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fested, and His Glory is tuary resembling this visisaid on some occasions to ble world ; as must indeed have filled the tabernacle : be evident to those who but it was usual for this consider what relation it glory to appear above or be- bore to the other sanctutween the cherubim, which ary: how it was distinwere placed here upon the guished in its use from the mercy-seat which covered most holy place which was the ark; on which account the habitation of God; and the Apostle in the Epistle how it was furnished with to the Hebrews calls them lights, as the visible hea“the cherubim of glorya ;" vens are, the chief of which and the Psalmist speaks of are seven in number, and them as the proper seat of the lights of the tabernacle the divine Majesty—“Thou were made to answer them. that dwellest between the From this known relation cherubim, shine forth b.” between the visible world
There was this remark- and the sanctuary, the heaable distinction between vens are called the taberthe two apartments of the nacle of the sund; the tabernacle ; that as the one whole world itself, and the was the place of God's firmament of heaven with residence, the habitation of its glorious furniture, being His Holiness; the other one great tabernacle, comhad a conformity with this prehending the luminaries present world ; whence the of the day and night, reApostle calls it a.“worldly presented in figure by the sanctuary ©,” or world-like lamps of the tabernacle. sanctuary, that is, a sanc- 1 Josephus, in his Jewish
a Heb. ix. 5.
b Psalm lxxx. 1. If the reader wishes to enquire into the form and design of the cherubim, more particularly than the intention of these lectures will permit me to do, as being designed for general use, I must refer him to the last edition of Mr. Parkhurst's Hebrew Lexicon ; the most useful work, without exception, that has ever been published on the literature or philology of the sacred language.
c Heb. ix. 1.
Antiquities, has preserved | church in the time of a tradition, that this was divine service, without the design of them, and understanding what the that they had respect to nature of the place is, the system of the heavens. and how the people are And this alliance between employed. the furniture of the taber- From this description of nacle and the furniture of the tabernacle we must the heavens, gives us a proceed to the figurative grand idea of the visible acceptation of it: for that world ; the inhabitants of it actually was a figure, which are all to consider and had respect to things themselves as comprehend beyond itself, is shewn by ed in one great sanctuary, the reasoning of St. Paul where their first and best throughout the Epistle to employment (by necessary the Hebrews; who there inference) is the service of speaks of a true tabernacle, that God who has brought of a nature superior to them into it. Therefore the that of the law, but signiindevout mind, which is fied and shadowed out by either ignorant or insens- it. The same appears from ible of this doctrine of a the words spoken to Moses, sacred alliance and com- “See thou make all things munion betwixt God and according to the pattern His creatures, is a poor in- shewed to thee in the truder into the great tem- mountf;" which direction ple of the world ; on whom was preserved, and is quoted we ought to look as we in the New Testament twice, should upon
the rude to teach us that the visisavage, who should come ble tabernacle was nothing staring into
a Christian | more than a copy from an
e The Emperor Numa placed a sacred fire in his temple, with the like allusion to the fire of the heavens : focum Vestæ virginibus colendum dedit, ut ad similitudinem cælestium siderum custos imperii flamma vigilaret. Flor. Hist. i. c. 2.
f Exod. xxv. 40.
heavenly original, which earthly sanctuary".
So came down from God out where he saith in the of heaven (like the New 15th Psalm, “Who shall Jerusalem in the Revela- dwell in Thy tabernacle, tion) and was exhibited to or who shall rest upon Thy Moses in a vision on the holy hill ?” no mount. Hence the Apostle be so ignorant as to think argues for a prophetic rela
that the godly were to tion to heavenly things in expect their rest and rethe earthly tabernacle. As ward in a tabernacle which we hear of a “ Jerusalem had no existence after the that is above 5,” correspond- days of David. The words ing to the earthly Jerusa- must refer to that other lem ; so was there always tabernacle spoken of by understood to be a hea- Isaiah, a tabernacle that venly tabernacle; the eter- shall not be taken down, nal residence of God, as not one of the stakes therethe tabernacle below was of shall be removed.” As His temporary residence, there is an eternal throne while His Presence of David, on which the with Moses and the Jews. Messiah sits and reigns This heavenly original must for everk; so is there an be understood, where the eternal tabernacle, in which Psalmist speaks of the He is exalted as the Head dwelling of the righteous and Ruler in His Church ; man in the secret place and both are united on of the most High, under another occasion. “In the shadow of the Al- mercy shall the throne be mighty ;" covering him established, and He shall with His wings, as the sit upon it in truth in the cherubim of glory are said tabernacle of David, judgto spread forth their wings ing and seeking judgment in the secret place of the and hasting righteous
& Gal. iv. 26.
h Psalm xci. 1, 4.
ness' :" which words cannot the habitation of Thy holibe understood of the literal ness and of Thy gloryo ;" tabernacle, though they re- the words habitation and fer to the mercy-seat in the holiness and glory all refer most holy place, over which to the earthly sanctuary as God appeared enthroned in a pattern of the heavenly. glory above the cherubim ; The tabernacle was also with which in Ezekiel's vision a figure of the Church of of them, there was a like-Christ: and therefore the ness of a throne, with the renovation and establishappearance of a man upon ment of the Church ait ; and the whole together mongst the gentiles by the is called “the appearance preaching of the gospel, is of the likeness of the glory described under the idea of the Lord m;" whence we of a restoration of the collect, that what Ezekiel tabernacle which had ceased
a visionary ap- from the time of David. pearance of that seat of The prophet Amos speaks glory in the holy place, of this gathering of the which was the instituted gentiles into the Church likeness of the seat of the of ChristP, as into the divine glory in the hea- tabernacle taken in this
And in a like vision new sense ; and St. James of Isaiah, the throne of made the proper applicaGod, and the display of tion of it, when the great His glory, is still present question was debated conin his Temple : “I saw the cerning the reception of Lord sitting upon a throne, the heathens. “To this,” says high and lifted up; and His he, agree the words of train filled the templen.” | the prophets, as it is writSo, where the same prophet ten, I will return and will saith, “ Look down from build again the tabernacle heaven, and behold from of David which is fallen
1 Isaiah xvi. 5.
n Isaiah vi. 1. o Isaiah lxiii. 15.
P Amos ix. 11.
down that the residue of Word,” saith St. John,“was men might seek after the made Flesh and dwelt Lord, and all the gentiles amongst us ;" where the upon whom My Name is true sense of the original called 9." To the same is, He tabernacled amongst effect St. Stephen had ob- us: and then it is added, served in his apology to “and we beheld His glory*;" the Jews, that the taber- for where the true tabernacle had originally “been nacle is, there must be also brought in with Jesus into the glory of it. Here then the possession of the gen- we have the manifestation tiles" ;" and therefore the of Christ in the flesh, sigChurch might reasonably nified by the dwelling of go thither again ; whereto God's presence in the taberthe preaching of the gospel nacle ; than which there under the true Jesus should can be no higher proof of remove and settle it.
His divinity to those that The propriety with which understand the thing in the Christian Church is this light. As the glory of signified by this name, is the Lord was once present too plain to be enlarged in the tabernacle, it was upon; inasmuch
now present in the Body of have already seen, that all | Christ: and as that glory things are there done in was said on occasion to spirit and in truth, which have filled the tabernacle', were done in figure in the so it is said, with reference tabernacle of the law. to the same, that in Him
But the tabernacle, as dwelt “all the fulness of well as the temple, is farther the Godhead bodily u.” Well applied as a figure of the therefore might He say of Body of Christ; and this His body, Destroy this in a passage not open to Temple, and in three days common observation. “The I will raise It up again * ;''
q Acts xv. 6. 15–17.
r Acts vii. 45.
8 John i. 14. x John ii. 19,