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List of
Articles contributed to
this Volume.

Agricultural Chemistry, 558
Amended Syllabus of the New Class
Subject-Elementary Science. By
Richard Balchin, 127.
Anecdotal Natural History. By the
Rev. J. G. Wood, M.A., F.L.S.,
Author of 'Homes without Hands,'
'Nature's Teachings, etc.; and
Theodore Wood, M.E.S., Joint
Author of 'The Field Naturalist's

XIII. The Monkey Tribe, i. 5
XIV. The Monkey Tribe,
ii. 69







The Monkey Tribe,
iii. 117

The Monkey Tribe,

iv. 171

The Monkey Tribe,

v. 223
XVIII. The Bear Tribe, i. 271
XIX. The Bear Tribe, ii. 319
Elephantiana, i. 380
Elephantiana, ii. 426
The Marsupials, i. 482
XXIII. The Marsupials, ii. 537
Answers to Pupil Teachers' Exami-
nation Papers, 15, 82, 132, 178,
233, 288, 333, 390, 440, 5CO, 542
Answers to Questions in The Little
Learner,' 499, 557

Answers to Questions in 'The
Scholar,' 33, 93, 143, 191, 250, 284,
347, 411, 451, 488, 556

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Annual Conference of Elementary

Make Hay while the Sun
Shines, 190

Teachers at Sheffield, 147


The Squirrel, 237

Annual Drill Competition of Board
School Boys, 366


Archbishop of York on Industrial

Schools and Reformatories, 35
Bedford Association of Elementary
Teachers, 35.

Birmingham District Union, 36
Centenary of Ballooning, 459
Certificate Examination, 552
Challis, the late Professor, $58
Church Schoolmasters' and School-
mistresses' Benevolent Institution:
Mr. Mundella on Thrift, 201
Coal in the United States, 558
Coming Examinations: Certificate,
81; Oxford Local, 81; Cambridge
Local, 81; London Matriculation,
81; Oxford Examination for
Women, 82; College of Precep-
tors, 82

Congo Exploration, 405

Correspondence, 554

Crystal Palace School of Art, 348
Electric Lighting

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Lightly Go, 283,

VII. Going a Blackberrying,

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Prevention of River Pollution, 404
Prize Letter, 76

Prussic Acid in the Animal King.
dom, 557

Publications Received, 40, 98, 143,
252, 309, 346, 405, 460, 521, 565
Publications Reviewed, 29, 105, 154,
193, 262, 309, 358, 401, 453, 510,

Query Column, 41, 99, 157, 197, 253,
300, 363, 406, 461, 517, 566
Recent Botanical Work, 460
Recent Inspection Questions, 28,
69, 128, 189, 232, 281, 346, 385.
431, 486, 541

Revival of Skating Rinks, 404
Rival to Dynamite, 404
Scholarship Examination Questions,
with Model Answers, 386, 434,

School Board for London and the
London Publishers, 208
School Surgery. By A. Carpenter,
M.D. (London), C.S.S. (Camb.),
Vice-President of the British

Medical Association.

School Hygiene, 1
Infectious Disease, 65

On Wounds, 66

On Wounds, cont., 113
On Wounds, cont., 169
Erysipelas, 221

Engagements, 33, 98

Extinction of Fire, 458


Fertility of Oats, 404


Fish Disease in the River Vistula,



Fröbel Centenary, 153


General Association of Church School


Managers and Teachers, 261


Gossip, 36, 203, 251, 306, 412.


Hackney District Association of
Teachers, 36


'Health at School' Essay Competi-

tion Award, 299.
How I teach Arithmetic. By Wm.
Spencer, Author of Spencer's
'Exercises in Arithmetic, 74, 122
How I teach Elementary Science.

By Richard Balchin, 13, 72, 121,
177, 230, 277, 326, 375, 432, 485,


How I teach Swimming. By Thos.
Gardner, Member of the London
Schools' Swimming Club, 279, 330
Instructions to H.M. Inspectors, 349

Chilblains and Chaps,

Diseases of the Skin, 270
Diseases of the Skin,
cont., 318
VIII. Diseases of the Skin,

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Baker, Ella, 513
Baker, W. G., 454
Barlet, S., 360
Besant, Mrs. A., 32

Bisson, Capt. D. de C., 510
Blanchard, A., 516
Bowden, C., 263
Bowen, Mrs. C. E., 516

Bowen, H. Courthope, M.A., 263
Boume, C. E., 513
Brandram, S., 457

Bray, Mrs. C., 513

Browne, W. J., M.A., 31
Buckley, Miss A. B., 512
Bülow, The Baroness, 513
Caldicott,., 264

Casey, J., LL.D., F.R.S., 456
Chambers, W. and R., 108
Chapman, W., 513
Clarkson, L., 516
Clifford, T. R., 458
Conington, J., 195
Cooke, Frances E., 513
Corkran, Alice, 511

Cowley, Rev. H. F. W., B.A, 212
D'Anvers, N., 107
Dicey, E, M.A., 310
Dick, A. H., 562
Dobson, H. A., 33
Dodds, W., 359
Dunman, T.,

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Fenn, Geo. Manville, 511
Fitch, J. G., M A., 453
Fothergill, J. Milner, M.D., 401
Freiligarth-Kroeker, Kate, 513
Gellie, Mrs. 564
Girling, G., 560
Gow, Gregson, 510
Gowing, R., 516
Hanson, C. H., 514
Heldmann, B., 564
Heller, T. E., 456
Henty, G. A., 511
Hickey, M., 563
Hope, Ascot R., 561
Hulme, F. E., F.L.S., 361
Hughes, W., 310.
Index, Q. P., 263
Johnson, A., 359
Kingston, W. H. G., 563
Lamb, Charles, 262
Larden, W., M.A., 403
Ledsham, 402
Leedam, 310
Leonard, J. R., 263
Lewis, H. King, 565
Linton, Rev. H., M.A., 310
Löfving, Concordia, 559
Lord, J., LL.D., 31
Lysaght, Elizabeth J., 511
McCarthy, Justin, M.P., 309
McCarthy, Thomas, 32
Macaulay, G.C., M.A., 515
Macaulay, Lord, 108, 457
Mackean, J., F.E.I.S., 106

Mac Michael, Rev. J. F., B.A., 263
Macmillan, M. C., M.A., 515

Mason, Charlotte M., 154
Matthews, Cornelius, 513
McKim, J., M.A., 563
Meiklejohn, J., M.D., 107
Miles, A. H., 401
Millard, J., 361

Morell, J. D., LL.D., 310
Morris, Rev. D., 154, 1155

Morris, Rev. R., M.A., LL.D., 516
Morrison, Thomas, 359
Mulholland, Clara, 561
Mulholland, Rosa, 561
M., E. M., 456
Müller, Dr. A., 107
Nicholson, E., 560
Nye, J. L., 263
Odom, Rev. W., 196
Paley, F.A., M.A., 564
Palmer, Miss E., 29
Pascoe, C. E., 194

Paterson, M., B.A., 156, 560
Paull, M. A., 454

Pearce, C., 511

Phillips, E. C., 564

Powell, F. York, M.A., 361

Prantl, Dr. K., 30

Prince, J. J., 106

Read, Mrs. C. A., 511
Reep, ., 362

Richardson, -., 514
Richter, J. P., 156
Roach,., 264

Ryland, F., M.A, 359

Scott, Sir Walter, 564
Senior, M. H., 402, 563

Sheppard, Rev. J. G., D.C.L., 262,

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Horace's Epodes, etc., 564

Latin Course, 362

Leonard's Latin Grammar, 263
Livy's Hannibalian War, 515

Matriculation Classics; Questions

and Answers, 360

Ovid, Selections from, 515

Virgil's Eneid, I., 515

Virgil's Æneid, XI., 457

Virgil's Eneid, I. and II., 263

Virgil's Georgics, I. and II., 262 Virgil's Poems, Translated by Conington, 195

LITERATURE. Chaucer's Squiere's Tale, 457 German Literature, Student's Manual of, 560

Lord Clive, Macaulay's Essay on, 457

Shakespeare's King Henry V., 457

Art Instruction in England, 361
Book of Shadows, 560
Christmas and New Year's Cards,
458, 565

Epoch of Reform, Justin McCarthy's,

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Baby's Museum, 564

Ball of Fortune, The, 511
Battle and Victory, 516
Brother and Sister, 511

Cat and Dog Stories, as told to one another, 560

Children's World, 456

Dolly Dear, 564
Fairy Fancy, 511

Facing Death, 511

Fairy Tales for Children, 563
Fly-away Fairies and Baby-Blos-
soms, 516

Four Little Mischiefs, 561
Friar Hildebrand's Cross, 454
Handwork and Headwork, 513
Heroes of African Discovery and
Adventure, 513

Heroes of Maritime Discovery, 562
Hiawatha and other Legends, 513
Homer's Stories Simply Told, 514
In the King's Name, 511

In the Temperate Regions, 514 Landseer Series of Picture-Books, 563

Lamb's Tales from Shakspere, 262
Life of John Wiclif, 513
Lost in the Backwoods, 514
Maria Wuz and Lorentz Stark, 156
Nat the Naturalist, 511
Naughty Miss Bunny, 561
New Light through Old Windows,


Our Dolly, 511 Plutarch's

Lives for Everyday
Readers, 262
Ralph's Year in Russia, 514
Recent Expeditions to Eastern Polar
Seas, 514

Stories of Old Renown, 561
St. Aubyn's Laddie, 564
Tales from the Edda, 513
Tales of the Olden Times, 513
The Belton Scholarship, 564
True to Himself, 513
Under Drake's Flag, 511
Wee Babies, 516
Winners in Life's Race, 512
Won from the Waves, 563
Wonderful Ghost Story, 563.
Blackie's Graded Readers, 156
Chambers' Graduated Readers, 212
English History Readers, Mar-

shall's, 402

First Historical Reader (Isbister),

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Stories for Children from English History, 402

Stories from English History, (Nelson), 196

RELIGIOUS Knowledge. Anecdotal Illustrations of the Gospel according to St. Mark, 263

Child's Daily Help for the Christian Year, 458

Elements of Morality, 512 First Readings; Christian Doctrine, 514

Gospel of St. John (Murby), 195 Junior and Senior Tablet Book, 563 Odom's Gospel Types and Shadows of the Old Testament, 196 Parallel New Testament, 515 Second Epistle to the Corinthians, Linton's, 310


Animal Physiology, Willis's, 455 Besant's Light, Heat, and Sound,

32 D'Anvers's Science Ladders: Forms of Land and Water, 107 General Biology, Aveling's, 455 Health Lectures for the People, 512 History of a Lump of Coal, 454 Mensuration for Beginners, 359 School Course of Heat, Larden's, 403

Science in a Nutshell, 311 Spanton's Preparations for Science Teaching, 156

Talks about Science, Dunman's, 362

The Food we Eat: Why we Eat it, and Whence it Conies, 401 Wormell's Magnetism and Electricity, 105, 193


Short Essays and Letters, 264 Longmans' Modern Copy Books, 310, 457

IV.—Alphabetical List of Firms, etc., who have Advertised in this Volume.

Adair, H., lvi., cx, clxiv, ccxviii, cclxvi, cccxiv, ccclxviii, ccccxiv. Allen and Co., cccclxix, dxxiii. Allman and Son, ccxix, dxxvii. Antoine, Professor, cccclxxi, dxxv, dlxxiii.

Austing and Sons, cxii, dlxxiv. Banks and Ashwell, lvii, clxiv, dxxvii, dlxxiii. Birkbeck Bank, Ivi, cx, clxiv, ccxix, cclxvii, cccxvi, ccclxxi, ccccxvi, cccclxx, dxxiii, dlxxii. Bisson, Borman and Co., dlxxi. Blackwood, James, and Co., dxxiv. Blanchard, W. A. C. P., dxxvi. Brodie and Middleton, Ivi, cx, clxiv, ccxix, cclxvii, cccxvi, ccclxxii, ccccxv, cccclxx, dxxiv, dlxxii.

Cantab, cccxvi.

Chambers, W. and R., lvii, cxi,
cclxvii, cclxviii, cccxvi.
Clay, C. J., M.A., and Son, dlxxv.
Collins, Wm., and Sons, ccccxx.
Coman, T., clxiii.

Cox and Co., cclxv, cccxiii, ccclxvii, ccccxiv, cccclxx, dxxiv, dlxxi. Darlow and Co., lv, clxiii, cclxv, ccclxvii, ccccxiii, cccclxix, dxxiii, dlxxi.

Educational Company, clxiv, cccxiv, ccclxviii.

Edwards, H. and G., cclxvii, cccxv, ccclxxi, ccccxvi, cccclxxi, dxxv. Eyre and Spottiswoode, clxviii. Finsbury Training College, cccxv, cccclxxi, dxxv, dlxxiii. Frost, Miss, ccxx, dxxiii. Gill, George, and Sons, lix, ccccxiii. Hampton, C., and Co., cclxviii. Harrison and Son, lvi, cxi, ccxvii, cclxviii, cccxv.

Hawes, G. E., lvi, cx, clxiii, ccxviii, cclxvi, cccxiv, ccclxviii, ccccxiv, cccclxxi, dxxv, dlxxiii.

Heywood, John, ccccxix, cccclxxi, dxxv, dlxxvi.

Hodder and Stoughton, 412

Holden and Co., ccxix, cclxviii, cccxv, ccclxxii, ccccxv, cccclxx, dxxvi.

Hughes, Joseph, lvii, lix, lxiii, cxi, cxii, clxv, clxvii, clxviii, ccxix, ccxx, ccclxxii, ccccxvii, ccccxviii, cccclxvii, cccclxviii, cccclxxiv, dxxvii, dxxviii, dxxix, dxxx, dlxxv, dlxxvii.

Isbister, W., ccccxv.
Jarrold and Sons, liv,
Jennings, James, ccccxiv, cccclxxii,
dxxvi, dlxxiii.

Johnson, William, cclxvii, cccxv, ccclxxi, ccccxvi, cccclxx.

Keefe, J., lv, cix, clxiii, ccxvii, cclxv, cccxiii, ccclxvii, ccccxv, cccclxx, dxxiv, dlxxii.

Kegan Paul, French, and Co., cix.
Laurie, Thomas, lxi.

Letts, Son, and Co., dxxiii, dlxxi.
London Scholastic Trading Co.,


Longmans and Co., lvii, lxii, cx, cxi, clxvii, ccxix, cclxviii, cccxv, cccxvi, ccclxxi, ccccxiii, ccccxv, ccccxvi, cccclxxii, dxxvi, dxxxi, dlxxii.

Macniven and Cameron, cccclxxi, dxxv, dlxxiii.

Marshall, J. and Co., cccclxxiv. Midland Educational Co., cclxviii, cccxvi, ccclxxi.

Mixer, J., and Co., cix, clxiii, ccxvii, cclxv, cccxiii, ccclxvii, cccclxix, dxxvi, dlxxii.

Moon, J. F., M.C.P., dlxxv.

Murby, Thomas, clxviii, 216, 366 cccclxxv.

Murray, J., Ixiv, ccclxix, ccclxx.
M. A., ccclxxii.

Nelson, T., and Sons, 212, 570
North of England School Furnishing
Co., ccccxix.

Perry and Co., Ivi, cx, clxiv, ccxvii, cclxv, cccxiii, dlxxi.

Philip, G., and Son, lviii, 108, 162, 264, cccclxxiii, dlxxix. Poole, W., ccxvii.

Scholastic Musical Instrument Co., lv, cix, clxiii, ccxvii, cclxv, cccxiii, ccclxvii, ccccxv, cccclxix, dxxiv, dlxxii.

Scholastic Sewing Machine Co., Ivii, cxi, cclxvii, cccxv. Scientific Agency Co., lv. Simpkin, Marshall, and Co., Ivi, lvii, lix, cix, cx, cxii, clxiv, clxviii, ccxviii, ccxix, cclxvi, cclxvii, cccxiii, cccxiv, cccxv, ccclxviii,ccclxxi, ccclxxii, ccccxiii, ccccxiv, ccccxvi,cccclxx, cccclxxii, dxxiv, dxxvi, dxxvii, dlxxii, dlxxiv.

Smith and Co., G. W., lix. Smith, Elder, and Co., cccclxix, cccclxxvi, dlxxx.

South Kensington Fine Art Association, cccclxvii.

St. Bride's Fancy Goods Store, 522 Stiles, G., and Co., ccxix, cclxviii, cccxv, ccclxxi, ccccxvi, cccclxx, dxxvi, dlxxiii.

Swan, Sonnenschein, and Co., ccclxvii, cccclxxii, dĺxxviii. Thomas, S., clxvi.

Walker and Co., J., lv, ccccxix. Wesleyan Methodist Sunday-school Union, lx, dxxxii.

Westminster School Book Depôt, ccxvii, dlxxii.

Wilcox, Rev. A. M., lvii, cxi,
Williams, B., dlxxv.

V.-The following Firms have Advertised on the Wrappers of this Volume.

W. H. Allen and Co.
Austing and Sons
Blackie and Son
Cox and Co.

W, and R. Chambers.
Crosby, Lockwood, and Co.
H. and G. Edwards
Eyre and Spottiswoode.
Miss Frost

G. Gill and Sons
Griffith and Farran
Joseph Hughes
A. Johnston

Longmans, Green, and Co.
Sampson Low and Co.
J. Marshall and Co.
Thomas Murby
John Murray
National Society
T. Nelson and Sons
G. Philip and Son
Religious Tract Society
Scientific Instrument Agency
W. S. Sonnenschein and Co.
Wake and Dean


Practical Teacher

VOL. II. No. 1.



'Knowledge is proud that he has learned so much,
Wisdom is humble that he knows no more.'-CowPER.

School Surgery.

MARCH, 1882.

BY ALFRED CARPENTER, M.D. (Lond.), C.S.S. (CAMB.), Vice-President of the British Medical Association.



T is proposed to consider this part of our subject under three heads, all of which are connected with a departure from a proper condition of health, and may be common to all schools, and which require immediate attention on the part of those in authority. These departures may be general or particular, may apply to considerable numbers of children at one and the same time, or be personal only to one or more as being caused by one's own or another person's act. The measures to be taken by the teachers have reference to the prevention of disease or accident, as well as to the removal of their incidence when they do arise. They separate themselves into School Hygiene, or measures connected with the subject of infectious disease; School Surgery; and a less important division, which includes simple instruction upon Medicine, and is connected more directly with disturbances of health, especially those which are trivial and do not require medical attendance.

School Hygiene includes a consideration of the measures requisite to prevent the admission of infectious diseases, to prevent their extension when they are unfortunately admitted, and to remove them from the precincts of the school as soon as possible after admission, so as to avoid the necessity for closing the establishment altogether.

Under the head of School Surgery we shall consider the accidents which more properly belong to school life; and also the emergencies which are of frequent occurrence, and which render a knowledge of the principles which ought to be followed absolutely necessary on the part of those in authority, so that no mischief may be done before the surgeon, who may have been summoned, can possibly appear upon the scene; and lastly, we have the simple principles of household medicine, which should be known to all men and women who are heads of establishments, and especially to those who have a number of young people under their care.

Nimia cura medici, which some people are supposed to require, and which uneducated people too often indulge in, does more harm than good. A knowledge



without prudence, a zeal without discretion, and a theory without practice, are all bad; but they are especially so in the arena which belongs to the properly educated medical man. It follows, therefore, that nothing is put forward here which is intended to supersede the necessity for medical advice when it can be obtained, but only to provide for emergencies when no doctor is at hand, and when attention is wanted immediately, or in which it is important that the school authority should know how to act when such emergency does arise, and when action must be immediate.

These rules are based upon those which every properly educated medical practitioner will be sure to follow upon his arrival on the scene, and there will be so much time gained, either in preventing mischief from accident, in arresting the progress of infectious disorder by taking time by the forelock, and preventing altogether the necessity for further medical aid, "Prevention being better than cure" on all hands, and no body of men recognise this more fully than the honest-hearted medical practitioner.

School Hygiene.-The conduct of masters regarding infectious diseases requires more consideration than it gets at present. The difficulties which are daily arising in all parts of the country from a neglect of proper rule is such as justifies early attention to this part of our subject.

No child should be allowed to come to school who is personally suffering from any of the ordinary infectious diseases. They are Measles, Scarlet fever (or scarlatina, as it is often called), Diphtheria, Whooping-cough, Mumps, Small-pox, Chicken-pox (or glass-pox), Scald head (or ringworm), Purulent Ophthalmia, and Scabies (or itch).

If the school be a boarding-school, any child suffering from any of these diseases must be at once removed from the school, and all those who have been in contact with that particular child for the preceding twenty-four hours should be put in quarantine-that is, to be kept separated from the rest of the school. No person should be allowed to return to school after recovery from any of the above diseases until after they have been thoroughly disinfected, and after the lapse of a certain period, which should date from the termination of the fever stage. This disinfection must include a proper bathing of the whole body in some disinfecting fluid, such as a weak solution of Condy, or


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