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John xiii. 3.
Luke xxii. 24. there was also a strife among them, which of them Jerusalem.
should be accounted the greatest. Luke xxii. 25. And he said unto them, The kings of the e Matt. xx.
Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they
among yoů, let him be as the younger; and he
that is chief, as he that doth serve.
or he that serveth ? is not he that sitteth at .
meat ? but I am among you as he that serveth. John xiii. 2. the devil having now put into the heart of Judas
Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him ;
Jesus knowing that the Father had given all
God, and went to God;
ments; and took a towel, and girded himself. : John xiii. 5. After that he poureth water into a bason, and
began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them
with the towel wherewith he was girded as. John xiii. 6. Then cometh he to Simon Peter : and * Peter * Gr. he.
said unto him, Lord, dost thou wash my feet? John xii. 7. Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do
thou knowest not now; but thou shalt know
hereafter. John xiii. 8. Peter saith unto him, Thou shalt never wash
• my feet. Jesus answered him, If I wash thee
not, thou hast no part with me. John xiii. 9. Simon Peter saith unto him, Lord, not my feet
only, but also my hands and my head. John xiii. 10. Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth
not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit:
and ye are clean, but not all. John xiii. 11. For he knew who should betray him : there
fore said he, Ye are not all clean. John xiii. 12. So after he had washed their feet, and had
25 It is not certain where this section ought to be inserted. Michaelis and Newcome place the washing of the disciples' feet after the preparation of the Passover, and the promise of Judas to betray Christ. Pilkington and Lightfoot, before those events. Michaelis represents the washing as taking place before the feast of the Passover. The rest of the harmonizers principally arrange it at the supper at Bethany.
Jerusalem.. takén his garments, and was set down again,
he said unto them, Know yè what I have done
Ye call me Master and Lord : and ye say well; John xiii, 13. for so I am.
If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed John xiii. 14. your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet.
For I have given you an example, that ye John xiii. 15.
should do as I have done to you. . Matt. x. 24. Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is John xiii. 16.
not greater than his lord ; neither he that is sent
Christ sitting at the Passover, and continuing the Conversation,
speaks of his Betrayer.
MATT. xxvi. 21–26. MARK xiv. 17-22. LUKE xxii.
21–23. JOHN xiii. 17–31. If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do John xiii. 17. them.
I speak not of you all; I know whom I have John xiii. 18.
chosen : but that the Scripture may be fulfilled, 8 Ps. xli. 9. % He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his
heel against me. * Or, From * Now I tell you before it come, that, when it John xiii. 19.
is come to pass, ye may believe that I am he. h Matt. x. 40. "Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that re- John xiii. 20.
ceiveth whomsoever I send receiveth me; and he
When Jesus had thus said, he was troubled in John xiii. 21.
Mark xiv. 18. testified and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, John xiii. 21. That one of you, which eateth with me,
Mark xiv. 18. shall betray me.
John xiii. 21. But, behold, the hand of him that betrayeth Luke sxii. 21. me is with me on the table.
And they began to enquire among themselves, Luke xxii. 23. which of them it was that should do this thing.
Mark xiv. 19. And they began to be .
to say unto him,
one of the twelve, that dippeth with me in the
dish. Mat. xxvi. 23. He that dippeth his hand with me in the dish, i Po. xli. 9.
the same shall betray me.
man by whom the Son of man is betrayed !
born %. John xiii. 2. Then the disciples looked one on another, doubt
ing of whom he spake. John xiii. 23. Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of
his disciples, whom Jesus loved. John xiii. 24. Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, that
he should ask who it should be of whom he
Lord, who is it?
* sop, when I have dipped it. And when he had * Or, morsel.
son of Simon.
said, Master, is it I ? He said unto him, Thou
. 26 This also is a Hebrew phrase. Among the instances collected by Schoet. gen, is a sentiment which ought to be deeply engraven on the memory and the conscience of all who can appreciate the privilege of possessing and studying the Scriptures. Quicunque scit Legem, et non facit illam bib x** *5W 15 juin, melius ipsi esset, si non venisset in mundum. “If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them.” Schemoth Rabba, sect. 40. fol. 135. 1. 9. apud Schoetgen, Hor. Heb. vol. i. p. 225.
37 This was the most solemn manner of expressing an affirmative. Berachoth Hier. citante Wagensiel ad sota, p. 1001. Zipporenses quærebant, numquid R. Judas mortuus esset? Filius Kaphræ respondit, pola nox, vos dixistis. Schoetgen, Hor. Heb. vol. i. p. 325.
Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do John xiii. 27. quickly. i.
Now no man at the table knew for what intent John xiii. 28. he spake this unto him.
For some of them thought, because Judas had John xiii. 29. the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor.
He then having received the sop went immedi- John xiii. 30. ately out: and it was night.
MATT. xxvi. ver. 21. and part of ver. 22, 23, 24.
22 And they were-
24 The Son of man goeth as it is written of him: but woe unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed !-
MARK xiv. part of ver. 18, 19, 21.
LUKE xxii. part of ver. 22.
him, and the Danger of the rest of the Apostles.
If God be glorified in him, God shall also glorify John xiii. 22. him in himself, and shall straightway glorify him.
Little children, yet a little while I am with you. John xiii. 33. & Ch. vii. 34. Ye shall seek me : kand as I said unto the Jews,
Whither I go, ye cannot come; so now I say to
you. I Lev. xix. 18. 'A new commandment I give unto you, That ye John xiii. 34. Eph. v.2. love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also
love one another.
By this shall all men know that ye are my dis- John xiii. 35. ciples, if ye have love one to another.
Ye are they which have continued with me in Luke xxii. 28. my temptations.
Luke xxii. 29. And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Fa- Jerusalem.
ther hath appointed unto me; Luke xxii. 30. "That ye may eat and drink at my table in my
kingdom, mand sit on thrones judging the twelve m Matt. xix.
tribes of Israel. Luke xxii, 31. And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, - Sa-n 1 Pet. v. 8.
tan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you
as wheat: . Luke xxii. 32. But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail
not: and when thou art converted 2, strengthen
thy brethren. Lukexxii. 33. And he said unto him, Lord, I am ready to go
with thee, both into prison, and to death. Luke xxii. 34. 'And he said, I tell thee, Peter, the cock shall • Matt. xxvi.
not crow this day, before that thou shalt thrice
deny that thou knowest me. Luke xxii. 35. P And he said unto them, When I sent you with-p Matt. x. 9.
out purse, and scrip, and shoes, lacked ye any
thing? And they said, Nothing.
a purse, let him take it, and likewise his scrip:
ment, and buy one.
must yet be accomplished in me, 9 And he was q Isa. liii. 12. reckoned among the transgressors : for the things
concerning me have an end.
And he said unto them, It is enough“.
thou? Jesus answered him, Whither I go, thou
28 “ When thou art converted;" when thou hast recovered from that fall which I foresee,
29 This part of Christ's address to his disciples has been much misunderstood. From ver. 35, our Lord's intention may be supposed to be, to remind them that all their wants had been hitherto supplied. But now, as he was about to be removed, he forewarns them that it would be hereafter necessary for them to act for themselves, and to provide against danger and difficulty. The disciples interpreted this literally, as appears from ver. 38, when our Lord slightly censures their misapprehension, by “ it is enough," and so closes the conversation. He was about to enter the scene at Gethsemane, and had not time then to listen to, or correct their erroneous inferences, iravóv ési, absurdum est, quod profertis, desinite tam anilia profari. 'Ikavóv ési, eadem est cum 947, sufficit tibi, quæ a Judæis adhibetur, quoties ab altero absurdum quid profertur, qui tacere debebat, &c. &c.—See Lightfoot and Schoetgen, vol. i. p. 313.