« AnteriorContinuar »
which the writings of Shakspeare of his illustrious predecessors! May are exempt; and with this equity it Britain, through him, be made a will be content. May the life of greater blessing than she has yet this distinguished servant of the been to the millions of Hindustan! crown be longer than were those December 14th, 1863.
THE RELIGION OF BRIGANDAGE-MASSES FOR ROBBERY
AND MURDER. The following passages from Sig- found priests who, by imploring Dor Massari's Report to the Italian the Divine blessing on that crew of Parliament illustrate the spiritual ruffians, attempted to make Ilearelations between the Romish priest- ven the accomplice of their crimes. hood and the brigands, and fix on But at Minervino, in the very same the Romish Church the guilt of the province, a corporal of our army was desolations which have marked the lying on his deathbed, and the priest, course of Neapolitan brigandage : when called to administer the con
solations and sacraments of religion We have been assured, and the to the brave man who had fought assurance has been repeated in all against the brigands, heartlessly rethe districts which we have visited, fused them. At Viesti, in the Garthat from the confessional proceed gano district, merely because a priest the incitements and the encourage after performing mass before the ments to the crimes of brigandage. troops had chanted Domine salvum In last December, in the pulpit of fac regem, the church was laid under one of the most crowded churches of an interdict. In another locality, Naples, a preacher said, “Our bre on the contrary, a brigand entered thren the brigands are obtaining the church on horseback, and in that victories in different provinces of fashion heard mass; nor, so far as Italy, and will always obtain them, we are aware, was any interdict ever because they are fighting against a pronounced. The brigands are exuzurping king; the Virgin cannot tremely superstitious. They wear but perform the miracle of driving under their clothes amulets and the usurpers from the kingdom.” scapularies in great abundance. On And another priest, when preaching certain given days their devotion to in another church of the same city the Virgin prevents them from catin honour of the Immaculate Con- ing flesh, although they never stop ception, broke out into the following short from murdering and robbing, apostrophe :—“O immaculate Vir- “The brigands,” we were told by gin, I will cease to believe that thou the prefect of the province of Capiart a virgin, if thou dost not imme- tanata, "give way to every license, diately restore to us our adored to every crime ; but they always sovereigns, Francis and Maria So- have masses said by the priests, phia !” Sergente Romano, the chief whom they pay very liberally.” A of the brigand band of Gioia, in the colonel of our army, who spent province of Bari, was in the habit several months in this same proof celebrating by priests (whom he vince of the Capitanata, informed us paid for the same) a mass in the of a custom of the brigands in which chapel of the Masseria del Monaci, the priests take a direct part. In which was commonly known as “the order to make themselves invulnerbrigand's mass ;” and he always able, to be secured against dangers,
VOL. X.-FIFTH SERIES.
to brave death with courage, the Judge.—But what were the conbrigands, when about to enter upon tents of the paper ? their bloody and guilty enterprises, Brigand. ---It said, that whoever get themselves consecrated by a fights for the holy cause of the Pope, priest, who delivers to them the and of Francis II., does not commit wafer of the holy sacrament, which, sin. by ineans of an incision in the flesh, Judge.-Do you recollect anyis inserted into the root of the thing else in the paper ? thumb. Several brigands, who not Brigand.-It said, that the real long ago fell into the hands of brigands are the Piedinontese, who justice, deposed to having received lave taken away from Francis II. from the priests little figures of his kingdom ; that they were excomsaints, which they were told to keep municated ; and that we are blessed in their mouths, and which, the by the Pope. priest proinised them, would protect Passing over the remainder of the them from all harın in their en examination, we give another pascounters. Other brigands, captured sage in the Report : in the neighbourhood of Zungoli, in We are compelled to add that the the district of Ariano, wore on their priests and monks have not recoiled breasts the Papal star. “ The bric from the criine of aiding und abetgands," we were told by General ting the brigands, even in the strictVillarey, “ have all a religion after est and most literal sense of the their own fashion. Whenever they words. In the province of Salerno, can, they have litanies chanted in for example, five Capuchin monks the woods ; and they wear on their were arrested in March, 1862, bepersons little images of the Virgin cause they gave every kind of assistand horns to protect them against ance to the brigan.is. In order to the influence of the evil eye.” convict them, some of our soldiers When Sergente Romano was out on disguised themselves as brigands, his raids, he used to write sentences and in that disguise received from full of pious ejaculations; and he the unworthy monks the kindest called the assassins who depended on reception, and a quantity of provihis orders “the sworn soldiers of the sions, with the assurance that the Catholic faith.”
convent was victualled for four hunA copy of the brigand's oath is dred brigands. The convent of the then given. It binds the swearers Liguorine Fathers at Pagani, in the to defend, “even with the shedding province of Salerno, was a regular of our blood,” God, the Pope, recruiting-station for the brigands. Francis II., and the commander of In the city of Andria, in Terre de their column; and to destroy the Bari, many placards were circulated followers of the tri-coloured flays. last August, with the following The report next gives the confessions words :—“ The brigands are blessed of a brigand chief, Pasquale Forgione. by the Pope ; and as often as they Here is a short extract :
fight they charge in the name of Brigand. We were fighting for God, and are sure of victory. A the faith, and we are blessed by the deputation, therefore, must be formed Pope ; and if I had not lost a paper to go out and ineet them with a which came from Rome, you should white flag, and bring thein into the be convinced that we were fighting town, and then everything will be for the faith.
finished.” In this town of Andria, Judge.—What kind of paper wasit? having a population of more than
Brigand.-It was a printed paper, twenty thousand svuls, there are which came from Rome.
some three hundred priests and
monks; and there have even been brigands offered to the saints. Then, cases (as was verified after the de when the clergy bore the statue in feat which, in the beginning of No- procession round the village, the vember, 1862, a large brigand band brigands, perched upon a hill, fired sastained at the hands of the Monte- reiterated salvos with their guns in bello lancers, in the neighbourhood response to the psalms of the priests. of Lucera)- there have even been The “ Daily News,” in commentcases in which the priests actually ing upon these disclosures, says :belonged to the bands.
“ Especially does it concern the Pope The Turin correspondent of the to break at once and for ever with "Star," in his letter of September the atrocious system which over19th, says :-To give you an idea of zealous champions of the temporal the character of brigandage, let me power have been allowed to set up. mention an occurrence which lately The evidence collected in the Nedtook place at Carpineti, in the politan provinces, embodied in the Abruzzo. The feast of St. Michael, report of the Italian Paliamentary the protector of the country, was Committee, and at this moment in being celebrated. In the morning the hands of every intelligent Italian, there was found before the church a is of so startling and decisive a chagreat wax candle, with five pieces of racter that even the corrupt court of five francs suspended, which the Rome appears to be alarmed."
ROYAL NATIONAL LIFE-BOAT INSTITUTION,
14, Joun-STREET, ADELPll, London, The Report for the year 1862 than 8 had been the special gifts of referred to the gratifying fact, that individuals; and another was preHis Royal Highness the Prince of sented to the Society by the town of Wales had become a vice-patron of Ipswich. The life-boats of the Inthe Institution, and a liberal con stitution, during the year 1862, had tributor to its funds:-a post which saved 358 persons from wrecked for twelve years had been worthily ships, nearly the whole of them occupied by the late lamented Prince under circumstances of imminent Consort. During the past year the peril, when no other description of Institution had placed fourteen new boat could have performed the serlife-boats on the coast ; six of this vice. For these services the Instinumber occupying new stations, and tution had granted rewards amountthe remainder replacing worn-out or ing to £915. 18s. 1d. The life-boats inferior boats. Other life-boats were had been manned by upwards of in course of construction. Trans- 6,000 persons; and happily, with porting carriages and substantial one single exception, without loss of boat-houses had been provided for life. Taking into account a conall the life-boats. Six life-boats had siderable series of years, the average also been built for the Portuguese number of shipwrecks on our coasts Government, on the Institution's is 1,000, and the loss of life thereplan; and one for the Colonial Go from amounts to 800 persons. The vernment of New Zealand. The gales of the past year were unusually Institution had now 124 life-boats heavy, and the result was that the on the coasts of the United Kingdom. number of shipwrecks was 1,490, Of the 14 new boats placed on the accompanied by a loss of 644 lives. coasts during the past year, no less It was for the British public to
decide whether they were satisfied by special exertions for which it has with the sufficiency of the means for granted rewards, is 12,854. How saving life from shipwreck now in inadequately words expressed the use on our coasts. During the past aggregate amount of misery which year 4,081 lives had been saved from the saving of so many thousands of shipwrecks on our coast. As usual, lives must have prevented! The ships, ships' boats, and smacks had total receipts of the Institution during saved more lives in that period, than the year 1862 amounted to £14,825. the life-boats, and the rocket and 58. id.; of that sum no less than mortar apparatus. That apparent £2,715 was given by benevolent discrepancy was capable of easy ex individuals to defray the cost of teri planation. When a disaster took life-boats. The Committee grateplace in British waters, it generally fully acknowledged the receipt of happened that either a ship or smack the following special contributions was fortunately at hand to render from foreign countries :-£100 from assistance to the crews of the dis- the President of the United States tressed vessels. Such help was sel- of America, “in testimony of his dom attended with any very great sense of the important labours of the danger, (although sometimes it was Institution to American shipwrecked so,) and the men were frequently seamen ;” £50 from the Maritime brought ashore before any tidings at Insurance Company of Finland, “ as all had reached a life-boat station. an expression of their gratitude on But the great value of the services becoming acquainted with the blessed rendered by life-boats could only be results which had attended the efforts appreciated by considering that they of the Life-boat Society, the Comwere mostly performed op occasions pany being convinced that the Inwhen no other craftcould belaunched stitution had been the means of saving from the shore with safety. The total many a Finnish life from certain number of persons saved from ship- death ;" £251. 15s. from China, colwreck, from the establishment of the lected at Hong-Kong and Shanghai. Institution in 1824 to the end of the - The expenditure during the same year 1862, either by its life-boats, or period was £14,247.
SELECT LITERARY NOTICES.
[The insertion of any article in this list is not to be considered as pledging us to the approbation of its contents, unless it be accompanied by some express notice of our favourable opinion. Nor is the omission of any such notice to be regarded as indicating a contrary opinion; as our limits, and other reasons, impose on us the necessity of selection and brevity.]
Memoirs of the Life and Philan- when, descending from her empythropic Labours of Andrew Reed, rean, she walks anong men, and D.D.; with Selections from his teaches by familiar examples. Nor Journals. Edited by his Sons, An- is this the highest authority to be drew Reed, B.A., and Charles Reed, quoted on the side of memoirs : F.S.A. Strahan and Co.-If readers Holy Scripture itself is condescendown to a liking for biography, (as ingly moulded, to a large extent, in the rapid multiplication of volumes the form of personal and historic belonging to this class would indi- narrative. A nice calculation gives cate,) it is easy to justify their taste. the result, that nearly three-sevenths Philosophy does well, and nobly too, of the entire Bible fall within this
definition. Herein also we rever
to speak. The best of all is, that ently trace proof of the wisdom and his later years witnessed a blessed goodness of Him who speaks from growth in grace, and a more ardent heaven to all ranks of His great panting after holiness. This he exfamily on earth ;-who, having presses, strongly, though in novel "fashioned their hearts alike,” re- phrase, when he tells of his desire members their need of sacred les- for “a supplemental conversion.” sons, and knows better than we do Chapter iv., headed “Early Litehow to teach the wisest, and at the rature,” revives our memory of “ No same time to captivate the attention Fiction,”-one of the oldest among of babes and sucklings.
the publications known as religious The subject of the volume now novels. It is fair to give the author announced is worthy of much ho- of that work credit for the best innour. Filial hands have inscribed tentions, as well as for no mean this monument,-yet, as we think, powers of description; yet it is hard loth gracefully and justly. There to frame a successful apology. The is nothing brilliant or profound; tale was, undoubtedly, “ founded on but all is respectable, and there is fact ;” its teachings were all on the less of irrelevant matter than we find side of virtue ; and instances are in most memoirs of the same size. alleged, in which it was rendered The outline of the story is not loug, useful. But-apart from the unthough the detail might be consider- happy affair of“ Lefevre,” who came ably expanded.-Andrew Reed was to light again, and saw himself too the child of godly parents, in humble plainly mirrored in pages which life; and was, during his boyhood, had been written on the supposition thoughtful and studious. It is men that he was dead-these defensive tioned, in evidence, that he gave his pleas do not meet the objections to watch, a favourite one, in exchange fictitious literature. There is danfor a few books which he longed to ger in anything that abates our love have in possession. As years rolled of the true and the real ; in anything on, he became pastor of the very that deludes by an unnatural brilchurch, in the east of London, with liancy, so as to make history look which he had been connected from dull, and the duties of life distastethe first of his religious profession. ful; in anything that inspires a From sirty, the number of members passion for a class of writing in at the time of his ordination, the which the exceptions are the things coinmunion advanced to many hun. that do not contaminate. Will you, dreds; and, doubtless, it shall be then, it is not unfrequently asked,) said, when the Lord “ writeth up the apply your censure to fable, parable, people,” that multitudes were “ born allegory?_By no means. All these, there.” The preaching of Dr. Reed in their highest style, convey truth was intellectual, and growingly spi- in emblem, with no liability to misritual ; his talents for business were take. But if fable, parable, allegory, far above the average.
Dissenter were so drawn as to mislead the and Calvinist as he was, he held his judgment, or unduly excite the pasopinions, generally, with modera- sions, or (in a word) to do that tion; although, it must be frankly which fiction too commonly does, acknowledged, he did not make they would justly incur the same Wesleyan Methodism his debtor to sentence. any oppressive amount. Occasions
But enough on this part of the there were, when he was involved in volume.—Dr. Reed was greatest in cootroversy with his closer friends; schemes of philanthropy ; exceedbut of these it does not become usingly generous in his personal gifts