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John vi. 39.

55.

me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise Capernaum.

cast out, John vi. 38. For I came down from heaven, not to do mine

own will, but the will of him that sent me.

And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the

last day.
John vi. 40. And this is the will of him that sent me, that

every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on
him, may have everlasting life : and I will raise

him up at the last day.
John vi. 41. The Jews then murmured at him, because he

said, I am the bread which came down from

heaven. John vi. 42. And they said, Is not this Jesus, the son of Matt. xiii.

Joseph, whose father and mother we know ? how

is it then that he saith, I came down from heaven? John vi. 43. Jesus therefore answered and said unto them,

Murmur not among yourselves.
John vi. 44. No man can come to me, except the Father

which hath 'sent me draw him : and I will raise

him up at the last day. John vi. 45. 'It is written in the prophets, And they shall r Is. liv. 13.

be all taught of God. Every man therefore that
hath heard, and hath learned of the Father,

cometh unto me. John vi. 46. Not that any man hath seen the Father, Ssave s Matt. xi. 27.

he which is of God, he hath seen the Father. John vi. 47. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believ- . .

eth on me hath everlasting life. John vi. 48. I am that bread of life. John vi. 49. Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness,

and are dead. John vi. 50. This is the bread which cometh down from

heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not

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die.

John vi. 51.

John vi. 52.

I am the living bread which came down from heaven : if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat?

Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son

John vi. 53.

Capernaum. of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in John vi. 58.

you.

Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, John vi. 54. hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.

For my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is John vi. 55. drink indeed.

He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my John vi. 56. blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him.

As the living Father hath sent me, and I live John vi. 57. by the Father : so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me.

This is that bread which came down from hea- John vi. 58. ven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead : he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever.

These things said he in the synagogue, as he John vi. 59. taught in Capernaum.

Many therefore of his disciples, when they had John vi. 60. heard this, said, This is an hard saying; who can hear it?

When Jesus knew in himself that his disciples John vi. 61. murmured at it, he said unto them, Doth this offend you?

What and if ye shall see the Son of man as- John vi. 62. cend up where he was before ?

It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh pro- John vi. fiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.

But there are some of you that believe not. John vi. 64. For Jesus knew from the beginning who they were that believed not, and who should betray him.

And he said, Therefore said I unto you, that John vi. 65. no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of my Father.

From that time many of his disciples went back, John vi. 68. and walked no more with him.

Then said Jesus unto the twelve, Will ye also John vi. 07. go away?

Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to John vi. 68. whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.

And we believe and are sure that thou art that John vi. 60. Christ, the Son of the living God.

Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you John vi. 70. twelve, and one of you is a devil?

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John vi. 71.

John vii. 1.

He spake of Judas Iscariot the son of Simon : Capernaum. for he it was that should betray him, being one of the twelve.

After these things Jesus walked in Galilee : for he would not walk in Jewry, because the Jews sought to kill him.

SECTION Ix.

Mark vii. I.

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Christ converses with the Scribes and Pharisees on the Subject of

the Jewish Traditions,
MATT. xv. 1-21. MARK vii. 1-24.

Then came together unto him the Pharisees,
and certain of the Scribes, which came from Jeru-

salem. Mark vii. 2. And when they saw some of his disciples eat

bread with * defiled, that is to say, with unwashen Or, com

hands, they found fault. Mark vii. 3. For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, except

they wash their hands + oft, eat not, holding the + Or. dili

tradition of the elders. Mark vil 4 And when they come from the market, except with the fist":

they wash, they eat not. And many other things up to the
there be, which they have received to hold, as e
the washing of cups, and I pots, brasen vessels, 4 Sextarius is

and of tables.
Mark vii. 5. Then the Pharisees and Scribes asked him,
Matt. xv. l. saying,
Matt. XV. 2. Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition

of the elders ? for they wash not their hands when
they eat bread.

But he answered and said unto them, Why do
ye also transgress the commandment of God by
your tradition 14 ?

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Matt. xv. 3.

14 To prove that the Evangelist has here spoken with the utmost correctness, Schoetgen has quoted from Jevachim, fol. 101. 1. Ongon porn wuv Dinami

Et sapientes fecerunt robur verbis suis , plusquam verbis יותר משל תורה:

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The words of the Scribes are more lovely than the words .סופרים מדברי תורה:

of the law.-Hieros. Berac. fol. 3. 2.

The error of the Pharisees was the same as that of the Romanists. They substituted unauthorized tradition in the place of their inspired writings, and ritual observances in the place of spiritual worship. The ordinances of external

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For God commanded, saying, a Honour thy Matt. xv, 4. father and mother: and, Whoso curseth father or mother, let him die the Mark vii. 10. death.

But ye say, If a man shall say to his father or Mark vii. 11. mother, It is Corban, that is to say, a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me: he shall be free.

And honour not his father or his mother,

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religion are only valuable, as they are the emblems, and the appointed means of spiritual blessings. While their proper value is set upon the records of history, the inquiries of the critical, the labours of the learned, the opinions of the judicious, the decisions of the early Church, and all the sources of accurate information, it ought never to be forgotten, neither is it forgotten by the Protestant Churches, that Scripture is the one unerring test of truth, to which every conclusion must be submitted. The Jews adopted many traditions, which were not only contrary to, but were very frequently hostile to Scripture. The Romanists have been guilty of the very same error. The Jews believed that a man might withhold assistance from his afflicted or poor parents, under the pretence that he had dedicated his substance (or corban) to God, with many other absurdities enumerated at length by Lightfoot, Schoetgen, Meuschen, Gill, and others, and alluded to in many places by the Evangelists. The Romanists have set aside the plain and express authority of Scripture, and follow gradual inventions, which they dignify by the name of traditions. They insist, for instance, on such points as these.—The mass without communicants—The denial of the cup to the Laity-The prohibiting the reading of Scripture—The distinction between latria and dulia, larpeia and dovlea, in the worshipping of angels, and saints, and God-The use of images-The praying in an unknown tongue-The mediatorial offices of the saints, and especially of the Virgin Mary --The assumption of the Virgin, an invention of a very late age- The seven sacraments—The doctrine of purgatory.

The Church that teaches these doctrines is as justly worthy of the condemnation of our Lord, as the Pharisees, who were his contemporaries“ Ye make the word of God of none effect by your tradition.” Much might be added on this and other topics connected with the discussions on the doctrines in controversy between the Protestants and Romanists; but to do so would extend these notes far beyond their limits. See a work entitled a Learned Treatise on Traditions, translated from the French of Du Moulin, by G. C. London, 1632; particularly ch. 12 and 13. p. 165-223. Fulke's Defence of the English Translation of the Bible, printed at the end of his observations on the Rhemish translation, p. 29–33. Bishop Hall's tract, entitled “ The Old Religion," in the ninth volume of his works, 8vo. Pratt's edition, p. 287. and the Tracts against Popery, Tit. 1. p. 22. by Bishop Stratford. The Reformation Vindicated, &c. together with many other treatises in that admirable and inestimable collection. On the Affinity between the Absurdities of the Pharisaical and Catholic Traditions, see also Chemnitius. Exam. Concil. Trident. Pars prior, p. 20-24. See also Schoetgen. Horæ Hebraicæ, vol. i. p. 138.

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Mark vii. 8.

Mark vii. 12. And ye suffer him no more to do ought for his Capernaum.

father or his mother; Matt. xv. 6. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of

none effect by your tradition, Mark vii. 13. which ye have delivered : and many such like

things do ye. Matt. xv. 7. Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you,

saying, Mark vii. 6. as it is written, *This people Matt. xv. 8. draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and ho

noureth me with their lips; but their heart is far

from me. Mark vii. 7. Howbeit, in vain do they worship me, teaching

for doctrines the commandments of men.

For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tradition of men, as the washing of pots and cups : and many other such like things ye

do. Mark vii. 14. And when he had called all the people unto

him, he said unto them, Hearken unto me every

one of you, and understand :
· Mark vii, 15. There is nothing from without a man, that

entering into him can defile him: but the things
which come out of him, those are they that defile

the man.
Matt. xv. 11. Not that which goeth into the mouth defileth a

man; but that which cometh out of the mouth,

this defileth a man. Mark vii. 16. If any man have ears to hear, let him hear. Mark vii. 17. And when he was entered into the house from

the people,
Matt. xv. 12. Then came his disciples, and said unto him,

Knowest thou that the Pharisees were offended,
after they heard this saying ?

But he answered, and said, y Every plant, y John xv. 2. which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall

be rooted up. Matt, xv. 14. Let them alone : they be blind leaders of the 2 Luke vi. 39.

blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall

fall into the ditch. Matt. xv. 15. a Then answered Peter, and said unto him, De- a Matt. vii. 17.

clare unto us this parable.
Matt. xv. 16. And Jesus said,
Mark vii, 18. unto them, .
Matt. xv. 16. Are ye also yet without understanding ?
Matt. xv. 17. Do ye not yet understand, that whatsoever

VOL. I.

Matt. xv. 13.

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