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whom God drave out before and the victories of the the face of our fathers €." people of God against all The doctrine, of all others the armaments and conmost unacceptable and federacies of their enemies. odious to a Jew, was this But not less wonderful was of the translation of the the establishment of Christabernacle of God to the tianity amongst the gengentiles. St. Stephen there- tiles. Heathenism was in fore does not literally affirm as full and quiet possession it, but covertly, and, as a of the world and its empira prophet should do, under at the coming of Christ, as the shadow of that ancient the Canaanites were in their history which was intended own land when Joshua to foreshew it. The Jew- entered it. But the voice ish Church derived much of the gospel preached by danger from its situation a few fishermen from among among the Canaanites ; for the Jews, a people held in though God had driven the utmost contempt by them out as possessors, and the whole heathen world, established His own people soon cast down all the in their land, He left some highest fences of Satan's of the former possessors to kingdom, as the walls of be thorns in their sides for Jericho fell down at the trial and punishment: and sound of rams' horns blown their history shews how by priests. As the Hebrews often they were ensnared in the progress of their by the abominable doc- victories were exhorted to trines of idolatry, until the fear nothing, remembering captivity of Babylon was how Pharaoh had been subthe reward of their apo- dued in Egypt'; so ought stacy.

Christians to remember Wonderful was the settle- daily, how God reduced the ment of the Jews in Canaan, power of Satan all over with the fall of Jericho, the heathen world, till his temples were destroyed, and imbibing heathen princithe Churches of Christ were ples; by which thousands placed upon their ruins. of minds are corrupted, and

e Acts yii. 44, 45.

But then, as there was a through early prejudice remnant of the Canaanites, rendered incapable of unto whom the people were derstanding the value of frequently joining them- truth, and the abominable selves in marriage, and nature of heathen error. consequently relapsing into How frequently are heathen idolatry, according to that moralists applied to, when of the Psalmist—"They did the finest rules of human not destroy the nations con- prudence for the conduct cerning whom the Lord of life are to be found in commanded them, but were the Scripture. But to go mingled among the hea- to the heathens for divinity, then and learned their as some authors do, is inworks, and they served their tolerable. They blow out idols, which were a snare

the candle of revelation, unto them? :" so the works and then go raking into of heathen authors, with the embers of paganism to the fables of their false light it again. Many good gods, the abominable rites and learned men, of the of their religion, and the first ability and taste, have obscenity and immorality observed and lamented the of their practices, are in bondage we are under to like

remaining heathen modes of educaamong Christians; and it tion : but custom is a tyrant has been the custom for which hears no ages, all over Europe, to However, there can be no communicate the rudiments harm, and I hope there will of languages and learning be no offence, in praying to young minds from hea- that God will enable us to then books, without due correct all our errors from care to caution them against the history of past mis

manner

reason,

f Psalm cvi. 34-36.

carriages. This is the great differ in form : so that we use we are to make of our cannot be surprised and present subject. The dan- ensnared by any temptagers to the souls of men are

tion that comes upon the the same in all ages ; and Church, if we look to the their errors are the same things that are past. for sense, however they may

LECTURE VIII.

ON THE PERSONAL FIGURES, OR TYPES, OF THE SCRIP

TURE; PARTICULARLY THOSE OF MOSES AND JOSEPH, PROPOSED BY ST. STEPHEN, IN HIS APOLOGY TO THE JEWS.

The Scripture would | buchadnezzar, and his temhave supplied us with much porary banishment amongst more matter, of the same the beasts in a state of kind with that in the two insanity, till the times of preceding Lectures. I might judgment passed over him. have set before you the The grace of God to the histories of Gideon's vic- heathen world, in admitting tory, and the fall of Sisera ; them to the salvation of which were signs of the the gospel, might have been spiritual victories of the exemplified by the healing Church over the enemies of of Naaman the Syrian, and her salvation. I might the visitation of the widow have considered the rejec- of Sarepta : which two cases tion of the Jews, as it was our Saviour pointed out to prefigured in the histories the Jews at Nazareth ; but of Cain and Abel, of Jacob they would not bear the and Esau, of Isaac and Ish- most distant hint of the , mael, of Ephraim and Ma- reception of the gentiles ; nasses ; to which I might and were so filled with have added a view of their wrath, that they would have present state, as signified thrown Him down headby the fall of the proud Ne- long from the brow of an

a See Isaiah ix. 4; Psalm Lxxxiii. 9.

ON THE FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE &c. 117 hillo, (after the Roman | full, as once upon Babylo!), fashion,) as an enemy to and afterwards upon the His country; for so were apostate Jerusalem. The traitors punished at Rome, armies of the Lord shall by being thrown from the encompass it ; and it shall top of the Tarpeian rock. be overthrown, with them

Many figures are to be that dwell therein. For found in the occurrences this reason, the visitation of and circumstantials of the Jerusalem was foretold in history of the gospel by such terms by our blessed those who read it with such Lord, that in many of His an intention. In short, the expressions it is hard to history of the Old and New distinguish, whether that, Testaments hath a secon- or the end of the world, is to dary or prophetical sense in be understood. many instances : its great These things, however, I events were signs and must at present leave to figures of “things not seen your meditation, and go as yet ;” and many of them forward to the figurative are in force as such to this histories of individual perhour. Great things are

were the still to be expected, of prophets, kings, heroes, and which we can form no con- saints of the Old Testaception, but as they are ment; who by their actions, set before us in the figures as well as their words, foreof the sacred history. Gud shewed the coming of that shall descend, and the earth Saviour, in Whom, the shall be on fire, and the Saint made perfect through trumpet shall sound, and sufferings, the Conqueror, the tribes of mankind shall the Prince, the Priest, and be assembled, as formerly the Prophet, were to be at Horeb. Distress shall united. As the things come upon a wicked world, which befel the Church at when its' iniquity shall be large, happened to them

sons; such as

b Luke iv. 29.

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