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down was thereby understood to give same curions antiquarian has also predefiance, and he who took it up to ac served a very singular anecdote concept the challenge.
cerning gloves. He informs us that it * The use of single combats, at first is not safe, at present, to enter the stadesigned only for a trial of innocence, bles of princes without pulling off the like the ordeal of fire and water, was in gloves. He does not indeed tell us in succeeding ages practised for deciding what the danger consists. A friend right and property. Challenging by from Germany explains the matter. He the glove was continued down to the says, it is an ancient established cusreign of Queen Elizabeth, as appears tom in that country, that whoever enters from an account given by Spelman, of a the stables of a prince, or great man, duel appointed to be fought in Tothill- with his gloves on his hands, is obliged fields, in 1571. The dispute was con to forfeit them, or redeem them by a fee cerning some lands in the county of to the servants. The same custom is Kent. The plaintiff appeared in court, observed in some places at the death of and demanded a single combat. One the stag ; in which case, the gloves, if of them threw down his glove, which the not taken off, are redeemed by money other immediately took up, carried it given to the huntsmen and keepers. off upon the point of his sword, and the This is practised in France ; and Louis day of fighting was appointed, but the XVI. never failed to pull off one of his matter was adjusted in an amicable gloves on that occasion. The reason of manner by the queen's judicious inter- this ceremony is not known. ference.
“We meet with this term in our old “ Though such combats are now no records, by which is meant, money given longer in nse, we have one ceremony to servants to buy gloves. This, no still remaining among us in which the doubt, gave rise to the saying of "givchallenge is given by a glove, viz., at ing a pair of gloves," to signify making the coronations of the kings of England; a present for some favour or service. upon which occasion his majesty's " To the honour of the glove, it has champion, completely armed and well more than once been admitted as a term mounted, enters Westminster Hall, and of the tenure, or holding lands. One proclaims that if any man shall deny Bortran, who came over with William the prince's title to the crown, he is the Conqueror, held the manor of Farnready to maintain and defend it by sin- ham Royal by the service of providing gle combat. After this declaration, he a glove for the king's right hand on the throws down his glove, or gauntlet, as day of his coronation, and supporting a token of defiance.
the same hand that day while the king “ The cus!om of challenging by the held the royal sceptre. In the year 1177, glove is still in use in some parts of the Simon de Mertin gave a grant of his lands world. It is common in Germany, on in consideration of fifteen shillings, one receiving an affront, to send a glove to pair of white gloves at Easter, and one the offending party as a challenge to a pound of cinnamon. duel. “ Gloves were also used in hawking.
EXTRAORDINARY PRICE GIVEN FOR In former times princes, and other great men, took so much pleasure in carry
6. At the sale of the Earl of Arran's ing the hawk in their hand, that some goods, April 6th, 1759, the gloves given of them have chosen to be represented by Henry VIII. to Sir Anthony Denny, in this attitude. There is a monument were sold for £38 178. 9d. ; those given of Philip the First, of France, still re- by James I. to his son, Edward Denny, maining, in which be is represented at for £22 4s. ; the mittens given by Queen length, on his tomb, holding a glove in Elizabeth to Sir Edward Denny's lady, his hand.
£25 4s. ; all which were bought for Sir “ Mr. Chambers says, that formerly Thomas Denny, of Ireland, who was judges were forbidden to wear gloves on descended in a direct line from the great the bench. No reason is assigned for Sir Anthony Denny, one of the executhis prohibition. Our judges lie under tors of the will of Henry VIII." no such restraint, for both they and the rest of the court make no difficulty of
The Note Book. receiving gloves from the sheriffs, whenever the session or assize concludes without any one receiving sentence of From time immemorial down to the death, which is called a maiden assize, present day, the twelve judges in the This custom is of great antiquity. The House of Lords sit on woolsacks, cum
vered with crimson cloth, to remind the dience," and the substitution of my legislature, that in all their delibera- will for your law,” has been the occations it is their most prominent duty to sion of the duke's second flight from the have an especial regard to the pros- roof of his forefathers. The cabinet perity of manufactures, of which wool consists of two ministers, Bulow and forms the most essential branch ;-and Munchausen, and four councillors, who not only does every historical account can counsel but not vote,-Messrs. concur in the importance of this com- Wachholm, Henneberg, Bosse, and modity, but it has also been kept in re- Fricke. The ducal coat of arms has membrance by many old proverbial thirteen quarterings. Atheneum. sayings to the like import, among which may be particularly noticed the very
WATCHES. common one, " that London Bridge was The precise period when watches built upon woolsacks,”-that is, the were first used is not known; the earliest expence of the fabric, which was in- on record were invented at Nuremburgh trusted with the care of “ Peter," the by Peter Hell, in the year 1490, and minister of St. Mary, Colechurch, about were called “Nuremburgh Eggs," on the end of the 12th century, was de- account of their oval form ; and most frayed by an impost, expressly laid for of the ancient watches, in the different the purpose, upon the wool brought to collections of our antiquaries, are of the metropolis.
H.B.A. such figure. In 1500, George Purback,
a mathematician of Vienna, possessed
a watch that described seconds, which The present Duke of Brunswick, he applied to the purpose of taking Charles-Frederick, was born in October astronomical observations, so that they 1804, and under the guardianship of our must then have arrived at great perfece recently deceased monarch, succeeded tion. A watch, supposed to have behis father on the 16th of July, 1815. He longed to Robert Bruce, King of Scottook possession of his inheritance in land, who reigned from 1305 to 1328, October, 1823, and two years afterwards was said to have been dug up at Bruce ceded the principality of Oels in Silesia Castle not many years since. --The Emto his brother William. He is descend- peror Charles the Fifth is stated to have ed from the House of Este, by the mar- had several watches, with which he was riage of the Margrave of Este with Cu- accustomed, after his abdication, to niza, heiress of the house of Guelph ; amuse himself by trying to keep them on which occasion he transferred his all in an exact agreement of time ; but residence to Germany. His duchy be- modern authors state that they were fore the cessation of Oels, contained a only small table clocks. population of 336,609 souls ; it is at this moment computed at 250,000. The JULY A REVOLUTIONARY MONTH. chief towns are Brunswick, 36,200 in On the 9th of this month, in the year habitants; Wolfenbuttel, 7810 ; and 1386, the despotism exercised over SwitHelmstadt, 5400. Classed according to zerland by the House of Austria was their religious tenets, the Duchy of wrecked on the field of Sempach. On Brunswick contains 239,300 Lutherans, the 26th of July, 1581, the Confedera. 2300 Catholics, 1200 of the Reformed tion of the Low Countries promulgated Church, and 1200 Jews ; it has one an edict by which they renounced their Lyceum, (high church or university), allegiance to Philip II. On the 11th of two seminaries for teachers, four Gym- July, 1690, James II. lost the battle of nasia, 63 civic schools, and 369 nation- the Boyne, which for ever excluded al, or rural schools. Its revenues both himself and his posterity from the amount to £218,000 per annum ; its throne of Great Britain. On the 4th of expenditure to £215,000 ; and its Pub- July, 1776, the Congress of the United lic Debt to £320,000. Of the military States declared their country indepenforce, one half of whom are usually on dent of the English crown. On the 14th furlough, the numters are 2432. Dur- of July, 1789, the fag of liberty waved ing the minority of Charles, our late over the Bastille. And on the 25th of sovereign George IV. conferred a con- July, 1830, Charles X. of France, sign. stitution on his subjects. This took ed the death-warrant of his dynasty.
ace on the 19th of January, 1820, and it gave the assembly of the states the right of approving or refusing the taxes King Henry II. and King John, were and organic laws proposed by the go- each crowned three times ; Henry III. vernment. The casting of this consti- twice; and Henry VI. was crowned tution into the “ tub of passive obe- once in France and once in England,
tation being considered as a crisis of the At Middle Raisin, a village in Lin- plague at Athens, and the hope that, colnshire, is a free grammar school, when it was attained, the patient had a founded in the reign of Edward VI. chance of recovery. The common seal, still used by the trustees of this foundation, exhibits a
Anecdotiana. man exercising the birch upon a sensitive part of a suppljant youth, while
A TAR'S EXPEDIENT. other scholars are shewn at their forms. Bernard, in his “Retrospections of The motto— Qui parcit virgam odio the Stage,” relates the following chafilium, 1552.” He who spares the rod racteristic anecdote of a son of Neptune. hates the child.
“ Sir John Jervis's crew had been paid.
off at Plymouth, and the ship put in Customs of Warious Countries. dock ; but immediately after, he receiv
ed an order from the Admiralty to refit
for sea. Walking one day in the neighThe following customs (observes Sir bourhood of Plymouth, he encountered Walter Scott, in his new work on De- Jack with a lass under his arm, and a monology and Witchcraft,) still linger in large dog running before him with a the south of Scotland. The bride, when watch round his neck. Jack saluted she enters the house of her husband, is his Commander, and made Poll and the lifted over the threshold, and to step on dog do the same. Sir John then asked it, or over it, voluntarily, is reckoned a him if he would go to sea with him bad omen. This custom was universal again, stating the orders he had receivin Rome, where it was observed as ed. Jack inquired the period Sir John keeping in memory the rape of the Sa was given to refit. “Only a fortnight," bines, and that it was by a show of vio was the answer. “ That's unfortunate," lence towards the females, that the object said Jack, “ for I've been kalkylating, of peopling the city was attained. On your Honour, that with Poll, and the the same occasion, a sweet cake, baked dog, and the watch, my money will jist for the purpose, is broken above the last me a month ; howsomever I can do head of the bride ; which is also a rite this e’er, your honour-aside)-I can of classic antiquity.
keep two marms, two dogs, and two In like manner, the Scottish, even of watches; and then I shall have unloadthe better rank, avoid contracting mar. ed the shiners in a fortnight, sure riage in the month of May, which genial enough!”—This was devotion to his season of flowers and breezes might, in Majesty's service," with a vengeance. other respects, appear so peculiarly favourable for that purpose. It was spe
GREAT EATERS. cially objected to the marriage of Mary Theodoret relates, that a woman of with the profligate Earl of Bothwell, Syria was in the habit of eating thirty that the union was formed within this fowls a-day, without being satisfied. interdicted month. This prejudice was person named Phagon, in the presence so rooled among the Scots, that, in 1684, of the Emperor Aurelian, is said to have a set of enthusiasts, called Gibbites, devoured a boar, a sheep, and a pig. proposed to renounce it, among a long The Emperor Claudias Albinus ate, one list of staled festivals, fast days, popish morning at breakfast, 500 figs, 100 relics, not forgetting the profane names peaches, ten melons, 100 becaficos, 40 of the days of the week, names of the oysters, and a large quantity of raisins. months, and all sorts of idle and silly The Emperor Maximian became so fat practices which their tender consciences in consequence of excessive eating, that took an exception to. This objection his wife's bracelets only served him for to solemnize marriage in the merry his rings. month of May, however fit a season for courtship, is also borrowed from the Roman pagans, which, had these fanatics been aware of it, would have been an additional reason for their anathema When love from restraint shall unsettle the against the practice. The ancients have
St. Paul has decreed it is better to wed; given us as a maxim, that it is only bad
As much as to say, would you quench your women who marry in that month.
The custom of saying, “ God bless Take a leap from the frying pan into the fire : you,'when a person in company sneezes, First, he burns to be married, then marries to
The bridegroom this paradox tries in its turn, is, in like manner, derived from sternu
ON THE MARRIAGE OF MR.
N. B. A.
Diary and Chronology.
Wednesday, September 22.
St. Marurice and his Companions, mar. A.D. 286. Our saint was a general officer of the Theban legion, which consisted of about C600 men, who *were all well armeil; but they had learned to give to God what is God's, and to Cæsar what is Cæsar's. Maximian, having commanded them in vain to sacrifice to the idols, orilered his whole army to surround them; they suffered themselves to be butchered like innocent lambs, not opening their mouths but to encourage one another.
Sept. 22, 1820.-Expired at Rome, Frederic Ginelin, a celebrated engraver. This artist, who has been called the German Woollett, was a native of Badenweiler, near Basle. Ho is well known on the continent by his beautiful landscapes, and by the fine plates that illustrate the late splendid edition of Annibal Caro's translation of the Eneid, undertaken at the expense of her grace the Duchess of Devonshire.
Thursday, September 23. St. Adamnan of Ireland, abbot, d. A.D. 705. - sun rises 56m after 5-sets 3m after 6.
Walnuts - About this period of the year this delicious fruit, which dates its origin from the warm vales of Persia, is in general plentiful, and with sweet wine is a delicious and favourite desert, Anciently, many curious ceremonies were practised with ants and walnuts, and the lat. ter were commonly strewed at the Roman weddings, especially in all the avenues leading to the nuptial apartment, and before the feet of the bride on her way to the altar. This ceremony, says Dr Hunter, was to show that the bridegroom had left off 2 || hoyish amusements. To this nuptial sport allusions are frequently made by the poets; we find it mentioned by Catullus, who speaks of it thus :
Let the air with Hymen ring!
of the tricks he play'd of old. Herrick, that delightful poet of our own country, also introduces the custom in one of his pieces,
" Now bar the door, the bridegroom puts
The eager boys to gather nuts." And the author of Sylva says, in Germany," whenever they fell a tree which is decayel, they always plant a young one near it, and 'twixt Hanau and Franckfort, oo young farmer whatsoever is permitted to marry a wife, till he bring proof that he has planted a stated namber of walnut. trees," and the law is inviolably preserved to this day, for extraordinary benefits which this tree a ffords the inhabitants.
Friday, September 24. St. Rusticus. 8. of Avergne, d. 5'h Cen - High Water 50m aft 5 Jorning-14m ast. After.
Sept. 24, 1650.- The Princess Elizabeth, second daughter of Charles I., was interred on this day in a vault ocar the communion table in the church of Newport, Isle of Wigbt. This unfore lunate lady, after her royal father's death, was confined in Carisbrook Castle, under the cus. tody prone Mililinay, where, pining away with grief and melancholy, she expired at the premature age of 15 years. The coffin and urn containing her remains were accidentally discovered October 4, 1793, in a very perfect state, by some persons engaged in examining the ground 10 fix on a proper spot whereon to build a vault for the interment of a brother of the Earl of Dela.
On the coffin-lid was inscribed " Elizabelli, second daughter of the lale King Charles, deceased Sept. S, 1650."
Saturday, September 25. t. Firmin, mar. 3rd Cent. - Moon's First Quar, 52 m after 6. Morn. Our saint is recorded to have received the crown of martyrdom at Amiens, where he was bishop.
Sept. 25, 1066.- An invasion of England in different parts took place on this day, during the reign of llarold Il.; by his brother, in the southern parts, and by the Norwegian, Harfager, in Yorkshire. Harold met the combined army near Stamford Bridge, since called Battle Bridge, where the royal ariny (in spite of the amazing prowess of a Norwegian, who defended a pass against the English army uumoved by force or promises, until slain by a spear from beneath tlie bridge on which he stood,) gained a victory so complete, that Hartager, and his brother Tostigh were both slain. The brave Harold had no leisure to enjoy his triumph for obtaining one of the greatest victories recorded in history, for the next day William the Norman landed at Pevensey, in Sussex, with 60,000 men, and seventeen days after, at the fight of Hastings, Harold lost his kingdom and his life.
Sunday, September 26.
SIXTEENTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY. Lessons for the Day -2 chapter Esekiel, morn-13 chapler Exekiel, Eren. According to the old style, this is Holy-rood-day. The Holy.rood was an image of our Saviour on the cross, placed upon a lost made for that purpose over the passage out of the church into the chancel. At Boxley Abbey, io Kent, there was a miraculous crucifix called the Rood of Grace, which was one of the moxt famous iinpostures contrived by the Romish priests to pick the pockets of the superstitious multitude. By the help of secret springs it could rall the eyes, move the lips, and turn the head, at the approach of its credulous and deluded votaries. When monasteries were dissolved, this juggling crucifix was publicly exposed to the derision of the populace, and afterwards broken to pieces by Hilsey, Bishop of Rochester, at Saint Paul's Cross.
Monday, September 27.
Sun rises 4m after 6-sets 55m after 5. Sept. 27, 1730.-Expired at his Rectory, the Rev. Laurence Eusden, a poet of considerable merit; he was the author of several of the papers in the Spectator, and in 1718 he was preferred to tbe laureatship. Note.-The Proprietors of the Olio respectfully inform their Subscribers, that finding it
impossible to execute the number of Engravings necessary to complete Part 38, promised on Magazine Day, 19 prevent disappointment they have enlarged Part 87 to six Numbers, price lg, 6d.
BY HORACE GUILFORD,
ILLUSTRATED ARTICLE. line proportion of man; and the fine
contour of his animated, though someTales of the Tapestry : what full features, his bold and large
eye, aquiline nose, and exquisitely For the Olio.
formed mouth, whose red lips loved to
display a clustering and splendid set of THE BABINGTONS.
teeth, gave him every external grace
that the eye delights to dwell upon ; A TALE OF CHADSTOW.
while his bushy sable beard, carefully
trimmed, and his curly tonsure of the She had taken care to conceal her elegant shape, by fastening a large lump on her left
same bue, cherished to the utmost point shoulder, as if she had heen crooked; her that monastic rules allowed, or, to say beautiful auburn hair was covered with a large truth, indulged rather beyond it, wreathcoarse cap ; and she had anoiuted her face ed like a coronet his high, white foreand hands, in imitation of the gipsies, with juice of walnut busks.
head, testifying, in no slight degree, the Popular Tales of the Germans. opinion which the worthy monk enter
tained of his own personal attractions ; PAUL BABINGTON, or, as he was more and, to complete all, the clear brown of generally designated, the Black Priest his cheeks, mantling with a rich healthy of Chadstow, was unquestionably one red, that told more of daily exercise in of the handsomest men of his time. In the field than of nightly vigil in the vain did the sable Benedictine garb en- cell, fully testified the reputation he enfold his noble form with coarse and joyed of being an uncommonly fineunsightly drapery; his majestic height, looking man. for he was upwards of six feet, his Many a fair lip had been heard to broad square shoulders, his brawny sigh that “a good knight was spoiled chest, his thick and towering neck, when Paul Babington was doomed to spoke him framed in the most mascu wield the rosary and crucifix, instead of VOL. VI. P