reject the Gospel system--a system and done justice to the author; for which treats of the fall and redemp- his valuable little volume has altion of man, of the glorious perfec. ready passed through five or six tions and infinite nature of God- editions in this country. It has because there are in it heights to also been published at Paris, in which our finite powers cannot French, with a preface of some climb, and depths which they are length from the pen of the Duchess unable to fathom ? " Let no man,” de Broglie, the daughter of the dissays Mr. Haldane, “ deceive him- tinguished Madame de Staël, wbich self. It is not on account of the is no less honourable to the supe. difficulties attending it that he re- rior talents and discernment of that jects the Gospel. If it were so, be lady, than to the pious solicitude could not surmount similar difficul- she appears to feel for the spiritual ties in other cases. It is owing to and eternal interests of her countrythe evil heart of unbelief rising in men and countrywomen. She cerrebellion against that awful, yet tainly could not have made choice consistent, view of the Divine Ma- of a work better calculated to projesty given in the Scriptures, duce an impression in favour of the which, if admitted, would lay him Gospel, on candid and reflecting low in the dust before God, and minds. It establishes, by arguments compel bim to cry out, God be and analogies of the most powerful merciful to me a sinner.'

and convincing kind, that, while the We must now close our remarks external and internal evidences of on these interesting volumes. Their Christianity harmonize and are chief excellence, in our judgment, closely linked together, its truth is, as we have stated at the com- might yet be satisfactorily demonmencement of our review, that they strated, independently of all external exhibit the evidences of Christianity evidence of its Divine origin, by its in connection with a just and im- coincidence with the moral constipressive delineation of Christianity tution of the human mind; by its itself; so that the reader is enabled coincidence with the physical conto see at once the evidences and the stitution of the human mind; and by nature of Divine truth. It seems its coincidence with the circumto have been our author's design stances in which man is found in to set forth the Gospel both as the this world. The ground taken by TRUTH of God, and as the GRACE Mr. Erskine is new, and perfectly of God which bringeth salvation. In distinct from that formerly occu. that design he has completely suc- pied by Bishop Butler in his adceeded,

mirable work on the Analogy be:

tween Natural and Revealed ReSince the appearance of Mr. ligion. We cannot, however, be, Haldane's volumes, another work (in stow a higher commendation on 12mo, price 3s. 6d.) has issued Mr. Erskine than to say, that the from the Edinburgh press, (printed mantle of Butler appears to have for Waugh and Innes), entitled fallen upon him. In one respect, in“ Remarks on the internal Evi- deed, he stands above that eminent dence for the Truth of Revealed writer: we mean, in the solid and afReligion, by Thomas Erskine, Esq. fecting views which his little volume Advocate;" some interesting ex- exhibits of the true nature and tracts from which were inserted in effects of the Gospel of Christ, our vol. for 1820, p. 720. We re- We recommend it strongly, and gret, however, that we have becu without reserve, to our readers, not prevented from bringing the work merely as an excellent antidote to the poison of infidelity, but as cal- angels of health, to alleviate the Culated deeply to impress their most distressing sufferings of huhearts with the vital importance of manity, and to sympathize with Divine truth. We rejoice to learn those whom they cannot heal,should that it is about to be translated also be capable of stopping short at into the Italian and German lan. that point of benevolence which guages, as well as into the French. shuts out all consideration of spi.

We take this opportunity of ritual health, and of immortal life remarking, for the benefit of beyond the grave; much more, that those who addict themselves to those who are daily conversant French literature, that not only with the varied forms of sickness the above work of Mr. Erskine's, and death, by which the primæval but Mr. Wilberforce's work on curse is fully verified, and each Christianity, under the title of man admonished of his own inevi“ Le Christianisme des Gens du table sbare in it, should be therefore Monde mis en Opposition avec le the last to reflect on that state into véritable Christianisme," may be which they see multitudes daily obtained at the library of Messrs. passing, and into which they must Treuttel and Wurtz, No. 30, Soho soon be gathered themselves; bas square ; where may also be had a always appeared to us a supposition translation of Mrs. More's “Celebs” so monstrous, and we would almost into excellent French.

say incredible, that it is either a disgrace to the authors of so scan

dalous and heart-sickening a caThe Life of William Hey, Esq., lumny, or a tepfold disgrace to any

F.R.S., Member of the Royal belonging to so distinguished a pro-
College of Surgeons in London, fession who may have given it the
&c. &c. By John Pearson, shadow of foundation.
Esq., F. R. S., F. L. S., M. R.I.,

How much more accordant with Member of the Royal College of every right feeling is the delightful Surgeons in London, &c. &c. picture presented to us in the preLondon: Hurst and Co. 1822. sent volume! When we see the 8vo..pp. 570. 18s.

portrait of the distinguished Mr.

Hey of Leeds—a man distinguished Few charges, whether true no less for his professional skill false,

calculated to than for his religious altainmentscause painful sensations in the drawn by a hand altogether worthy mind, than that, so often urged, of of the task, both from kindred tareligious scepticism, or actual in. lents similarly exercised with the fidelity, among the members of the highest reputation, and also from medical profession. To associate, a congenial spirit of true and eneven io imagination, one of the no- lightened piety; we behold things blest and most enlightened profes- just in their proper character; we sions that ever graced or blessed see one celebrated operator demankind, with a system of belief scribed as bending in reverence or of no belief, which is the bane before that superior Power, whose and disgrace of human nature, has prerogative it is to say, " I kill, ever seemed to us the highest vio- and I make alive; I wound, and I lation of all the unities which de- heal;" and we see another able fully light the soul. That an accurate to appreciate the talents of his investigation of some of the inost friend, but rendering the highest perfect works of the Almighty Cre- homage to his piety and virtue, as ator should be accompanied with a to graces infinitely more valuable denial of many of his most essential than his lofty professional deserv. attributes, if not of his very ex. ings. This is as it should be: and istence; that persons sent forth, like if true philosophy, that which be

or

are

more

gins with the First Great Cause of of the pious conduct and devoall, be the parent of every buman tional regularity of not a few, whom excellence, we declare, without we should feel delighted to name, hesitation, the obligations of society if it were not that, by specifying at large to Mr. Pearson, for having some, we might appear invidiously placed one of the most useful and to ornit others. Mr. Pearson, in estimable of all human professions bis Preface, has enumerated many low before the throne of Him to of the past aod of preceding ages. whom it owes all its science and Of the late eminent Dr. Heberden, success; and for having taught us whom we mention for the sake of to regard a pure faith and a reli- the following anecdote, and who gious practice as congenial, and was said to have saved a fortune, even subsidiary, to the utmost ef- to have spent a fortune, and to have forts of medical skill.

given away a fortune, it has been Our readers will, from these pre related, that, having reduced his liminary remarks, very clearly an- Sunday visits into the narrowest ticipate ihe judgment we are about possible compass, and made them to deliver on the valuable work be, almost invariably compatible with a fore us, which we are most happy double attendance at church, he set in finding an opportunity of intro- aside all the fees taken during the ducing to their notice, and which, remainder of the day, and transwe doubt not, will long remain a mitted them on the Monday morning monument to the talents and worth to the churchwardens of his parish, both of the biographer and of his or to some charitable agent, for subject, and a credit and a benefit distribution to the poor and needy. to the whole profession to which Such an anecdote, if true, reflects their names are jointly, and with so an honour on human nature itself much honour, attached.

or we should rather say, on that Whilst, indeed, we hail the pre- Divine grace which infused into a sent work as a most important tes- human, and therefore naturally timony to the pious 'excellence and selfish heart, such a mingled spirit sterling worth of two eminent chi- of devotion and charity, and drew rurgical practitioners, we would it forth into so excellent a product. repeat that we wish by no means We should wish to extract from to intimate our own suspicions with the mention of the circumstance respect to the body at large, as if but one observation of our own, these individuals formed a singular and that, we think, not an unprofit as well as bright exception to the able one: it is this, that Dr. Heberrest of its members. We trust the den was evidently a frequenter of boast would not be vain, were we, Divine worship; and if one reason witb the ballad-king, to vaunt of pre-eminent above all others might “ five hundred good as they;" and be assigned for the Christian chathese more or less scattered through racter thus manifested, arguing at every age and nation of the world. once from experience and analogy, We recollect the anatomist who we might say, it was by the obserwas converted from alheism, in vation of Sabbath duties that this pursuing his profession, by the great physician was upheld in those dissection of so apparently trifling eminent qualities of heart which a member as the human thumb. distinguished him so highly among We know the heathen work of an his professional competitors. Hippocrates, as well as the Chris. Of all the philosophers in the tian zeal of his truly pious com- world, those who are conversant mentator Hecquet. We bave read with the phenomena of the human of the religious faith of a Boër. frame will least object to an allenhave, a Browne, a Haller; and tion to superficial symptoins, and have heard from living witnesses apparently trifling causes of the deepest mischiefs. Now it is but gion; and these instantly slide into using this liberty in another de. bis untutored mind as so many tepartment to say, that we believe ligio-philosophic apophthegms. He generally, that, of all prognostics fancies bimself mounted with a of religious declension in the soul, skip to the heights of universal none-except the neglect of the knowledge ; and, tricked out with private duties of devotion, which a few additional and stale prettiGod only and the individual can nesses (furtivis coloribus ) from know-is so clearly decisive, as an Buffon or Decat, not to mention some babitual neglect of public worship : modern names in our own and other and, if we may be allowed for a countries, be starts on a sudden into moment to admit the possibility that a profound theorist on the nature medical science tends to religious of man. The pupil becomes a scepticism, it will be found, we be- dogmatist; and as he proceeds in Jieve, to be one of the foremost and his practice, exhibits ai last to the unquestionable causes of this phe- world the attractive picture of a nomenon, that medical men, more man sallying from the operating than any other class, consider them- room to tell us, that we are quite selves exempt, through a kind of mistaken in supposing that the poor charitable necessity, from a punc- suffering creature has any reasontual discharge of those duties. It is able ground of hope or consolation safe to assert the moral impossibi- before him, as respects a future lity of maintaining any thing like a state ; that the animal has suffered just religious sentiment on the mind diminution by the amputation where this omission is habitual and which has taken place ; but that it voluntary; and in all cases where matters not, for soon his whole it is habitual, we fear it must be being will decay together, and fall more or less voluntary, for we very into its original nothiog; from which much doubt, in such cases, whether state it is the boast of his own any earnest supplication will be operating skill to bave for a short offered for His aid, “ with whom time respited the patient ! all things are possible,” to coun- But we are being seduced, by one tervail the injurious tendency of of Mr. Home's sources of associasuch a neglect. In truth, we consi- tion, dissimilitude, from the imder, that, by a very simple process, mediate subject of the memoir bethrough the unperceived medium of fore us, to which it is time we neglecting religious duties, not only should return. This excellent piece the faith and the love of the Gospel, of biography presents to us a cha. but the very thoughts of religious racter of the most opposite kind subjects, gradually vanish from the to that which we have been describmind. Of course, other thoughts, ing. With the many excellencies, infeelings, and affections occupy by deed, of Mr. Hey, not a few of our degrees the vacant space. Example readers have been long familiar and conversation aid the fatal pro- particularly such as remember him gress of irreligion. Levity on the as the author of some unnamed, subject advances sooner or later but not unknown, contributions upon the footsteps of indifference. of a most interesting description And at this period, perhaps, some in the early volumes of our own forward stripling, admitted into the work;—and who, during a long recompany of ihose to whose lectures sidence in the populous town of and to whose dicta he is taught to Leeds, was not more distinguished look up with respect, hears per- in it as a skilful chirurgical practichance, in the freedom of unrestrain- tioner, than as a pious and faithful ed discourse, the light and absurd attendant on its religious services, remarks of unthinking greybeards and an eminent example of many respecting the solemnities of reli- first-rate qualities, alike in a civil

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