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der Providence, to advance the glory of God, and the highest interests of man. It is designed to be strictly collegiate, in constitution, in discipline, and in character."

"The intention is, to make the discipline and studies established in our English universities, with so much benefit to the cause of true religion and sound learning, the basis of the constitution of the college near Calcutta ; and to raise upon them such a superstructure as the circumstances of this country and the particular destination of the students may require. In their studies, theology, with all that is subsidiary to it, will form the prominent employment of those who are designed for the ministry; combining with the study of the holy Scriptures, Hebrew and the learned languages, ecclesiastical and profane history, the elements of natural philosophy, and so much of mathematical knowledge as may tend to invigorate their minds and facilitate all other acquirements. There is no district within the limits of the British possessions in the East, to which the benefits of the college may not eventually be extended."

The objects and expected items of expenditure of the college are thus enumerated by his lordship.

"1. The Society, in founding the college, contemplates the establishment of missionary stations, wherever an opening shall seem to present itself for accomplishing their benevolent purposes. To supply such stations with missionaries and their proper assistants, and to keep up a never-failing succession of them, is their primary object; to which every thing else is collateral and subsidiary.

2. The foundation of scholarships is only second in importance to the preceding head, and even prior to it in actual operation. A scholarship, it is computed, taking the average on the difference of expense in maintaining European students (or those of European habits) and Natives, and reckoning on a moderate rate of interest, may be founded and endowed for 5000 Sicca Rupees. On the interest of this sum, one student at a time may be constantly educated in the college, free of every charge.

3. The College Library is calculated to receive nearly 5000 volumes. It will be desirable to store it with the most approved works; the purchase of which will obviously be attended with considerable expense.

"4. The College Press will embrace an important and efficient department of the college labours. For the expense

of printing versions of the holy Scriptures, if a statement already alluded to may be credited*, provision for some time will probably have been made: but for printing versions of the Liturgy, of short Religious Treatises and Tracts, such as those of the Society for promot ing Christian Knowledge, of elementary books of science, and of school books, a considerable fund will in time be required and from the very com mencement of the college labours something may be attempted in this way.

"5 & 6. Both Christian and Native Schools are within the contemplation of the Society. One of the former kind will be indispensable to every missionary station; and such might be established to great advantage, in some instances,' where no missionary station could con. veniently be formed. In Native schools, the elements of useful knowledge and the English language will be taught, wherever it may seem desirable, with out any immediate reference to Christi. anity. In either case, it will be among the objects of the college to supply masters well qualified for the undertaking.

"7. The College Buildings, it is ex. pected, will be of as durable construction as any which have lately been erected in this country; but the expediency is manifest, especially consider. ing the ravages made by the climate, of having a small fund in reserve for repairs.

UNITED STATES COLONIZATION

SOCIETY.

Our readers will recollect the painful reverses which befel the United States Colonization Society's first mission to Africa, to form a settlement on the Sherbro for recaptured Negroes and Free People of Colour; and we regret that the mass of current religious intelligence has hitherto prevented our stating subsequent proceedings on this subject, which, we are happy to say, are of a more auspicious character.

The misfortunes of the first expedition being clearly traced to circumstances of a peculiar kind, and capable

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His lordship alludes to 50007, voted by the Bible Society, in aid of the translation and publication of the Scriptures by the College; a report, but not the official communication, of which seems to have reached India. His lordship has since handsomely acknowledged the grant.

of being guarded against in future, a second expedition was sent out from the United States, and arrived at Sierra Leone, where the survivers of the first party had found a hospitable refuge. The delay which had occurred in con-. sequence of the first failure, gave time for a deliberate consideration of the advantages and disadvantages of locating the intended American settlement in the Sherbro country, on the very confines of Sierra Leone; in consequence of which it was wisely determined to fix upon a spot further down the coast, where there would be an ample field for the exertions of the settlers of both nations, without danger of collision, and with much greater facilities for effecting the humane object common to both. Accordingly, Mr. Andrus and Mr. Bacon proceeded in a schooner down the coast towards the Bassa conntry, to fix upon and negociate for an eligible site for the intended colony, taking with them two converted natives, with whose names our readers are familiar, William Davis and William Tamba. They reached the Bassa coun

try at the beginning of April of last year. The old King, John, who had received Mr. Cates so cordially on his visit to these parts, was dead. On the 12th of April, the new King and the Headmen held a palaver with their visitors; when an agreement was made for a quantity of land, to be held by an annual payment, or tribute, of two casks of rum, two casks of manufac tured tobacco, one box of pipes, twenty pieces of cloth, and other articles.

The following extract of a letter from the Rev. W. Johnson to the Church Missionary Society, dated Regent's Town, April 27, 1821, states some of the circumstances under which the negocia tion was brought to a successful termination.

"Last night, I was agreeably surprised at the return of Mr. Bacon, who had been down the coast to the Bassa country. William Davis also returned; and they were accompanied by the King's son of that country. William Tamba is gone again on a missionary visit to the Sherbro people.

"The Missionaries have succeeded in obtaining land: they have a sufficient

quantity to begin a colony in the Bassa country. It appears that the king of that country is in earnest, or he would not have sent his son; which may be taken as a token of his sincerity in re

spect to his promise of the land.

"Our people were in the evening school when William Davis and the Prince arrived. I took the Prince to the school-house; and, had our friends' in England seen the sight, they would have wept for joy. His countrymen who were standing in their respective classes, left them without asking leave, surrounded the son of their king, shook hands with him in the most affectionate manner, and inquired after their rela tives. Some leaped for joy when they heard that their parents were alive: and the prospect of the Gospel being soon carried to them, cansed such sensations as cannot well be described. David Noah heard that his father and brothers were all alive and well. William Davis said that he had seen some of the persons who had sold him; and who tried to hide themselves, being ashamed to look at him. He heard that his mother was alive; but she was too far in the interior to enable him to pay her a visit this time: he, however, sent hoped soon to see her, and to have her in her a present, and a message that he his family. Some of the people were so struck when they saw Davis, that they scarcely would believe that he was the same; as an instance of one returning, who had been sold out of the country, had never occurred before. Is this not

like the case of Joseph? Oh, how wonderful are the ways of the Lord!

"The Missionaries have agreed to settle on the shores of the Bassa country, in the beginning of next dry

season.

It had been the intention of the Church Missionary Society, to embrace the first opportunity of entering on the promising field of missionary exertion late Mr. Cates's visit had opened. The among the Bassa people, which the friends of the Society must rejoice that American Christians have gained a footing there; and that the previous researches of their Missionary have led, in any measure, to the attainment of this object. The new colony will serve as a point of support to the exertions of Native, as well as of American and English, Christians, to diffuse the light of the Gospel on these long injured shores.

For a variety of interesting Religious Intelligence, we refer our readers to the Appendix for 1821.

VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

FOREIGN.

FRANCE. The new French ministry have begun to develop, in no very conciliating or prudent manner, their views respecting the internal administration of the country. The keeper of the seals (M. Peyronnet), in introducing the project of a new law for the regulation of the press, in the place of the censorship, which is about to expire, began with stating the necessity of restraining the licentiousness of the political journals, and the difficulty of framing laws for that purpose; especially as an article in a paper, and still more a series of articles, might have a decidedly libellous or seditious tendency, though so cautiously drawn up as to afford no ground for legal conviction. He considered, therefore, that a "moral appreciation" is necessary to prevent the effects of inflammatory writings which evade the technical provisions of statutes. To remedy the evil, the new project proposes to take into consideration the general spirit and tendency of periodical publications, and to try offenders, not by a jury, but by the judges of the royal courts, who are stipendiaries of government. Under such a system, it is plain that no opposition paper, however moderate, can be safe; for, temperate as may be each individual article, it will be easy to denounce the journal, in the language of the proJect, as injurious in its spirit and rendency to public peace, to respect for the religion of the state or the other religions legally recognized in France, to the authority of the king, or the stability of the constitutional institutions;" nor, we conclude, will it be difficult under such circumstances to procure its" suspension," if not its "suppression," by the royal courts. It is this last point that constitutes, in our view, the chief enormity of the measure; for, to a certain extent, the spirit" of a writing is always taken into the account by a jury, as well as the precise words; nor should we greatly fear for the cause of liberty, either in France or England, if even a more considerable latitude were given in this respect to twelve impartial persons, in forming their opinion of alleged libels. But it is the supercession of a constitutional jury, and

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the substitution of what in this coun-
try we should call a star-chamber,
that renders the proposed law so fatal
to honest discussion. Some modifi-
cations, which might abate the oppres-
sive tendency of this measure, were
expected from the committee to whom
it was referred to report upon the
provisions; but not only have all the
obnoxious parts of the law been per-
mitted to remain in full force, but far-
ther severities appear to have been
introduced. The reading of the report
of the committee caused the most tu-
multuous agitation in the chamber of
deputies; and we may look forward to
very stormy debates upon every stage
of the progress of this projêt. Among
various other provisions proposed to be
adopted, and some of which strike us
as highly exceptionable, is one which
permits the restoration of the censor-
ship in the interval of the sessions,
whenever ministers may consider it
expedient.

It is curious to remark the language employed by the committee in making its report. They deny the necessity of the existence of public journals to the preservation of liberty, so long as the right of petition is secured, the tribune is free and public, the admistration of justice is pure, and every one may print his opinions in another form. They admit their possible usefulness, but represent the danger arising from them as much greater than their usefulness. In short, their principles would lead to the suppression of all public journals which treat of political subjects, and which are not dictated and controlled by the state. Should this projêt be adopted in its present form, the boasted charter of France will be little more than a dead letter; and the will of the minister of the day, and not the principles of the constitution, will regulate the freedom of public discussion. What is to be expected from the present cabinet, may be augured from this initial project, to which their conduct in the mean time has exactly corresponded; for though they came into office with a pledge to abolish the censorship, they have not only brought forward a measure far more injurious and tyrannical (a measure also which puts it into their power to re-appoint a censorship whenever

it shall suit their views to do so); but they have employed the unexpired moments of the existing law-a law which they themselves had most vehemently reprobated with a rigour hitherto unknown; not only mutilating or reject ing articles in the journals at their pleasure, but, in the case of the proposed law on the press, prohibiting all discussion whatever, even of the most moderate description.

The only relieving circumstance which we can discover in their measure, is, that offences against Christianity, whether as established or tolerated, are considered weighty enough to be noticed; though even here we shall be agreeably surprised if in operation the effect of this clause is not found somewhat to resemble the celebrated Declaration of James the Second, which, under a specious plea of liberality, was covertly intended to serve only the purposes of intolerance and bigotry.

On the foreign policy of the new cabinet we can have no remarks to offer, as no decisive indications of its bearing have yet been given. The viscount de Chateaubriand, well known by his writings, is appointed ambassador to the court of St. James's.

SPAIN.-The capital and provinces of Spain still remain in a state of great agitation, from the struggle of contending parties. The Cortes have declared that the cause of these disturbances is to be found in the conduct and measures of administration, which have alienated the affections and destroyed the confidence of the country. They particularly dwell upon the evils which have arisen from a licentious press, which they consider might have been checked by an efficient executive; and they recommend the formation of a new cabinet. The old ministers have accordingly been removed. Whoever may be appointed to succeed them, will have a sufficiently onerous aud invidious task to perform in steering the vessel of the state through the dangers which menace it, and preventing the civil war which seems to impend over this agitated country.

TURKEY.-The last month has afforded no new light respecting the intentions of Russia with regard to Turkey; nor any decisive intelligence respecting the internal affairs of the latter power, excepting, that it would appear that Persia does not continue her hostile advance into the Turkish

territory, and that the Greeks have succeeded in getting possession of some more of the fortified places of the Morea and the adjacent provinces. The report of an unjustifiable outrage committed by the Greeks on the capture of one of these places, Tripolizza, where, it was said, that in the teeth of a capitulation they had indiscriminately massacred the Turks, men, women, and children, who had fallen into their power, produced a strong sensation to their disadvantage in this country. There is great reason to believe, however, that the report is either altogether untrue, or essentially misrepresented. But even if it were true, much as we should lament the occurrence, and strongly as we should reprobate the conduct of the Greeks, we should no more be induced by it to change our view of the intrinsic justice of their cause, and of the duty of aiding it, than we should be led to abandon the cause of the African race because the captives in a slave ship had risen on their keepers, and thrown them into the sea, or because some signal instance of bad faith bad attended an insurrection of slaves in the West Indies. Our general views on the subject of Greece remain unaltered. We refer for them to our former Numbers.

UNITED STATES.-The President's message, at the opening of Congress, speaks of the relations of the United States with Great Britain, as continuing on an amicable footing. With France there had been some interruption of direct commerce on account of the refusal of that country to accept the terms of maritime intercourse proposed by the United States, and agreed to by England. The message intimates without disguise the satisfaction of the President at the success of the Independent party in South America; and even goes so far as to avow it to be the intention of the government of the United States to recommend to the government of Spain to acknowledge the independence of its Trans-atlantic provinces. The treasury report presents a most economical view of the public expenses; the civil, military, diplomatic, naval, and miscellaneous expenditure being only about two million one hundred and fifty thousand pounds sterling. The message briefly alludes to the efforts which continue to be made by the American navy for the entire suppression of the Slave Trade.

DOMESTIC. Meetings have been held in various counties of England, to consider the causes and the remedy of the present agricultural distress. These meetings have been attended chiefly by land owners and farmers, who certainly have not thrown much light on the subject of their consideration, however loud and well founded may be their complaints of growing difficulty and depression. That, however, which is their main grievance at the present moment-namely, the lowness of the price of the necessaries of life-is so direct a consequence of the bounty of a gracious Providence in multiplying the fruits of the earth, that we dare not regard it, whatever may be the inconvenience caused by it to a part of the community,in any other light than that of a signal blessing for which we cannot be too grateful. The obvious remedy for the evils under which the farmers labour is a reduction of rent fairly adapted to the new circumstances of the country. A farther relief might doubtless be obtained by a reformation of the poor laws, and by such a diminution of the public expenditure as would lead to a diminution of taxes; but it is vain to anticipate any early or sensible relief from this source, either to the farmer or the landlord. The latter, we apprehend, must submit to a considera ble abridgment of the income he has of late been deriving from land, and which has been progressively increasing for the last twenty-five or thirty years: nor do we conceive that any

contrivance which the wit of man can suggest, will avail, under existing circumstances, to prevent the necessity of this result. As for the notion promulgated by some individuals of reverting to the ruinous system of a paper currency, unsupported by a metallic basis, with the view of raising the price of the necessaries of life, it is too extravagant to require à single remark.

The state of Ireland, or rather of the only part of Ireland which has experienced any serious disturbance, the county of Limerick, is becoming more tranquil. We hope soon to enter at some length into the circumstances of this part of the empire, when we shall endeavour to point out the causes which retard its improvement, and retain it in its present uncivilized and semi-savage state. In the mean time, we beg to call the attention of the public to a pamphlet* which has recently been published by that tried and indefatigable friend of Ireland, Mr. Robert Steven, as full of valuable information and important suggestions. He has contemplated the state of that country with the eye of a Christian philanthropist; and we trust that his representations will obtain the attention they deserve. The pamphlet reached us at too late a period of the month, to admit of our doing more than giving this brief annunciation of its appearance and import.

* "Remarks on the present State of Ireland," &c. printed for Smith and Elder, Fenchurch Street.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.

A.; S. H.; D. R. N.; R. A.; J. S.; P. T.; BENEVOLUS; LAICUS; Пisi; PACIFICUS; R. N. O.; CLERICUS; J. M. W.; F. S.; and a Memoir of Mrs. K.; are under consideration.

We cannot pledge ourselves respecting the proposed papers of ANGLO-AMERICANUS, on the condition of Episcopacy in the United States of America, till we see them. Some particulars in his letter seem also to require an authentic signature, with which he will perhaps be kind enough to favour us.

We are sorry a correspondent has had the trouble to transcribe Bishop Burnet's Letter to Charles II. as it has already appeared in our pages. See Vol. for 1808, page 753.

J. F. G. was probably not aware that the Memoir of Dr. Bateman, which he wishes to reprint, has been reprinted by Mr. Butterworth, Fleet Street; and by the Edinburgh Tract Society.

C. D. will find that the proceedings of the Church Tract Society have been regularly reported in our pages.

We are requested to state, that the half of a Bank Note, No. 6981, for 1001. has been received by the British and Foreign Bible Society,

We refer the Correspondents who have addressed us relative to the plan of our work on completing our Twentieth Volume, to the statements on that subject in'the Prefatory Remarks, in the Appendix for 1821, published with the present Number.

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