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Capernaum.

Mark iii. 24.

Mark iii. 26.

And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto Matt. xil. 25. them, and he called them unto him, and said unto them Mark iii. 23. in parables, How can Satan cast out Satan? Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to Matt. xii. 25. desolation ; that kingdom cannot stand. and every city or house divided against itself shall Matt. xii. 25. not stand : And if Satan

Matt. xii. 26. rise up against himself, and

Mark iii. 26. cast out Satan, he is divided against himself, how Matt. xii. 26. then shall his kingdom stand ? he cannot stand, but hath an end.

And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom Matt. xii. 27. do your children cast them out? therefore they shall be your judges.

But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, Matt. xii. 28. then the kingdom of God is come unto you.

When a strong man armed keepeth his palace, Luke xi. 21. his goods are in peace :

But when a stronger than he shall come upon Luke xi. 22. him, and overcome him, he taketh from him all his armour wherein he trusted, and divideth his spoils.

No man can enter into a strong man's house, Mark iii. 27. and spoil his goods, except he will first bind the strong man, and then he will spoil his house.

He that is not with me, is against me: and he Matt. xii. 30. that gathereth not with me scattereth abroad.

Wherefore,

Verily I say unto you, All sins shall be forgiven Mark iii. 28. unto the sons of men, and blasphemies wherewith soever they shall blaspheme: but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall Matt. xii. 31. not be forgiven unto men.

And whosoever speaketh a word against the Matt. xii. 32. Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world to come : but is in danger of eternal damnation.

Mark iii. 29. Because they said, He hath an unclean spirit. Mark. iii. 30.

Either make the tree good, and his fruit good ; Matt. xü. 23. or else make the tree corrupt, and his fruit corrupt: for the tree is know by his fruit.

O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, Matt, xii. 34.

Matt. xii. 31. c Luke vi. 45.

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speak good things ? for out of the abundance of Capernaum.

the heart the mouth speaketh.
Matt. xii. 35. A good man out of the good treasure of the

heart bringeth forth good things : and an evil
man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil

things.
Matt. xii. 36. But I say unto you, That every idle word that

men shall speak, they shall give account thereof

in the day of judgment. Matt. xii. 37. For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and

by thy words thou shalt be condemned. Matt. xii. B. Then certain of the Scribes and of the Pha- 4 ch. xvi. 1.

risees answered, saying, Master, we would see a 1 Cor. i. 22.

sign from thee.
Matt. xii. 39. But he answered and said to them, An evil and

adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and
there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of

the prophet Jonas : · Matt. xii. 40. For as Jonas was three days and three nights e Jonah i, 17.

in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be
three days and three nights in the heart of the

earth.
Matt. xii. 41. The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment

with this generation, and shall condemn it: be- f Jonah iii. 3. cause they repented at the preaching of Jonas ;

and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here. Matt. xii, 42. The queen of the south shall rise up in the 81 Kings 2. I

judgment with this generation, and shall con-
demn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of
the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and,

behold, a greater than Solomon is here. Matt. xii. 43. When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, b'Luke xi. 24

qe walketh through dry places, seeking rest, and

findeth none. Matt. xii. 44. Then he saith, I will return into my house from

whence I came out; and when he is come, he

findeth it empty, swept, and garnished.
Matt. xii. 45. Then goeth he, and taketh with himself seven

other spirits more wicked than himself, and they
enter in and dwell there : i and the last state of i Heb.vi. 4. &.
that man is worse than the first. Even so shall it 20.*

be also unto this wicked generation.
Luke xi. 27. And it came to pass, as he spake these things,

a certain woman of the company lifted up her
voice, and said unto him, Blessed is the womb
that bare thee, and the paps which thou hast
sucked.

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Capernaum. But he said, Yea rather, blessed are they that Luke xi. 28. hear the word of God, and keep it.

MATT. xii. ver. 29. and part of ver. 31. 29 Or else how can one enter into a strong man's house, and spoil his goods,

except he first bind the strong man? and then he will spoil his house. k Mark iii. 28. 31 -I say unto you, k All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven Luke xii, 10. 1 John v. 16. unto men

MARK iii. part of ver. 22, 23, 24. ver. 25. part of ver. 26. 29.
22 —said-by the prince of the devils casteth he out devils.
23 And he called them unto him, and said unto them in parables-
24 And if a kingdom be divided against itself-
25 And if a house be divided against itself, that house cannot stand.
26 And if Satan-be divided

29 But he that shall blaspheme against the Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness

LUKE xi. ver. 14-21. and ver. 23—27. 14 And he was casting out a devil, and it was dumb. And it came to pass,

when the devil was gone out, the dumb spake; and the people wondered. Matt. ix. 34. 15 But some of them said, 'He casteth out devils through * Beelzebub the & xii. 24. * Gr. Beelze, chief of the devils. bul, and so

16 And others, tempting him, sought of him a sign from heaven. ver. 18, 19.

17 But he, knowing their thoughts, said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and a house divided against a house, falleth.

18 If Satan also be divided against himself, how shall his kingdom stand? Because ye say that I cast out devils through Beelzebub.

19 And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your sons cast them out ? therefore shall they be your judges.

20 But if I with the finger of God cast out devils, no doubt the kingdom of God is come upon you.

23 He that is not with me is against me: and he that gathereth not with me,

scattereth. m Matt x 1,43. 24 m When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry

places, seeking rest; and finding none, he saith, I will return unto my house whence I came out.

25 And when he cometh, he findeth it swept and garnished.

26 Then goeth he, and taketh to him seven other spirits more wicked than himself; and they enter in, and dwell there : and the last state of that man is worse than the first.

SECTION XXIX.
Christ declares his faithful Disciples to be his real Kindred 62.
MATT. xii. 46, to the end. Mark ii. 31, to the end.

LUKE viii. 19, 20, 21. n Luke viii.20. While he yet talked to the people, "behold, his Matt. xii. 46.

mother and his brethren

62 The order of St. Matthew and St. Mark is followed in the placing of this section, on the authority of the five harmonizers.

Mark iii. 34.

Luke viii. 19. came to him—and could not come at him for the Capernaum,

press.
Mark iii. 31. and standing without, sent unto him, calling him,
Matt. xii. 46. desiring to speak with him.
Mark iii. 32. And the multitude sat about him, and they said,
Matt. xii. 47. one said unto him, Behold, thy mother and thy

brethren stand without, desiring to speak with

thee. Matt. xii. 48. But he answered, and said to him that told him,

Who is my mother? and who are my brethren?

And he looked round about on them which sat

about him, Matt. xii. 49. and he stretched forth his hand toward his disci

ples, and said, Behold my mother and my bre

thren!
Matt. xii. 50. for whosoever shall
Luke viii. 21. hear the word of God, and do it.
Matt, xii. 50. do the will of my Father, which is in heaven, the

same is my brother, and sister, and mother 63.

MATT. xii. part of ver. 46 and 47. 46 -stood without 47 Then—unto him, Behold, thy mother, and thy brethren.

MARK iii. part of ver. 31, 32. ver. 33. part of ver. 34. and ver. 35. 31 There came then bis brethren and his mother32 – without seek for thee. 33 And he answered them saying, Who is my mother, or my brethren? 34 -and said, Behold my mother and my brethren !

35 For whosoever shall do the will of God, the same is my brother, and my sister, and mother.

LUKE viii. part of ver. 19. ver. 20. and part of ver. 21. 19 Then-his mother and his brethren

20 And it was told him by certain, which said, Thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to see thee.

21 And he answered and said unto them, My mother and my brethren are these which

63 The disciples of Christ were beloved by him more than his natural kindred. The spiritual affection towards those, who were the children of God, was greater than the natural affection towards those who were related to him by the ties of blood.

SECTION XXX.

Parable of the Sover 64.
Matt. xiii. 1–10. MARK iv. 1–10. Luke viii. 4–96.

The same day went Jesus out of the house, and Matt, xiii. l. sat by the sea-side.

Galilee.

64 The order seems to be so decisively settled by St. Matthew xii. 1. év quépa kreivn (Eelowy, &c. &c. that Doddridge, Pilkington, Lightfoot, and Michaelis have placed it in its present position. Archbishop Newcome, however, has inserted before Matt. xiii. 1. various passages of St. Luke (xi. 37. fin. xii. and xiii. 1-9.) His arguments for so doing have not appeared to be satisfactory, and I have preferred therefore the concurrent testimony of the other harmonizers. Michaelis also places the parable of the sower after Luke viii. 1; but so much of his arrangement is put together without adequate reasons, that his authority does not weigh so much with me as to induce me to reject, in this instance, the testimony of Lightfoot, &c. &c.

In the present order of St. Luke, we find that the account of Jesus's mother and his brethren desiring to speak with him, is mentioned as what happened after he had spoken the parable of the sower, &c. ; whereas St. Matthew and St. Mark place it before the parable. Now, though it is evident from this observation, that the exact chronological order of facts is not strictly adhered to by all the Evangelists, yet it may appear also that the variation here is very inconsiderable : for we find, from all the accounts, that it was on the same day that the parable was spoken, and his friends came to him : and even a diary could not be esteemed very incorrect on account of such a transposition as this ; so far is an historian from being liable to be charged with impropriety, in taking a liberty which all writers have freely indulged themselves in.

I have here followed the order of St. Matthew and St. Mark, as the circumstances related seem to require us to do : for, (1.) The multitudes that hindered Jesus's mother, and his brethren, from coming at him, seem to be those mentioned Mark iii. 19-22. And the reason why he would not go out unto them, was probably because he knew that they were come out to lay hold on him. (2.) When his mother and his brethren came, he was yet in the house; for they stood without, desiring to speak with him: but we find that, before he spake the parable, he went out of the house, and sat by the sea-side ; and when he went into an house again, in the latter end of that day, he had sent the multitudes away. So that, had his relations come after he had spoken the parable (as is said by St. Luke) they would have found no difficulty in getting access to him. -Pilkington, notes, p. 25.

65 St. Luke relates, in a succession of chapters, several events not mentioned by the other Evangelists ; and, with the exception of some few, which are supposed, from internal evidence arising from minute coincidences, to be the same as those related by the others, much difficulty has been generally experienced as to the order in which these events are to be placed. Lightfoot begins at Luke xi. 23, and goes on to chap. xviii, 1–15. Pilkington, from chap. x. 17, proceeds without one interruption to chap. xiii. 1-23, when he inserts the events related by St. John, chap. x. 22, &c. ; he then proceeds to Luke xiii. 23, and thence

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