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Matt. xviii, 2. And Jesus called a little child unto him, and set Capernaum.

him in the midst of them, Luke ix. 47. by him, Mark ix. 36. in the midst of them: and when he had taken him

in his arms, he said unto them, Matt. xviii. 3. Verily I say unto you, i Except ye be converted, i Ch. xix. 14.

and become as little children, ye shall not enter i

into the kingdom of heaven. Matt. xviii. 4. Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as

this little child, the same is greatest in the king

dom of heaven. Matt. xviii. 5. And whoso shall receive one such little child in

my name receiveth me. Mark ix. 37. and whosoever shall receive me, receiveth not me,

but him that sent me : Luke ix. 48. for he that is least among you all, the same shall

be great. Mark ix. 38. k And John answered him, saying, Master, we k Luke ix. 49.

saw one casting out devils in thy name, and he
followeth not us: and we forbad him, because he

followeth not us. Mark ix. 39. But Jesus said, Forbid him not: : 'for there is no man which shall do a miracle in 11 Cor. xii. 3.

my name, that can lightly speak evil of me. Mark ix. 40. For he that is not against us is on our part. Mark ix. 41. m For whosoever shall give you a cup of water m Matt. x. 42.

to drink in my name, because ye belong to Christ,

verily I say unto you, he shall not lose his reward. Matt. xviii. 6. "But whoso shall offend one of these little ones n Mark ix. 42.

which believe in me, it were better for him that a Luke xvii, 1, millstone were hanged about his neck, and that he

were drowned in the depth of the sea. Matt. xviii. 7. Woe unto the world because of offences ! for it

must needs be that offences come; but woe to that

man by whom the offence cometh ! Matt. xviii. 8. "Wherefore if thy hand or thy foot offend thee, o Ch. v. 30.

cut them off, and cast them from thee :
Mark ix. 43. if thy hand * offend thee, cut it off: it is better for ...

thee to enter into life maimed, than having two thee to wena:
hands to go into hell, into the fire that never shall 46.
be quenched :

p Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is p Isa. Ixvi, 2 not quenched.

And if thy foot offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter halt into life, than having two feet to be cast into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenchod:

2.

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Mark ix. 14.

Mark ix. 45.

Capernaum.

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Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is Mark ix. 46. not quenched.

And if thine eye * offend thee, pluck it out: Mark iv. 47. thee to offend. and cast it from thee : it is better for thee to enter Matt. xviii. 9.

into life,
into the kingdom of God, with one eye, than Mark ix. 47.
having two eyes to be cast into hell-fire :

Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is Mark ix. 48. not quenched.

For every one shall be salted with fire”, and Mark ix. 49.

every sacrifice shall be salted with salt. r Matt. v. 13. "Salt is good, but if the salt have lost his salt- Mark ix, 50.

ness, wherewith will you season it? Have salt in
yourselves, and have peace one with another.

Take heed that ye despise not one of these little Matt. xviii.10. ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their

9 Lev. ii. 13.

29 This is one of the most difficult passages in the New Testament. Beza and Mr. Gilpin suppose it to mean, "every Christian is purified by the difficult or fiery trials of life, in the same manner as (kai for wg, as in John xiv, 20. and Mark x. 12.) every sacrifice is salted with salt."

Macknight would read, “ Every Christian is salted and prepared a voi for the fire,” (in the dative, as 2 Pet. iii. 7.) i. e, by the apostles for the fire of the altar, i. e. as an holy sacrifice to God.

Whitby would render in this manner, "Every wicked man shall be so sea. soned by the fire itself, as to become unconsumable; and shall endure for ever to be tormented."

Grotius, “Every wicked man shall be consumed, like the whole burnt sacrifice, yet with unquenchable fire."

Lightfoot and Doddridge, “He that is a true sacrifice to God shall be seasoned with the salt of grace, to the incorruption of glory; and every victim to divine justice shall be salted with fire, to endure for ever."

Clarke, in his Paraphrase, thus interprets this verse, “For as every burnt offering under the law was first salted with salt, and then consumed by fire; so every one who has been instructed in the doctrine of the Gospel, if when he is tried, he shall be found deficient, or not seasoned, he shall be destroyed by the eternal fire of the divine wrath." And he then observes, in a note from Le Clerc, that the emphasis of the comparison lies in the ambiguity of the word mbo', which signifies both, shall be salted, and shall be destroyed. As every sacrifice is salted, nba', with salt, so every apostate shall be destroyed, nbra', (in the other signification of the word) with fire.

Schoetgen supposes that an allusion is made to the salt, or bitumen, with which the sacrifices were sprinkled, that they might burn more easily. He also interprets the passage, “that as every sacrifice must be prepared for the altar, by the salt which was set apart for that purpose, so ought Christians to be imbued with the heavenly virtues, to become a living sacrifice to God." He renders the word kai, by quemadmodum, on the authority of Noldius.

Schoetgen, Hor. Heb. vol. i. p. 249. Elsley, and Clarke's Paraphrase in loc.

angels do always behold the face of my Father Capernaum.

which is in heaven. Matt. xviii. 11. For the Son of man is come to save that which s Luke xix. 10.

was lost. Matt. xviii.12. How think ye? if a man have an hundred i Luke xv.

sheep, and one of them be gone astray, doth he
not leave the ninety and nine, and goeth into the

mountains, and seeketh that which is gone astray? Matt. xviii. 13. And if so be that he find it, verily I say unto

you, he rejoiceth more of that sheep, than of the

ninety and nine which went not astray. Matt. xviii.14. Even so it is not the will of your Father which

is in heaven, that one of these little ones should

perish.

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2 Thess. iii. 6,

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Matt. xviii. 15. Moreover " if thy brother shall trespass against u Lev. xix. I.

thee, go and tell him his fault between thee and Luke xvii. 3. him alone : if he shall hear thee, thou hast gained

thy brother. Matt. xviii. 16. But if he will not hear thee, then take with

thee one or two more, that in the mouth of two y Deut. xix.

or three witnesses every word may be established. 17 2Cor. xiii. Matt.xviii.17. And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it .

unto the Church : but if he neglect to hear the
Church, let him be unto thee as any heathen man y Cor. v. 9.

and a Publican. Matt. xviii. 18. Verily I say unto you, ? Whatsoever ye shall z John xx. 23.

bind on earth shall be bound in heaven : and 1 Cor. v. 4. whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed

in heaven.
Matt. xviii. 19. Again I say unto you, That if two of you shall

agree on earth as touching any thing that they
shall ask, it shall be done for them of my Father

which is in heaven.
Matt. xviii.20. For where two or three are gathered together

in my name, there am I in the midst of them a8. Matt. xviii.21. Then came Peter to him, and said, Lord, how

oft shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive

him? a till seven times ? Matt, xviii.22 Jesus saith unto him, I say not unto thee Un

til seven times; but Until seventy times seven.

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28 In this passage also our Lord reasserts his divinity. The Jews were accustomed to say, that the Shechinah was present where ten were assembled to study the law. The Shechinah was considered as the emblem, and the residence of God. It was used also in some instances as the name of God. Our Lord here assumes to himself the powers and honours which the Jews attributed to the Shechinah. Schoetgen, Hor. Heb. vol. i. p. 153. and Gill in loc.

han

his servan hen him,

750 ounces of silver, which

lings the ounce

Capernaum. Therefore is the kingdom of heaven likened Matt. xviii.23.

unto a certain king, which would take account of
his servants.

And when he had begun to reckon, one was Matt. xviii.24.

brought unto him, which owed him ten thousand * A talent is * talents.

ces But forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord Matt. xviii.25. afler five skil. commanded him to be sold, and his wife, and is 1877. 108. children, and all that he had, and payment to be

made. + Or, besought The servant therefore fell down, and + wor- Matt. xvii.26.

shipped him, saying, Lord, have patience with
me, and I will pay thee all.

Then the Lord of that servant was moved with Matt. xviii.27.
compassion, and loosed him, and forgave him the
debt.

But the same servant went out, and found one Matt. xviii.28.

of his fellow servants, which owed him an hun+ The Roman dred I pence: and he laid hands on him, and

en ware ar took him by the throat, saying, Pay me that thou

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penny is the

an ounce, rohich after

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five shillings And his fellow servant fell down at his feet, and Matt. xviii.29. the ounce is seven pence besought him, saying, Have patience with me, ch. Xx, 2. and I will pay thee all.

And he would not: but went and cast him into Matt. xviii.30. prison, till he should pay the debt.

So when his fellow servants saw what was done, Matt. xviii.31. they were very sorry, and came and told unto their Lord all that was done.

Then his lord, after that he had called him, Matt. xviii.32. said unto him, O thou wicked servant, I forgave thee all that debt, because thou desiredst me:

Shouldest not thou also have had compassion Matt. xviii.33. on thy fellow servant, even as I had pity on thee?

And his lord was wroth, and delivered him to Matt. xviii.34. the tormentors, till he should pay all that was due unto him.

So likewise shall my heavenly Father do also Matt. xviii.35. unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses.

MATT. xviji. part of ver. 3. 8. and 9. 3 -and said

8 —it is better for thee to enter into life halt or maimed, rather than having two hands or two feet, to be cast into everlasting fire.

9 And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out-with one eye, rather than having two eyes to be cast into hell fire.

Capernaum,

MARK ix. part of ver. 37. ver. 42. and part of ver. 43. 37 Whosoever shall receive one of such children in my name, receiveth

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42 . And whosoever shall offend one of these little ones that believe in me, it b Matt. xviii.6. is better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and he were cast into the sea. 43 And

LUKE ix. part of ver. 47, 48. and ver. 49, 50. 47 --took a child, and set him

48 And said unto them, Whosoever shall receive this child in my name receiveth me : and whosoever shall receive me receiveth him that sent me :

49 c And John answered and said, Master, we saw one casting out devils in c Mark ix. 38. thy name; and we forbad him, because he followeth not with us.

50 And Jesus said unto him, Forbid him not : for he that is not against us is for us.

CHAPTER V.
From the Mission of the Seventy Disciples, to the triumphal

Entry of Christ into Jerusalem, sir Days before the
Crucifixion.

SECTION I.
The Mission of the Seventy Disciples '.

LUKE X. 1–17...
After these things the Lord appointed other Galilee.
seventy ' also, and a sent them two and two before a Matt. »

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1 There is very little difference of opinion between the harmonizers as to the place of this section. Michaelis, indeed, does not attempt to insert it in its probable order, but connects it arbitrarily with the mission of the twelve, as a parallel event. Lighfoot endeavours to prove that our Lord commissioned the Seventy, on his way to Jerusalem, to keep the feast of tabernacles. He supposes, too, that they returned to our Lord within a very short time, even before Christ left Jerusalem. His principal arguments are derived from the expression metà raūra, Luke x. 1. and that in John vii. 10. that he went not up to the feast openly: from whence he concludes that the Seventy had been previously dismissed. Pilkington places this event about the same time, partly on account of the latter argument. Doddridge and Newcome would refer it also to this period : but at a longer interval, before the feast; and Doddridge observes, that the space between the feast of tabernacles and the feast of dedication, affords but little time for his proposed circuit round Galilee after the mission of the Seventy. Lightfoot's last argument has considerable weight with all.

? Moses, in the Levitical dispensation, directed that six should be returned from each of the twelve tribes (whether as a permanent or temporary council, is

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