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Mark ix. 2 And his raiment became shining,
Galilee. Matt. xvii. 2. as the light, Mark ix. 3. exceeding white, Luke ix. 20. and glistering, Mark ix. 3. as snow; so as no fuller on earth can white them. Luke ix. 30. And, behold, there talked with him two men,
which were Moses and Elias: Luke Ix. 81. Who appeared in glory, and spake of his de
cease which he should accomplish at Jerusalem. Luke ix. 32. But Peter and they that were with him were
heavy with sleep: and when they were awake,
the children of Israel were afraid to come nigh him, Exod. xxxiv. 30. And the reader may likewise observe, that the word éx@aubéopai, which is here translated, 'to be greatly amazed,' is used by St. Mark, in another place, to signify, particularly, the being astonished and terrified at a glorious and supernatural appearance," chap. xvi. 5, 6.
In addition to these remarks, it must be observed, that there were traditions among the Jews, that Moses and Elias should return to earth during the reign of the Messiah.—Schoetgen, to prove this, quotes Debarim Rabba, sect. 8. fol. 255. 2. and Tanchuma, fol. 42. 1. Horæ Hebraicæ, vol. i. p. 148.
It may be remarked here, that one Evangelist, in relating the transfiguration, states that Jesus went up into the mountain six days after the previous conversation, (vide the preceding section), and by another that it was eight days. This discrepancy is easily reconciled. St. Matthew marks the interval of six complete days; whereas St. Luke takes into calculation the day on which the conversation was held, and that likewise on which the transfiguration took place; making thereby eight days.
The sleep of Peter and the Apostles does not appear to be generally understood. Some suppose, that as St. Luke has prentioned this circumstance in the midst of his narrative, that the disciples were asleep during the time of the transfiguration, and while Moses and Elias were conversing with our Lord. The passage in St. Luke must be considered as in a parenthesis; and seems to imply, that the Apostles had fallen asleep most probably from fatigue, the difficult ascent, or, as others suppose, from the length of time in which our Lord continued in prayer. Whatever might have been the cause, they were certainly awoke from their lethargy by the celestial glory that surrounded them.
Bishop Hall, in his contemplations, has also many admirable remarks on the subject of the transfiguration. He arranges his matter under the four heads: of Time, Place, Attendants, and Company. His devotional thoughts on the various particulars are eminently beautiful (a).
(a) Hall's Contemplations, Works, Pratt's London edition, 10 vols. 8vo. vol. ii. p. 374.–See also Porteus's Works, vol. v. lecture 15. Dr. Holmes also, late Dean of Winchester, the Collator of the Septuagint, in a sermon, preached at Oxford, 1777, has expressed the same opinions as those of Bishop Porteus.-Witsius Meletemata Leidensia, Diss. iv. de Glorif. in Monte, p. 215.-Whitby in loc.--Doddridge, Fam. Expos. sect. 90 and 91.–Pilkington, Evan. Hist. notes, p. 85.-Schoetgen, Horæ Hebraicæ, vol. i. p. 148.
they saw his glory, and the two men that stood
And it came to pass, as they departed from him, Luke ix. 33.
Then answered Peter, and said unto Jesus, Lord, Matt. xvii. 4 it is good for us to be here: [and] if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias : not knowing what he said.
Luke ix. 33. For he wist not what to say ; for they were sore Mark ix. 6. afraid.
• While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud Matt. xvii. 5. overshadowed them : and they feared as they entered into the cloud; Luke ix. 34. and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, Matt. xvii. 5. This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him.
And when the disciples heard it, they fell on Matt, svil. 6. their face, and were sore afraid.
And when the voice was past, Jesus was found Luke ix. 36. alone.
And Jesus came and touched them, and said, Matt. xvii. 7. Arise, and be not afraid.
And when they had lifted up their eyes, they Matt. xvii. & saw no man, save Jesus only.
And-looked round about, they saw no man Mark ix. 8. any more, save Jesus only with themselves.
And as they came down from the mountain, Je- Matt. xvii. I. sus charged them, saying, Tell the vision to no man”, until the Son of man be risen again from the dead.
And they kept that saying with themselves, Mark ix. 10. questioning one with another what the rising from the dead should mean.
23 The transfiguration of Christ was intended to reconcile the minds of the Apostles to the sufferings and death of Christ, and to remove the inveterate prejudices that prevailed among them, and the Jewish converts in general: 1st. With regard to his sufferings, which they conceived to be inconsistent with his dignity. And 2dly, with regard to the ceremonial law, which they were persuaded was not done away with by the Gospel, but that they were to exist together in full force, and to be equally obeyed. This prejudice continued for many years after our Lord's resurrection. St. Paul tells us, Acts xxi. 20. “ several thousand Jews believed, and yet were all zealous of the law.". And it was the suspicion that St. Paul had forsaken, and taught others to forsake Moses, which brought his life in most imminent danger, and actually occasioned his imprisonment, (Acts xxi. 28-36.) No wonder, then, that our Lord should impose silence on his Apostles at this period of his ministry, on the subject of the abolition of the law of Moses. --Bishop Porteus' Lecture, p. 65.
Luke ix. 36. And they kept it close, and told no man in those 'Galilee.
days any of those things which they had seen. Matt. xvii. 10. And his disciples asked him, saying, "Why Ch. xi. 14.
then say the Scribes that Elias must first come? Matt. xvii. 11. And Jesus answered and said unto them, Elias Mark ix. 12. verily cometh first, and restoreth all things : and
how it is written of the Son of man, that he must
suffer many things, and be set at nought.
unto him whatsoever they listed.
unto them of John the Baptist.
MATT. xvii. part of ver. 1, 2. ver. 3. and part of ver. 11, 12.
2 And was transfigured before them—and his raiment was white-
MARK ix. ver. 4, 5. 7. part of ver. 8. ver. 9. 11. and part of ver. 13.
5 And Peter answered and said to Jesus, Master, it is good for us to be here: and let us make three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.
7 And there was a cloud that overshadowed them: and a voice came out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son: bear him.
8 And suddenly, when they had
9 And as they came down from the mountain, he charged them that they should tell no man what things they had seen, till the Son of man were risen from the dead.
11 And they asked him, saying, Why say the Scribes that Elias must first come ? 13 -and they have done unto him whatsoever they listed
LUKE ix, part of ver. 28, 29. 33, 34. and ver. 35. 28 – he took Peter and John and James 29 —and his raiment was white
33 - Peter said unto Jesus, Master, it is good for us to be here : and let us make three tabernacles: one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias
34 While he thus spake, there came a cloud, and overshadowed them
35 And there came a voice out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son: hear him.
Mark ix. 17.
SECTION XVIII. .
The Deaf and Dumb Spirit cast out.
part of 43.
And when he came to his disciples, he saw a Mark ix. 14. great multitude about them, and the Scribes questioning with them.
And straightway all the people, when they be- Mark ix. 15. held him, were greatly amazed, and running to him saluted him.
And he asked the Scribes, What question ye Mark ix. 16. * Or, among * with them? And
Mark ix. 17. behold, there came to him a certain man
Matt. xvii. 14. of the company, one of the multitude, and kneeling down to him,
Matt. xvii. 14. answered and said, Master, I have brought unto Mark ix. 17. thee my son, which hath a dumb spirit; Lord.
Matt. xvii, 15. Master, I beseech thee, look upon my son : have mercy on my son: for he is mine only child :
Luke ix. 38. for he is a lunatick, and sore vexed : for ofttimes Matt. xvii, 15. he falleth into the fire, and oft into the water. And, lo, a spirit taketh him,
Luke ix. 29. 1. Or, dashell And wheresoever he taketh him, he + teareth Mark ix. 18.
And I brought him to thy disciples,. Matt. xvii. 16. and I spake to thy disciples that they should cast Mark ix. 18. him out;
And I besought thy disciples to cast him out; Luke ix. 40. and they could not.
Mark ix, 18. He answereth him, and saith, O faithless gene- Mark ix. 19. ration, how long shall I be with you ? how long shall I suffer you ? bring him Bring thy son hither unto me.
Matt. xvii. 15.
Mark ix, 19.
Mark ix. 20. And they brought him unto him :
Galilee. Luke ix. 42. And as he was yet a coming, Mark ix. 20. when he saw him, straightway the spirit tare
him; Luke ix. 42. the devil threw him down, Mark ix. 20. and he fell on the ground, and wallowed, foam
ing. Mark ix. 21. And he asked his father, How long is it ago
since this came unto him? And he said, of a
into the waters, to destroy him : but if thou canst
things are possible to him that believeth. . Mark ix. 24.
And straightway the father of the child cried out, and said with tears, Lord, I believe ; help
thou mine unbelief,
together, he rebuked the foul spirit, saying unto
come out of him, and enter no more into him.
came out of him : and he was as one dead ; inso
much that many said, He is dead.
up; and he arose.
And when he was come into the house, the
disciples Matt. xvii. 19. Then came to Jesus apart, Mark ix. 28. and asked him privately, "Why could not we cast
unbelief: for verily I say unto you, & If ye have gLukexvių. 6.
And he said unto them, This kind can come
Mark ix. 28.
Mark ix, 29.