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him whatever they listed, deliverance were descripas it is written of him," tive of Christ's death and These last words plainly resurrection. Abraham, says refer us to what was written the Apostle, "offered up of Elijah ; from whose his- Isaac, accounting that God tory it might be foreseen, was able to raise him up what would become of John even from the dead; from the Baptist ; namely, that whence also he received a wicked and powerful him in a figure 9.” The woman should thirst after history of this transaction his blood, and that a king informs us", that on the should send his officers to third day Abraham lift up take away his life. This his eyes, and saw the place was what they listed to do where his son was to be ofagainst Elijah : therefore fered up.
He laid upon when Herodias persecuted Isaac the wood on which he the Baptist, and Herod sent was to suffer, as Christ car
ecutioner to behead ried His own cross : and him, they acted according when the knife was lifted as it was written. Elijah up to slay him, the angel was miraculously preserved of the Lord interposed, and to be carried up alive into Isaac was received, as it heaven : whereto John fol- were, from the dead ; havlowed him, in a way more ing been actually devoted agreeable to the spirit of to death in the mind of his the gospel, the way of mar- father for three days. In tyrdom.
his substitute the ram, a We find another figura- real sacrifice, was offered, as tive character in the person Abraham had expected, and of Isaac the son of Abra- Isaac was still alive; so that ham, whose sacrifice and I in the one we have a figure
o Mark ix. 13.
p If the reader should be pleased with what is here said, he will be much more pleased with Considerations on the Life and Death of John the Baptist, by Dr. Horne, the late Bishop of Norwich. 1 Heb. xi. 19.
r Gen. xxii.
of the death of Christ, in as those two characters of the other of His resurrec-Joseph and Moses, which tion. And to render this were selected by the blessed transaction more descrip- martyr St. Stephen in his tive, the providence of God apology against the Jews : directed Abraham on this which apology, when rightly occasion to the mountains considered, opens a wonderof Moriah, where the temple ful scene, and carries us of Jerusalem was afterwards very far into the prophetibuilt ; in which the Lamb cal imagery of the ScripChrist Jesus was daily offer- ture. St. Stephen, in his ed up for many hundred disputes with the adversayears in the sacrifices of the ries of the gospel, had arlaw; and where Christ Him- gued in such a manner from self at length suffered ; ac- the figures of the Old Testacomplishing all the offer- ment, to vindicate the sufings of the law, and fulfill- ferings and demonstrate the ing the sacrifice and figura- verity of the mission of Jesus tive resurrection of Isaac. Christ, that none could The 11th chapter of the
he “ resist the wisdom and the Epistle to the Hebrews, in spirit with which he spake'." which the history of Isaac And at length, in his speech is treated of, would afford us before the high-priest at his many other examples of trial, we have the method illustrious persons whose and substance of his reaactions and sufferings were soning : of which I am now conformed to the character to make my use, so far as of that Saviour in Whom it relates to the present part they believed. But of all of our subject. The design the personal histories which of this discourse, and the have a prophetic relation to drift of the argument may the sufferings and exalta- be collected by comparing tion of Jesus Christ, none some passages of it together. are so full to the purpose
Having reminded the
8 Acts vi. 10.
Jews, in the first place, , ers u.” This application that the promises of God, shews with what design he and the hopes of the fa- had reminded them of the thers, did not rest in a tem- reception which Joseph and poral or worldly inherit- | Moses, those two eminent ance, as they had falsely characters of the law, had flattered themselves ; he met with. He meant to lays down the histories of shew them, that as these Joseph and Moses, with the favourites of Heaven, whom persecutions they under- God had commissioned to went from their people, and be the saviours of their the interposition of God for people, were opposed and their exaltation : and then, persecuted; so had they to shew his meaning in all now, in like form and manthis, he makes the following ner, opposed and persecuted application, for the convic- the Just One Jesus Christ; tion of his hearers, who had and in so doing had fulfilled been the
persecutors of the Scripture, and done all Jesus Christ. “ Ye stiff- that was wanting to connecked, and uncircumcised firm the truth of His divine in heart and ears, (who from mission ; inasmuch as none your disobedience are not could be the true Saviour, able to hear and understand according to the Scriptures, what the law has declared but a person rejected by to you,) ye do always resist them, as these holy prothe Holy Ghost : as your phets had been rejected by fathers did, so do ye. Which their forefathers. of the prophets have not Such is the purport of St. your fathers persecuted ? Stephen's apology ; and, And they have slain them with this key, we are prewhich shewed before of the pared to examine the parcoming of the Just One, of ticulars. He enters on the Whom ye have been now character of Joseph with the betrayers and murder- these remarkable words :
+ See the beginning of the 7th chap. of the Acts. u Acts vii. 51, 52.
“ the patriarchs moved with, and Judas among the twelve envy sold Joseph into Apostles, were the repreEgypt." Who were the sentatives. Envy was the enemies of Joseph ? The motive on which the patripatriarchs ; his own bre- archs sold Joseph ; and thren, all against him to a Christ was accused and conman. Having first plotted demned on the same printogether to take away his ciple, according to the life, they sold him, and then opinion of his judge ; of shewed the marks of his whom two of the Evangelists blood, that his father might relate, that Pilate knew the be assured he was dead. chief-priests had delivered The strangers, to whom he Him for envy'. When was given up, carried him Joseph declared his dreams far from his family, and which signified his future placed him among heathens superiority over his whole in the land of Egypt. All family, “his brethren hated these particulars were him get the more for his actly verified in the person | dreams and for his words z;"> of Christ : His brethren and persuaded themselves moved with envy sold Him they should prevent his adfor money, and delivered vancement by selling him Him to the gentiles. The for a slave : but this was brother who advised » the the circumstance without selling of Joseph, that some which his advancement profit might bemade of him, could not have happened : was Judah, who answers he had never been a ruler even in his name to the and a prince, if he had not traitor that sold Jesus been sent into Egypt as a Christ : but the guilt which slave, and to prison as a attends his name extends malefactor. So when Christ to the whole nation of the asserted His own dignity, Jews, of whom Judah a- his brethren took up stones mong the twelve patriarchs, to cast at Him a for making Himself the Son of God : own that this Hebrew spoke and when He told them by the spirit of Godd; and they should see Him com- they were content that he ing in the clouds, and sit- should receive the power ting on the right hand of and glory of dominion apower", they pronounced mongst them ; while his Him to be guilty of blas- brethren had rejected him phemy, and inflicted those as an insignificant dreamer. sufferings which were neces- One circumstance, however, sary to His exaltation. They I must not pass over, which sold Him into the hands of is particularly noted by St. the Romans, to be treated Stephen ; that " at the as a slave, scourged and second time Joseph was crucified. With the king- made known to his bredoms of the gentiles, to threne.” At the first meetwhom His brethren de- ing they knew him not : livered Him, He remains to but after they had accused this day; and thither they themselves for being guilty must come after Him, if of his death, and had imthey are to meet with Him, puted their troubles to its as Joseph was followed by proper cause, then their his family into Egypt. brother was made known
Gen. xxxvii. 26. y Matt. xxyii. 18.
2 Gen. xxxviii. 8.
a John viii. 59 d Ibid. xli. 38. e Acts vii. 13.
Much more might be unto them. Thus we trust said to shew how exact the it will be at last betwixt parallel is between the his- Christ and the Jews. The tory of Joseph and the his- time will come, when they tory of Christ, if we were shall see the true reason to pursue it. We see Joseph why they have been wanin company with two male- dering backwards and forfactors in the prison, and wards, and seeking their promising life to one of bread with anxiety and susthemo: we see him endued picion, in a strange land ; with such wisdom, that even and shall say with the breheathens were obliged to thren of Joseph,
66 We are
b Mark xiv. 62.
o Gen. xl.