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this question, with an earnest wish that the approaching solemnity, let not our day you would make such use of the informa- of professed humiliation become a curse tion as may forward the cause we have in instead of a blessing, as it will if our prayhand.”
ers go out of feigned lips and prove only a With this important document, the solemn mockery. We need, to crown all, facts contained in which the bishop ex- the plentiful effusion of Divine grace, and pressly stated he wished to be made the renovating influences of the Holy known, and his name given as authority Spirit ; which topic we add last, that it (though not meaning his letter to be may be most fresh in the remembrance of printed while he was living), we conclude our readers, and most prominent in their our remarks; only adding, in reference to prayers.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Alpha; D. M. P.; C. B. P.; A SUBSCRIBER; S. C. J.; J. E.; LAICUS ;
QUADRAGENARIUS; T.; D.; M. L. L.; THEOGNIS; M.; C. H.; W.; are
under consideration, We have received several excellent addresses from clergymen, in various parts of the
country, to their flocks, and wish we could notice them, as well as numerous serinons and other publications, in detail. They are valuable and powerful instruments of local and pastoral utility. Incog, and ANTIGALLICUS should each spend fifteen-pence on “ The Results of Ma
chinery," if they have not access to larger treatises. We cannot see with the latter in what way, if a Sheffield knife is sent to France in exchange for a pair of gloves, the country is injured. No trade that requires protecting (except for a time, as an infant exotic) is worth protecting. All such protection is national loss ; public robbery for private advantage. The second table of the Divine law is the best treatise on political economy. Would Antigallicus like that men should prevent his taking his industry or his manufactures to the best market, and getting back
what he pleased, not excepting corn itself, in return ? We are obliged again to postpone numerous articles of Literary Intelligence.-- The re
ports, and other papers of religious and charitable societies, have of late years become so numerous, that it is impracticable for us to notice a twentieth part of them; and we can cherefore only as a general rule, offer to societies the facility of transacting their own business with our readers, by inserting their documents, if suitable, among our appended papers (which are admitted gratuitously), or availing themselves of the advertisements on the cover, when they wish to publish a list of names, donations, &c. Our duty to our readers requires that we should not occupy the body of the work with articles of this description ; which would take up a large part of each Number; but we are not the less interested in them, because our limits forbid our inserting them. We should hope that most of our readers see that valuable and useful work, the Missionary Register, which is specifically devoted to these sub
jects, and which is the best record extant of what God is doing in the earth. CLERICUS will perceive, on referring back to our pages, that we did not overlook the
plurality bill of last session, but that we expressly passed it over because it had lapsed by the prorogation of parliament, and we trusted that a far better bill would be eventually introduced. That bill proceeded on the principle that the system of pluralities ought to be checked; and it enacted, among other things, that a person taking a new living of above a certain value, thereby vacated his present holding ; but most strangely it was added, that if he could procure high testimonials to his talents and character, then the archbishop might give him a dispensation to be a pluralist. How so monstrous a provision found its way into the bill we cannot conjecture. Who could have proposed to suspend such an important issue upon an archbishop's dispensation; thus making it often a mere matter of intrigue or favouritism? and who could have suggested as a legislative principle, that in proportion as men are learned and good, they shall be permitted to do bad things, as a
reward for their virtues ? We cannot think with A. B., that Mr. Daniel Wilson has mistaken the sentiments of
the school to which he alludes, respecting baptism. We might quote scores of pages in proof. Take one sentence as an example, from the writings of Dr. Spry: “ Men became sanctified creatures by virtue of baptism ;” but if in after life they neglect the grace then received, “ they will be unrenewed and unreformell, though actually regenerate." What then is regeneration but a name? And surely A. B. will not deny that Dr. Spry is what is called (unfairly, because exclusively called) a high-churchman; a churchman so high, that, on a fast day during the late war, he
saw fit, in despite of ecclesiastical authority, to leave out a passage in the prayers because it inculcated charity towards those who agreeing with us in the essentials of our most holy faith,” differ upon some points of “ doubtful disputation ;" Dr. Spry considering that the Church of England being always in the right, and his exposi
tion of her doctrines being infallible, no doubtful points could possibly exist. A correspondent (who gives his name) states, that the altercations at the new Bible
Society board are beyond measure “ violent, personal, and disgraceful,” that their conduct is “ dishonourable in a moral point of view, independent of any theological question,” and that they talk of having a new public meeting to propose another new test. We can only say that the whole business is very mournful; but we have written enough, and perhaps too much, about it in a former page.
Since the above was written, the plurality bill alluded to has just been re-introduced.
It is altogether of an unsatisfactory character. Instead of laying down in a statesman-like manner, precise regulations, under which a plurality of livings shall or shall not be lawful, it first prohibits then altogether, and then gives power to the archbishop to grant a dispensation“ if he see fit.” The whole bill hangs on “ if he see fit;" subject only to an appeal to the privy council, which would be so troublesome, expensive, and uncertain, that few persons, however aggrieved, would venture upon it. If an archbishop chooses to deny a dispensation, there is no redress, provided his Grace can assign any reason just decent enough, the most trifting would do, to enable the privy council to uphold his decision ; for it is not likely that the government will offend an archbishop and lose his votes, to please an obscure clergyman, provided the case be not very flagrant. Again, if he chooses to grant one to another clergyman, under the very same circumstances, or even under circumstances far less plausible, from mere favouritism, or nepotism, or because the applicant is some great man's friend, there is nothing to restrain his so doing. We say, unaffectedly, that in the case of the present amiable and learned and much-respected primate, that we should have the fullest confidence in his integrity, disinterestedness, and impartiality; but have there never been, and may there not be again, archbishops of very different character; political partizans, theological polemics, good haters, money-hunters, aggrandizers of their relatives and friends, and persecutors of men more righteous than themselves ? And ought such men, or ought any man, to have such power? And then how strange to provide, that in the case of the two livings being under 4001. per annum, the archbishop may, “ if he see fit,” grant the dispensation without any peculiar claim; but that if they exceed that sum, he then may do it, “ if he see fit,” provided the fortunate candidate can get a friendly bishop, or the archbishop's own kind self, “ specially to recommend him on account of his attainments and exemplary conduct." Oh the value of Greek metres and moral virtues! No wicked or unlearned men are henceforth to be permitted to make a trade of religion; this privilege is reserved for “ attainments and exemplary conduct;" or what some kind friend may indulgently call so, and an archbishop, “ if he see fit,” accept as such. We have always opposed, and ever shall oppose, this sort of stet-pro-ratione-voluntas legislation in church matters. Nobody ever thinks of it in other matters. Why not have well considered rules to take in the great majority of cases; tying up dispensation, if admitted at all, within the most narrow bounds; and leaving as little as possible to “ if he will.” Will any clergyman who happens to have influence fail to obtain the necessary testimonials for a dispensation ?
SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE. We have only space to add without comment,
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY.
8 from bottom, for Brecon, read Becon.
ON VERBAL AND MANUAL CHRIS mentioned the Divine name without TIANITY.
taking off his hat. This was very
well in him, because this act of exTo the Editor of the Christian Observer. ternal or manual reverence was not IN your Number for August 1831, belied, but supported, by his general
you allowed me to obtrude a paper habits. But many a copyist might on undervaluing the gifts of the Holy uncover his head and do nothing Spirit ; and you afterwards, in due better. It is indeed told of Dr. fairness, permitted others to discuss John Campbell (the statistical writer) my communication. This was done that he never passed by a church on your part with my entire, though without removing also his hat, but unknown, concurrence; and I hope he never went into one, and he was that the three scrutineers ultimately a regular devotee to wine. placed the question in its right po- Christianity cannot be a religion sition. But I am not cured of que- of words and ceremonies. But Rorulousness; and the proceedings of manism can be; and I have often the nominally Christian world would wondered that Protestants of serious furnish matter of fresh complaint to and sagacious minds, should not be persons far less disposed to scrutinize aware how nearlythey symbolize with than myself.
their opponents in verbal devotion. I wish, sir, that people professing Among the Papists every thing is godliness would be a little more cau- rubbed over with the varnish of their tious in substituting the language religion. Among the ships captured, and manipulations of religion for its I think, at Trafalgar, were the Sanspirit and influence. It is not meant TISSIMA TRINIDADA, and the SALVAthat they do this designedly, and in DOR DEL MUNDO. If these nominalists the temper of those of whom it was discern a cluster of islets, they are said, “This people draweth nigh called THE VIRGIN ISLANDS; if a single to me with their lips but their island, it becomes TRINIDAD. In coastheart is far from me." I am sup- ing along a new continent, they posing no such hypocrisy ; but I am double a cape, and name it SPIRITO jealous of certain phrases and customs Santo. They build a town, and term becoming the cheap and equivocal it VALPARAISO. The neighbouring test of personal religion. There is a bayis distinguished by the appellation formality very likely to spring up of CONCEPTION. Some of the rivers among the most strenuous anti-for are canonized under the patronage and malists; and if the mischief does not names of favourite saints; and VERA materially affect themselves, yet it is CRUZ is seen to designate some promissure to injure their hangers-on and ing colony. The Latin chivalry is conimitators. It is recorded of the Ho secrated after a like fashion. There nourable Robert Boyle, that he never are the orders of St. Bento D'Avis,
CHRIST. Observ. No. 363.
St. Joachim, our own St. George,– EN DIEU is combined with the heraldic I wish we were well rid of him, and splendour of the Percies. Lord Waof a thousand other demi-gods and terford displays NIL NISI CRUCE; Lord deified heroes, successors of the dii Lucan, SPES MEA CHRISTUS; the minores of the heathen world ;-and Wellesleys, PORRO, UNUM EST NElastly, the Gallican order of St. cessARIUM; and Lord Glengall, the ESPRIT, which is, indeed, the climax plain English of GOD BE MY GUIDE. of this polluted and profane system. With these devotional mottoes, and And as to the emblem of the cross, of which there are numerous other and the 1. H. S. usually attached to examples, their present possessors it, they are crowded thickly over the have no concern further than as whole machinery of mystic Babylon, having found them on their family They are embroidered on the Pope's escutcheons*. They appear on the slipper, to apologize for the kissing superb equipages which crowd nightly of his toe; and they blaze in vast to the doors of the Opera-house and proportions in his basilicas and mo. of St. James's-street, as well as at nastic establishments. I doubt not some fashionable chapel on Sundays. that they are stamped upon every To what purpose have I said all rack, thumbscrew, manacle, and sti. this? To remind those whom it letto in the inquisition; and shew concerns of the ease with which themselves, in short, in every nook mankind can, and do, apply the exand corner where the evil genius of ternals of Christianity to the things antichrist rears its dark and sangui- of this world. Among Romanists nary shrines. The names of several the cross is every where, except in of our own colleges are relics of the their hearts. They too can not only self-same system. In both Univer- take off their hats at the name of sities we have TRINITY, JESUS, Mag- the Son of God, but they can fall DALEN, and CORPUS CHRISTI; at Ox- on their knees amidst the dirt of ford, ALL-SOULS and CHRIST-CHURCH; Lisbon and Madrid, at the approach and at Cambridge, Christ's and Em- of the pyx and its dirty attendants. MANUEL*. These appellations have Now, our danger is, to put words been supposed by surface theorists, and phrases allowed to be perfectly to indicate “ the piety of our ances. good in themselves and capable of tors.” It would be nearer the truth being used to edification, and, in to call it their fraud and ungodliness. fact, actually employed for that purThe feudal mottoes of several ancient pose by genuine Christians,--to put families originated in the same periods, these words and phrases to the uses and from similar causes. ESPERANCE of formality and barren opinion. It
is notorious that many Protestants, * Emmanuel College was, however, who do not inscribe their ships with founded in 1584, by Sir Walter Mildmay; the names of the Godhead, solemnly who, I believe, placed the chapel north
speak of THE MOST HOLY AND UNDIand south, from disrelish of the customs of Papal founders. The buildings are erected * It is observable that the Duke of upon the site of a Dominican convent. Wellington's motto is changed into VirQueen Elizabeth said to Sir Walter, “I lutis fortuna comes. The text, But one hear you have erected a Puritan founda- thing is needful, is retained by Marquess tion.” “ No, madam; far be it from me Wellesley, 'Lords Cowley, and Maryto countenance any thing contrary to borough; and, I believe, by Mr. P. T. L. your established laws: but I have set an Pole. Their family name, in my rememacorn which, when it becomes an oak, brance, was Wesley. Charles Wesley, God alone knows what will be the fruit brother of the founder of Methodism, thereof." (Fuller's History of Cambridge, declining to become the heir of a name1655, p. 147.) The acorn vegetated lux- sake in Ireland - Mr. Garrett Wesleyuriantly, and produced from the young the property once intended for him, was stem of its oak Bishops Hall and Bedell; inherited by the first Earl of Mornington, Chaderton,one of king James's translators; grandfather of the Duke of Wellington. Preston, Cudworth, Culverwell, Marshall, The original name, coupled with the ori. and Wallace the geometrician; all these in ginal motto, may create a smile, and call its first seventy years.
forth some unavailing wishes.
VIDED TRINITY, and yet pour instant lings around him; but he ought, at derision upon the doctrine of a be. least, to be conscious of his danger. liever reconciled to the Father, through Then, on the other hand, there are the death of the Son, by the influence numbers of consistent Christians of the Spirit. The same melancholy who say, for example, “ I intend to fact is discernible in all and every buy this estate,- I have made up my example, when the faith of the Gos- mind to dispose of my shares in this pel is inculcated as an opinion, and canal,-I go to town early in next not as a principle. On the other month, My son will be ordained hand, many well-meaning persons in December;” without prefacing abound in such phrases as “ if the such familiar assertions by any alLord will,” “through mercy,”“thank lusions to Divine Providence. But the Lord for it,” “ by the Lord's as- what is the permanent, ingrained, sistance;” and as far as this is done state of their minds, but a spirit of in sincerity and truth, it is indeed dependence upon God; of resignawell with them. But then come the tion to the events of his will ; of imitators, the men who in Spain, consciousness that the purest human Portugal, and Italy, would have em. scheme may be deranged by the broidered crosses and initials on their merest trifle ; and a desire that God sleeves and pantaloons, to look bril. would order all their affairs to his liant at bull-fights and theatres; and glory and to their own spiritual bewho glue fragments of the true cross nefit. A superficial, however sinto guitars and castanets. How little cere, Christian may perhaps rebuke do some of our own religionists think others for omissions in the cases —but they do not think, and that supposed, when, in point of reality, is one source of the evil-that the the omission is only verbal, while gross formalities of Popery are very the inward principle is active. In easily developed in the more inno- the case of the reprover, the words cent shapes which delude them. In may be uttered, and the internal both cases, it is verbal and manual feeling be cold, and languid, and Christianity.
rigorous. Religious characters must Let not, however, the reformed always be estimated by the years, party mistake me. I again repeat, and not by the moments, of a bethat I quarrel with no form of sound liever's life; by the tenor and uniform words, but with the disjunction of movements of his pilgrimage. Versuch form from soundness of mind; bal and occasional devotion is imiand also with lip-doctrine and lip- table; steady consistency is far sanctity not illustrated in the life. otherwise. Many hear and talk Every one knows that the men of with joy for a season, but in time of this world are under the perpetual temptation fall away; and so termireproof, and most deservedly, of re- nates all merely verbal Christianity ! ligious persons, because of their The danger of the Evangelical profane exclamations; and simply, formality now developed is all the because the voice and the heart are greater, when religious phrases bein opposition to each other. It come pass-words and countersigns is the DominE MISERERE, and the in public institutions, and on plat. Ave Maria, and the Pater NOSTER forms. In this instance they tend of the Papal church, under Pro. to identify the institutions themtestant forms of language. But the selves with what either is, or appears Divine name is really taken in vain to be, an ostentatious and self-righby any religionist who uses it, I teous spirit. And then returns the do not say inconsiderately, but question, When and where are we without distinct self - recollection. to stop ? The usual embarrassment He may not be aware of his bor- arising from questions of degrees dering upon the very profaneness hangs heavily upon the progress of which he condemns in the world- our investigation. I beg leave to elu