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ments spare us that necessity for discussion or reprehension which often swells the review of a small volume to an article of considerable

Gospel may, in short, find him in the lowest depths of want and suffering. Nevertheless, he that overcometh shall be made a pillar in the temple of God.' That poor outcast, if a true servant of Christ, shall be stripped of his rags and wretchedness, and be raised as a pillar of ornament in the temple of the Lord. Great, my Christian brethren, will be the changes and reverses of the last solemn day; the first shall be last, and the last first.' The wicked shall at once

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bulk. In the way of extract indeed we might, with much ease to ourselves and profit to our readers, draw largely on these interesting pages; but as the volume will, we trust, receive a wide and speedy circulation, this does not seem necessary; and we might only blunt the edge of curiosity and appetite by an over abundance of quotation. We shall therefore indulge ourselves and our readers with but a single extract more; selecting one of considerable length, from the coucluding discourse, as a fair specimen of the work. The passage exhi--they shall mingle their songs with the bits, in a very pleasing light, the redeemed-they shall proclaim the glory author's interesting and affecting of the Crucified' for ever and evermanner of commenting on the they shall see the King in his beauty, and the land that is very far off.'

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"Let us proceed to consider, secondly, the promises addressed in the text to the victorious servants of the Redeemer. Him that overcometh,' says our Lord, will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out; and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is New Jeruralem, which cometh down out of hea ven from my God; and will write upon him my new name.'

"1. In the first place, it is here said that the successful Christian shall be ❝ made a pillar in the temple of his God.' -The whole of the imagery in the text is probably borrowed from the practice, in ancient times, of erecting pillars, in honour of the achievements of distinguished individuals, in or near the temples of their false gods. In like manner, it is here said that the Christian shall be erected as a pillar of triumph in the temple of the true and living God. In this world the servant of the Redeemer may be a mere outcast in society. He may toil, and want, and suffer; may rise early' to eat the bread of carefulness,' and sink to rest upon the hard and rugged bed of poverty. Or he may wander with the poor Arab of the desert; or tremble amidst the snows of the Pole; or linger out a dreary existence in the cheerless and sunless hut of the western savage. The

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shrink to their proper nothingness; but the contrite and believing shall particishall be planted in the temple of God. pate in the glories of their Lord. They The one thing they desired upon earth' shall be granted them; they shall behold the fair beauty of the Lord, and dwell in his temple.' They shall live in his presence they shall hear his voice

"2. Again: it is said of the triumphant Christian in the text, 'he shall go no more out.'-In this world my brethren, change and decay are stamped upon every thing around us. Our choicest blessings are suspended on the slenderest threads. The man this morning lifting to heaven a head lofty as the cedar, and spreading forth his green branches on every side, may ere night be struck by the fires of hea ven, and lie blasted and lifeless on the plain. And even our spiritual joys partake in some measure of the same fluctuating character. How great, for instance, are apt to be the ebb and flow of the religious affections! How soon is the ardour of devotion chilled! How difficult is it to sustain the vigour of our first love! How does the body seem to hang upon the soul, and to chain it to earth when it is soaring to heaven! But the Christian, exalted to be a

pillar in the temple of his God,' shall go no more out.' The sun of his joys shall never go down. The well-spring of his comforts shall never fail. The joys of one moment shall be the joys of eternity. Once lodged in the bosom of his Father, no force shall drag him from it. Inseparably united to God, he shall eternally participate in the pleasures which are at His right hand. He sball shine as a star in the firmament for ever and ever."

"3. Again; it is said, I will write

on him the name of my God.It was God. In like manner it may be said to customary to write on the pillars of vic- the true Christian, The heritage of this tory to which we have already referred, world is nöt your heritage: you are the name of the false god in whose tem-born to a loftier destiny, you are citiple the pillar was erected. And thus, zens of a heavenly country: you are in the case of the Christian, the name sent among us for a time, to take a of Jehovah, so dear to him on earth, transient view of our prison-house, to shall be stamped on his forehead in benefit us, and to learn more effectually heaven: Ye shall see his face, and his yourselves, by contrast, the superiority name shall be on your foreheads.' In of the world to come. The language of this world, it is possible that the sincere your Lord is, 'In my Father's house Christian should be perplexed, either are many mansions: I go to prepare a by his own doubts of acceptance with place for you.' And O what motives God, or by the doubts and insinuations for patience, and gratitude, and love, of others; but, in heaven, his accept- does such a promise supply! What is ance and adoption will be no longer a it, my Christian brethren, to be straitdisputable point. He shall be recog ened for a time by the narrowness of nised by Him who has stamped him our mansion on earth, if such is the with his own name. He shall be owned habitation prepared for us in heaven? also by myriads of happy spirits, who, Wait but a little moment, and, though beholding that sacred name, shall at it shall not be granted to yon, as to St. ouce hail him as their brother, and as- John, to see in the flesh the descending sociate in all the occupations and joys vision of the heavenly city, it shall of the region of light, and life, and be granted to you to behold it in still glory. more favourable circumstances. He saw it indeed; but it was in a trance, and but for a moment; and he awoke to find himself á prisoner in the flesh, and an exile in Patmos. But in your case, sight will be possession. You shall behold the city of God, to lose sight of it no more: you shall see it, to be welcomed as its citizen and its inhabitant for ever. You shall no sooner plant your foot in its golden streets, than your exile shall either be remembered no longer, or remembered merely to enhance the joys of deliverance. Your chains shall drop, from you; and you shall walk abroad in all the glorious liberty of the children of God.

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"4. Again: it is said of the triumphant Christian, I will write on him the name of the city of my God, which is New Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God.' As it was usual to write on these pillars of triumph the name of the city of the conqueror; so on the pillars erected in heaven shall be engraved the name of that celestial city which afterwards descended in vision before St. John, or which is here called the New Jerusalem, which came down out of heaven from God.' Even here, in this state of being, my brethren, it is the city not made with hands' the Christian seeks: we have here no continuing city; but we seek one to come,'' the city that hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God.' And to that city he shall be exalted in heaven. Lift up your eyes, ye dejected children of God, and behold for a moment your future habitation, as it is displayed in the glowing picture of one who was permitted to gaze upon it. Behold its walls of jasper,' and its foundations of precious stones;' the glory of the Lord to lighten it, and the Lamb to be the light thereof;' its river of life;' its tree, whose leaves are for the healing of the nations,' Behold it without any 'curse,' or night,' or 'sorrow,' or crying, or death.' The life of this world, says the Apostle to true servants of the Redeemer, is not your life, for your life is hid with Christ in CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 252.

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“5. But it is added, finally, ' I will write upon him my new Name.-In other words, the same Divine hand will stamp upon the triumphant servant of the Cross the new nante' by which God hath last revealed himself to his creatures; that is, the name of Jesusthe Messiah-the Anointed One- the Lord our Righteousness'--or, as he is called in that magnificent description of the Son of God, in the nineteenth chapter of this book, the King of kings, and Lord of lords.' Yes, my Christian brethren, as it was customary to engrave on the pillar of worldly triumph the name of the leader under whom the soldier fought and conquered; so the Captain of your salvation, your Guide through all the intricacies of this valley of tears, your Leader in the great con5 L

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flict against the corruptions of the heart, the vanity of the world, and the assaults of the powers of darkness, shall stamp his own name on your forehead, and designate you as his children for ever. The Name which has been your 'strength and your joy' upon earth, shall be your shield and your glory for ever. And should the same spirit who communicated with St. John in that world of light, be asked by some new apostle, admitted, like his predecessor, to catch a glimpse of the glories to be revealed, 'Who are these stamped with the name of the Redeemer?' he shall once more reply, These are they

aside the benefits which have been conferred upon society by his former publications, and the not less important benefits which have resulted mated exertions in the service of from his well-known and highly estiour leading religious aud charitable institutions-exertions which this volume amply testifies have not withdrawn him from the diligent care of an extensive parish — we should still have in the work before tude of the public, and should be us a powerful claim to the gratiinclined to value the author's labours by a very high standard of utility. For who can calculate the beneficial impressions which discourses like these-discourses as striking and attractive as they are scriptural and practical-may have left in many a youthful bosom; or how much valuable seed may have been sown which in after-life may

who have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb: therefore are they before the Throne of God, and serve Him day and night in his temple; and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them: they shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat: for the Lamb, which is in the midst of the throne, shall lead them unto living fountains of water, and God shall wipe away all tears from spring up and bear fruit abundantly their eyes." pp. 423-429.

In our review of Mr. Sumner's "Sermons on the Christian Faith and Character," we remarked that they possessed the greater interest from the circumstance of having been preached before one of our large national seminaries of education the College of Eton-where they had doubtless tended in their degree to the formation of the character and principles of the youth under instruction in that institution. We feel peculiarly disposed to contemplate the volume before us in the same interesting point of view; and we cannot but congratulate most warmly the friends of the youth of Harrow School, on the sound doctrines and faithful exhortations which appear from this volume to have been delivered before the members of that establishment by their affectionate and indefatigable pastor. The labours of Mr. Cunningham in the cause of religion, and for the extension of all its attendant blessings, are far too great and numerous to be easily forgotten. But even were we to set

to the glory of God and the benefit of mankind? It is no slight cause of thankfulness that some hundreds of young men now embarked, or embarking, on the voyage of life— many of them destined to fill important stations in society, some of them to be admitted into the ballowed ranks of the priesthood,others to be enrolled among the members of our hereditary or representative legislature-should, in addition to the instructions they may have enjoyed in their usual academical course, have had the privilege from week to week of listening to such truly scriptural admonitions as those which have called forth these remarks. If they have only so far profited by them as to be able with a clear judgment to divest religion of that preposterous garb in which some men ignorantly, and others wilfully, disguise her; even this will not be a useless acquisition. We shall not at least expect to hear from sensible men, accustomed in their youth to listen to such scriptural doctrines and precepts as those delivered from the pulpit of Harrow church, the

strange, the almost incredible, misconceptions which, even in stations of high authority, have sometimes prevailed against whatever is earnest and valuable in religion, and of which the opposition to our Bible, and missionary, and other Christian institutions are among the common symptoms. But, if to this merely intellectual reformation higher attainments have in any instance been added: if, as we would trust has been the case, many a youthful mind has been prepared to receive the truth in love, as well as in knowledge, and to imbibe those principles which are the best guide

through life, and the only true solace in death; and if among these should be found many of the friends of all that is good, and the supporters of all that is charitable, in another generation, then indeed will the respected author have infinite reason to rejoice that he has conscientiously chosen, if not that line of doctrine and conduct which most directly leads to temporal preferment, yet that which will be found of the greatest moment in the supremely important day, when "theythat have turned souls to righteousness shall shine as stars in the kingdom of God for ever and ever."

LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,

&c. &c.

GREAT BRITAIN. PREPARING for publication :-Sermons by the Rev. S. Clift ;-Travels in the Holy Land; by W. R. Wilson;-History of London, &c.; by J. Bayley;-Progresses of King James; by Mr. Nichols;The Encyclopedia of Antiquities; by Mr. Fosbrooke;—Views of Interesting Churches; by J. P. Neale;-Details of the North-American Land Expedition; by Captain Franklyn;- Memoirs of Mary Queen of Scots; by Miss Benger; Journey through India, Egypt, and Palestine; by a Field Officer.

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In the press:-History of Roman Literature; by J. Dunlop ;-The Chronology of the Last Fifty Years;-Dendrologica Britannica; by Mr. Watson ;Mr.Benson's Hulsean Lectures for 1822;

The Shipwrecked Lascar, a narrative; illustrated in verse by Miss Jane Taylor.

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or Church of England Sunday-school Teacher's Magazine; to be conducted by Clergymen of the Established Church. The Editors remark in their Prospectus;-" The expediency of educating the poor has been long admitted by the public voice; but the grand aim should be to impart to them that religious knowledge which alone is able to make them wise unto salvation. Upon this principle the Church of England has always acted; and the utility of the Sunday Schools in her communion, in promoting this valuable end, is becoming every day more apparent; while the benevolent exertions of gratuitous teachers afford the means of infusing into the minds of the young the prin ciples of religion, as they are able to bear them. The post which these teachers occupy is so important, that some publication, mainly devoted to their use, seems necessary. To enable them effectually to impart instruction to their scholars, and to train them up in conscientious communion with the Established Church, it is essential that they competently understand its doctrine and discipline, and the Scripturefoundation of its creeds and formularies; and the present work is undertaken with the view of aiding them in acquiring this knowledge. The plan will embrace original essays upon the impor,'

tance of religious education to the poor, the economy of Sunday Schools, the moral, religious, and mental qualifications of teachers; ecclesiastical biography and history; illustrations of Holy Writ; explanation of the Liturgy; familiar sermons; forms of prayer; progress of education; anecdotes; brief review of books proper for the perusal of teachers, &c."

FRANCE.

The celebrated Faculty of Medicine in Paris, lately suppressed and dispersed by order of the government, is stated to have contained, at the time of its dispersion, nearly 4000 students, attracted from all partsof Europe bythe celebrity of the professors and the convenience of hospitals, &c. It is most deeply to be lamented that either angry politics or the deistical, not to say atheistical, notions of the French physiological school should ever have penetrated what ought to be a peaceful abode of science. There are but two other medical faculties, those of Strasburg and Montpelier, at which degrees and diplomas can be obtained.

EGYPT.

A roll of papyrus of great curiosity is stated to have been discovered in the island of Elephantina. It contains a portion of the latter part of the Iliad, with scholea fairly written in large ca. pitals, such as were in use during the time of the Ptolemys, and under the earlier Roman emperors.

In a paper communicated to the Royal Academy of Inscriptions and Belles Lettres, Sept. 27, 1822, occur the following curious remarks on Egyptian inscriptions. It appears that the Egyp tians had three kinds of writing:-1. The Hieroglyphic writing, which directly painted ideas, by means of characters that represented the forms of sensible objects, sometimes in a proper, sometimes in a figurative, sense.-2. The Hieratic or Sacerdotal writing, the ebaracters of which are for the most part arbitrary, and retain in their forms but very faint traces of sensible objects. This second system is merely a short hand of the first. Most of the inscriptions found on Egyptian tombs are in the hieratic writing.-3, The Demotic (popular) writing, which was employed in civil affairs, and private concerns. It was composed of signs borrowed with out alteration from the hieratic writing; but it often combined them according to rules peculiar to itself. These three

systems of writing represented ideas, and not sounds or pronunciation, Their general process was, however, modelled on the spoken Egyptian language.— But since the three systems of Egyptian writing did not express the sounds of words, by what means could the Egyptians insert proper names and words belonging to foreign languages? In reply to this it has been recently ascertained, from various inscriptions, that they had an auxiliary series of signs to express the sounds of proper names, and of words foreign to the Egyptian language. For example: the hieroglyphic text of the celebrated Rosetta in scription, contains the name of Ptolemy, represented by seven or eight hieroglyphical characters. Now, the Egyp-. tian Obelisk brought to London by M. Belzoni, from the island of Phile, was connected with a base, bearing a petition, in the Greek language, addressed by the Priests of Isis, at Philæ, to King Ptolemy Euergetus II. to Queen Cleopatra his wife, and to Queen Cleopatra his sister. In the bieroglyphic inscriptions which cover the four faces of this obelisk, occurs the hieroglyphic name of Ptolemy, precisely similar to that in the hieroglyphic text of Rosetta, and likewise the name of Cleopatra. These two, hieroglyphic names, which in the Greek have some letters in common, it was considered would serve to institute a comparison between the hieroglyphic signs which compose them both; and if the corresponding letters in the two Greek names were found expressed in both the Egyptian scrolls by the same hieroglyphics, it was to be concluded, that in the bieroglyphic writing there existed, as in the demotic, a series of signs representing sounds er pronunciations. This hypothesis is stated to be verified by the comparison of these two hieroglyphic names. From further researches, a whole alphabet of characters has been discovered.

UNITED STATES.

An academical institution on a large scale, entitled "Columbian College,” has been lately established in the dis trict from which it takes its name, About fifty acres of land have been pur chased, on the northern boundary of the city of Washington, on which site a sub stantial edifice has been erected, cal culated for the accommodation of one hundred students, with dwelling-houses for professors. It is the intention of the trustees, as soon as practicable, to

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