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ROYAL PORTRAITS, No. 3. and broad, his complexion clear, his (For the Olio.)

eyes large and handsome, and his hair black. He was a politic and brave

prince, and, saving the cruel and unThis king had the surname of Beau- natural act above related, mild and clerk, or Scholar, given to him, not, as

merciful in time of peace.t ALPHA. it is supposed, from his great learning, but rather in contradistinction to his

Notices of New Books. predecessors, both of whom were in some degree illiterate. He is charged The British Naturalist.--Vol. II. with incontinency,--a failing not un

Whittaker and Co. coinmon among kings; but he appears seldom to have indulged in excesses of AMONG the many works written to the table, for it is said that he never display in an attractive and pleasing ate but when hungry, or drank except forin the truths of natural history, the when thirsty. He was very partial to British Naturalist must hold a very proanimals, and at Woodstock had a large minent station. The present volume menagerie of wild beasts. He suffered which is equal, if not superior to its priests to marry upon their paying a predecessor, unfolds with great simplilarge sum, and the loss of a limb was city the operations of nature throughout commuted to a fine; yet his character the year, and particularises especially appears to have been tinctured with the features and phenomena of those cruelty, as his conduct towards his enchanting seasons, Spring and Sumbrother, Robert Duke of Normandy, mer. Great praise is due to the author will shew. The duke having raised an for the felicitous manner in which he army against his brother, was defeated has executed a task of considerable and taken prisoner, and afterwards difficulty; his pages are diversified brought to England, where he was kept with so many important facts, that turn in close confinement; but not long after to whatever leaf you may, you are sure attempting to escape, the king caused to find intelligence and entertainment his eyes to be put out,—an act from combined. Upon the pugnacity of which humanity recoils, and which will animals, he thus expresses himselfremain for ever a blot upon the memory “If we were to take any analogy of Henry. This horrible deed counter- from other animals, and between anibalances the many good acts which he mal and animal, the analogy of animals performed to his subjects, among which is certainly better than the analogy of may be reckoned the releasing them man,—we should feel inclined to think from the tax of Dane-gelt, and many that their retributive justice would other unjust impositions of former kings. with us get the very opposite name. His courage was great, and in one When animals, in a state of nature battle he fought like a common soldier, and without any training from man, and received such severe strokes on fight with their own species at all, the the lead that the blood gushed from his fight, unless it be for their females or mouth.

their young, in which animals that are A quarrel with his son-in-law (the otherwise timid become valiant, is alEarl of Anjou) threw him into a fever, ways the fight for conquest and not for which was increased by his eating justice, and, when a third strikes in, lampreys,-a dish of which he was it almost universally falls upon the very fond, but which never agreed with vanquished or the weaker. Dogs that him,—and he died at Rouen on the 1st come to a dog-fight always begin to of December in the year 1135. Some worry the dog that is down; stags chase writers say, that he died in consequence the beaten stag, and drive him from the of an injury received in a fall from his herd; and we remember no case in horse, but this has not been confirmed. which the conqueror, however much His bowells, brains * and eyes were he may have been the aggressor, thereby interred at Rouen, and his body in roused the indignation of any of the Reading Abbey, which he had founded rest. There seems in all those cases during his reign.

a propensity to triumph, and if the His appearance was elegant and manly. His figure lusty, his chest large + As an act of the policy of Henry, it may be

mentioned, that he was the first English king

who thought of inland navigation. He is said • Baker says that the physician who took to have joined the Trent and the Withain, that out the brains of the king died shortly after, in boats night pass from Yorksea to Lincoln, a consequence of inhaling the horrible effluvia.

space of seven miles.

triumph has been in part won by one, vention is always attributed to the it is eagerly caught at by others. We gods; but yet while there is this rehave met with nothing in the conduct mote antiquity, the field for study must of rooks by which we could infer a be more wide and productive than in deviation from this apparently general any other portion of human knowledge, law of animals; and, therefore, it may inasmuch as the study and culture of be that the rook which suffers, does so, plants have received more improvement just because it is not so strong or so in very recent times than any other skilsul a warrior as the rest.

branch of human occupation; and that At page 210, the following forcibly within the last fifty years, more has points out the great benefit which man been added to our knowledge of plants derives from vegetation.

than to any other branch of our know“ As subjects for study, we have no- ledge.” thing equal to them. The animals, With the subjoined extract we must when in a state of nature, flee at our conclude our notice of this valuable approach, we see them only by snatches, little volume. and therefore have not the means of “ Scott and Burns are and were men getting a continuous history of them. of the fields,' and we are not to suppose But the plant stands still, and we can that either of them, with the eyes that examine it; can watch it from the mo- they had, both physical and intellecment that it is a seed, till its energy be tual, for scene, for subject, and characexhausted in the production of millions; ter, could have taken at second-hand, and though the manrer in which it from any holder forth upon dead speperforms its functions has hitherto de- cimens, or any shutter up of nature fied our philosophy, we have still within the four walls of an aviary, any enough to occupy our attention, and part of the description of a bird, with excite our admiration. One of the which they must have been as familiar most valuable properties of vegetables as man can be in its native wilds; and is their inflammability ; and to man, in yet Scott, in the delightful song with a savage state, they are at once the which Ellen Douglas serenades the fuel and the fire; furnish him with that disguised monarch, has these lines :which is his peculiar characteristic,

. But the lark's shrill 6 fe shall come, and protect him from the inclemency At the day-break from the fallow, of the weather, and the night-attacks And the bitter sound his drum, of those animals for which, in strength

Booming from the serigy shallow.' and swiftness, he is no match. He col- Burns, again, in a less lively, but lects a bundle of sticks, rubs one more accurately grouped picture of against another till it be ignited, the rural sounds, has these lines, which whole are soon in a blaze, and the absolutely transport to the scene any result is both light and safety. Then one-who has been there before and the wonderful durability of some of occupied as he ought to be :the species. We read of beams that • The howlet screamed frae the castle wa', are undecayed, though they have been The bittern free the begie, in the service of man for more than a

The told replied upou the bill:

I trembled for my hogle.' thousand years; and the great chesnut tree at Tamworth, in Staffordshire, is And of course the 'from,' in the case reported to have stood from the year that bird, or any part of it, was in the

of the bittern, no more meant than 800 to the year 1762, and to have produced perfect fruit in 1759,--a dura- bog or quagmire, than the ‘from in tion, compared to which, that of any the wall of the ruined fortalice, when,

the other, meant that the owl was in animal is but as a span.

“ Vegetables have this further advan- in fact, it hooted from the ivy with tage, that they are found every where, which that wall was draperied, or the and at all seasons; and therefore those trees by which it was shaded." who study them may have constant mental occupation; nor is there any

Fine Arts. one capable of observing at all, that may not, by that study, add something SOCIETY OF BRITISH ARTISTS. to the common stock of knowledge. To what an extent that may be done, can The following notice, which conclube so far understood when it is borne des our view of ihis pleasing Exhibition, in mind that the cultivation of vegeta- has been delayed by the lengthy details bles reaches beyond the record even of late events that have occupied our of the ancient na'ions, and that the in- pages. We resume the subject with

No. 265. Nero's Tomb. J. Giles. well managed by the painter. The This is a very masterly painting ; the heavy clouds, and the raging mountaingloomy distance, relieved by a rainbow, ous ocean, are all so well executed as the city of Rome in a blaze of light, and to give, as accurately as possible, the the dull and flat campagna, form a most idea of a storm, and must have been poetical and charming composition, studied from that great volume of the while the beautiful colouring and pen- art-nature. ciling of the foreground, increases its Lonsdale has six very meritorious excellence; but we think the figures are portraits. He takes excellent likenesses, somewhat too large, especially the goats but we really see no reason why the browsing at the foot of the tomb. Mr. coats, buttons, shirt collars, &c., should Giles is a very promising painter, and sit for their portraits likewise ; he is as his other performances here all display particular about those appendages as a great excellence, especially No. 438. dancing master that miss should point Compositions, Tivoli.

her toes, or a drill serjeant that a reNo. 289. Portrait of Macready in cruit should hold up his head. Now the character of William Tell. J. Lawrence did every thing in his power Truman.-An excellent likeness, and to hide all this ; he despised it, and his a most excellent painting. It is a full aversion sometimes carried him to exlength, and is painted with great care. tremes, which caused him to paint coats

No. 302. The Reaper. J. Inskipp. that would paralyze Nugee or Stultz at -Among all Mr. Inskipp's works, we the capaciousness of the sleeves, the prefer the Reaper, for its simplicity broad and rumpled collar, the looseness and charming tone of colour, and for wiih which it hung on the body, fitting the Gainsborough-like handling of the any thing but “ like wax,” (the usual painting.

Snipperian_phrase.) Especially his No. 354. The Frosty Reception. R. portraits of Lord Liverpool, Mr. Croker, W. Bress.—The happiness of a gour- and Mr. Canning. mand, who is surrounded by every lux The Sculpture Room contains some ury of eatables, is disturbed by the very excellent productions, by Baily, entrance of a friend, shivering with R.A., J. Henning, jun., &c. There is a cold, and covered with frost and snow. statue of Wellington, by Francis ; it The angry snarl of the gouty epicure, bears a resemblance, but is wanting in who is choaking with passion, and the dignity. scrupulous bowings of the visitor, no Thus closes our notice of this Society, doubt offering a thousand apologies for and we hope it may prosper year after his intrusion, form an excellent con year. Though there is nothing very trast. The whole subject, with its ap- striking, still the individual works are pendages, is cleverly treated.

excellent; there are several producNo. 404. The Broken Jar. C. Land- tions here that ought never to have been seer.—A very simple subject is here admitted any where, for they would dismade the medium for some very good grace the meanest broker's shop, espepainting ; the light and shade is extreme- cially one in the south room and two in ly clever.

the north. Can it be possible that the No. 419. Pro and Con. H. Pidding. members expect such painters will ever -A party of villagers in an alehouse rise in the art, and add to its dignity are vehemently pro and conning upon and value ? Impossible! We say imsome knotty subject, to which, it seems, possible, for it is not in the power of the debaters cannot get their auditors to man to conceive more execrable things. agree. There is great humour and point How should we rejoice to accompany in many of the figures, but the whole is some of the members, and point these too slightly painted.

out, and beg them to particularize their No. 186. All hands to the Rescue. beauties, or promise of future excelJ. Tennant.

lencies. If this Society wishes to pros“ But dimly seen, join’a 'twist the treach'rous per, if they desire to court the patronage

of the public, destroy, annihilate parLies the dismantled bark, her straining sides tiality so very, very glaring. C.I.H. Grpaning in concert with the roaring surge." Latterly, Mr. Tennant has rapidly im- Illustrations of Popular Works.proved, and this painting will at once

Part 1. By George Cruikshank. put him on a footing with Stanfield and Press of matter obliged us to postWilson. The activity and energy of pone our notice of this very clever the party pushing off the boat, is a fine work. The number before us contains characteristic of British seamen, and six etchings illustrative of scenes re


markable for comic humour or truth chill. The most common of these of description, to be found in the works winter dancers is called by Harris the of our most popular novelists. To say tell-tale (Trichocera hiemalis, MEIthat this artist has improved, would be gen) a troop of which may be occato say but little. There is an elegance sionally seen gamboling in a sunny in his drawings that may view with the nook, though the ground be covered most finished productions of the mo- with snow. When the weather is dern school. His male figures remind warm and mild, however, the dancing us of the spirited etchings of Callot, and Tipulidæ prefer the decline of day; his women are in most instances beau- and we have remarked them keeping tiful delineations of female beauty. it up as long as we could distinguish His etchings have of late lost their them between the eye and the waning harshness and caricature effect; and light of the western horizon : how much if he deals in the humorous, his figures longer they continued to dance we are entirely divested of coarseness and cannot tell. vulgarity. One of the plates in the It is a very singular fact connected present number represents the “Vicar with these gnat dances, that the comof Wakefield preaching to the Prison- pany always consists exclusively of ers.” The squalid and depraved ex males. This any person who will take pression of the numerous jail birds the trouble may verify by enclosing a who surround the good pastor, are given group of them in a butterfly-net. If most happily. The scenes from Ro- this be not at hand, he may procure derick Random, Knickerbocker's New good evidence by wetting the hand, and York, and the Vicar of Wakefield, are passing it quickly amongst the thickest beautiful specimens of elaborate etch- of the crowd; when several will be ing ; and though, perhaps, not so hu- caught, and will uniformly exhibit the morous as might be expected from beautifully fringed or plumed antenna, George Cruikshank, are admirable as which in the female are without the works of art. The drollest of all is hairs or the plumelets. What it may the scene from Burns's song, “The be, besides the same delighted and De'il cam fiddling through the toun." buoyant spirit which causes lambs to When we first saw this, we guffawed group together in their frolics, that until our sides ached. Nothing can induces those tiny gnats to sport in exceed the humour of this plate. Sa- this manner on the wing, is, perhaps, thanas has his tail entwined around inexplicable. the neck of the unfortunate exciseman, and is lugging him along, fiddling and

INSECT EQUESTRIANS. capering with true demonical delight. In speaking of what appear to be This one etching is alone worth the the sports of insects, we cannot omit price of the book. The style in which taking notice of the very singular prothe work is got up is truly elegant, and ceedings of some species of ants, which, the size of the plates is adapted to all at the intervals of busy industry, amuse the editions of the British novelists. themselves with something apparently

analogous to our wrestling and racing The Naturalist.

matches. Bonnet says, he observed a small species of ants, which employed

themselves in carrying each other on It may prove interesting, we think, their backs, the rider holding with his to turn our attention to some other mandibles the neck of his bearer, and movements of insects which seem to be embracing it closely with his legs, the expressive of pleasure when they are position which the renowned John not stationary, and leaving out of con- Gilpin may have sometimes been dissideration, also, their foraging for food. posed to assume in his famous race A familiar instance of what we allude through Edmonton. But though the to occurs in the aerial dances of the very palpable mistakes committed by tipulidan gnats and some other insects. Bonnet respecting these very ants may These are performed not only in sum- perhaps, tend to invalidate his authomer, but frequently even in winter rity with respect to their riding, we and in the earlier months of spring, - have the undoubted testimony of both in sheltered places, indeed, such as Gould and Huber for their wrestlings. under trees and hedges, in lanes, and “You may frequently,” says Gould, when a day chances to be finer than “perceive one of these ants (Formica usual, though the mildest day is of rufa, Latr.) run to and fro with a felcourse at these seasons comparatively los labourer in his forceps of the same


species and colony." Mr. Gould ob- pounded in a stone mortar, and mixed served; that, after being carried for with roasted meal ; of this they make some time, it was let go in a friendly balls, which are thrown to the dogs, or manner and rceived no personal in- given to vultures; this is celestial bujury. This amusemeet is often repeat- rial. These modes of interment are ed, particularly among the hill ants, considered as very desirable. These who are very fond of this sportive ex cutters of the dead have a deba as their ercise.

16. chief. The expence of this catting up

of a body amounts, at the very least, to MOTION OF INSECTS.

some tens of silver pieces (each worth The apparatus in the feet of the about Is. English). The bodies of those common fly, which enables the insect who have no money are cast into the to move with ease over hard polished water; this is called aquatic burial, surfaces, such as glass, &c. consists of and is regarded as a misfortune. two or three membranous suckers con When a lama dies, the body is burnt, nected with the last joint of the foot by and an obelisk is raised to him. When a narrow neck, of a funnel shape, im- a poor man dies, his relatives and friends mediately under the base of each claw, club together for the support of his faand moveable in all directions. These mily. At the death of a wealthy indisuckers are convex above and hollow vidual, they carry handkerchiefs and below the edges, being margined with console the relations and family: they minute serratures, and the hollow por- also send tea and wine. tion covered with down. In order to The mourning ceremony consists in produce the vacuum and the pressure, the men and women not appearing in these membranes are separated and ex- ornamented habits for one hundred days, panded, and when the fly is about to and not combing their hair or washing lift its foot, it brings them together, and themselves : the females wear no earfolds them up as it were between the rings or necklaces. The opulent sometwo claws. By means of a common times summon lamas to recite prayers microscope, these interesting move for the soul of the deceased: all this ments may be observed when a fly is concludes at the end of a year. Geneconfined in a wine-glass. 16. rally speaking, young people are re

spected in Tibet, whilst old men are Customs of Uarious Countries. but little regarded. Sick people are

shunned; and the death of an individual

in war is considered as a subject of exFUNERALS IN TIBET. At H’lassa, when a man dies, his ultation for the whole family. head is forced into contact with his knees, the hands are placed between the

Anecdotiana. legs, and the body is kept in this attitude by cords; the corpse is then clothed in the ordinary dress of the deceased, When the great grandfather of the and put into a leathern sack or a present king came to the throne, compannier. Men and women lament the plaints having been daily made of the deceased, after having suspended the defalcation of public money, his Mabody by means of cords to a beam. jesty was resolved to inspect the ac

Lamas are invited to say prayers, and counts himself along with his minister ; according to the means of the party, and for that purpose told Sir Robert butter is carried to the temples to be Walpole he would begin next morning. burned before the holy images: a moiety The king accordingly came into his of the effects left by the deceased person closet about nine o'clock, and Sir is given to the temple of Botala ; the Robert soon after followed with three other moiety is appropriated to the waggon loads of papers, which were lamas invited to say prayers--that is, in beginning to be unloaded just before giving them tea and in other disburse- the palace gate.

“ Where are the paments on their account, so that the re- pers?" said the king. "They are unlatives of the deceased obtain nothing. packing, Sir,” said Sir Robert, “that A few days after the death of the person, is, as many as could be got ready at so the body is carried on shoulders to the short a notice, for I have been to colplace of the cutters, who, fastening it lect three waygon loads to-day, but by to a stone pillar, eut up the corpse into next, God willing, I am in hopes to fill small pieces, which they give to dogs to seven more.” “What, ten waggon loads eat; this is called terrestrial burial. of papers," exclaimed the astonished With respect to the bones, they are sovereign, “ well, well, take it back


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