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5. Narrate briefly the series of events by which, in the fifteenth century, Normandy was for a time re-annexed, but finally lost, to the English crown.
6. What train of circumstances prepared the way for the fall of Wolsey? Describe the important ecclesiastical changes effected in the six years which followed that event.
7. Give short characters of Harley, Bolingbroke, Sir Robert Walpole, and Charles James Fox.
8. What was the object of the Exclusion Bill, and what reception did it meet with in Parliament ?
9. Describe the public career of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham.
10. What were the circumstances which led to the battle of Navarino? Give a brief account of the battle? By what important consequences was it followed?
11. Give some account of Danegelt.
The Bill of Rights. The Cabal Ministry. Cato Street Conspiracy. The Luddite Riots.
ENGLISH HISTORY. (2.)
Rev. J. F. BRIGHT.
Wednesday, 26th June 1878. 2 P.M to 5 P.M.
[Candidates are requested to write at the head of their paper the period in which they have already expressed their wish to be examined. Not more than eight questions are to be attempted, and those only within the limits of the stated period; no marks will be given to any others.]
1. Trace the gradual growth of English cities from the successive charters of London and Lincoln.
2. Illustrate from the charters the character of the forest laws, and the changes which took place in them before the reign of Edward I.
3. Illustrate from the Great Charter the character and abuses of the government of the Plantagenets.
4. Describe in detail, and explain, the part taken by Edward I. in the baronial disturbances of his father's reign.
5. Show by an examination of some of his chief Statutes how Edward I. may be said to have completed the constitutional work of Henry II.
6. Characterise the great statesmen who successively directed the Government of England during the reign of Henry III.
7. What marked social changes took place in England in the 14th century?
8. Compare Edward III. and Henry V. as statesmen and as generals.
9. What were the chief measures by which Henry VII. completed the establishment of the practical dictatorship of the Tudors?
10. Trace the steps by which the position of the King as Head of the Church was established.
11. What various sources of Pilgrimage of Grace?
regard to its suppression.
discontent combined to cause the Examine the King's conduct with
12. What were the circumstances of Scotland at the time of its invasion by Somerset, what was the end he proposed to himself, and what the effect of his expedition?
13. Illustrate from the history of Elizabeth's marriage negotiations the truth of her assertion, that she was wedded to her people.
14. Discuss the proofs of Mary Stewart's complicity in her husband's murder.
15. What signs of the independence of the Commons are visible in Elizabeth's reign, and for what privileges did they contest?
16. What was the condition of Roman Catholics in the latter part of Elizabeth's reign? Examine the validity of the excuse usually alleged for the religious severity of her reign.
THE STEWART PERIOD. (3.)
17. Give the chief constitutional rights asserted in the Declaration of Right, and trace through the Stewart period the infringement of those rights with regard, 1st, to the army, 2nd, to the dispensing power.
18. Give an accurate account of Strafford's government in Ireland. 19. Give, with explanatory notes, the various forms of taxation employed, as it was thought illegally, by the two first Stewarts. 20. Give in their order, distinctly marking their differences, the attempts at Parliamentary government under Cromwell.
21. Give a succinct account of the relations between Charles II. and the French Court.
22. Give an accurate account of Monmouth's rebellion in both its English and Scotch branches.
23. Give a short account of the younger Cecil, Sir John Eliot, Sunderland, and Schomberg.
24. Describe with geographical accuracy the campaign of Oudenarde. 25. Explain, with historical comments, the Habeas Corpus Act, the Irish Act of Settlement, the Treaty of Union, and the terms "Court of Star Chamber," " Cabinet," and "Responsibility of Ministers."
THE HANOVERIAN PERIOD. (4.)
26. What chance was there at the end of Anne's reign of a return of the Stewarts?
27. Compare the principles of the Whig Party in 1720 with those of the Party bearing the same name in 1830.
28. Trace accurately the circumstances which led to the revolt of the American Colonies. Explain the attitude of English parties in relation to the war which followed,
29. With what declared objects did the Rockingham Ministry accept office in 1782, and how far did it carry them out?
30. Show from his measures the liberal tendencies of the younger Pitt before the outbreak of the French Revolution.
31. How far was England compelled (1) by positive treaty engagements, (2) by her interests, to engage in the French war in 1793 ?
32. Explain the rise of the United Irishmen.
33. Describe the Peerage Bill, the Excise Bill, the Septennial Act, Pitt's India Bill, the Canada Bill, and the Six Acts of 1819.
34. Describe the advance of Sir John Moore before the Retreat to Corunna. How far is it defensible?
35. Describe the position of the French forces at the return_of Napoleon from Egypt, and contrast it with their position after the Peace of Lunéville.
36. Illustrate from the campaign of Waterloo both the strong and weak points of Napoleon's strategy and tactics.
ENGLISH LITERATURE. (1.)
C. KNIGHT WATSON, Esq., M.A., F.S.A.
1. Of what elements is the English language composed?
2. Divide the English language ante 1550 into periods. Mention the most important literary productions which belong to each of such periods.
3. What were the three great English Dialects in the middle of the fourteenth century? Define the areas in which they respectively prevailed. Which of them ultimately developed into the Standard English?
4. State what you know of the life of Chaucer. What was the title of his principal poem, and who were the personages introduced? By whom have portions of it been put in a modern dress?
5. Supposing you had to compile a "Reader," or Delectus of English Literature, Prose and Verse, from Chaucer to Elizabeth (inclusive), what authors would you have available, and what pieces would you select?
6. Compare the progress of English Prose with that of English Poetry. Who did for Prose what Chaucer did for Poetry? Give as full an account as you can (with dates) of the works of three of the following authors: Sir Philip Sydney. Hooker. Chillingworth. Clarendon. Sir W. Temple. Barrow. Burke. Robertson. Hallam. Hobbes. Bolingbroke.
7. Name the principal works of Dr. Johnson, Pope, and Goldsmith, as far as you can in chronological order. Give dates and a brief indication of the subject of each.
8. Who were the authors, and what were the subjects, of the following works? The Castle of Indolence. Ode to Duty. Cooper's Hill. Cymbeline. Every Man in his Humour. Shepheardes Kalendar. The Alchemist.
Drapier's Letters. Cato. The Complete Angler.
9. Compare Scott, as a novel-writer, with Dickens or Thackeray.
10. State what you know of any three of the following poems; and quote or refer to passages in illustration of your remarks.
1. On receiving my Mother's Picture.
2. The Cottar's Saturday Night.
3. The Mariners of England.
4. Intimations of Immortality.
5. The Bard.
6. The Bridge of Sighs.
7. The Deserted Village.
9. Ode to a Skylark.
11. Where do the following passages occur? Explain them with
reference to the context in each case.
(1.) In maiden meditation fancy-free.
(2.) Where more is meant than meets the ear.
(4.) I own the soft impeachment.
(5.) O for a lodge in some vast wilderness,
(6.) Ill fares the land, to hopeless ills a prey,
Where wealth accumulates and men decay.
(7.) The soul's calm sunshine and the heartfelt joy.
(9.) Ay every inch a king.
(10.) License they mean where they cry liberty.
(12.) What's in a name?
That which we call a rose,
(13.) Better fifty years of Europe than a cycle of Cathay.
(15.) The people's prayer, the glad diviner's theme,
The young men's vision, and the old men's dream. (16.) Not to know me argues yourself unknown.
ENGLISH LITERATURE. (2.)
C. KNIGHT WATSON, Esq., M.A., F.S.A.
Thursday, 27th June 1878. 2 P.M. to 5 P.M.
[N.B.-You are expected to answer not more than Eight of the following Questions, confining yourself to those which relate to the works which you have specially studied. Credit will be given for any knowledge you may show, in proportion as it appears to be derived at first hand from your own reading of the works.]
1. Point out the confusion which exists as to the currently received titles and authorship of the " Vision," "Crede," and "Tale," respectively, which are grouped around the name of "Piers Plowman." State the real facts of the case. Sketch the literary history of the "Vision," and collect the internal evidence of its date.
2. Give your estimate of Chaucer's position in English Literature as gathered from and illustrated by your perusal of the Prologue and Knight's Tale. Point out, in particular, his dramatic power, by specific references to such of Chaucer's works as you have yourself read.
3. Explain, with reference to the context, each of the following passages from Chaucer's Prologue and Canterbury Tales, commenting on any allusions, and any peculiar words, forms, or phrases.
(1.) But soth is seyd, goon sithen many yeres,
That feld hath eyen, and the woode hath eeres;
It is ful fair a man to bere him evene
For al day meteth men at unset stevene.
(2.) It is right fair to ben yclept Madame,
And han a mantel riallyche i-bore.
(3.) And also war him of a significavit.
(4.) I have wel rad in daun Burnel the Asse, &c.