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bled to clothe their children, and even to contribute to the maintenance of their families, are without the means of procuring the implements required for their domestic manufacture of linen. In some instances, spinning-wheels are hired by the poor to enable them to prosecute their industry, and wherever the experiment has been tried of assisting the female poor by instruction in useful labour,it appears to have been successful." The object of this Association will be, to open a correspondence with ladies in Ireland, and to invite them to form themselves into local committees. The means intended to be used for improving the condition of the Irish female peasantry, are, Visiting their families, and obtaining a knowledge of their si tuation; Exciting them to habits of in. dustry, cleanliness, and attention to domestic duty; Endeavouring to procure employment for poor women at their own dwellings; Visiting the sick, providing temporary assistance in the loan of linen, &c. and procuring medical advice where necessary; Encouraging them to send their children to schools; and assisting them in any other way which circumstances may require.
We copy the following remarks, on some of the means of permanently benefiting the Irish peasantry, from a letter from Archdeacon Jebb, to the Committee for the distressed Irish, dated Abington Glebe, Limerick, Sept. 2, 1822. "I shall now endeavour to offer those suggestions which have occurred to me, respecting the principle, and mode of applying the balance in the hands of the London Committee, to the best advantage.
"The principle, I think, should be, to do at once the most permanent, and the most extended good in your power. Now that alone, in aiding the population of a country, is permanent good, which will encourage, and gradually enable them, by honest industry, to provide for themselves: and, on this principle, (except in cases of urgent calamity, like the occasion which called forth the unexampled liberality of England this year,) gifts of money, of food, of clothing, are, I conceive to be deprecated, especially where the Irish are concerned, in whom it should be our great object to elicit and cherish, what, from long mismanagement, is deplorably wanting among us a spirit of independence. And again, that only can be extended good which is adminis
tered by those who can raise themselves above party interests, and feel for the welfare of a community, instead of giving themselves to a system of local petty jobbing. The attention of the county of Limerick Agricultural Society, I find, is particularly directed to encourage the growth of flax, the spinning of yarn, and the manufacture of linen: and they will, I presume, be the best instrumental agents for dif fusing the disposable bounty of the London Committee, in the manner best calculated to promote the increase of industry among our peasantry.
"But, with a view both to permanent and extended benefit, I have an additional plan to suggest. It does not seem to me enough, that aid towards the purchase of flax, flax-seeds, spinning and weaving implements, &c. should be distributed through the different parishes of this country. To introduce a new manufacture, which, to all intents and purposes, the linen manufacture here is, we want, in some one or more places of the county, an establishment, that shall be at once experimental and exemplary: experimental, to ascertain the best mode of manufacturing; exemplary, to exhibit the beneficial effects of that mode, and gradually to induce, and extend its adoption, throughout this county in particular, and the south of Ireland in general."
"The introduction of scutching mills, of spinning schools, and of weaving schools, is indispensable, in order to bring the south to the level of the north, in the article of the linen manufacture. And it seems most desirable, that, in some one or more places, an establishment embracing all these objects should be set on foot, by the way, at once, of experiment and of example."
It is pleasing to find the benevolent writer adding: "The people of this country are overflowing with gratitude to their English fellow-subjects. More, I trust, has been done in this single year than in past centuries, towards a real union of the countries. One little anecdote I will mention. My friend, Mr. Forster, in a ride the other morning, fell in with a party of our peasants. One man said, 'But for the English, the people would have perished in the ditches, and we should now have a plague in the country.' Another, a venerable old man, then, calmly, but with profound emotion, said, 'God bless them for their goodness!' and, after a short
panse, added, "And He will bless them!' These are the very words, and this is but a fair specimen of the prevalent feeling."
AMERICAN PROTESTANT EPIS
COPAL CONVENTIONS. Many of our readers having expressed great interest in the state of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, it may be gratifying to them to be presented with a few passages from the minutes of the proceed. ings of some recent diocesan Conventions of that church. We have selected the following miscellaneous particulars from the reports of their proceedings contain edin the last twelve or fourteen Numbers of the "Gospel Advocate," an American Episcopal periodical publication noticed in our Literary Intelligence.
Pennsylvania Convention. Attached to the society for the advancement of Christianity in Pennsylvania, is a Female Tract Society, which continue their exertions in publications, small in size, but eminently instructive."
The Prayer-book Society, in consequence of gratuitous distributions beyond their means, are obliged to confine themselves to sell to subscribers at the least possible price; and by this economy hope to retrieve their affairs.
"The Sunday-school Society," the bishop observes," are pursning the object for which they were associated. It should be understood, that the object is distinct from that of any Sunday-school society formed for giving instruction. It is merely for the cheaper supplying of societies of the latter description, with elementary and other necessary books; and in this work they are likely to be useful."
The bishop recommends to the clergy to consider the importance of the fund of the society for the widows and children of deceased clergymen; and he very delicately brings to the view of the convention" the design of creating a fund for the support of a future bishop, so as to relieve him from the necessity of having a parochial cure."
On the subject of the Bible Society, the bishop thus remarks: "Although the Bible Society of this city is not peculiarly attached to our communion, yet, as their object is not only of supreme importance, but one in which all denominations of Christians agree, and as it contributes its share to the great design of publishing the glad tidings of salvation where they have been hitherto unknown,
and of depositing the record of them in the hands of the destitute in all countries, nominally Christian, it has been presented to the notice of the conventions for sundry years past; and, under continuance of the impression, there is now declared a deep conviction of the importance of the subject."
"The convention was well attended, both by clergy and laity; and it must be gratifying to the friends of the church, to be informed, that the returns of contributions from the various parishes in the diocese, for the support of missions, have much increased, and that a growing zeal for the general cause of religion, and for the particular interest of our Zion, was uniformly manifested on this occasion."
The following representation respecting the Massachusetts Protestant Episcopal Missionary Society, and trustees of the Bible, Prayer-book, and Tract Society, was read.
"The Directors of the Massachusetts Episcopal Missionary Society ask leave respectfully to represent to the convention the objects, condition, and prospects of this society; and to solicit their countenance and co-operation.
"This Society was incorporated by an act of the legislature in 1815, by the name of the Massachusetts Episcopal Missionary Society, and trustees of the Massachusetts Episcopal Prayer-book and Tract Society.' It was soon after organized, and has since been continued in existence by an annual election of officers on EasterTuesday. But little else has been done until the present year. On the fourth of February last, a meeting of the friends of the church, called at the request of the society, was held in Boston, at which, and at aur adjourned meeting, the subject was fully discussed; and measures were adopted to provide means to enable the society to go into operation. Subscriptions were opened, from which a considerable sum has already been obtained; and more, it is expected, will be received. The sum of 565 dollars has been already subscribed in this town, to be paid annually, and more than 300 dollars have been given in donations to the society.
"At the same meeting, a committee was appointed to correspond with all the Episcopal Churches in the Commonwealth, for the purpose of procuring the establishment of an Auxiliary Society in
each church. A circular letter has accordingly been addressed to each church, stating the objects of the society, with a request for assistance. It is not yet time to expect a full return from all the churches; but very encouraging accounts have been received from several, of the exertions which are making in behalf of this society.
"The objects of the society are to assist the destitute churches in our own State, in providing themselves with the means of religion; and as we shall be able to extend the same assistance to other destitute portions of cur country, and hereafter, if sufficient funds should be provided, to other countries. It is also a prominent object, to provide Prayer-books for the poor, either to be sold to them at a very low rate, or, in some instances, to be distributed gratuitously. The funds now in hand will enable us to begin the prosecution of these objects, although ou a very limited scale. The committee for missions have not as yet been able to do more in the pro secution of the designs entrusted to them, than to collect some information as to the portions of our church which stand in the most urgent need of aid from the society. They have been prevented from doing more by the want of clergymen to act as missionaries."
South Carolina Convention.
The bishop, who is a strenuous advocate for Sunday schools, remarks: “I will detain you from the business of the convention no longer than until I have again expressed to my brethren of the clergy my earuest desire, that, wherever it is not found, as the result of much endeavour, utterly impracticable, Sunday schools should be instituted by them, having for their object, chiefly, the Christian instruction of the poor, and the lowly in condition, (whatever be their colour), and their children."
The rector of St. John's, Berkley, made the following interesting report on the instructionof the People of Colour. "I cannot forbear stating a fact, which, to every unprejudiced mind, must tend to recommend this labour of love. Among those whom I have instructed, and afterwards baptized, are two men, who from their frequent intoxication, (nay habitual drunkenness,) had become almost useless to their owners, but who, since they have joined the church, have completely reformed, and are valuable to their masters. One has been a communicant upwards of three years, and, within CHRIST, OBSERV, No. 521.
that period, has never been known to be intoxicated once, though intrusted with a responsible office on the plantation, where he would not fail to be observed, yet where opportunities for indulgence would not be wanting: he therefore has given sufficient proof of his reformation. The other became a member of the church, through baptism, last May; and, although he has not undergone the same length of trial, yet he lately gave a strong manifestation of the sincerity of his profession, by manfully resisting an inveterate habit, when opportunity threw femptation in his way: he has likewise regained the good will and approbation of his master."
On the occasion of administering priest's orders to the Reverend Mr. Judah, in his own church, the bishop observes;-" Such was the impression made by this solemn and sacred service, in a place where perhaps it had never before been performed, that a pious and judicious layman remarked to me, that it would be of great service to the church to ordain ministers as often as I could in their own churches. And I was so fully convinced of the correctness of this remark, that I have in every case, when circumstances would admit, and my own parochial duties would allow, yielded to such requests: and I mean to continue to yield to them whenever my obligations to my own people will authorize me."
New Jersey Convention.
We notice with pleasure the judicions practice, adopted in New Jersey, of appointing, at each convention, the pa rochial clergy to perform missionary duties in the vacant parishes. These duties are not so likely to be neglected, when to each clergyman is assigned his proper sphere of action, and he is required to report his proceedings at the stated annual meetings.
The Liturgy, constantly used, will preserve a church in the worst of times. This has been strikingly evinced in the State of New Jersey. Originally settled by the Swedes and Dutch, and, when it became an Euglish ́ province, inhabited chiefly by Quakers and Baptists, it was not till the year 1704, that any congregation existed there in communion with the Church of England. When the revolutionary war menced, a few scattered congregatious had been formed under six or seven missionaries, sent over by the society 5 D
for propagating the Gospel.
are engaged in the preparatory studies, and some of them are ready to apply for admission as candidates for orders." Among the deacons, ordained by the bishop, one is a respectable Coloured man, who officiated in the African church, called St. Philip's, in New York; where, the bishop observes," he was collecting a large congregation, who exhibited much order and devotion in the exercise of worship." We speak of these exertions as past, and not present, because we have learned that the church was unhappily destroyed by fire in December last.
event operated there, as it did every where else. The connexion of the church with the state of England, led to the persecution of the flocks, and the dispersion of the shepherds. The destitute congregations were like sickly hot-house plants, which withered under the chilling influences of desertion, poverty, and reproach. In this condition they have continued to preserve a frail and tremulons life, even till the present moment. The first bishop was consecrated in 1815, and there were then barely enough clergymen in the diocese, to constitute the canonical number of electors. Compared with this state of things, the growth of the church, for the last six years, has been rapid, though it has consisted principally in the renova tion of decayed and destitute congregations.
New York Convention.
The clergy of this diocese consist of the bishop and eighty clergymen, of whom sixty-five are presbyters and fifteen deacons. Of these, four presbyters are without cures, and four presbyters and two deacons are instructors of youth in colleges, academies, and private schools. In the course of the year preceding the convention, the bishop ordained six deacons and four presbyters, instituted one presbyter, consecrated three churches, laid the corner-stone of a new church in the city of New York, and administered confirmation, in various parts of the diocese, to three hundred and sixty-four persons. "The rite of confirmation," he observes," has been so frequently administered in the various congregations, that it is not to be expected the numbers confirmed will be so great as heretofore. It is a circumstance, however, gratifying to every friend of our church to know, that in the western district particularly, and at Turin, on the Black River, the persons confirmed, principally of adult age, were, with few exceptions, those who, not educated in our church, had embraced it from a conviction of the soundness of its principles, and of its affording, eminently, the means of spiritual edification, and those apostolic ministrations and ceremonies by which their communion is to be established and maintained with that Redeemer who, through his church, conveys the blessings of his salvation." There are now thirteen candidates for orders; and "nearly as many, at New York and at the academy at Geneva,
From the report of the committee for propagating the Gospel, of which the bishop, by virtue of his office, is president, it appears that there are thirteen missionaries employed.
The Rev. Amos Pardee, formerly of Massachusetts, and now a missionary at Manlius, Onondaga county, and parts adjacent, speaks thus of his labours: "At Jamesville I have, since December last, officiated every fourth Sunday; and, on more than half of the remaining Sundays, have there held a third service; and on other days have there, as well as in the village of Man lius, often visited the people of the congregation from house to house. Where, a short time since, only one episcopal family resided, there a respectable congregation has now been collected, and a number of persons of the first respectability, of information, of wealth, and of influence, have, from principle, attack ed themselves to the church; many Prayer-books are there seen in use; the responses are made with much propriety and solemnity, and the congregation of worshippers are not only increasing in numbers, but also are apparently grow. ing in grace and in the knowledge of their God and Saviour."
We cannot close these extracts without subjoining the following remarks of the bishop, on the value of missionary labours, which occur in his address to the convention, and which we thought proper to reserve for this place. They well deserve the attention of the friends of the church in every part of our conn. try. "In thus recording," says the bishop," the advancement of our church, I would beseech you to bear in mind, that but for missionary labours, I should not have had the gratification of winessing, nor you of hearing, these animating events. Our church, in almost every instance, has arisen in the new settle. ments from the smallest beginuings. A
few churchmen, adhering with a zeal which no depression could extinguish, and no difficulties daunt, to the faith, the ministry, and the worship of that church which, as that fold of their Redeemer in which they are to be nurtured for heaven, engrossed their warmest affections, communicated, by conversa tion, and especially by regular meeting for worship, a portion of their zeal to others; and thus their small assembly gradually augmenting, and cherished by the occasional visits of a missionary, rose at last to a congregation, which by extraordinary exertions erected an edi. fice for worship. This is the history of the rise of our church, in almost all those many cases in which we see her exhibiting the standard of apostolic truth, and primitive order, in those new settlements of our State, where abound nearly all the variety of sects into which Christians are unhappily divided. And, brethren of the clergy and laity, let me impress deeply upon you, that this might be the history of the rise of our church in innumerable more cases, could we extend the sphere of mission ary exertions."
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLESOCIETY.
We copy the following passages, relative to the domestic proceedings of the British and Foreign Bible Society, from some of the Society's recent "Monthly Extracts;" reserving an interesting series of quotations from its foreign communications for a future Number.
"From Mr. C. S. Dudley.
"I gratify my own wishes, and I doubt not those of the Committee, by giving you a sketch of the Hackney Ladies' Bible Association. This institution, embracing the villages of Hack ney, Homerton, and Clapton, is divided into twenty-three districts, which are placed under fifty-four collectors. Of the zeal and diligence of these ladies, the following results affords conclusive evidence: free subscribers, 628; sute scribers for Bibles, 731; Bibles and Testaments distributed, 528. They have voted for the general object of the l'a rent Society (no return required), 500l. These results derive additional value from the prudence and discretion which have in a remarkable manner charac. terized this Association."
From the Sume.
"I attended the Fifth Annual Meeting of the Northampton Ladies' Association. Before the establishment of
this Association in 1817, it was asserted that the inhabitants of the town of Northampton were, with only two or three exceptions, supplied with Bibles, and that consequently, so far as regard ed the domestic department, no necessity existed for such an institution. The result, however, has demonstrated alike the fallacy of this opinion and the effi. cacy of the means adopted. The num ber of copies already distributed exceeds 2000, and more than 200 subscribers remain to be supplied. The total amount collected is 11137." From the Eleventh Report of the Kingston
upon Hull Auxiliary Bible Society. "Besides the copies confided to the masters of the fishing ships for sale among their own crews, Bibles and Testaments in foreign languages have, in several instances, been taken on board, to answer any occasions which might arise in the course of the voyage. The history of one of these, an Esqui maux Testament, will be interesting :In May, 1820, (the captain reports) being in South East Bay, we were visited by several of the inhabitants, both maje and female, who staid on board a considerable time. Having been supplied with some Esquimaux Testaments previous to leaving Hull, I gave one to a leading character among them. He ap peared to know what book it was, and pointed with his finger to the sky, saying, 'Very good!' He then asked me,
What truck?' or what he must give me in exchange, I endeavoured to make him understand that I gave it him; and he put the book into his bosom. During the time that he remained on board, he wrote several Christian names on a slate, which could be distinctly made out. After some time he pulled off his boots, and gave them into my hand. I asked him, why he did that. He im mediately took the book from his bosom, to shew it was for that, that he was ready to part with so essential an article of his dress. I intimated that I could not think of taking them, and endeavoured to make him understand that I had brought out the books on purpose to give freely to such persons as himselt: but he threw down the boots on the cabin floor, ran upon deck, and immediately got over the ship's side, along with his companions, who descended with him into their boats; when the whole company gave us three cheers, and returned on shore."
"It cannot but afford pleasure to the Society to have put the New Testament