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Lord of all things, with mighty image of worldly which they are to traffick power upon the feet, and in this state of probation, overthrow it. Accordingand improve them to the ly, as Christianity grew best of their power. He stronger, the Roman empire who makes no improvement declined, and was soon rewill lose what he has got, duced nearly to the state and then he is poor indeed. in which we now see it. In the prophecy of
We have taken a review Daniel", the four monar- of the natural creation, so chies of the world were far as the compass of these signified by the chief metals Lectures will permit, and which are taken from the have seen how the Scripearth, all united in that ture has applied the several visionary image which ap- parts of it for the increase peared to Nebuchadnezzar. of our faith and the imThe head of gold meant provement of our underthe Assyrian monarchy; standings.
Thus we are the breast of silver was the taught how to make the Persian ; the brazen part best and the wisest use was the Grecian ; and the to which this world can be legs and feet of iron and applied. The Creator Himclay were the Roman. The self hath made this use of last was inferior to all the it, in revealing His will by rest in quality, but exceeded it, and referring man to it them in strength, as iron for instruction from the breaks all other things in beginning. For this use pieces. The kingdom of He intended it when it Christ, arising in the time was made ; and without of the fourth monarchy, is such an intention, there meant by the “stone cut never could have been such out of the mountain," (that an universal
agreement is, out of the Church,) with between nature and reveout hands, to smite this !ation.
. Cbap. ii.
In this use of the world | versal language, in which men differ from brutes, who all nations have a common can see it only with the interest. eyes of the body, and can There was an opinion apply it to nothing but the (I should rather call it a gratification of the appe- tradition) amongst tites. The ambitious and heathen philosophers, that the covetous are wasting the world is a parable, the their time to gain as much literal or bodily part of as they can of it, without which is manifest to all knowing what it is; as men,
while the inward children covet new books meaning is hidden, as the for the pictures and the soul in the body, the moral gilding, without having in the fable, or the intersense to improve by what pretation in the parable. is within them. To those They had heard there was who consider only how the such a thing; but to us creation can furnish matter the wh secret is opened, to their lusts and passions, by the Scripture accomit is no better than a vain modating all nature to shadow : but to those who things spiritual and intake it rightly, it is a tellectual; and whoever shadow of heavenly things ; sees this plan with an una school in which God is prejudiced mind, will not a teacher; and all the ob- only be in a way to unjects of sense in heaven and derstand the Bible, but he earth, and under the earth, will want no other evidence are as the letters of an uni-l of the Christian doctrines.
Next in order to those treated of by Christ and figures of the Scripture His Apostles, which will which may be called na- serve as a key to the lantural, as being taken from guage of the law, and nature, we are to examine shew us the intention of those which are borrowed its ceremonies from the institutions of the cepts. law, and may be called St. Paul, in his Epistle to artificial, as being ordained the Hebrews, gives us this and accommodated to this general idea of the law, purpose by the Lawgiver that it had “a shadow of Himself.
good things to come* ;" by The chief ordinances of which he means to teach the law are referred to in us, that it was in its orthe Prophets, the Psalms, dinances a figure of the and the New Testament, blessings of the gospel. It and many passages was, as a shadow is, just cited from thence and I and descriptive in its linea
a Heb. x. 1.
ON THE FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE &c.
51 ments, but it had in itself | Lamb taken from the flock neither substance nor life. of His people. 2. That He When the gospel refers us was a Sacrifice, put to death to the law, it refers us to a an Offering to God. shadow of itself; and such 3. That this was done for references will necessarily us, for our redemption and be figurative and want an deliverance from the divine interpretation ; of which I wrath ; as the passover was shall now proceed to give sacrificed for the redempsome examples.
tion of the Hebrews, when Among the institutions the first-born of Egypt were of the law, the first place destroyed. is due to its sacrifices and All this is comprehended priesthood; and the first in the use the Apostle has and greatest sacrifice of made of those terms: and which we have any parti- this will be still plainer, if cular description is that of we attend to the particulars. the passover.
From this For the character of our the Apostle instructs blessed Saviour was answerin the benefits of Christ's able in all respects to that death, together with the of the paschal lamb: He qualifications necessary to was without blemish, innoa participation of them ; cent and perfect in His and in so doing he uses nature; and, as the prothe terms of the institution phet describes Him, like itself;
“Christ our Passover the “lamb when brought is sacrificed for us b." This to the slaughterç,” meek expression carries us back and unresisting. When to the cause and end for John the Baptist pointed which the passover was
out Jesus to the Jews as instituted ; and it appears the Messiah, he chose to do from this reference of the it in those words, “ Behold Apostle, 1. That Christ is the Lamb of Godd;" see what the passover was, a and acknowledge the true b 1 Cor. v. 7.
c Isaiah liii. 7.
d John i. 29.
Passover which God Him- “neither shall ye break a self hath provided, not for bone thereof." the deliverance of a single If we look to the design nation, but to “take away or occasion of His sacrifice, the sin of the world.” we find it the same in effect Whatever the law had or- with that of the passover : dained concerning the offer- for as that was slain for the ing of lambs in the pass- Hebrews in Egypt, so was over, and in the daily sacri- He sacrificed for us. The fices of the morning and first-born of Israel would evening, all is explained in have been destroyed with this short reference of John those of Egypt, but for the the Baptist, applying the blood of the paschal lamb sacrifices of the law to the upon the doors of their true Lamb of God. In the houses ; and we also who same Gospel of St. Johne are, as the Hebrews were, we find another remarkable in a land of bondage, among allusion to the institution sinful people devoted to of the passover. From the destruction, shall not escape circumstance which hap- the Divine wrath in that pened at
our Saviour's night when the destroyer death, that “His legs were shall be sent out, but in not broken with those of virtue of the True Passthe two malefactors,” the over : thererore Evangelist observes, “ these said to “have redemption things were done that the through His blood!." The Scripture should be ful- term redemption, as apfilled, a bone of Him shall plied to the salvation of not be broken ;” at which sinners by Jesus Christ, is passage the margin of our taken in a figurative sense. best editions of the Bible It signifies literally the rerefer us to Exodus xii. 46, lease of a captive or guilty where this direction is given person, in consideration of concerning the passover, something accepted in lieu e Chap. xix. 36.
f Eph. I. 7.