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inflexibility. He was careful to situations in which he was placed ascertain ihe right course of con- through life, he could always find duct; he never acted precipitate- some precept to guide, and some ly; be reflected long, and consult- promise to comfort his beart. It ed books and wise men. But when was this complete knowledge of his opinion was once settled to the Scriptures, and his skill in apadopt a remark made of him on a plying them, which rendered him particular occasion, by the vener. so valuable à counsellor in the time able Bishop White—“nothing could of temptation and trouble.
He move him."
This rendered his could not be satisfied with a cold conduct remarkably uniform and performance of duty, but wisbed, steady: for, on all questions of in the service of God and his felimportance, his opinion had been low-creatures, to do all he could, setiled.
and to become every day more and Another excellence in his charac- more capable of usefulness. He ter was discretion. He knew when placed before himself the standard it was proper to act or not to act, of scriptural perfection, and, in to speak or to be silent. This dependence on ihe assistance of the quality made bim sometimes appear Spirit of God, pursued it with arunsocial, but it rendered him most dour and perseverance even unto valuable in bis public employmenis. death. To be holy was his ruling The members of his congregation desire, and was the last wish which could consult bim on the most de- he expressed. It was the consci. licate questions with a certainty ousness of bis distance from this that his prudence would let nothing standard, which rendered him so
humble and so condescending. His sense of gratitude ought to His death has called forth power. be mentioued, for it was peculiarly ful emotions of regard and sorrow lively. He was grateful for the from all who knew his worth. smallest favours. He seemed never Among other expressions of their to have forgotten the little atten- respect and affection, the Vestry tions of hospitality which he re- of his church resolved that the ceived on his first visit to South Ca- corpse should be buried beneath the rolina, and took every opportunity altar, and that a monument should to return the kindness 1o the per. be erected to his memory. The sous themselves, and to their con- standing committee of the diocese nexions. For, the lesser comforts commended the church, as under of life, which are often unnoticed a most heavy bereavement, to tbe even by pious persons, he was in prayers of all the bishops, and of the habit of expressing his gratitude Episcopalians in general. The to the Almighty Giver. The healthy“ Society for the Relief of the air, 1he pleasant walks, the sublime Widows and Orphans of the Episscene of Sullivan's Island, would copal Clergy,” ihe “ Society for spontaneously turn his affections to the Advanceipent of Christianity in Heaven, and excite the praises of South Carolina,” and the “ Bible his lips in that devout hymn of Society," composed of Christians thanksgiving, the “ Te Deum.” of various denominations, entered His character was strictly formed into resolutions expressive of their on Christiao principles. He re- deep sorrow and sincere respect ferred every thing to the Scrip- and regard. The three Episcopal tures. He was accustomed to ask churches in Charleston were hung himself, “ How would my Saviour with mourning, and also the place of have acted under such circum- worship of the German Lutherans, stances ?" and in this way he re- who addressed a letter of condosolved several questions of the most lence to the Vestry of St. Michael's. intricate naturę. In the various His mortal remaius were carried to
their last abode by his clergy, and hearers, for a time they receive the the grave was filled by the mem
word: they have perhaps even some
up bers of the Vestry and other re- transient pleasure in it, but having spectable citizens.
no root they wither away. But true A. faith, or, as it is often called, saving
or justifying faith, the faith spoken FAMILY SERMONS.—No.CLXVIII. of in the text as “purifying the
heart" is that which alone will be Acts xv. 9.-Purifying their hearts
found of any value on a death-bed by faith.
and in the day of judgment. Now, It has been usual, in order to ex- in order to enable you to decide plain the subject of faith, to speak whether you possess this faith, I of it under several different views. shall endeavour to answer two imThus there is wbat is called an his- portant questions respecting it. torical faith,-a bare assent to the
1st, What is its nature ? doctrines of Christianity, without 2d, In what manner does it intheir having any particular effect fluence those who are partakers of it? on the heart or conduct. This 1st, What is the nature of true faith most persons educated in a faith? - We shall be better able to Christian country may be supposed answer this question, if we to possess : for if asked whether sider saving faith as making use they acknowledge the authority of of and appropriating those iruths the Bible, they will, without hesi. which an bistorical or educational tation, reply in the affirmative. But faith is contented with merely acibis cannot be the faith mentioned knowledging. As it would be imin ibe text, because it does not ne- practicable to go through all the cessarily purify the heart;" for declarations of God's word, in orunbappily it is but too easy to find der to shew the character of faith, multitudes who have this educa- let us select one particular extional faith, and yet are openly ample. We are taught to call immoral in their lives. Again, there Jesus Christ our Prophet, our is what is called a faith of miracles, Priest, and our King : now saving by which in former times certain holy faith makes us really accept him in men were specially enabled to per- each of those capacities. Try then fornithings outofthe common course your hearts by this test. of nature, in order to prove them- 1. In the first place, have you selves sent of God, or for other looked to Christ as your Prophet ? ends conducive to the Divine glory. Have you sat humbly at his feet, to On this kind of faith it is unueces. "learn those things which by his Holy sary to enlarge ; since, even if we Spirit it is his office to teach. Are had it, it would not avail for pro- you really acquainted with your curing our justification: for the depravity and sinfulness, and your Apostle expressly says, " Though I inability to merit heaven by your had faith, so that I could remove own good works? Have you faith mountains, and have not charity," in the declarations of Scripture re(bywhich he means a holy principle specting the elernal punishment of love to God, displaying itself in that awaits you if you die in your universal benevolence io man), "it sins ? Have you felt your need of would profit me nothing." Again, that repentance and change of heart there is what is called a temporary which Christ so fully taught? And faith-that short-lived assentwhich have you made it your great depersons often feel while listening sire and effort to live according to to a religious discourse. Their his precepts? couscience is for the moment im- . 2. Again, do you look to him as pressed; they make some devout your Priest ? as having offered resolutions : like the stony-ground himself a sacrifice the only sacrifice--for sin,and as now interceding are saved' by grace, through faith, at the right hand of God, on behalf and that not of ourselves; it is the of all who believe in his name? gift of God. “ This is the ordi. Do you trust to any other means of nance of God," says one of the atonement? Do you expect to be Homilies, quoting the language of justified otherwise
than as a penitent St. Ambrose ; " that they which sioner, reposing wholly in the obe- believe in Christ should be saved dience unto death of Jesus Christ? without works-by faith only Sinful man
can have no access freely receiving remission of their whatever to the Throne of Heaven, sins. Consider diligently,” contibut through his mediation and in- nues the Homily, " these words: tercession. Our sins had separated Without works-by faith onlybetween us and God; but it pleased we obtain remission of our sins." the Father to make him a sacrifice “Nevertheless," it is added, "this for our transgressions, and through sentence that we be justified by him to open a new and living way faith only, is not so meant of to the kingdom of heaven to us tbein that the said justifying faith miserable signers, wbo had forfeited is alone in man, without true reall title to it by our disobedience. pentance, hope, charity, dread,
3. Saving faith also receives and the fear of God, at any time Christ as a King.--Have you thus and season. Nor when they say accepted him ? Do you obey him that we be justified freely, do they as your rightful Sovereign ? Do mean that we should or might afteryou hate and avoid every thing wards be idle, and that nothing contrary to his will? Is there any should be required on our part thing that you would desire above afterward; neither do they mean him, or any thing which you would so to be justified without our good obey in preference to bis law? If works that we should do no good pleasure, or the love of money, or works at all. But tbis saying that of ease, or of the world, or of any we be justified by faith onlyevil desire or passion, tempt you, freely, and without works — is do you strive against the tempta: spoken for to take away clearly all tion, preferring ihe approbation of merit of our works as being able to your Saviour to all earthly consi. deserve our justification at God's derations ? Unless you do this, or hand, and thereby most plainly to endeavour and pray to be enabled express the weakness of man and to do this, you do not receive the goodness of God; the great Christ by faith as your King; but, iuferiority of ourselves, and the on the contrary, are living in the miglit and power of God; the habitual breach of the first and imperfection of our own works, and great commandment; for whatever the most abundant grace of our you most love and obey, is, in Saviour Cbrist; and therefore Scripture language, your King and wholly to ascribe the merit and
deserving of our justification unto We have thus seen something of Christ only and his most precious the character of that heavenly prin- bloodshedding. This faith ibe ciple of which St. Peter speaks in holy Scripture teacbeth us.—The the text. It consists in thai sincere practical tendency of this justiand practical belief in the testi- fying faith may be inferred from mony of God by wbich we are led its character as already described; to credit bis declarations against but it will be seen still more evi. sin; to receive the Saviour, as he is dently in considering the second exhibited to us in the Scriptures, point proposed for our meditation, and to live as persons in earnest in namely; the manner in wbich it making their calling and election operates upon those who are parsure. This faith justifies us. We takers of it.
The text says, that it “ purifies that they were the real disciples of the heart." The connexion in Christ: he knew that persons might which these words are introduced is be outwardly baptized, and yet not very observable.
A controversy prove genuine converts: he therehad arisen in the church of An- fore appeals to a very different evi. tioch, as to whether or not it was dence--their hearts were purified necessary that the Gentile converts by faith. This was that inward should undergo the rite of circum- baptism with fire by the Spirit of cision. Accordingly, the Apostles God which is accomplished in all Paul and Barnabas were sent to Je- the true disciples of Jesus Christ. rusalem to consult with the other Inquire, therefore, not merely apostles and elders on the subject, whether you are Christians in name, St. Peter, wbo did not consider the or by baptism and profession, but Jewish rites to be necessary for the wheiber you have that faith which new disciples, rose and declared to purifies the heart. Have you bethe assembly in what a wonderful come holy in your affections, and manner God had converted the heavenly-minded in your spirit ? Gentiles by his ministry; and to Do you possess a new principle at shew that their conversion was war with sin, and with every thing genuine, and that they were be- that is opposed to God? Are the come true Christians, and needed corruptions of your evil nature in not any initiatory Jewish rites, be any measure subdued ; and are you adds, “ And put no difference be- anxious for their complete subjutween them and us, purifying their gation?. A Christian education hearts by faith." As though he may enlighten the understanding, had said, " It is superfluous to con- or an affecting discourse impress tend whether or not the Gentiles can the feelings; but saving faith only become Cbristians without the ce- can purify the heart. remonial rites; for I bring you a case
St. Paul mentions another chaexactly ip point, of some who actu- racter of saving faith-that it ally are such; who, without eircum- works by love. In the passage in cision, are equally privileged with which he introduces this remark, ourselves, God baving purified he is speaking on nearly the same their hearts by faith. It is useless, subject as St. Peter in the text; therefore, any longer to dispute: namely, that in Christ Jesus the whether this site is necessary in rite of cirumcision availed nothing: order to make persons holy, for matters of mere form and ceremony these Gentiles are made holy with- were of very inferior consideration; out it; and far more effectually so faith was the great point; not, than they could bave been by any however, a dead inoperative faith, merely ceremonial observance." but, says St. Peter, "faith that puThus we see that St. Peter speaks rifieith the beart;” not a mere notion of faith as purifying the heart; without any effect upon the prinhe considers this as its undoubted ciples or conduct, but, says St. character; and argues that all Paul, “faith that worketh by love." those must be genuine Christians And without this practical faith, whose hearts are thus cleansed by our Christian baptism is equally its influence.
useless with the Jewish correspondBut perhaps, in applying the ing rite. subject to yourselves, you may be It is delightful to witness the ready to reply that you are Chris- operation of this principle in the tians because you have been bap- life of a true Christian, elevating tized. But these Gentiles also had him in holy affection to his Maker been baptized; yet St. Peter does and Redeemer and Purifier; and not urge this as an argument to shew expanding his soul in universal beCHRIST. OBSERV. No. 252.
nevolence to all mankind. And is phrases devoid of meaning; or, is it not clear that those who do not it that there is more in religion pray to God, who do not praise than you have hitherto experihim, who do not serve him, cannot enced? Without doubt the latter have this faith which worketh by is the right answer. You bare a love? Is it not also equally clear, name, a form, but you are destitute that those who indulge envy, of true faith. « All men," says batred, malice, or uncharitable the Apostle, “ have not faith." ness towards their fellow-creatures, And what, in the hour of death, are uninfluenced by this heavenly and in the day of judgment, shall principle ?
be the lot of those who are thus We have heard the language of characterized ? Our Lord affirms, the Apostles Peter and Paul re- “ Whosoever believeth and is bapspecting the opeçations of faith ; tized shall be saved; but whosoever a third Apostle, St. John, adds yet believeth not'--even though he may another property-that it “overe have been baptized—“shall be concometh the world.” And nothing demned.” And in another place, else could obtain such a conquest. “Whoso believeth not is con“ Who is he that overcometh the demned already.” The sentence world but he that believeth that is past, and, unless averted in time, Jesus is the Son of God ?” Surely will most certainly be executed. no one: all other persons are its And how is it to be averted ? You willing captives. They do not de
can be justified only by faith in sire to overcome it ; on the con- the Saviour; for there is no other trary, they are grieved that they name given under heaven whereby have not inore of its possessions men can be saved. Come then 10 and enjoyments. They eagerly his cross ; trust in his sacrifice : He follow those pomps and vanities is able and willing to save to the wbich Ihey vowed in their baptism uttermost all that come unto God to renounce. They will not give by Him. 'Your offended Creator up some favourite worldly tempta- will mercifully receive you : he will tion, though they are conscious adopt you into his family; he will that their salvation is at stake. guide and sanctify you by his Holy They follow a multitude to do evil: Spirit; and at length, after faith they are in the world and of and patience have had their perfect the world ; and thus tuo plainly work, will receive you up into prove that they have not that faith glory. He is the bestower of faith whose properties have been de- as of every other good gist: bescribed.
seech hin therefore to create in Let me then, in conclusion, ad- you this heavenly principle, and to dress a word to persons thus cir- increase it daily unto everlasting cumstanced. Surely you must per- life. Emulate that illustrious band ceive the necessity of a principle of of saints and martyrs whose triwhich as yet you are destitute. lo umplis are recorded by St. Paul; the Scriptures you read continually of whom the world was not worthy, of walking by faith, of being puri- but who obtained a good report fied by faith, of being sanctified by through faith. Being compassed faith; of Christians being mutually about with so great a cloud of witcomforted by faith; of living by nesses, lay aside every weight and faith, of standing by faith, of tight- the sin that doth so easily beset ing the good fight of faith, of being you, and run with patience the justified by faith, of Christ dwell- race that is set before you, looking ing in men's hearts through faith, unto Jesus the auibor and finisher of having access to God by faith, of your faith. In weakness, look aud various similar expressions. to Him for strength; in templation, Now, all these scriptıral for victory; in affliction, for supo